|Bundesstrasse 7 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||453 km|
|Bundesstrasse 7 in Wuppertal
(Bundesallee in 2010 with Stadtsparkasse and Chamber of Industry and Commerce . Today the latter is largely covered by the construction of a new office and business complex . From July 21, 2014 to July 10, 2017, the B 7 was in the course of the Döppersberg - Conversion blocked. From 2014 to 2017 the substitute bus stop Ohligsmühle (main station) was located here on the otherwise blocked B 7)
The federal road 7 (abbreviation: B 7 ) leads from the Büderich junction on the federal motorway 52 (A 52) to Rochlitz near Chemnitz . It is about 500 kilometers long. The western end of the route was originally Leuth-Schwanenhaus on the Dutch border near Venlo .
The trunk road 7 originally set up in 1932 , Reichsstrasse 7 from 1934 , led east of Schmölln east of Schmölln via Meerane , Glauchau , Chemnitz and Freiberg to Dresden , where it merged into Reichsstrasse 6 . The historic route between Chemnitz and Dresden was included in the mid-1930s in the Reichstrasse, now Bundesstrasse 173 .
In the Electorate of Hesse , the street west of Kassel, which was classified as the main first class street in 1831, was called Holländische Straße , between Kassel and Helsa as Berliner Straße and east of Helsa as Gothasche Straße .
Expansion to Chaussee in the 18th and 19th centuries
The section between Wuppertal and Hagen was completed in 1788, making it one of the oldest art roads in West Germany. The section between Iserlohn and Menden (Sauerland) was built between 1816 and 1817. The middle section of the route through the upper Ruhr valley was expanded into the Chaussee by the neighboring communities between 1808 and 1818 and taken over as the Staatschaussee in 1822.
Situation since 2000
In some areas, federal highway 7 will be replaced by motorways. The section between Nettetal - Breyell and Büderich now has a parallel motorway. In the further course, for example, the A 46 between Hagen-Hohenlimburg and the current end of the motorway in the eastern city of Iserlohn ( Hemer / Iserlohn-Löbbeckenkopf exit ) and between Neheim-Hüsten and Bestwig.
The so-called old B 7 - today as L 29 - still connects Nettetal-Kaldenkirchen with the district of Breyell, runs parallel to the A 61 in the direction of Viersen-Dülken, crosses under the A 61 at the exit of V.-Dülken, becomes the inner-city expressway in Viersen, circling Viersen to the east, only to come across the B 57 at the Mönchengladbach-Nord feeder. From the BAB Kreuz Neersen, the former B 7 runs along the Old North Canal from 1804 to Kaarst and then on to Neuss as the L 230.
The western beginning of the B 7 is now the end of the A 52 at the Büderich junction. There the signs change from blue (A 52) to yellow (B 7). The B 7 runs in Düsseldorf over the Theodor-Heuss-Brücke ("Nordbrücke"), then a short section in the Derendorf district together with the B 1 and the B 8 to the " Mörsenbroicher Ei " junction . After crossing the districts of Grafenberg, Gerresheim and Ludenberg, the B 7 leaves the state capital in the direction of Mettmann. In Mettmann it has been leading via the newly built southern bypass since 2008 and then continues via Wuppertal to Hagen and Iserlohn. In the Schwelm – Hagen area it leads over the A 1, between Iserlohn – Hemer and Arnsberg – Meschede via the A 46, the old B 7 was downgraded to a state road there. In Bestwig, it starts again at the end of the A 46 motorway and then heads towards Kassel.
In Calden which is on the B 7 Kassel-Calden Airport . To the north and east of the village, a 5 km long bypass will be built between 2016 and probably 2022. It will contain three new bridges: two long brook bridges (330 and 232 m long) and a short road bridge (underpass of the K 47 branching off from it and newly to be routed to the B 83 in the direction of Burguffeln ).
The first section of the A 44 east of Kassel near Hessisch Lichtenau was opened in October 2005. But there are also lawsuits from environmentalists against the project, as the motorway is supposed to run through the Frau-Holle-Land Geo-Nature Park . Since August 5, 2005, an all-day passage ban for transit trucks has been in force on a route length of 157 km. This regulation applies for one year between the Kassel-Ost junction ( A 7 ) and Wehretal . An exception applies to vehicles that are loaded or unloaded in the Werra-Meißner district and the Kassel district or in the city of Kassel .
Between Kassel and Eisenach-West the road leads through the Ringgau , as a result of the aftermath of the German division , this section to Ifta is currently still a bottleneck (without bypasses, sometimes only two-lane expansion).
On January 9, 2010, in the course of the relocation of the A 4, the course of the B 7 in Eisenach and in the Wartburg district was changed. The previous route through Eisenach, Wutha-Farnroda to Gotha was partially withdrawn or downgraded to state road 3007 under construction work by the Free State of Thuringia.
In Erfurt the B 7 was downgraded from the A 71 -AS Erfurt-Bindersleben to Linderbach to Kreisstraße 16 after the Erfurt Ring was completed . At the same time it was relocated from Linderbach to the four-lane L 1052 (Erfurt east bypass) from AS Linderbach to A 71 -AS Erfurt-Nord.
Since summer 2007 there have been five stationary surveillance systems (" speed cameras ") on the B 7 on the section between Kassel-Ost and Hessisch Lichtenau to control the maximum speed of 80 km / h. This step was taken because more people were killed on this section.
From July 21, 2014 to July 10, 2017, the Wuppertal through-traffic (Döppersberg / Bahnhof) between Brausenwerth and Kasinostraße was closed.
Since January 1, 2015, federal highway 7 between the Eisenberg junctions on BAB 9 and Ronneburg on BAB 4 has been downgraded to a state road. According to the state office, the reason is the lack of long-distance traffic significance of the route when running parallel to federal motorways.
The plan was to relocate the B 7 in Hagen from Wehringhauser Straße (from Bodelschwinghplatz) and the Graf-von-Galen-Ring and now via the new Hagen station access point from Bodelschwinghplatz behind the station to the bridge over the DB on Eckeyeser Straße respectively. A first, smaller section was opened in July 2014, and the full release took place on March 13, 2020. On January 1, 2015, the section between Schwelm and Hagen was stepped down to form Landesstraße, so that the new station rear access will not become part of the B 7.
The three-lane Tüttleben bypass was built near Gotha from 2018 to 2020 and opened on June 9, 2020. A continuation as the Gotha-Siebleben bypass is listed as an urgent requirement in the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 .
Between the Hessisch Lichtenau-Ost and Waldkappel motorway junctions on the A44, the B7 was downgraded to District Road 33 after this section was opened. The lane width has been reduced in the course of the downgrade since October 2019.
The B7 cave in Iserlohn-Grüne, discovered in 1965, is named after her.
- Geoportal Sachsenatlas: Course of the B7 in Saxony.
- Street impressions: pictures of the federal highway 7
- A road from west to east Grenzlandkurier July 22, 2008 p. C3
- Annals of geography, ethnology and national studies. Born in 1830, p. 537.
- Official Journal for the Reg.Bez. Düsseldorf, Volume 192 No. 1, January 14, 2010 (PDF; 3.6 MB)
- Rheinische Post from August 2, page C1 (Grenzland-Kurier): Farewell to the B 7
- Official Journal for the Reg.Bez. Düsseldorf, Volume 189 No. 51, December 20, 2007 ( Memento from January 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 3.6 MB)
- Rheinische Post of September 26, 2008: Money for bypass roads
- B 7 - Calden bypass including new construction of the L 3214 and K 47 , accessed on May 30, 2019, on mobil.hessen.de
- General the State Office for Building and Transport ... Thuringian State Gazette No. 2/2010, p. 34
- Road map of Thuringia as of May 2013
- Decision - the B7 will be closed ( Memento from July 29, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Andreas Boller: Döppersberg: The goal is still a long way off. In: Solinger Tageblatt. July 24, 2017. Retrieved July 25, 2017 .
- Gabi Ramme: B7 in Wuppertal released again . July 10, 2017 ( wdr.de [accessed July 24, 2017]).
- Report of the project on the website of the city of Hagen ( Memento from May 7, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Train station. Retrieved June 9, 2020 .
- Official Journal of the Arnsberg District Government
- Deutscher Tele Markt GmbH internet and advertising agency: Three kilometers for a better quality of life: The B7 Tüttleben bypass is open to traffic. Retrieved June 9, 2020 .