District of Mülheim am Rhein

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The district of Mülheim am Rhein was from 1816 to 1932 a district in the administrative district of Cologne, initially in the Prussian province of Jülich-Kleve-Berg , from 1822 in the Rhine province . The district town was Mülheim am Rhein . The former district area now belongs to the independent city of Cologne and the Rheinisch-Bergisches Kreis .


After the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte in the Battle of Leipzig in October 1813, a central administration department was established to administer the conquered territories on October 23, 1813 . In November 1813 the former was in the field Duchy of Berg and gentlemen Gimborn , Homburg and Wildburg the General mountain with administrative headquarters in Dusseldorf formed. On January 27, 1814, four districts were finally formed in the Generalgouvernement with the main locations Düsseldorf, Elberfeld , Mülheim am Rhein and Wipperfürth , each headed by a district director. The district of Mülheim am Rhein comprised the cantons of Bensberg , Hennef , Königswinter , Mülheim and Siegburg from the previously existing Arrondissement of Mülheim .

Administrative history

Mülheim district based on an ink drawing.

The Grand Duchy of Berg was awarded to Prussia by the Congress of Vienna on May 31, 1815. In 1816, the Prussian administrative division into provinces, administrative districts and districts was introduced. The district of Mülheim am Rhein was also founded, which essentially comprised the area of ​​the cantons of Bensberg and Mülheim am Rhein. The circle was nine mayors divided, during the French occupation as mairies were founded:

After the introduction of the municipal code for the Rhine Province in 1845, all of the mayor's offices in the district each formed a municipality. Mülheim am Rhein and Gladbach were given the Rhenish Town Code in 1856 . Since 1863 the city of Gladbach was officially called Bergisch Gladbach . In 1885, the district covered an area of ​​388.43 km².

On May 1, 1901, the city of Mülheim am Rhein left the district and became a separate urban district . The district seat of the district, which has since been referred to as the district , remained in Mülheim, although the district council had decided on July 10, 1913 to relocate the seat to Bergisch Gladbach as the only city belonging to the district. However, this decision was no longer implemented due to the near outbreak of the First World War. Merheim was incorporated into the city of Cologne on April 1, 1914, together with the city of Mülheim am Rhein.

Heumar was renamed Porz in 1928 and on July 1, 1929 Porz and Wahn were merged into one municipality with the name Porz. The district of Mülheim am Rhein, which now consists of the city of Bergisch Gladbach and the five communities of Bensberg, Odenthal, Overath, Porz and Rösrath, was merged with the district of Wipperfürth to form the Rheinisch-Bergisch district with its seat in Bergisch Gladbach.

Population development

year Residents
1816 27,447
1828 32,794
1871 57,821
1880 69,629
1900 106,476
1910 78,938
1925 63,960

District administrators


  • Johann Bendel: Homeland book of the district of Mülheim am Rhein. History and description, sagas and tales . Facsimile print of the 2nd and 3rd edition Cologne-Mülheim 1925. Cologne 1981. ISBN 3-921232-05-8

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Johann Josef Scotti: Collection of laws and ordinances ... , Volume 3 (Grand Duchy of Berg), Düsseldorf: Wolf, 1822, p. 1515 ( Bonn State Library )
  2. Municipal Code for the Rhine Province 1845, § 1
  3. a b c Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia 1885
  4. ^ Archives in North Rhine-Westphalia: Mayor's Office Merheim
  5. Stadtverwaltung Porz am Rhein (ed.): Porz, the young city on the Rhine. Festival book for the city elevation of Porz . 1951.
  6. a b Contributions to the statistics of the Königl. Prussian Rhineland. 1829, p. 22 , accessed November 11, 2014 .
  7. ^ A b c Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. rhp_koeln.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  8. Vincenz Jacob von Zuccalmaglio: History and description of the city and the district of Mülheim aR Feilner, 1846.

Coordinates: 50 ° 57 ′ 44 ″  N , 7 ° 0 ′ 15 ″  E