Elberfeld district

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Elberfeld district was a district in the Düsseldorf administrative district that existed from 1816 to 1861 . With this he belonged within Prussia initially to the province of Jülich-Kleve-Berg , from 1822 to the Rhine province .

Administrative history

Until 1813 the area belonged to the Grand Duchy founded in 1806 under Napoleon's brother-in-law Joachim Murat , succeeding Berg . After the military defeat of the French in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig , they completely withdrew from the Grand Duchy in 1813.

In 1814 the Grand Duchy came provisionally under Prussian administration as the Berg Generalgouvernement and was finally assigned to Prussia in the Congress of Vienna in 1815. For the Generalgouvernement of Berg, Prussia began to work out and introduce its own administrative structures as early as the end of 1813; a process that was completed in 1816. In this context, the Elberfeld district was founded in 1816 as a successor to the Elberfeld arrondissement , which initially only included the two mayorships of Elberfeld and Barmen . On October 30, 1819, the Kronenberg mayor's office was also reclassified from the Solingen district to the Elberfeld district.

On November 1, 1820, the neighboring Mettmann district , also founded in 1816, was dissolved. Its five mayor's offices Haan , Hardenberg , Mettmann, Velbert and Wülfrath were incorporated into the Elberfeld district. Since then, the Elberfeld district has been composed as follows:

Mayorry Cities, villages, honors , farmers 1
Barmen Foreign citizenship of Barmen and the city of Barmen
Elberfeld Hülsbecker Rotte , Steinbeck- and Arrenberger Rotte , Dorper Rotte , Fuhrter Rotte , Hahn and Hipkendahler Rotte , Holz and Eichholzer Rotte , Katernberger Rotte , Mirker Rotte , Pickartsberger Rotte , Uellendahler Rotte and City of Elberfeld
Haan Honschaft Ellscheid , Honschaft Gruiten , Dorf Mittelhaan , Dorf Oberhaan , Dorf Unterhaan , Honschaft Millrath , Honschaft Obgruiten , Honschaft Schöller , Parish Sonnborn
Hardenberg Peasantry Dill village , peasantry Dönberg , peasantry High Altitude , peasantry Small height , peasantry Kuhlendahl , peasantry North Rath , peasantry top seven Eick , peasantry Rich Rath , peasantry Rottberg , peasantry Below Seven Eick , peasantry Vosnacken , peasantry Walmichrath , peasantry Windrath , Kirchdorf Neviges with outdoor places ( peasantry Neviges ), City Langenberg
Kronenberg Berghauser district , Dohrer district , Ruthenbeck district , Sudberger district , town of Kronenberg with village district
Mettmann Honoring Diepensiepen , Honoring Laubach , Honoring Mettmann , Honoring Niederschwarzbach , Honoring Obmettmann , Honoring Obschwarzbach and City of Mettmann
Velbert Honschaft Hasselbeck , Honschaft Hetterscheidt , Honschaft Isenbügel , Honschaft Krehwinkel , Honschaft Leubeck , Honschaft Oefte , Honschaft Tüschen , Honschaft Velbert and City of Velbert
Wuelfrath External community of Wülfrath (consisting of the honors Erbach and Püttbach ), honors Flandersbach , honors Rützkausen , honors Oberdüssel , Honschaft Unterdüssel and the city of Wülfrath

1 The individual villages, honors or farmers were also referred to as special communities .

Most of the mayor's offices in the Elberfeld district ran a common household for the entire mayor's office; Separate households were only kept for the seven “special communities” in the mayor's office in Haan. The municipal code for the Rhine Province in 1845 gave all territorial units for which their own household was kept the status of a municipality . The towns of Barmen, Elberfeld, Kronenberg, Mettmann, Velbert and Wülfrath were also given the Rhenish Town Code in 1856 . The mayor's office Hardenberg received as Langenberg with Hardenberg in 1856 also the Rhenish town code and in 1859 it was divided into the rural mayor's office Hardenberg, consisting of the rural community Hardenberg, and the city mayor's office Langenberg. The Elberfeld district then comprised a total of seven cities and eight rural communities:

Mayorry Cities and Towns (1861)
Barmen Barmen (city)
Elberfeld Elberfeld (city)
Haan Ellscheid , Gruiten , Haan , Millrath , Obgruiten , Schöller , Sonnborn
Hardenberg Hardenberg
Kronenberg Kronenberg (city)
Langenberg Langenberg (city)
Mettmann Mettmann (city)
Velbert Velbert (city)
Wuelfrath Wülfrath (city)

On June 1, 1861, Barmen and Elberfeld left the Elberfeld district as new urban districts. At the same time, a new Mettmann district with its seat in the city of Mettmann was formed from the remaining part of the district .

Population development

year Residents source
1816 70,577
1819 73.141
1835 97,894

District administrators

See also


  • Overview of the administration of the Elberfeld district in 1842, with special consideration of the situation in 1816 . Sam. Lucas, Elberfeld 1843. ( digitized version )
  • Max Bär : The administrative constitution of the Rhine Province since 1815. (Publications of the Society for Rheinische Geschichtskunde XXXV), Droste Verlag, Düsseldorf 1998 (second reprint of the Bonn 1919 edition), ISBN 3-7700-7600-1 , p. 244.
  • Horst Romeyk : The leading state and municipal administrative officials of the Rhine Province 1816–1945 (=  publications of the Society for Rhenish History . Volume 69 ). Droste, Düsseldorf 1994, ISBN 3-7700-7585-4 , p. 292 f .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Official journal for the administrative district of Düsseldorf 1816, p. 15.
  2. Landschaftsverband Rheinland: Portal Rheinische Geschichte ( Memento of the original from April 9, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.rheinische-geschichte.lvr.de
  3. ^ Official journal for the administrative district of Düsseldorf 1819, p. 18.
  4. ^ Official journal for the administrative district of Düsseldorf 1820, p. 468
  5. ^ Johann Georg von Viebahn: Statistics and topography of the government district of Düsseldorf. 1836, p. 28 ff. , Accessed on May 5, 2014 (digitized version).
  6. ^ Johann Georg von Viebahn: Statistics and topography of the government district of Düsseldorf. 1836, p. 95 ff. , Accessed on May 5, 2014 (digitized version).
  7. ^ Johann Georg von Viebahn: Statistics and topography of the government district of Düsseldorf. 1836, p. 45 , accessed on May 5, 2014 (digitized version).
  8. ^ Supplement to the government gazette of Düsseldorf. (pdf) 1850, pp. CVI ff. , accessed on June 6, 2014 (mayor's offices and municipalities in the Elberfeld and Lennep districts).
  9. Municipal Code for the Rhine Province 1845, § 1
  10. ^ Official journal for the administrative district of Düsseldorf 1856, p. 497
  11. ^ Official journal for the administrative district of Düsseldorf 1859, p. 231
  12. ^ Official journal for the administrative district of Düsseldorf 1861, p. 251.
  13. ^ A b Johann Georg von Viebahn: Statistics and topography of the government district of Düsseldorf. 1836, accessed on May 5, 2014 (digitized version).
  14. ^ Statistisches Bureau zu Berlin (Ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Prussian state . Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1821 ( digitized version ).