Friedrich Dickel (born December 9, 1913 in Vohwinkel , today Wuppertal , † October 22, 1993 in Berlin ) was Minister of the Interior of the GDR and head of the German People's Police from November 1963 to November 1989.
As the son of a bricklayer, after attending primary school from 1928 to 1931, he was trained as a foundryman and moulder . He was active in the Communist Youth Association of Germany (KJVD) since 1928 and joined the KPD in 1931 , the Red Aid and the Red Front Fighters League in 1932 .
From 1933 he worked illegally in Germany and was arrested twice. After three months in prison, he emigrated to France from 1933 to 1935 and was active in the Netherlands until 1936 . Then he took as a company commander in the Thälmann battalion of the XI. International Brigade participated in the Spanish Civil War. In 1937 he was sent to Moscow for special training and then worked for the USSR Military Intelligence Service (GRU) in Finland and Shanghai . In 1943 he was arrested and sentenced by a Japanese military tribunal.
In May 1946 he returned to Moscow and from there in December 1946 to Berlin. He became a member of the SED , joined the German People's Police in May 1947 and served in the Presidium of the DVP in Leipzig until 1949 . After a course at the Higher Police School in Kochstedt , he was commander of the political-cultural school of the main training administration and the Kasernierte Volkspolizei (KVP) in Berlin-Treptow until 1953 . On October 1, 1952, he was appointed major general of the KVP. From 1953 to 1955 he was first deputy to the head of the political administration for organizational issues, then until 1956 head of the political administration of the CIP.
When the National People's Army was founded in 1956, he became Deputy Minister for National Defense and Head of Political Administration. In 1956/57 he was the first deputy minister. At the same time he was chairman of the army sports association Vorwärts from 1956 to 1958 and in 1957 a member of the federal board of the German Gymnastics and Sports Federation . From 1957 to 1959 he was a student at the Soviet General Staff Academy in Moscow (graduating with a diploma - military scientist ) and then until 1963 again as Deputy Minister for National Defense, this time for technology and armament. In 1959 he became a permanent representative of the GDR on the staff of the Soviet Armed Forces in Germany ( GSSD ).
In August 1961, Dickel was a member of the staff of the National Defense Council of the GDR when the Berlin Wall was built . In October 1963 he was promoted to lieutenant general and was then from November 15, 1963 to November 17, 1989, as successor to Karl Maron Minister of the Interior and Chief of the German People's Police and until 1976 Chief of Civil Defense . By resolution of the GDR Council of Ministers , he was promoted to colonel general on June 30, 1965 and to army general in 1984 . He was from 1967 to 1989 also a member of the Central Committee of the SED and to March 1990 deputy of the People's Chamber .
His grave is in the Grünau forest cemetery .
- 1970 Medal of the Brotherhood of Arms
- 1970 Order of the Great Patriotic War (USSR)
- 1973 and 1978 honor bar for the Patriotic Order of Merit in gold
- 1973, 1983 and 1985 Karl Marx Order
- 1975 Order of the October Revolution (USSR)
- 1975 and 1983 hero of the GDR
- 1979 Scharnhorst Order
- 1980 Order of the Red Banner (USSR)
- 1983 and 1985 Order of Lenin (USSR)
- 1987 Medal for internationalist services " Enrique Schmidt " , awarded on June 25, 1987 by the Nicaraguan Interior Minister Tomás Borge
- 1988 Order of Friendship of Peoples (USSR)
- Tasks and responsibility of the protective and security organs for the implementation of socialist legality , Berlin 1981
- (Main editor), History of the German People's Police , Berlin 1987
- Peter Erler , Helmut Müller-Enbergs : Dickel, Friedrich . In: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 1. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 .
- Klaus Froh, Rüdiger Wenzke , Military History Research Office (ed.): The generals and admirals of the NVA: A biographical manual . 5th, through. Edition, Ch. Links Verlag , Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-86153-438-9 .
- Andreas Herbst : Friedrich Dickel - GRU agent, NVA general and interior minister of the GDR . In: Hans Ehlert , Armin Wagner (Ed.): Comrade General! The military elite of the GDR in biographical sketches (= military history of the GDR , volume 7). On behalf of the Military History Research Office. Ch. Links, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-86153-312-X , pp. 191-208.
- Literature by and about Friedrich Dickel in the catalog of the German National Library
- ↑ Obituary at www.spiegel.de. The Who's Who in the East called as death 23 October.
- ^ New Germany , July 1, 1965, p. 1.
- ↑ Under the leadership of the party - always ready for peace and socialism - 40th anniversary of the People's Police - Ministry of the Interior - Political Administration. Ag 106/0061/85 - page 40
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (SED), MdV, Minister of the Interior of the GDR|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 9, 1913|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vohwinkel|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 22, 1993|
|Place of death||Berlin|