Sonnborn was a former independent mayor's office that was divided and dissolved in 1888. The core of Sonnborn was incorporated into Elberfeld and today forms the residential district of Sonnborn of the Wuppertal district of Elberfeld-West , the western part of the mayor's office became independent as the municipality and mayor's office of Vohwinkel and today forms the majority of the Wuppertal district of the same name.
The etymological origin of the old place name Sonnborn appears for the first time in 874 with the mention of a " basilica, quae est in Sunnebrunno" (Sunnebrunno = sun well). This name can be deduced from a pagan cult site , in the place of which a Christian church ( basilica ) was built.
Sonnborn was possibly a Frankish outpost in the border area between the Franconian Empire and the area of influence of the Saxons . The only indication of this early period is the Vorläuferbau the Sonnborner main church, the Remigius - patronage that in the Merovingian - and Carolingian period was very popular. The frequently mentioned document from the year 874, which attests to the oldest church in Wuppertal, was exposed as a forgery. More recently, Sonnborn has been considered Elberfeld's western outpost for centuries .
The courts were initially subject to the court jurisdiction of the Lüntenbeck property belonging to the Gerresheim monastery . Later jurisdiction was assigned to Messrs. Elverfeld . In 1359 they were subordinated to the Office of Solingen and remained there until 1808. Under the following French rule, Sonnborn was assigned to the canton of Elberfeld . In the course of the Prussian reorganization of the districts after the withdrawal of the French, Sonnborn was awarded to the district of Mettmann and the mayor's office of Haan in 1816 . Repeated applications to be reassigned to Elberfeld were not considered.
The paved road from Elberfeld to Sonnborn was built on the initiative of Johann Wilhelm Fischer 1809–1812.
Mayor's office of Sonnborn
In 1867, Sonnborn was separated from Haan and made an independent mayor's office. Emil Pahlke (1828–1893) became the first mayor in 1868 , he remained in office until 1871 and was replaced by Gottfried Eschmann (1834–1890), who was succeeded by Gottlieb Heinrich (1856–1927) in 1886 .
In 1888 the community of Sonnborn included the residential areas Am Hagen , An der Linde , Aprath , Bies , Boltenheide , Braken , Broscheidt , Bruch , Brucherhäuschen , Buchenhofen , Dasnöckel , Frankholz (Beek) , Frankholz (Varresbeck) , Frankholzhäuschen , Frohenthal , Giebel , Große Bück , Grotenbeck , Grünewald , Hackland , Halbenberg , Hammerstein , Hammersteinerfabrik , Hammersteinermühle , Witcher , Hope , Katernberg , Kirberg , Kleine Bück , Kluse , King , Krutscheid , Kütenhaus , Lüntenbeck , Mergenhaus , Möbeck , Mühlenpfad , Natrath , Nocken , Nockenhäuschen , Nösenberg , up front Steeg , Colonel , Osterholz , Rheinstation , Roßkamp , Rottscheid , rod Beck , sand box , sand pit , acid house , Schickenberg , Schiete , Schlieper house , Nice view , winner Busch , Sonnenberg , sun valley , stack mountain , stack Bergerhöhe , Steegereiche , Steinberg , Steinberg field , Steinberg beep , Tesche , Theisbruch , Thurn , Unter vorm Steeg , Untere Varresbeck , Vogelsang , Vohwinkel , Ba Hnhof Vohwinkel and Wieden .
Dissolution of the mayor's office
After another reorganization of the districts in 1888, Sonnborn was dissolved. The eastern part of the community was incorporated into the Elberfeld district. The part of the community that remained in the Mettmann district has since formed the Vohwinkel community and mayor's office .
The early medieval "basilica" existed until the middle of the 15th century, when it was replaced by a new one. This in turn was enlarged from 1836 to 1838 and fell victim to a fire in 1917. From 1922 to 1926 the large Sonnborn main church was built on Sonnborner Strasse . The church organ from the Faust organ workshop is particularly important . The two bells from the 15th century are the oldest in the Wuppertal area.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Werner Graeff (1901–1978), German painter, sculptor, graphic artist and photographer
- ↑ a b c Wolfgang Stock: Wuppertal street names . Thales Verlag, Essen-Werden 2002, ISBN 3-88908-481-8
- ↑ Hermann-Peter Eberlein: “A thousand years of the Church in Elberfeld”, 2011
- ↑ Königliches Statistisches Bureau (Prussia) (Ed.): Community encyclopedia for the Rhineland Province, based on the materials of the census of December 1, 1885 and other official sources, (Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia, Volume XII), Berlin 1888.
- ^ Official journal for the administrative district of Düsseldorf 1888 p. 218
- ^ Official journal for the administrative district of Düsseldorf 1888, p. 506 f.
Coordinates: 51 ° 14 ′ 19.7 ″ N , 7 ° 6 ′ 10.3 ″ E