Karl Steinhoff (politician)
Karl Steinhoff (actually Carl) (born November 24, 1892 in Herford ; † July 19, 1981 in Wilhelmshorst ) was a German politician , lawyer and university lecturer and in the German Reich a member of the SPD , from 1946 of the SED . After the Second World War , he was the first Prime Minister of the Province of Brandenburg from 1946 to 1949 and then of the State of Brandenburg and from 1949 to 1952 the first Minister of the Interior of the GDR .
Steinhoff studied law at the universities of Freiburg im Breisgau , Munich , Königsberg , Berlin and Münster from 1910 to 1921 and was awarded a doctorate in 1921. jur. PhD. Until 1923 he was in the Reich Ministry of the Interior and for Justice, until 1924 as legation secretary of the Saxon legation in Berlin, until 1926 as a councilor in the Zittau administration , until 1928 as district administrator in Zeitz and then as government vice- president of the government district of Gumbinnen / East Prussia and vice-senior president from East Prussia in Königsberg .
From 1923 he was a member of the SPD . In 1932 he was given leave of absence and in 1933 dismissed from civil service. 1940–1945 he was the syndic of a cardboard wholesaler in Berlin. In 1945 he was appointed by the Soviet military administration, president of the provincial administration of Mark Brandenburg and from 1946 to 1949 Prime Minister of the province or the state of Brandenburg and a member of the Brandenburg state parliament, then until 1952 Minister of the Interior of the GDR. Walter Ulbricht arranged for his release . "At the all-German Prime Minister's Conference in 1947, which ultimately failed, he fought courageously for German unity."
Steinhoff had been a member of the SPD since 1922 and in 1946 - believing that unity between the SPD and KPD would have prevented Adolf Hitler's seizure of power - the merger of the KPD and SPD in the SBZ to form the SED . Steinhoff was 1948-1949 member of the German People's Council and until 1954 a member of the Provisional People's Chamber as well as 1949-1950 candidate of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the SED and 1949-1954 member of the Central Committee of the SED. 1949–1955 he was professor of administrative law at the Humboldt University in Berlin , and then worked on the Potsdam District Peace Council.
Steinhoff was buried as well as his wife Margarete (a sister of the architect Karl Tobisch-Labotýn ) in the cemetery of the Protestant parish in Wilhelmshorst, today a district of Michendorf . Efforts are being made to make the almost ruined grave more orderly and to put up an information board.
- Alfredo Panzini, Francesco Pastonchi: Italian short stories . Translated by Carl Steinhoff. Märkischer Verlag, Wilhelmshorst 1997, ISBN 3-931329-02-X (with curriculum vitae written by Steinhoff's son Rudolf and an article by Hans-Joachim Schreckenbach on the situation in Brandenburg from 1945 to 1949)
- Lutz Maeke: Carl Steinhoff: First GDR interior minister. Changes of a bourgeois socialist . Wallstein, Göttingen 2020, ISBN 978-3-8353-3476-2 ( publications on the history of the German interior ministries after 1945 , 5).
- Elke Reuter, Helmut Müller-Enbergs : . In: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 2. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 .
- Rudolf Steinhoff: Carl Steinhoff. The biography . edition ost, Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-360-01834-2 .
- Literature by and about Karl Steinhoff in the catalog of the German National Library
- A patriot as the founder of the Stasi. (No longer available online.) In: Märkische Allgemeine . April 14, 2012, formerly in the original ; accessed on August 17, 2017 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Maybe he was a democrat at heart - the historian Michael Lemke on the first Prime Minister of Brandenburg. (No longer available online.) In: Märkische Allgemeine . April 14, 2012, formerly in the original ; accessed on August 17, 2017 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Tomas Morgenstern: The forgotten country father . new-deutschland.de , November 7, 2015, accessed on August 17, 2017.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Steinhoff, Carl|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (SPD, SED), MdV, Prime Minister of the State of Brandenburg and Minister of the Interior of the GDR|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 24, 1892|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Herford|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 19, 1981|
|Place of death||Wilhelmshorst|