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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Velbert
Map of Germany, position of the city of Velbert highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 20 '  N , 7 ° 3'  E

Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Dusseldorf
Circle : Mettmann
Height : 248 m above sea level NHN
Area : 74.9 km 2
Residents: 81,842 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 1093 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 42549, 42551, 42553, 42555
Primaries : 02051, 02052, 02053
License plate : ME
Community key : 05 1 58 032
City structure: 3 boroughs

City administration address :
Thomasstrasse 1
42551 Velbert
Website :
Mayor : Dirk Lukrafka ( CDU )
Location of the city of Velbert in the Mettmann district
Düsseldorf Duisburg Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Essen Köln Leverkusen Mülheim an der Ruhr Remscheid Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Solingen Wuppertal Erkrath Haan Heiligenhaus Hilden Langenfeld (Rheinland) Mettmann Monheim am Rhein Ratingen Velbert Wülfrathmap
About this picture

Velbert is a large city in the Mettmann district in North Rhine-Westphalia , Germany. It is located around 20 kilometers northeast of the North Rhine-Westphalian state capital Düsseldorf , 18 kilometers south of Essen and 12 kilometers northwest of Wuppertal on the left side of the Ruhr . It has around 84,000 inhabitants.


Old Church, Velbert-Mitte

Geographical location

Velbert lies on the heights of the Bergisches Land and is also called the heart of the Niederbergisches Land . It is about 248 meters (town hall) above the sea. Highest point: 303 meters (Fettenberger Weg in the district of Nordrath am Großer Fettenberg), lowest point (in Deilbach on the border with Essen in Langenberg) 70.6 m above sea level. Velbert's neighboring cities are the independent cities of Essen and Wuppertal as well as Hattingen ( Ennepe-Ruhr district ), Heiligenhaus and Wülfrath (both district of Mettmann).

City structure

The city of Velbert is divided into the three administrative districts of Velbert-Mitte , Neviges and Langenberg .

Historically there are numerous districts:

In district Langenberg : Bonsfeld, Bökenbusch, Eicke Hagen, Fronberg , Hopscheider mountain and Nierenhof .

In the Neviges district : Burgfeld, Im Holz, Donnenberg, Pastoratsberg, Marienberg, Lüpkesberg, Rosenhügel, Siepen, Tönisheide and Wimmersberg.

In the city district of Velbert-Mitte: Birth , Dalbecksbaum, Hefel , Kostenberg, Langenhorst, Losenburg , Nordpark , Nordstadt, Obere Flandersbach, Oberstadt, Velbert-Ost, Röbbeck and Unterstadt.

The outdoor areas are populated with individual farms and small hamlets and are still often distinguished today according to their historical names of the farmers and honors : Große Höhe , Kleinumstand, Kuhlendahl , Krehwinkel , Nordrath , Richrath , Rottberg , Vossnacken , Wallmichrath and Windrath . The names of the honors that were only partially assigned to Velbert are less common, such as Niederelfringhausen , Flandersbach , Kleine Höhe , Niederbonsfeld, Rodberg , Rützkausen and Untensiebeneick .


middle Ages

The first written mention of Velbert goes back to the year 875 ; the name "Feldbrahti" at that time can be interpreted as "fallow" or "freshly cleared field". Around the year 1000, the first churches were built in the area of ​​today's Velbert with the chapel of St. Ida on the site of today's Old Church of Velbert and the Windrath chapel of St. Margaret . Langenberg and Neviges were first mentioned in documents in 1220, and in 1326 the "Offers" in Velbert.

In 1354 the Hardenberg estate was sold to the Counts of Berg and Ravensberg . Mining has existed in Velbert since the beginning of the 14th century at the latest. The monument of the Oberlangenhorstbeeke towing bridge bears witness to this . The Reformation was introduced in 1560 , the first Bergische Synod met in Neviges in 1589, and Neviges became a Catholic pilgrimage site in 1681 . In 1769 the solemn inauguration of the Evangelical Church took place in Velbert-Mitte.

Modern times

Time until World War II

From the 18th century, Velbert became an important location for the manufacture of locks and fittings and has remained so to this day. In 1802 the first stone synagogue in the Bergisches Land was completed in Langenberg . In 1847 the Prince Wilhelm Railway opened , connecting Langenberg and Neviges with Steele and Vohwinkel .

1849 appeared in Langenberg with the "newspaper messenger" the first local newspaper. The first iron foundry opened in 1851 and the first steam engine was installed in 1861. In 1881, Oberbonsfeld was the first municipality to be reclassified from the Westphalia province to the Rhine province . In 1888 Velbert was connected to the railway network. In 1913 the foundation stone for the Langenberg community center was laid and the Langenberg transmitter went into operation on January 15, 1927 . Two years later the German Lock and Fittings Museum opened .

In 1912 the Westfälische Berggewerkschaftskasse (WBK) Bochum set up a magnetic control room in the school garden of the Vossnacker School . Due to the industrialization of the area with its iron masses and stray currents from the overhead lines of the trams from the Bochum city garden, it had to be relocated. The main teacher was given the daily measurements. The control room was closed in 1946 because the increasing expansion of the coal mine route made magnetic measurements almost impossible.

On the Wallmichrather Heights in Langenberg there was a glider flying site from 1928 to 1952 , which in the 1930s was of national importance for both the city of Langenberg and for gliding . In 1928, glider pilots from the “Luftfahrtverein Ruhrtal” from Kupferdreh began flying on Wallmichrath. The "Luftfahrtverein Essen-Oberhausen e. V. ”and other groups of pilots from Langenberg, Velbert, Wuppertal and the surrounding area. One flew consistently with so-called school gliders in a rubber rope start. Two aviation homes with hangars for gliders were built on Wallmichrath and the infrastructure of the airfield was developed. From then on, Wallmichrath developed into a popular family excursion destination. In the 1930s, the city of Langenberg advertised its celebrities and virtues with the slogan "Silk - Sender - Glider Flight".

1933 Flying Clubs were during the DC circuit by the Nazis merged and in 1937 then had the National Socialist Air Corps (NSFK) the organizational sovereignty. This gave the glider training a pre-military character and the path of many young glider pilots led through the NSFK into the Wehrmacht Air Force .

Second World War

Compared to the surrounding cities of the Ruhr area and the Bergisches Land (Wuppertal, Remscheid), which were badly hit and destroyed in the Second World War , the city was less severely attacked despite its numerous metalworking plants, but Velbert, Langenberg and Neviges were also destroyed by the bombing and victims among civilians.

From 1941 to 1944 the Luftwaffe operated a night light system on the Rottberg to divert enemy bombing attacks. This night glow system was a simplified replica of the Krupp cast steel factory in Essen, from which it was intended to distract. The sham system was in effect until the beginning of 1943, but meant a permanent danger for the surrounding farms. After the Allied aerial reconnaissance recognized the facility, it was shut down in early 1944. In connection with this, a heavy flak battery was set up and operated on the neighboring Pollen .

At least four Allied bombers crashed over today's Velbert area in World War II: two in Langenberg , one in Tönisheide and another in Neviges . All four aircraft were four-engined British bombers, in three cases there was evidence of the Handley Page Halifax type with a crew of seven.

In the early morning of May 24, 1943, a four-engine bomber involved in an air raid on Dortmund crashed in Tönisheide. Parts of the aircraft crashed onto the house at Velberter Straße 148 (today Nevigeser Straße 237). The house was completely destroyed. A resident was killed in the attic as a result of the crash. The tail of the aircraft crashed onto the roof of the Tönisheider elementary school (today elementary school), where it remained lying and caused some damage. To date, it has not been possible to provide exact evidence of which specific aircraft it was, despite intensive research. According to contemporary witness reports, it can be assumed that all the pilots were able to save themselves from the crash with a parachute.

In the early morning of May 28, 1943, a Canadian Halifax crashed on Vossnacken in Langenberg after attacking Essen. The aircraft was shot down by the flak, four soldiers were killed. In 2013, many parts of the Halifax HR-807 were still found on the Vossnacken by volunteers from the Office for Monument Preservation. These were exhibited from September 1, 2013 to December 2014 as part of the documentation "The war on our doorstep" in the local history collection of the Alt-Langenberg working group in the old Langenberg town hall.

On the evening of November 4, 1944, an Australian Halifax crashed in the Windrath Valley in Neviges after attacking Bochum. The aircraft was shot down by the flak, it already exploded at a great height. All seven crew members were able to leave the aircraft, but four soldiers were killed as a result. The pilot survived the kill, despite being thrown from the aircraft without a parachute. In 2014, volunteers at the Office for the Preservation of Land Monuments researched the history of the Halifax LV-936, parts of which could also be recovered and the exact location of the crash verified. At least one crew member was most likely killed in an air lynching .

On the evening of November 21, 1944, a Canadian Halifax crashed at Brinker Höhe in Langenberg after attacking Castrop-Rauxel. The plane was shot down by a German night fighter, it already exploded in the air over Langenberg. Five soldiers were killed in the process.

At the glider airfield on the Wallmichrather Heights, flight operations were maintained by the NSFK until around 1943, when it was discontinued due to the increasing effects of the war.

Time after World War II

View of Velbert from Grünheide, around 1950

On October 14, 1951, the West German Women's Peace Movement (WFFB) was founded in Velbert .

In 1968 the new pilgrimage church in Neviges was completed. And in the course of the North Rhine-Westphalian municipal reform of 1974, the formerly independent cities of Langenberg , Neviges and (old) Velbert were merged to form the city of Velbert on January 1, 1975 .

For the purpose of privatization of the local housing association (WOBAU) had the Velberter population the opportunity on 11 March 2007 in a referendum to decide whether the city would remain the sole shareholder of WOBAU. However, the participation was only 14.6%, and according to the (preliminary) official final result of March 12, only 8,271 citizens spoke out against privatization. To prevent this privatization, 13,606 votes or a quorum of 20% would have been required. Only 1,674 citizens of the city voted with “No” and therefore in favor of privatization. Thus the referendum failed due to the lack of participation of the voters.



The deaconess mother house Bleibergquelle is located in Velbert .

Evangelical Free Churches

There are several Protestant free churches in Velbert-Mitte :

Together with the Evangelical Church Community of Velbert, these communities are linked in the " Evangelical Alliance Velbert-Mitte".

New Apostolic Church

There are three congregations of the New Apostolic Church in Velbert: The congregation of Velbert-Mitte (for over 110 years), Velbert-West and Velbert-Langenberg.

Jehovah's Witness

There is a German-speaking assembly of Jehovah's Witnesses in Velbert . Since 2016, however, the meetings of this congregation have been held in the Wülfrath Kingdom Hall.



In addition, there are four Muslim communities in Velbert, but they do not form a uniform association. They are organized as Turkish, Kurdish and other mosque associations according to the national affiliation of their members.

Denomination statistics

Currently (as of January 1, 2020) the Velbert population belongs to 25.6% of the Roman Catholic and 28.0% of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. 46.4% of the population belong to other or no religious groups.

Incorporations and associations

  • 1930: The district of Kleinumstand of the community of Siebenhonnschaften and a 62 hectare part of Kupferdreh
  • On January 1, 1975, the three cities of Neviges, Langenberg and Velbert were merged to form the new city of Velbert.

Population development

Population development of Velbert from 1840 to 2017 according to the adjacent table. The city details in red (see below)

Until the 19th century, the population of Velbert rose only slowly due to the numerous wars, epidemics and famine. As industrialization began, the city's population grew very quickly. In 1840 only 758 people lived in Velbert, by 1900 there were already 17,000. By 1961 the population rose to over 50,000.

On January 1, 1975 the population of Velbert reached its historical high of 97,021 through the incorporation of Neviges (24,932 inhabitants 1974) and Langenberg (15,367 inhabitants 1974). On December 31, 2011, the “ official population ” for Velbert was 83,563 according to the information and technology department of North Rhine-Westphalia (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices).

The following overview shows the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status. It is census results (¹) or official updates the State Statistical Office. From 1871, the information relates to the “local population”, from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to the “population at the location of the main residence”. Before 1871, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey procedures.

year Residents
December 1, 1840 ¹ 758
December 3, 1855 ¹ 1,180
December 1, 1871 ¹ 7,050
December 1, 1880¹ 8,800
December 1, 1885 ¹ 10,588
December 1, 1890¹ 13,932
December 2, 1895 ¹ 16.604
December 1, 1900 ¹ 16,691
December 1, 1905 ¹ 19,730
December 1, 1910¹ 23,134
December 1, 1916 ¹ 21,102
December 5, 1917 ¹ 21,277
October 8, 1919 ¹ 24,306
year Residents
June 16, 1925 ¹ 25,707
June 16, 1933 ¹ 29,699
May 17, 1939 ¹ 31,903
December 31, 1945 35,353
October 29, 1946 ¹ 36,200
September 13, 1950 ¹ 41,421
September 25, 1956 ¹ 47,559
June 6, 1961 ¹ 51,512
December 31, 1965 55,380
May 27, 1970 ¹ 55,411
December 31, 1975 ** 95,942
December 31, 1980 93.056
December 31, 1985 88,403
year Residents
May 25, 1987 ¹ 87,366
December 31, 1990 89,253
December 31, 1995 89,786
December 31, 2000 89,782
December 31, 2005 87,378
December 31, 2007 86.121
December 31, 2010 84.033
December 31, 2011 81.192
December 31 2013 80,572
December 31, 2016 81,822
December 31, 2017 82,061

¹ census result ** incorporation of Neviges and Langenberg

Population development of the districts according to information provided by the city

Population development in the city districts of Velbert from 1987 to 2016 according to the table below
year total center Langenberg Neviges
1987 89,528 52,808 17,144 19,576
1988 88.020 52,748 15,777 19,495
1989 90,660 53,750 17,314 19,596
1990 90.904 53,719 17,464 19,721
1991 91,220 54,142 17,487 19,591
1992 91,866 54,381 17,682 19,803
1993 91,377 54,152 17,575 19,650
1994 91.131 54.097 17,336 19,698
1995 91,299 54,196 17,340 19,763
1996 91,638 54,466 17,466 19,706
1997 91,648 54,352 17,541 19,755
1998 91.287 53,988 17,538 19,761
1999 91,334 53,596 17,604 20.134
2000 91,067 53,388 17,550 20,129
2001 91.291 53,485 17,536 20,270
2002 90,957 53,256 17,394 20,307
2003 90.363 52,851 17,299 20,213
2004 89,932 52,743 17.052 20,137
2005 89,409 52,345 16,949 20,115
2006 89,073 52.134 16,853 20,086
2007 88,468 51,839 16,743 19,886
2008 87,809 51,665 16,532 19,612
2009 86,673 50,847 16,352 19,474
2010 86,098 50,396 16,311 19,391
2011 84,326 49,395 15,899 19,032
2012 83,849 49,022 15,838 19,989
2013 83,525 48,874 15,710 18,941
2014 83,247 48,808 15,669 18,770
2015 83,254 48,808 15,600 18,846
2016 84,152 49,588 15,613 18,950
2019 84,976 50.501 15,842 18,633
2020 84,363 50.210 15,637 18,516


City council

Local election 2004
Political party Voting share Council seats
CDU 38.12% 22nd
SPD 28.58% 17th
Velbert differently 12.12% 7th
The green 7.14% 4th
FDP 5.43% 3
UVB 4.34% 3
The left 4.27% 2
UVB = Independent Velbert Citizens
SLB = Voting Community Social Liberal Citizens
Local election 2009
Political party Voting share Council seats
CDU 35.36% 23
SPD 23.99% 16
Velbert differently 9.22% 6th
The green 9.50% 6th
FDP 7.16% 5
UVB 5.57% 4th
The left 6.15% 4th
SLB 3.04% 2
Local election 2014
Political party Voting share Council seats
CDU 34.6% 21st
SPD 27.1% 17th
Velbert differently 6.6% 4th
The green 10.8% 7th
FDP 4.1% 3
UVB 5.3% 3
The left 5.4% 3
SLB 1.8% 1
New Velbert 1.8% 1
Pirates 2.5% 2
Town hall Velbert (built 1927)
"Mayor's House", official seat of Dr. Tweer from 1926 to 1945


The full-time mayor Dirk Lukrafka (CDU) is the chairman of the council and head of administration. It is represented by the full-time councilors who are elected by the council for a period of eight years.

The full-time mayor is supported in his representative tasks by the first deputy mayor Emil Weise (CDU) and the second deputy mayor Volker Münchow (SPD).

A complete list of the Velbert city leaders can be found under List of Mayors of Velbert .

The city has a city coat of arms, a flag, a banner, an official seal and a logo. The right to use a coat of arms was granted to the city by King Wilhelm I of Prussia in 1882; On June 21, 1976, the district president in Düsseldorf added a flag, banner and official seal to it.

coat of arms

Blazon : "In red an overturned silver (white) key, the knob with a green acorn leaf, the left-facing beard with a black double rafter."

The old coat of arms was valid until the North Rhine-Westphalian municipal reform on January 1, 1975. It shows the Bergische Löwen (red lion in a silver field) of the counts and later dukes of Berg . The Bergisch lion was derived from the Limburg lion . The distinguishing feature between the two coats of arms was the blue reinforcement and the blue crown of the Bergisch lion. The lion on the city's coat of arms held keys in its claws, which symbolize the long-established locksmith trade in Velbert.

This is also indicated by the new coat of arms, which has been valid since January 1st, 1975 for the new city of Velbert, which is made up of the old Velbert and the formerly independent cities of Neviges and Langenberg . The oak leaves heraldically refer to the Langenberg oak, the key bit to the Neviges coat of arms of the Lords of Hardenberg. A reference to the historical affiliation to the Duchy of Berg is missing in the new Velbert city coat of arms.

Flag and banner

The city flag is striped red-white-red in a ratio of 1: 4: 1 with the city's coat of arms in the middle of the middle track, which is shifted to the pole.

The city banner is red-white-red striped lengthways at a ratio of 1: 4: 1 with the city's coat of arms shifted slightly upwards over the middle on the middle track.

Town twinning

Velbert has been twinned with the French Châtellerault since 1965 and with the British Corby since 1966 . In 1979, these three cities formed a rare tripartite partnership. Velbert has a friendly relationship with Hacıbektaş in Turkey . In 2012 a city partnership was also agreed with the Greek city of Igoumenitsa . On April 9, 2019, the City Council of Velbert approved two further city partnerships, with Morąg in Poland and Podujeva in Kosovo.


Libraries and Archives

City library Velbert in the Forum Niederberg

The Velbert City Library , founded in 1905, provides over 190,000 people with information every year. The central library Velbert Mitte is located in the Forum Niederberg. There are branches in the districts of Neviges and Langenberg .

The Velbert city archive is housed in the town hall. Here you can z. Research the history of Velbert in regional daily newspapers, files, maps and plans, registration cards, postcards, photos and videos.


Velbert has 17 elementary schools, three special schools, a secondary school, a secondary school, three grammar schools, three comprehensive schools, two vocational colleges and a Waldorf school.

In the Mettmann district, the Geschwister-Scholl-Gymnasium is the only gymnasium with an all-day concept and the Velbert / Heiligenhaus Adult Education Center is the largest adult education center.

Day care centers

In Velbert there are 46 day-care centers with currently around 2,530 places, 507 of which are for children under 3 years of age.

Culture and sights

Christ Church, Velbert-Mitte
Pilgrimage Church Mariendom
Hardenberg Castle


The city's central theater is located in Forum Niederberg, Velbert's cultural center. In addition, there is a municipal stage in the theater in the outer bailey of Hardenberg Castle in Neviges.

Concerts by the Velbert Kantorei regularly take place in the Christ Church .


The German Lock and Fittings Museum in Forum Niederberg is unique of its kind in Germany. Exhibits from five millennia tell the story of the ingenuity with which people of all ages tried to protect themselves and their belongings from thieving intruders.



  • The most important local football club is SSVg Velbert , which has played in the Oberliga Niederrhein since the 2016/17 season , and in 2015/16 the club was active in the Regionalliga West . The club is one of the oldest football clubs in the region. In the recent past he was able to take part in the DFB Cup several times; in the 1930s and late 1960s he played in the second highest German division.
  • One of the oldest sports clubs in the city is the TVD Velbert , which was founded in 1870. He is particularly known for his handball and football departments. In football, the club’s first senior men's team has also played in the Niederrhein Oberliga for the first time since 2019 .
  • In May 2003 there was a major merger of two football clubs. The SV Borussia 06 and the TVG Langenhorst merged to Sports Club Velbert . The senior teams play in regional, regional and district leagues. Here, too, the first senior men's team plays in the Oberliga Niederrhein.
  • Since February 25, 2011 there is another merger club in Velbert, the SV Union Velbert 2011 , which emerged from the sports clubs TuS Neviges and FC Tönisheide.
  • There are several active dance sport clubs in Velbert . The TSZ Velbert danced in the 1st Bundesliga of Latin American formations . He was the world champion in 1986, 1988, 1989 and 1990, the European champion in 1986–1990 and the German champion in this discipline in 1986 (several times runner-up). After the club withdrew from formation dance, the 1st TSZ Velbert emerged from the Latin formation . The Velbert rose is known as a figure in formation dancing .
  • The Velbert boxing club became German champions in 1971, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013. His (then) club members Vitali Tajbert and Rustam Rahimov won bronze medals at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.
  • The BSV Velbert (billiard sports club) plays in the first billiard league. In the 1980s he won the German championship five times, in 2007 and 2009 the BSV was the German Cup winner of the teams in three cushion.
  • Bowling: The Bowling-Sport-Verein (BSV Velbert) plays in the NRW League in the 2008/2009 season.
  • Inline- / Skaterhockey: The Commanders Velbert played since their relegation from the 1st Inline-Skaterhockey Bundesliga in 2004, first in the southern group and now in the northern group of the 2nd Bundesliga. The youth and also the juniors play in the 2nd division of the ISHD in their age group.
  • The basketball players of Velbert SG, the "Velbert Baskets", play in the major league in the 2018/2019 season, the men's teams both in the regional league. There are also two U12 and one U16 teams, each in the district league.
  • Handball: The Velberter SG and TV Heiligenhaus have formed the HSG Velbert / Heiligenhaus since the 2012/2013 season. Thus, the HSG is next to the traditional club TVD Velbert the largest handball club with teams in the district, district and state league and an enormous youth department, whose teams z. T. are represented in high-class league handball.
  • The Neviges swimming club has existed since October 28, 1974 and was founded in response to the construction of the Neviges swimming pool. In addition to swimming training, the club is also active in competitive sports; both men's and women's teams were temporarily represented in the 2nd Bundesliga. Outstanding sporting successes were the award of the European vice-champion in the mixed medley relay and the winning of a bronze medal in 1995 in Riccione, Italy by the freestyle relay.
  • The climbing garden in Velbert-Langenberg . There are around 60 climbing stations right next to the Bismarck Tower .
Forum Niederberg

Other clubs

The Velberter Männerchor 1863 e. V. appears regularly in the Forum Niederberg in Velbert. The Christmas concerts usually take place in the Christ Church in Velbert.


Economy and Infrastructure


Velbert-Mitte pedestrian zone with coin fountain
Helios Clinic Niederberg
Telebert telecommunications tower

Velbert is known industrially as the center for the manufacture of locks and fittings in the key region of Velbert / Heiligenhaus . Mainly these are produced in medium-sized companies.

Velbert is also affected by the collapsed metal industry due to rising unemployment, but an unemployment rate of 6.0% (January 2020) is a low level compared to the surrounding area. In particular, the closure of large foundries in the 1990s led to the increase.

The largest hospital in the city is the Helios Klinikum Niederberg , which emerged from the Velbert Municipal Hospital and has medical departments for cardiology, gastro-enterology, surgery, urology, pediatrics, gynecology and obstetrics, as well as psychiatry and psychotherapy. Built in 1978, it has been owned by Helios Kliniken since 2016 . In psychiatry, the hospital is responsible for regional care for the cities of Velbert, Heiligenhaus and Wülfrath . If the Wülfrath hospital is closed, the Niederberg Clinic would also take care of the residents of Wülfrath.

The Niederberg Clinic is connected to the University of Duisburg-Essen . At the end of 2006, the Niederberg Clinic was the first municipal hospital in Germany to file for bankruptcy. The insolvency proceedings were successfully concluded in June 2007 through self-administration . Closing the clinic would have resulted in considerably longer distances for patients from Heiligenhaus and Velbert to the hospitals in neighboring Essen, which would then be closest. There is also a specialty hospital for addictions in Langenberg. The branch of the St. Antonius Wuppertal Clinic in Neviges specializes in geriatrics .

In the area of ​​the Wuppertal Regional Court , the Velbert District Court is responsible for the municipalities of Velbert and Heiligenhaus .

Established businesses

  • The security technology companies Huf Hülsbeck & Fürst , BKS , Witte Automotive and CES are currently the largest companies in the city, and the Silca company from Vittorio Veneto in Italy also has its German headquarters here. Other companies such as KFV Karl Fliether GmbH & Co. KG and WILKA lock technology GmbH have their headquarters here, as well as the Fachverband Schloss- und Beschlagindustrie e. V.
  • The hood ornaments of the former Friedrich Fingscheidt company (now taken over by Witte Automotive ) are known worldwide: the Mercedes star and Maybach logo are manufactured here, as are many other products for the automotive industry.
  • The Erbslöh Group , based in Velbert-Neviges, has been involved in aluminum processing since 1842.
  • High technology wires of Europe's largest manufacturer of rectangular wires , the company Stenzhorn GmbH with headquarters in the district Nierenhof, are used worldwide in a variety of electronic components, especially in the automotive sector.
  • The Normfest GmbH is one of the four large full-range supplier in the field of automotive repair in Europe.
  • The Mauell GmbH supplies customers worldwide from its headquarters Velbert-Neviges, among other things with automation technology and mosaic systems .
  • The built-in kitchen of the Wuppertal company Vorwerk is located in the Tönisheide district .
  • The Sebo Stein & Co. GmbH from the district Tönisheide develops and builds since 1978 brush and vacuum cleaner for commercial and residential applications.
  • At the beginning of September 2007, the Down syndrome outpatient clinic started its service in the children's clinic in the municipal clinic Niederberg gGmbH . The project is currently unique in Germany, the popularity of this new facility is great and goes far beyond the borders of North Rhine-Westphalia. This significantly enhances the city's medical care facilities.


Rail transport

Remains of the platform of Velbert Hbf

Velbert is accessible by rail every 20 minutes Monday to Friday and every 30 minutes on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays by the S 9 Haltern am See - Bottrop - Essen - Velbert-Langenberg - Wuppertal S-Bahn , which is particularly important for commuters is. The offer was modified in December 2019 : Since then, the Wupper-Lippe-Express (RE 49) has been running every hour on weekdays, except Saturdays, to Wesel and Wuppertal; the timetable for the S-Bahn has been reduced to every half hour. The RE 49 stops in the Velbert city area only in Langenberg and Neviges.

The Velbert-Neviges station was relocated during the expansion of the S-Bahn in 2003 to ensure a better bus connection. In addition, the Velbert-Rosenhügel stop was set up so that the Siepen residential area is connected. Velbert-Mitte itself has had no rail connection since the 1960s: the Velbert main station was closed.

The S-Bahn line S 9 serves the following S-Bahn stops in the urban area of ​​Velbert: Velbert-Leberhof , Velbert-Langenberg , Velbert-Neviges and Velbert-Rosenhügel .

In the reception buildings of Velbert West and Velbert Hauptbahnhof at the former low mountain railway ( Wülfrath -Velbert- Holy House - Kettwig are now restaurants before the bridge); the Tönisheide train station no longer exists.

Until the 1950s Velbert owned a number of tram lines . The lines from Essen-Werden via Heidhausen, from Neviges, Wülfrath and from Ratingen-Hösel via Heiligenhaus met in Velbert .

Bus transport

Seven local bus routes connect the individual districts and the districts of Langenberg and Kidneyhof, mostly every 20 minutes with Velbert Mitte. Three local bus lines, one to Langenberg and one to Leberhof, run every hour. There are also several supraregional connections from Velbert to surrounding cities, including two express bus routes to Essen and Heiligenhaus and to Wuppertal.

At night, a night express line (NE 8) runs between Essen and Velbert Mitte. The tariff of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr (VRR) applies to all local public transport and the NRW tariff applies to all tariff areas .

From May 2014 to September 2015, a new central bus station (ZOB) was built at the post office in Velbert , which opened on September 12, 2015. It reduces the previous bus traffic in the inner city area, which was previously conducted in the ring traffic, and instead bundles it at a central stop. After the construction of the Velbert central bus station, better bus connections to the individual parts of the city will be created and, after the completion of the A 44 between Velbert and the Ratingen Ost motorway junction, an express bus line from the Velbert central bus station to Düsseldorf Airport will be set up.

Road traffic

In the 1980s, an approximately seven-kilometer section of the A 44 known as DüBoDo was built in the Velbert city area with massive effort with the Birth tunnel, the Velbert Nord triangle and the valley bridge in the Hefel . To date, this section is not connected to the A 3 in the west and A 43 in the east as planned . According to the latest information from Straßen NRW, the gap between the A 44 in the west of Velbert and the A 3, Ratingen-Ost motorway junction , should be completed by 2022.

In 2012 the A 44, previously the B 227, was extended from the Langenberg junction to Essen-Heisingen. The A 44 then turns into the Ruhrallee in the Essen city area. Since 1991 there has been a motorway- like expansion from the Velbert-Nord motorway triangle from the B 224 , today A 535, to the A 46 at the Sonnborn motorway junction in Wuppertal with connections in Velbert Mitte and Tönisheide.

At the end of 2008, the former federal road 224 was added to the motorway network and has been called federal motorway 535 since then . The conversion to the blue motorway signs was completed in November 2008.

Velbert, the former crossing highways 224 (now 535 A) ( Solingen -Wuppertal-Vohwinkel-Velbert- Essen - Dorsten - Raesfeld ) and 227 ( Ratingen -Breitscheid-Ratingen-Hösel- Heiligenhaus -Velbert-Essen- Gelsenkirchen ).

In 2010 the Birth motorway tunnel received negative attention in the national press when it was the only tunnel in Central Europe to fail in the ADAC tunnel test with the verdict “questionable”. The immediate measures were completed at the beginning of 2012, so that further work on preparing the tunnel for closing the gap on the A 44 can begin in 2013.

In the spring of 2018, another section of the A 44 in the direction of the A 3 was completed. The end of the motorway that had existed until then became exit 36 ​​(Heiligenhaus-Hetterscheidt). The new provisional end is now exit 35 (Heiligenhaus).

The most important traffic junction in Velbert is Willy-Brandt-Platz, where several multi-lane streets meet. The Willy-Brandt-Platz bus stop is also one of the most important in the city.


Sons and daughters of the city of Velbert

Personalities related to Velbert

  • Walter Simons (1861–1937), first magistrate in Velbert, later Foreign Minister of the German Reich and President of the Imperial Court.
  • Nikolaus Ehlen (1886–1965), educator, pioneer of self-help housing developments and namesake of the Nikolaus-Ehlen-Gymnasium.
  • Josef Hendel (1897–1993), artist (paintings, woodcuts, etchings). He lived in Velbert from 1945 to 1960 and ran a studio there with his wife .
  • Ernst Kiel (1924–2016), vocational school teacher and local politician. From 1984 to 1987 President of the German Teachers Association. Lived and worked in Velbert for a long time.
  • Heinz-Horst Deichmann (1926–2014), Europe's largest shoe retailer, managing partner of Deichmann-Schuhe. Lived in Velbert.
  • Karl-Heinz Jakobs (1929–2015), writer.
  • Cristóbal Halffter (* 1930), Spanish composer and conductor. He lived in Velbert from 1936 to 1939, where his father was a factory director. The family lived in Dammstr. 5.
  • Wolfgang Stockmeier (1931–2015), organ virtuoso and composer. He composed over 300 pieces and lived in Velbert-Langenberg.
  • Gisbert Schneider (1934–2018), organ virtuoso and director of the Velbert Cantorei.
  • Jean Pütz (* 1936), science journalist and television presenter (including the long-standing WDR program “ Hobbythek ”). Lived in Velbert-Langenberg.
  • Ulrich Denkhaus (1938–2013), pastor, physicist and representative of the Evangelical Church in Germany for energy issues, lived in Velbert from 1981 to 2002.
  • Uwe Holtz (* 1944), politician (SPD), Member of the Bundestag.
  • Jürgen Bartsch (1946–1976), serial killer , murdered four boys in Velbert-Langenberg.
  • Drafi Deutscher (1946–2006), singer, composer and music producer.
  • Sabine Brandi (* 1953), journalist, married to Friedrich Wilhelm Küppersbusch .
  • Thomas Vana (* 1972), football player, in the youth at SSVg Velbert.
  • Sandra Lück (* 1974), Federal Chairwoman of the Animal Welfare Party , lived on site from 2015 to 2018.
  • Dimitrios Grammozis (* 1978), German-Greek soccer player, grew up in Velbert.



  • Horst Degen, Christoph Schotten. (Ed.): Velbert - history of three cities. JP Bachem Verlag, Cologne 2009, ISBN 978-3-7616-1843-1 .
  • Helmut Grau, Marcel Lesaar, Jürgen Lohbeck, Sven Polkläser: Crashed - The story of five Halifax bombers and their crews that crashed in Langenberg, Neviges, Mettmann and Wuppertal during World War II. Scala Verlag, Velbert 2014, ISBN 978-3-9816362-2-2 . (Short version)
  • Helmut Grau, Josef Johannes Niedworok, Sven Polkläser: Vossnacker school chronicle - two silver groschen for a pupil - 150 local history and a view of the world in the mirror of the Vossnack elementary school chronicle. Scala Verlag, Velbert 2015, ISBN 978-3-9816362-3-9 .
  • Helmut Grau, Jürgen Lohbeck, Sven Polkläser: The Krupp night light system in Velbert . Scala Verlag, Velbert 2017, ISBN 978-3-9816362-8-4 (short version)
  • Brigitte Kaufmann, Jürgen Lohbeck: Bleibergquelle Velbert - 75 years of deaconess mother house . Scala Verlag, Velbert 2020, ISBN 978-3-9819265-5-2 (short version)
  • Catholic parish Velbert (ed.): Sankt Paulus Velbert. Festschrift on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the consecration of the church and the independence of the parish of St. Paulus 1955–2005. Velbert 2005.
  • Friedhelm Kopshoff: Old Velbert history and stories. Scala Verlag, Velbert 2012, ISBN 978-3-9813898-7-6 .
  • Gerd Lensing: The history of the old church in Velbert . Scala Verlag, Velbert 2008.
  • Jürgen Lohbeck: The forgotten Scheindorf in Velbert. The Krupp night glow system on the Rottberg during World War II 1941–1945. Scala Verlag, Velbert 2012, ISBN 978-3-9813898-6-9 . (Short version)
  • Jürgen Lohbeck: The war on our doorstep - events, experiences, fates in World War II in Velbert, Langenberg and the surrounding area . Scala Verlag, Velbert 2013, ISBN 978-3-9813898-9-0 . (Short version)
  • Jürgen Lohbeck: silk - transmitter - glider flight - the glider airfield on the Wallmichrath in Langenberg / Rhineland 1928–1952. Scala Verlag, Velbert 2014, ISBN 978-3-9816362-1-5 . (Short version)
  • Jürgen Lohbeck: The Langenberger Sender 1926 to today - The 90-year history of the landmark of a region in the context of the radio history in Germany. Scala Verlag, Velbert 2016, ISBN 978-3-9816362-7-7 (short version)
  • Jürgen Lohbeck: Velbert, Langenberg and Neviges in the air war 1939–1945 . Scala Verlag, Velbert 2018, ISBN 978-3-9819265-2-1 (short version)
  • Jürgen Lohbeck: Air War in Germany - Brief historical context on Velbert, Langenberg and Neviges in the air war 1939–1945 . Self-published, Velbert 2020, ISBN 978-3-00-065566-1 (short version)
  • Henri Schmidt: Velbert in French hands - The occupation of the Ruhr from 1923–1925 . Velbert 2016, in cooperation with the Bergisches Geschichtsverein department Velbert-Hardenberg e. V.
  • Henri Schmidt: Revolution in Velbert - The activity of the workers 'and soldiers' council 1918/1919 in Velbert . Scala Verlag Velbert 2018, in cooperation with the Bergisches Geschichtsverein department Velbert-Hardenberg e. V.
  • Henri Schmidt: Dismantling in Velbert - End of the war and a new beginning - Velbert in the period 1945–1950 . Scala Verlag Velbert 2019, in cooperation with the Bergisches Geschichtsverein department Velbert-Hardenberg e. V.

Web links

Commons : Velbert  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. ^ Jürgen Lohbeck: silk - transmitter - glider flight. Scala Verlag Velbert 2014, with a comprehensive presentation of the topic, see literature
  3. Helmut Grau, Jürgen Lohbeck, Sven Polkläser: "The Krupp'sche Nachtscheinanlage in Velbert" , Scala Verlag Velbert 2017, with a comprehensive description of the topic, see literature
  4. ^ Jürgen Lohbeck: Velbert, Langenberg and Neviges in the air war 1939-1945. Scala Verlag, Velbert 2018.
  5. ^ Jürgen Lohbeck: Velbert, Langenberg and Neviges in the air war 1939-1945 . Scala Verlag, Velbert 2018, ISBN 978-3-9819265-2-1 , p. 110-115 .
  6. ^ Jürgen Lohbeck: Velbert, Langenberg and Neviges in the air war 1939-1945 . Scala Verlag, Velbert 2018, ISBN 978-3-9819265-2-1 , p. 116-123 .
  7. ^ Jürgen Lohbeck: Velbert, Langenberg and Neviges in the air war 1939-1945 . Scala Verlag, Velbert 2018, ISBN 978-3-9819265-2-1 , p. 124-145 .
  8. ^ Jürgen Lohbeck: Velbert, Langenberg and Neviges in the air war 1939-1945 . Scala Verlag, Velbert 2018, ISBN 978-3-9819265-2-1 , p. 146-155 .
  9. ^ Jürgen Lohbeck: silk - transmitter - glider flight. Scala Verlag Velbert 2014, with a comprehensive presentation of the topic, see literature
  10. 2020 population statistics , accessed on May 24, 2020.
  11. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 293 .
  12. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Population development City of Velbert PDF document of the City of Velbert, accessed on June 11, 2019
  13. a b Population development, as of January 1, 2020, City of Velbert PDF document of the City of Velbert, accessed on May 14, 2020
  14. ^ Election results on the website of the city of Velbert
  15. ^ Election results on the website of the city of Velbert
  16. ^ Rolf Nagel: Rheinisches Wappenbuch. Cologne 1986, ISBN 3-7927-0816-7 , p. 81.
  17. See main statute of the city of Velbert. (PDF; 32 kB) Retrieved September 15, 2013 .
  18. Gesamtschule Velbert-Neviges - Just another WordPress site. Retrieved January 22, 2020 .
  19. accessed on September 21, 2017.
  20. Timetable for S-Bahn line 9 from (PDF file; 44 kB)
  21. ^ Susanne Kollmann: Groundbreaking for the new bus station in Velbert. In: May 18, 2014, accessed May 3, 2020 .
  22. Klaus Kahle: The central bus station in Velbert should go into operation in 2015. In: January 6, 2014, accessed May 3, 2020 .
  23. ^ Klaus Kahle: Better connect Velbert city districts with buses. In: September 27, 2013, accessed May 3, 2020 .
  24. Klaus Kahle: With the express bus from Velbert directly to the airport. In: January 2, 2014, accessed May 3, 2020 .
  25. ^ Closing the gap on the A44 between AK Ratingen-Ost and Velbert on Straß
  28. ADAC tunnel test - light, shadow and red cards. on: , July 29, 2010, accessed on February 28, 2012.
  29. That was just the beginning of the construction work in the Birth tunnel. on: , February 13, 2012, accessed on February 28, 2012.