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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Haan
Map of Germany, position of the city of Haan highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 12 '  N , 7 ° 1'  E

Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Dusseldorf
Circle : Mettmann
Height : 160 m above sea level NHN
Area : 24.19 km 2
Residents: 30,406 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 1257 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 42781
Primaries : 02129, 02104 (greetings)Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : ME
Community key : 05 1 58 008
Website : www.haan.de
Mayoress : Bettina Warnecke ( independent )
Location of the city of Haan in the Mettmann district
Düsseldorf Duisburg Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Essen Köln Leverkusen Mülheim an der Ruhr Remscheid Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Solingen Wuppertal Erkrath Haan Heiligenhaus Hilden Langenfeld (Rheinland) Mettmann Monheim am Rhein Ratingen Velbert Wülfrathmap
About this picture
Map of Haan
Old market with a view of the small fountain

The garden city of Haan is a medium-sized town in the Mettmann district in North Rhine-Westphalia between Düsseldorf and Wuppertal .


Haan is about halfway between Düsseldorf (18 km away) and Wuppertal (13 km away) in the Bergisches Land at the transition to the Lower Rhine Bay . Haan is economically influenced by the Rhine rail . Architecturally and culturally, Haan is part of the Bergisches Land, which is evident from the many half-timbered houses. With around 30,000 inhabitants, Haan is the third smallest of the ten cities in the Mettmann district. The highest point in the city is 213 m above sea ​​level , the lowest point 72 m above sea level, the average height is 150 m.

Haan is traversed by the Düssel in the northern part and by the Itter in the southern part . The Itter largely forms the city limits with Solingen. Haan borders on the following cities belonging to and independent district (starting in the north and running clockwise): Mettmann , Wuppertal, Solingen , Hilden and Erkrath .

The city is surrounded by an extensive green belt, starting with the Osterholz in the northeast, over the Ittertal in the entire south, the Kesselsweier and the Hildener Stadtwald in the west to the Düsseltal and the foothills of the Neandertal in the northwest. Within the settlement area, the Haaner Bachtal extends from the east of Haans to close to the city center, as well as the area around the Sandbach in the west of the city. In the city center, too, great attention is paid to well-tended green spaces, so that colorful flowering plants can be seen there, especially in summer.


The origins of Haans are approximately to the year 2200 BC. Dated. At that time, a settlement in the shape of Hag was founded in what is now the city center , i.e. equipped with a rampart, picket fence and hedge strips. Accordingly, the name "Haan" should be derived from Hagen , with a remodeling analogous to Hain .

From 718 AD Haan was close to the Saxon - Franconian border between Sonnborn and Elberfeld (both now part of Wuppertal ) . Since today's Kaiserstraße was a parade route for the Franconian troops to the east, a sutler was established in Haan to supply the soldiers.

Even before the beginning of the High Middle Ages , Haan and Hilden belonged to the Archdiocese of Cologne and was initially one of the enclaves within this territorial area after the formation of the county and later Duchy of Berg . As early as 850 a pre-Romanesque chapel or church was built on the old church square , which Archbishop Wichfried of Cologne consecrated in 935. At that time this church was under the control of the main church in Hilden.

In 1386, the road from Hilden via Haan to Elberfeld, today's federal road 228 , was first mentioned in a document. The first evidence of the grinding and weaving trade , which was widespread in Haan until the 20th century, can be dated back to the years 1589 and 1724.

In the second half of the 16th century the Haan church was reformed .

Until 1806 Haan, Obgruiten and Gruiten belonged to the Solingen office , Ellscheid to the Mettmann office within the Duchy of Berg. In 1808 the towns of Haan, Ellscheid, Millrath (now part of Erkrath ), Gruiten, Schöller and Sonnborn (both now part of Wuppertal) came under French rule and were united to form " Mairie Haan". In 1815 this Mairie was placed under Prussian administration and rededicated as a Prussian mayor's office. At this time the following seven special household communities belonged to the mayor's office : Parish Haan, Honschaft Ellscheid , Honschaft Millrath , Honschaft Gruiten , Honschaft Schöller , Honschaft Obgruiten and Kirchspiel Sonnborn.

Old post office from 1851, today a kiosk

In 1841, with the completion of the Elberfeld-Gruiten-Düsseldorf railway line , Haan was connected to the steadily expanding rail network. Another connection followed in 1867 with the Ohligs-Gruiten line.

In the same year Sonnborn left the mayor's office in Haan. In 1894 Haan left the mayor's office and Millrath, Gruiten and Schöller formed the mayor's office from then on, and later the Gruiten office .

In 1899 Haan was connected to the tram connection from Benrath (today to Düsseldorf) via Hilden to Vohwinkel (today to Wuppertal). In 1921 the town charter was granted to Haan.

At the turn of the year 1944/1945 the Second World War left visible traces in the cityscape when residential areas in Ober- and Mittelhaan were bombed on New Year's Eve and New Year's Day. 70 people were killed. On April 16, 1945, US troops entered Haan, which were relieved by British forces in July 1945 .

In 1956 the Catholic parish replaced its neo-Gothic church from 1869 with the modern St. Chrysanthus and Daria Church .

Since July 14, 2017, Haan has had the addition of "garden city" to its name in accordance with Section 13 (3) of the municipal code for the state of North Rhine-Westphalia . The city had already referred to itself as a "garden city" on the outside. In the 19th century, the houses were allocated deep garden areas; Seed traders played an important role in the urban economy.


  • On May 3, 1876, the rural community of Ellscheid was incorporated into Haan.
  • On April 1, 1894 there were various reclassifications: The community of Obgruiten was incorporated into Gruiten. The Haaner residential areas "Simonshöfchen", "Ölbers", "Linden" and two smaller areas were incorporated into Gruiten, "Simonshaus", "Schlüssel" and "Porten" according to Vohwinkel.
  • On August 1, 1929, the Gruitener, until 1894 Haaner, residential area "Simonshöfchen" was moved to Barmen-Elberfeld. The “Bolthausen” and “Mais” residential areas in Haan also ended up in Barmen-Elberfeld.
  • On May 15, 1930, the Haaner residential areas "Klappmütze" (Ellscheid) and "Bücherberg" were incorporated into Gruiten. Furthermore, the Millrather residential area "Frinsberg" was re-municipalityed to Gruiten.
  • On January 1, 1975, Gruiten was incorporated into Haan as part of the municipal reorganization in North Rhine-Westphalia . The Haaner residential area "Schönholz" was re-pared to Hilden, the residential area "Eickert" was incorporated into the new town of Erkrath (Hochdahl district). Before that, the citizens of Gruiten and Haan had successfully defended themselves against the incorporation of Haans into Solingen and Gruiten into Wuppertal through protests in the state capital Düsseldorf.

Population statistics

(always on December 31st)

Population development in Haan from 1996 to 2017
year Residents
1996 28,996
1997 29,213
1998 29,452
1999 29,525
2000 29,677
2001 29,607
2002 29,518
2003 29,472
2004 29,370
2005 29,325
2006 29,411
year Residents
2007 29,323
2008 29,149
2009 30,074
2010 29,149
2011 30,257
2012 29,848
2013 29,985
2014 30,811
2015 31,137
2016 31,230
2017 31,265

Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census , 33.7% of the population in 2011 were Protestant , 30.4% Roman Catholic and 35.9% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Catholics has decreased since then. Currently (as of December 20, 2019) of the 31,118 inhabitants, exactly 9090 (29.2%) Catholics are registered. A year earlier it was 9170.


City council

Results of the city council elections 1975–2014

2014 2009 2004 1999 1994 1989 1984 1979 1975
percent Seats percent Seats percent Seats percent Seats percent Seats percent Seats percent Seats percent Seats percent Seats
CDU 34.7 13 38.6 17th 39.2 15th 53.0 20th 44.3 17th 41.5 17th 43.5 17th 50.7 20th 49.9 19th
SPD 29.4 11 25.4 11 29.8 11 31.1 12 37.2 15th 38.6 15th 37.0 15th 37.8 15th 37.6 15th
FDP 7.2 3 16.9 7th 13.0 5 9.0 3 7.7 3 11.2 4th 9.4 3 11.5 4th 12.5 5
GAL 9.1 4th 10.3 5 9.1 4th 6.9 3 10.8 4th 8.7 3 10.2 4th - - - -
UWG 3.1 1 5.4 2 9.0 3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
left - - 3.4 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
WLH 11.1 4th - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
AfD 5.4 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
voter turnout 53.8 - 58.5 - 59.0 - 58.2 - 84.7 - 68.7 - 69.4 - 74.0 - 87.9 -

The CDU , the SPD and the FDP were always represented on the city council. The Green Alternative List , part of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen , has also been part of the city council since 1984 . The Independent Voting Community Haan has always been able to move into the city council since it was founded in the 2000s. The left was only represented on the city council from 2009 to 2014.

In 2014, both Alternative für Deutschland and the community of voters Lebenswerte Haan succeeded in joining the city council. The parties or communities were only founded in 2013.


Results of the mayoral elections 1999–2015

2015 2009 2004 1999
1st flat share 2nd flat share 1st flat share 2nd flat share 1st flat share
Bettina Warnecke (independent) 33.2% 59.8% Knut vom Bovert (independent) 48.3% Knut vom Bovert (independent) 45.6% 72.3% Martin Mönikes (CDU) 61.8%
Knut vom Bovert (independent) 27.0% 40.2% Klaus Mentrop (CDU) 30.2% Matthias Nocke (CDU) 30.7% 27.7% Frieder Angern (SPD) 38.2%
Jörg Dürr (SPD) 21.1% Bernd Stracke (SPD) 18.4% Bernd Stracke (SPD) 18.5%
Meike Lukat (WLH) 17.4% Michael Henchoz (The Left) 3.1% Hans-Jürgen Lemmer (GAL) 5.2%
Gabriele Haage (individual applicant) 1.4%
voter turnout 50.4% 43.8% voter turnout 58.1% voter turnout 59.0% 49.3% voter turnout 58.2%

Town twinning

As a sign of German - Polish reconciliation, Haans sponsored the former Guttentag-Loben district (now Dobrodzień ) in Upper Silesia, which is now under Polish administration . In 1967 a town twinning with Eu ( Normandy in France ) was added.

In 1982 a town twinning with Berwick-upon-Tweed (Northumberland / Great Britain) was established. After reunification, Bad Lauchstädt in Saxony-Anhalt added to the series of Haan partner cities. In 2004 the previous sponsorship via Dobrodzień was rededicated to a town twinning.

In recognition of its commitment to partnership relationships, the city was awarded the European diploma by the Council of Europe in 1994 and has since held the honorary title of “European Community”. In 1999 the city was also awarded the Council of Europe Flag of Honor . Student exchanges have been taking place between Haan and the partner cities for many years .

The city has a coat of arms, a flag and an official seal. The right to use a coat of arms was granted to the city in a certificate dated April 29, 1937 by the Upper President of the Rhine Province in Koblenz .

coat of arms

Blazon : "In silver a striding, red-armored black rooster, under the raised right foot a plunging, torn, red-keeled black feather that has fallen obliquely to the left."

The Haaner coat of arms designed by heraldist Wolfgang Pagenstecher is a "talking" coat of arms, although the place name is derived from Hain or Hagen (protected place). The Bergisches Kräher is also supposed to mark the character of the Bergisches Land.


"The city flag has the colors green-white-green (what is meant is horizontal stripes, in a ratio of 1: 3: 1) and the heraldic animal in the white field."

Sights and culture

Historic Buildings

The numerous houses in the Bergisch slate style are characteristic of the Haan townscape. There are also numerous buildings in other historical architectural styles, especially from the Wilhelmine era.

  • The town hall in the style of historicism was built on Kaiserstraße in 1902/1903 based on a design by the local master builder Wilhelm Stricker . The decorated gable above the large leaded glass windows of the council chamber and the turret to the right of the building are exemplary.
  • The buildings erected in the first decade of the 20th century on the Alter Markt (see photo above on the right) are a reflection of the Wilhelmine architectural style .
  • The Protestant church on Kaiserstraße was given its intended purpose in 1864. The brick building replaced the Romanesque building on the old church square that had been demolished a year earlier and had served as a place of worship since around 850. In the church you can still find the door stone of the old church, one of the oldest church stones in Germany.
  • Another well-known example of the slate construction, also known as the Bergisch Baroque , is the Becherhus on Kaiserstraße, built in 1728, which has always served as a restaurant. A fire in 1998 destroyed the attic, which was also used for the restaurant, but it could be restored.
  • Another highlight is the group of courtyards on the lower neighboring mountain, which includes ten former weavers and grinders' houses. The settlement, which consists of slate and half-timbered houses, is completely protected and gives a good impression of the old Haan.
  • Historicist villas from the turn of the century can be found on Schillerstrasse, Königstrasse, Bahnhofstrasse, Kaiserstrasse and Düsseldorfer Strasse. They bear witness to the prosperity of the manufacturers and upper-class citizens of that time and are still typical of the appearance of the Rhenish-Bergisch towns, which were in an economic boom at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.
  • The Mahnertmühle , a former mill from the 14th century, is located on the city limits of Erkrath. It has been a listed building since 1982 and is now operated as a restaurant.


The small river Itter is located near the city limits of Solingen . The Itter rises near Solingen- Gräfrath , flows into the Rhine near Düsseldorf-Benrath and housed the Kottenwirtschaft on its banks until well into the 20th century : In small, simple houses, bellows, forge hammers and grindstones for metalworking were driven by a water wheel . The famous Solingen blades in particular have their origin here. There are eight former cottages and mills in the Haaner area. From east to west these are the Bastians- and Ernenkotten, the Heidberger Mühle, the Köllers- or Haaner Kotten, the Breidenmühle, the Schaafenkotten, the Brucher Mühle and the Brucher Kotten. Some of the cottages and mills can be traced back to the 15th century. The historic, mostly half-timbered buildings have been preserved except for the Breidenmühle and have either been converted into residential houses or, as in the case of the Heidberger Mühle, into restaurants.

Gruiten village

The old town center of Gruiten with its well-preserved half-timbered houses is the largest intact historical settlement in the Haan city area. The oldest building is the Haus am Quall, of which at least one wing can be dated back to the 14th century. The house on the Quall was extensively restored by the specially founded association and can now be used for celebrations, teaching and information events, etc. The Evangelical Reformed Church from 1721 and the Catholic St. Nicholas Church from 1879 tower over the old village.

The "Haans"

Haans in Unterhaan (meanwhile removed)

The so-called "Haans" is a kind of new city mascot, which was designed by Franz Leinfelder , an artist from Haan, and made from painted sheet steel by the company Heuser-Apparatebau. There are eight large, different-colored Haans that are up to 4.50 m high and distributed over the entire city area: among others on the roundabout round Alleestraße, on the Ohligser Straße roundabout, at the cellar gate next to Flurstraße, on Bahnhofstraße and on Böttingerstrasse. In addition, there are 18 small Haans that were for sale and now adorn in some cases shop windows and shops.

Before the sculptures were erected in Haan, they had been on a journey through German museums and exhibitions for ten years. The Haans was conceived by the former private initiative "Haan-Quer", which has now matured into a working group.

Regular events

Haaner garden pleasure

The "Haaner Gartenlust", a private initiative, is trying to revive the garden city character. Historical predecessors can be found in 1952 and 1954 with the Day of the Flower (accompanied by a flower parade and the award of particularly beautiful private gardens). Since the premiere in June 2006, when ten private gardens were opened to the public, a day of “Haaner Gartenlust” has been held every year on the first Sunday in June.

Haaner summer

The Haaner Summer took place for the first time in 2007 when it took part in the state competition “Off to the middle”, in which ideas for revitalizing inner cities were awarded prizes. The private organizers from Haan did not receive a prize for their idea, but nevertheless implemented the plan.

During the summer holidays, the lower part of the Neuer Markt west of the city fountain will be transformed into a beach: helpers distribute large amounts of sand (2011: 160 tons) with shovels and wheelbarrows and then design the area with umbrellas, beach chairs, all kinds of sand play equipment, various beach plants, a tent and a volleyball net , so that a "vacation and beach feeling" can arise. The Haaner Sommer e. V. also organizes a program for "young and old" with numerous helpers: from sandcastle building competition to performances by various Haaner associations, music and artist groups, to singing together.

Haaner fair

The annual highlight in the city's calendar of events is the Haaner Kirmes , which always ends on the last Tuesday in September and begins on the previous Saturday. The entire city center of Haan and part of the B 228 will be closed for the street fair with around 400,000 visitors annually.

For the population of Haan, the fair is of great importance, which in other cities in the Rhineland is reserved for the carnival . Here as there, Monday is the highlight of the festivities: On the fair Monday, the Haan shops and offices close early and the children are free from school - this day is the traditional meeting place for Haaners, while the other days tend to "belong" to visitors from outside.

There are different opinions about the historical origins of the Haaner Kirmes. A fair in the Haaner area was first mentioned in a document in 1386. However, some historians suspect that the Haan fair history goes back to the time of the Saxon Wars of Charlemagne in the 8th and 9th centuries. At that time, sutlers could have taken care of the Carolingian soldiers bivouacked in Haan area, near the enemy line running near Sonnborn . The traditional end of the Haaner fair is the fireworks donated by the showmen on Tuesday evening.

Economy and Infrastructure

View from a bridge over the A 46 in Haan and the Rhine plain
Entrance building to the Haaner train station, used as a restaurant

Along with Solingen, Haan belongs to the so-called Solingen industrial area, which is why Haan companies are allowed to label cutlery with the name “Solingen”, which is protected by the Solingen Ordinance.

Established businesses

There is a round table of companies and schools to find training places.


Haan has good transport connections: the federal motorway 46 (Heinsberg – Düsseldorf – Wuppertal with two junctions) and the federal road 228 (Düsseldorf- Benrath –Wuppertal- Vohwinkel ) cross the city. The Haan station is a stop on the railway line Haan-Gruiten-Köln-Deutz , he is from the RB 48 operates every half hour. The station Haan-Gruiten is from the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn operated (Moenchengladbach-Dusseldorf-Wuppertal-Hagen) and also from the RB 48th The Dusseldorf airport is 22 km away.


Entrance to the grammar school viewed from Adlerstrasse

In addition to the Haan municipal grammar school, there is a secondary school, a secondary school (both expiring), a comprehensive school (since 2017) and five primary schools. In addition, there is the Hilden-Haan adult education center , which is operated in conjunction with the neighboring town of Hilden, and a music school . Since 1984 there has been a free Waldorf school in the Gruiten district .


Haan is in the circulation area of ​​the three regional daily newspapers Rheinische Post , Westdeutsche Zeitung and, albeit with irregular Haaner reporting, Neue Rhein Zeitung . Haan's best-known advertising paper is Haaner Treff , which appears weekly on Wednesdays. Since 20 October 2010, instead of the Lokalanzeiger the sheet Hello! Haan also published on Wednesday; on July 29, 2015 the paper was published for the last time. The SuperTiPp (own spelling) is distributed every Saturday.

The private radio station Radio Neandertal based in Mettmann and the local studio Wuppertal of Westdeutscher Rundfunk are responsible for radio and television reporting .

Recreation and sport


The nature and landscape protection areas are remarkable. In the immediate vicinity of the major cities of Düsseldorf, Wuppertal and Solingen, nature worth protecting has developed in the stream valleys. In particular, the abandoned quarries near Gruiten-Dorf are home to species worthy of protection such as rare orchids, natterjack toads and midwife toads. Thanks to the voluntary work of AGNU Haan e. V. numerous amphibian waters were created. In addition, the orchid meadows are tended annually. Another focus is the care of the head trees that stand on the banks of the numerous bodies of water in Haan. The landscapes around Haan in the Düssel- und Itteral can be explored on hiking and walking trails. Among other things, the Bergische Weg and the Neanderlandsteig lead through the urban area of ​​Haans.

Sports and event facilities

Haan has a municipal indoor swimming pool that was closed for a long time due to financial problems. In Haan there is the youth center as a meeting point for young people. Concerts take place there regularly. The historical council chamber and the school halls of the grammar school on Adlerstrasse and the Walder Strasse school are also available for events. Until 2012 there was a community center in Gruiten for the events of citizens and associations.


sons and daughters of the town

The Barth House on Kaiserstrasse

More people

The following people are not originally from Haan, but lived or live in the city:

Picture gallery

Web links

Commons : Haan  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n http://www.zeitspurensuche.de/02/haange1.htm
  3. http://www.zeitspurensuche.de/02/hakirce3.htm
  4. Lacomblet, Theodor Joseph: Archive for the history of the Lower Rhine. In: V. An inscription to Haan near Hilden. Volume 2, 1857, p. [114]. Online version
  5. http://www.zeitspurensuche.de/02/sttafel1.htm
  6. http://www.zeitspurensuche.de/02/stgrund1.htm
  7. ^ Johann Georg von Viebahn (Ed.): Statistics and Topography of the Government District of Düsseldorf , Düsseldorf 1836, second part, section Elberfeld, pp. 45-46.
  8. ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Düsseldorf, 1876, Item 26, Page 279 .
  9. a b c Area changes Gruiten
  10. a b c [1]
  11. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 293 .
  12. ^ City of Haan Religion , 2011 census
  13. ↑ The number of Catholics in Haan decreased in 2019 , accessed on May 17, 2020
  14. History of WLH on wlh-haan.de , accessed on June 1 2014
  15. Prix ​​de l'Europe, Liste des laureats (list of the Council of Europe's appreciations), pp. 26, 35. ( Memento of February 13, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 154 kB)
  16. ^ Nagel, Rolf, Rheinisches Wappenbuch, Cologne 1986, p. 74, ISBN 3-7927-0816-7
  17. ^ Main statute of the city of Haan. Retrieved September 13, 2013 .
  18. Press comments: wz-newsline.de , rp-online.de , coverage of the Haaner summer in WDR
  19. ^ Text of the Solingen Ordinance
  20. wz-newsline.de , accessed on August 25, 2011
  21. Hallo Haan of July 29, 2015, p. 1
  22. ^ Emil-Barth-Archiv der Stadt Haan in the Stadtbücherei Haan, Neuer Markt 17
  23. Offer from sportschau.de  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. to the World Athletics Championships 2011 in Daegu@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / lawm.sportschau.de