district of Wuppertal
|Coordinates||51 ° 13 '52 " N , 7 ° 4' 13" E.|
|height||130– 270 m above sea level NHN|
|Residents||30,740 (Dec. 31, 2014)|
|Population density||1505 inhabitants / km²|
|Proportion of foreigners||12.4% (Dec. 31, 2014)|
|District Mayor||Heiner Fragemann|
|Allocation of seats (district representation)|
|railroad||RB 48 RE 4 RE 13|
|Train||S 8 S 9 S 68|
|Local transport||Suspension railway|
|bus||600 609 621 629 631 641 683 745 784 NE1 NE2 NE23|
|Source: Wuppertal statistics - spatial data|
The district of Vohwinkel is the third largest district of Wuppertal in North Rhine-Westphalia after Elberfeld and Barmen and was an independent city until 1929. Before that, Vohwinkel belonged to the Mettmann district and was the administrative seat of the district from 1877 to 1929.
Vohwinkel belongs to the so-called Niederbergisches Land and is therefore part of the Rhenish Slate Mountains , which arose in the Middle and Younger Paleozoic . Essentially, the geological bands of the area from south to north belong to an ever younger period in the history of the earth. Slate of the Middle Devonian form the south one to two kilometers wide zone, followed by a nearly three-kilometer wide in the northern limestone zone adjoins the Devon. In the area of the so-called Vohwinkel depression between Krutscheid and the Wupper , the limestone is covered by quartz sands, gravel and clays and a small amount of clay and only rarely appears on the surface. In the south there is a ridge between Wibbeltrath and the Wupper, which reaches the highest point at the Roßkamper Höhe at 270 m. In the southeast, the ridge slopes towards the Sonnenberg and the Wupper, which falls between Hammerstein and the exit from the Vohwinkel area from 130 m to 120 m, the lowest point in the Vohwinkel area.
Division into quarters
Vohwinkel lies between the river systems of Düssel and Wupper, which absorb all flowing waters. Sources are only found in the slate areas . The watershed runs from Kluse via Krutscheid and Tesche to Katernberg.
- Kleine Düssel , a 4.3 km long tributary of the Düssel , rises east of the Bolthausen district .
- Krudtscheider Bach
- Rottscheidter Bach
- Stackenberger Bach
The core of Vohwinkel originally consisted of several courtyards dependent on the Oberhof Lüntenbeck, these were at the level of today's Lienhardplatz . Falsely naming is a halo "vouinkel" in the list of Wachszinsigen the pin Gerresheim held in the year 1312 for a mention Vohwinkel, but here was most likely Vonkeln in Wuppertal-Cronenberg meant. In 1356 Vowynkele was sold by the knight Heinrich von Schönrode to the Gräfrath monastery (near Solingen ), this document is today the first documentary mention of Vohwinkel.
After 1800, the estate underwent a functional change due to road construction and, above all, good rail connections . It increasingly became a business and carter hostel . Vohwinkel grew into a larger settlement after the construction of the railway line to Düsseldorf (1841) and the railway line to Essen (1847). First, it was a part of village Sonnborn in the mayoralty Haan , it was one of the 1867 separated from Haan mayoralty Sonnborn and was only in 1888 an independent rural community after Sonnborn under territorial concessions to Elberfeld was dissolved and the remaining Bürgermeistereigebiet with the nucleus of the municipality Vohwinkel was renamed. Before that, in 1887 the Solingen – Vohwinkel railway (“corkscrew railway ”) to Solingen was opened. In 1921 Vohwinkel was finally granted city rights.
Through the law on the municipal reorganization of the Rhenish-Westphalian industrial area of July 29, 1929, Vohwinkel was initially united with the cities of Barmen , Cronenberg , Elberfeld and Ronsdorf to form Barmen-Elberfeld . In the same year, the city council of the newly founded municipality decided to propose to the Prussian State Ministry that the city be renamed Wuppertal . The proposal was approved in January 1930.
On the evening of January 1, 1945, Allied bombers dropped bombs on Vohwinkel. 97 people died, 200 were wounded and 185 were buried. On April 16, 1945, Vohwinkel was occupied by US troops. Vohwinkel belonged to the British zone of occupation . As everywhere, there were numerous denazification procedures . Numerous displaced persons from the eastern areas settled or were settled, e. B. in the Bremkamp settlement. After the popular uprising in the GDR ( June 17, 1953 ), many refugees came from there.
|Surname||Term of office||Life dates|
|Gottlieb Heinrich||July 1, 1888 to September 30, 1888||1856-1927|
|Heinrich Bammel||October 1, 1888 to June 30, 1919||* December 10, 1855; † March 7, 1929|
|Albrecht Landwehr||July 1, 1919 to 1929||* May 7, 1881; † March 25, 1966|
|as a community|
|as part of Wuppertal|
coat of arms
The city of Vohwinkel, which was independent from 1921 to 1929, had the city arms approved by the Prussian State Ministry since December 16, 1926 .
In 1889, the then mayor of the municipality of Vohwinkel had sent a request to the Prussian Heroldsamt in Berlin for approval of a coat of arms. A draft had been worked out in which the Bergische lion , the Prussian eagle and a fox crawling out of a cave were represented. This coat of arms also referred to the etymological explanation of the word Vohwinkel. The draft, which did not correspond to the heraldic principles in all parts, was nevertheless accepted by the municipal council. The Minister of the Interior, however, had reservations about applying for approval from the Crown because a coat of arms for rural communities would generally not be customary (Reg.-Vfg. December 12, 1889). Years later, by resolution of September 30, 1926, the administration was requested to apply again for a city coat of arms at the competent authority. A happier solution to the representation was found:
The coat of arms is a talking one . At the same time, the angle symbolizes the location of the city on the knee of the Wupper . The colors chosen are the Bergisch (red-white) and the Rhenish (green-white). A coat of arms based on a historical basis could not be considered because the place lacked history. The decree that then approved the coat of arms reads:
“ The city of Vohwinkel in the administrative district of Düsseldorf is hereby granted permission to use the coat of arms shown on the following drawing. Berlin, December 16, 1926. The Prussian State Ministry. (signed) brown. Grzesinski. M. d. J. IV a IV 961. "
In 1929, just three years later, when Vohwinkel was incorporated into the newly founded city of Wuppertal, the official use of the coat of arms became obsolete.
Culture and sights
- The historic Vohwinkel town hall on Rubensstrasse was built from 1897 to 1898. The town hall served as the seat of the municipal administration, savings bank, official residence of the mayor and police prison. Today the building is used for the Vohwinkel district administration with the district representation , social service, registration office and city library.
- The so-called Gebhard building of the former silk weaving mill Gebhard & Co. AG on Kaiserstraße was built in 1875. Gebhard & Co. AG was founded in Elberfeld in 1859 and relocated its main building to Vohwinkel in 1875. Today the building houses a hairdressing salon, doctors and lawyers' offices.
- The Vohwinkel train station in the sacred architectural style with the striking clock tower on Bahnstrasse was inaugurated on December 1, 1908 with a post office and goods handling facility. The wedge station links the Düsseldorf – Elberfeld line and the Wuppertal-Vohwinkel – Essen-Überruhr line (Prinz Wilhelm Railway) . Until 1989, the Solingen – Wuppertal-Vohwinkel railway (corkscrew railway ) also existed as a pure freight line to Solingen. Until the 1990s, the station was also connected by a branch line to the Düsseldorf-Derendorf-Dortmund Süd railway line ( Rhenish route or Wuppertal Northern Railway ).
- The former Kgl. District office on Gräfrather Strasse ( 51 ° 13 ′ 47.8 ″ N , 7 ° 4 ′ 12.2 ″ E ) was completed in 1877, when Vohwinkel became the seat of the Mettmann district , and the company moved into on April 28, 1878. Today the building houses the city's youth facilities. In 1900, in memory of the victory over France in 1871, a merit of Wilhelm I , of which a relief medallion was affixed to the base, the so-called Victory Fountain was built in front of the District Office by the Düsseldorf sculptor Gustav Rutz . The inauguration of the Victory Fountain by the imperial couple on October 24, 1900 was a popular postcard motif at the time. The fountain is no longer preserved today.
- The Lüntenbeck Castle is a former, around 1250 first documentary mentioned Ritter seat. The building was converted into a two-and-a-half-story castle with an attached tower in the baroque period. The Niederungsburg is surrounded by a spacious outer bailey with its farm buildings. The castle and its outdoor facilities are used today by several service industries and can be viewed by appointment.
- Immaculate conception
- St. Ludger
- Parish church Schöller
- Gräfrather Strasse church with the parish hall opposite
- Church on the Bremkamp
- Two larger sports clubs are located in Vohwinkel. The football club FSV Vohwinkel 48 eV, based at the sports fields in Lüntenbeck and Waldkampfbahn, with a total of 29 football teams, and the popular sports club VSTV Vohwinkel 1865/90 eV , based at the club's own tennis facilities at the Waldkampfbahn .
- In addition to the Waldkampfbahn sports fields ( 51 ° 14 ′ 6 ″ N , 7 ° 3 ′ 26.8 ″ E ) and Lüntenbeck ( 51 ° 14 ′ 48.1 ″ N , 7 ° 4 ′ 25.4 ″ E ) there are numerous mostly on playgrounds situated playing fields . A gym offers badminton and squash ; An indoor soccer hall has existed on the HAKO site since 2005 .
- The TSG Vohwinkel 80 was after the Second World War, founding member of the Oberliga West , then a season of the German top flight. In 1954, TSG merged with SSV 04 Wuppertal to form Wuppertaler SV .
- The ESV Wuppertal West , is represented with the Department Fistball in the German Bundesliga.
- On the Sunday of the last weekend in September every year, the Vohwinkel Flea Market, the largest one-day flea market in the world , has been held since 1971 , for which Vohwinkel also received an entry in the Guinness Book of Records . In order to provide enough space for the numerous buyers and sellers, the Kaiserstraße under the suspension railway to the suspension railway station Hammerstein will be closed over a length of approx. 1.4 km. The construction of the flea market with 500 to 600 stalls starts on Sunday at midnight. Meanwhile, many buyers are already on the lookout for bargains. Every year 300,000 to 400,000 visitors come to the flea market. The flea market ends on Sunday at 6 p.m.
- Traditionally, on the Saturday in front of the flea market, the "Vohwinkeltag" takes place on the upper Kaiserstraße and the neighborhood festival on Lienhardplatz. The "Vohwinkeltag" is organized by Aktion V *, the advertising association of Vohwinkel retailers, and offers retailers, parishes and various working groups in the district the opportunity to present their work or their offer. The “Vohwinkel Day” takes place from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. and then goes seamlessly into the construction work for the Vohwinkel flea market. At the neighborhood festival of the Vohwinkel Association, which takes place at the same time, the people of Vohwinkel get in the mood for the upcoming flea market with a stage program, music, beer and sausage until 11 p.m.
- On two weekends in Advent there is a Christmas market in the courtyard of Lüntenbeck Castle. In addition, since 2010 the Christmas market has been taking place on the square in front of the Church of the Conception of Mary on the first weekend of Advent .
Economy and Infrastructure
- The western terminus of the suspension railway is in Vohwinkel
- Trolley bus to Solingen (line 683)
- Connection to the A 46 and A 535 in Sonnborn
- Train connections from Wuppertal-Vohwinkel train station in the direction of Elberfeld , Barmen , Aachen , Bonn , Düsseldorf , Essen , Hagen , Hamm , Cologne , Mönchengladbach , Solingen and Venlo (NL)
- The DB Signalwerk Wuppertal on Vohwinkeler Straße is the central plant of DB Netz AG for the entire control and safety technology in the Federal Republic of Germany with branches in Cottbus and Braunschweig . In 2007, the Signalwerk Wuppertal employs around 460 people and around 90 trainees. It was founded in 1939 as a signal and telegraph workshop in Wuppertal-Vohwinkel. In a distribution warehouse of the Signalwerk, over 30,000 different control and safety technology materials are stored on almost 3,000 m². A total of around 6,000 control and safety technology items are repaired, some of them newly manufactured and stored in the Signalwerk. These are, for example, track barriers , switch drives , barrier drives and signals , level crossing technology , modules for electronic interlocking technology , track vacancy detection technology , indoor and outdoor systems for interlocking technology, power supplies and battery systems as well as track magnets for inductive train protection .
- The Ferd. von Hagen Söhne & Koch GmbH & Co. KG on Vohwinkeler Straße was created in 1912 from the merger between Ferdinand von Hagen, a company founded in Wuppertal in 1832, and the Remscheid company J. Koch Söhne. HAKO produced with just under 120 employees, specialized and special fittings as well as the traditional hinges for window and door manufacturer, the German railway, construction and agricultural machinery manufacturers and for the automotive industry. The HAKO limited partner and managing director Bernd Bigge was a member of the board of directors of Wuppertaler SV and sponsors numerous other sports clubs in Wuppertal in addition to Wuppertaler SV. The Wuppertal Marketing GmbH has appointed him in 2006 to Wuppertal ambassador.
- The GEPA - The Fair Trade Company , in December 2007 based at GEPA path is the largest European importer of fair trade food and craft products from the southern countries of the world. The GEPA was founded on May 14, 1975 as a society to promote the partnership with the Third World Ltd., the Catholic aid organization Misereor , the Protestant Church Development Service, the respective youth umbrella organizations and the forerunner organization of today's Weltladen umbrella organization in Wuppertal.
- The Oetelshofen GmbH & Co. KG manages the eight-hectare limestone quarry Oetelshofen the north on the border with Vohwinkel Wülfrath. The first written mention of a limestone quarry near Hof Gerhardsfurth is dated to 1750. In 1857 Hermann Oetelshofen bought the Gerhardsfurth farm with the associated limestone quarry at an auction for 16,120 thaler.
- The PPG Industries Lacke GmbH on the stack mountain road produces approximately 300 employees in Wuppertal coatings for the automotive industry , was established in 1883 as a paint factory Hermann Wülfing in Vohwinkel. The paint factory in Wülfing had been producing car paints since 1934. It is noteworthy that in 1964 Wülfing was the paint supplier for the first European electrophoresis immersion pool for car bodies.
- The Rheinkalk Group was formed in 1999 from the merger of the Rheinische Kalksteinwerke in Wülfrath (founded in 1903 by August Thyssen ) and the Rheinisch-Westfälische Kalkwerke AG in Wuppertal- Dornap (founded in 1887 by Wilhelm Schüller, Anton Winter and the Maximilian union). Rheinkalk belongs to the Belgian Lhoist Group , the company is based in Wülfrath.
Formerly based company
- The company Ackermann vehicle was founded in 1850 by CW Ackermann as a workshop for agricultural equipment in Vohwinkel. In 1972 the Ackermann-Fruehauf-Gesellschaft was founded. In 1987 production and administration were relocated from Vohwinkel to Kerpen-Sindorf near Cologne.
- The C. Blumhardt Fahrzeugwerke on Vohwinkeler Straße emerged from a brickworks that existed in Gut Simonshaus from 1804 to 1907. The factory for iron wheelbarrows and hand-held vehicles founded in 1870 , own invention and construction for all types of use , later became C. Blumhardt Fahrzeugwerke . In the 1990s the company went bankrupt and on May 7, 1996 the company was finally closed.
- The Sonntagskind colliery is a former brown coal mine on Vohwinkeler Strasse. The former colliery area is now part of Ferd. by Hagen Söhne & Koch GmbH & Co. KG (HAKO).
- Bergische Musikschule, Vohwinkel branch
- Primary School Cornelius School
- Primary School Gebhardtstrasse
- Elementary School Nathrather Strasse
- Radenberg primary school
- Primary school Sillerstraße
- Primary school Nocken (in the school center west)
- Ulle Hees School, Städt. Special school learning west and school for sick people
- Municipal school for the speech-impaired Tescher Straße
- Municipal secondary school Blücherstraße
- Municipal high school Vohwinkel (in the school center west)
- Municipal Pina-Bausch Comprehensive School Wuppertal-Vohwinkel
- Friedrich Dickel , German politician, Interior Minister of the GDR
- Helga Dickel , German politician
- Graziella Drößler , artist
- Bünyamin Erdoğan , member of an Islamist organization, first German citizen to be killed by a drone
- Eugen Huth , German politician
- Wolfgang Schmitz , artist
- Karl Ziegler: History of the city of Vohwinkel . Reprinted in Neusatz, self-published by Schäfer / Johenneken, Wuppertal 2007
- Ursula E. Hüsgen: Vohwinkel has always been a good address - a stroll through Vohwinkel's streets from 1893–1929 . Born-Verlag, Wuppertal 2004, ISBN 3-87093-087-X
- Hella Nussbaum: Traces of Art Nouveau in Wuppertal-Vohwinkel . Verlag Müller + Busmann, Wuppertal 1997, ISBN 3-928766-31-7
- Holger Ueberholz: Gustav Schlipköter (1885-1965), a Vohwinkel pedagogue, writer and politician . (72 pages), Backnang / Wuppertal 2019
- Holger Ueberholz: A congregation in the process of reconstruction - The problems of the Protestant parish Vohwinkel after 1945 . Böhlau Verlag, Cologne Vienna 1989, ISBN 3-412-20788-8
- Holger Ueberholz: The Protestant parish Vohwinkel during the time of National Socialism . Böhlau Verlag, Cologne Vienna 1987, ISBN 3-412-06286-3
- Holger Ueberholz: Pastor Tappenbeck, life and work of a Protestant pastor . Schettler printing works, Wuppertal 1983
- Hermann Kiessling: Vohwinkel past and present . Printing and publishing: Eugen Huth KG, Vohwinkel 1974
- Mayor Dr. Landwehr: Administrative report of the city of Vohwinkel for the years 1919–1929 . City administration Vohwinkel, Vohwinkel 1929
- Karl Ziegler: History of the city of Vohwinkel , published on behalf of the city administration, Städtischer Verlag, printing house Hüster & Vogel, Vohwinkel 1929
- H.-J. Momberger (Ed.): Gottlieb Heinrich - Memories of Life . Mayor of Sonnborn, Vohwinkel, Wald, Wuppertal 2009, ISBN 978-3-940439-11-6 ,
- ↑ The historical Vohwinkel: Air raids
- ↑ The historical Vohwinkel: Denazification and re-entry into the church
- ↑ The historical Vohwinkel: The refugee problem in Vohwinkel
- ↑ Signalwerk Wuppertal puts new incoming goods hall into operation / investment of 3.5 million euros Accessed November 24, 2007
- ↑ HAKO Beschlag Chronik ( Memento of the original dated December 8, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Accessed November 24, 2007
- ↑ Location Wuppertal ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF) As of September 2000