The term recreational sport appeared in individual publications from 1949 onwards. It was first introduced in Austria by Peter Zellmann in 1972 and thus became known to a broad public. This designation was coined as a deliberate differentiation from club and association sports when the TSA - Gymnastics and Sports Institute of the Pedagogical Academies in Austria was founded . While popular sport actually defines the basis of association sport (pyramid of sport), leisure sport (2-pillar model) describes the sporting activity outside of club structures. As an offer that went beyond ideological and, above all, temporal ties, he characterized the emergence of fitness studios as a commercial alternative as well as the establishment of non-profit recreational sports institutions (TSA) as an "association for those without a club".
The breakthrough of the term came about through the campaign “Recreational Sports Current”. A collaboration between the " Kronen Zeitung " and the leisure sports organization "TSA". Well-known top athletes such as B. the world record holder in the high jump Ilona Gusenbauer put themselves in the service of the cause in the 1970s to build a substantive and organizational bridge between top-class sport and amateur athletes without a club. With over 40,000 members, the TSA became the most successful recreational sports initiative in Austria in the 1980s. The proven success in 1987 led to the establishment of the IFT - Institute for Leisure and Tourism Research . Today's knowledge of leisure science in basic research in Austria as the basis for lifestyle and future research can be traced back to this initiative.
The “Recreational Sports News” campaign with weekly, full-page reports over several months in the “Kronen Zeitung” from 1973 and continued in 1974 was used to introduce the term.
- ^ WestfalenTurner: competitive sport, recreational sport, mass sport, health sport (1949); https://www.worldcat.org/title/westfalenturner-leistungssport-freizeitsport-breitensport-gesundheitssport/oclc/313525016&referer=brief_results
- ↑ Handbook for Recreational Sports in the People's Navy (1970); http://d-nb.info/573641668
- ^ Article "Freizeitsport aktuell" in the Austrian Kronenzeitung from October 5, 1974