Fürstenhagen (Hessisch Lichtenau)
City of Hessisch LichtenauCoordinates: 51 ° 12 ′ 41 ″ N , 9 ° 41 ′ 25 ″ E
|Height :||334 (330–384) m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||6.22 km²|
|Residents :||1988 (Nov. 15, 2011)|
|Population density :||320 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1974|
|Postal code :||37235|
|Area code :||05602|
After the core city, Fürstenhagen is the largest district of Hessisch Lichtenau in the Werra-Meißner district in northern Hesse .
Fürstenhagen lies between the northern Kaufunger Forest , the south-south- western Melsunger Bergland and the western Söhre . It is located in the Frau-Holle-Land Geo-Nature Park (Werratal.Meißner.Kaufunger Wald) 2.5 km northwest of the core city of Hessisch Lichtenau and 2 km south-southwest of Hirschhagen and 3.3 km northeast of Quentel , two districts of Hessian Lichtenau, and 2.5 km southeast of the Helsa district of Eschenstruth . Due to the 330 to 384 m above sea level. NHN- located village flows approximately in a south-east-north-west direction of the Fulda tributary Losse . The Saubach , flowing from the south, flows into this before the impact on the village, and the Börnchenbach , flowing from the southwest, flows into the village . The landscape rises to the north-northeast to the Rohrberg ( 535.6 m ) and to the south-southwest to the Koppe ( 456.4 m ).
The village was first mentioned in a document on March 13, 1312 with the knight Konrad von Vorstenhagen . The place name changed several times and was also Fustinhain , Fürstenhain and Fürstenhayn , today Fürstenhagen . In the Middle Ages the place belonged to the Reichenbach court and from 1454 to 1821 to the Lichtenau office . During the French occupation, the place belonged to the canton of Lichtenau in the Kingdom of Westphalia (1807-1813). Its location on the important Leipziger Strasse was not always an advantage for the place. The economic sources of income were improved by mining. The Lenoir brothers (see George André Lenoir ) were great patrons of the place; they donated several buildings. In 1939 the place had 1,029 inhabitants and belonged to what was then the district of Witzenhausen .
Since 1879 the Kassel – Waldkappel railway has passed through Fürstenhagen ( Lossetalbahn ; named after the Losse); After passenger traffic was stopped in 1985, this has been possible again in the Hessisch Lichtenau – Kassel section since 2006.
In the course of the regional reform in Hesse on January 1, 1974, the municipality, which had previously belonged to the Witzenhausen district, was incorporated into the city of Hessisch Lichtenau in the newly formed Werra-Meißner district by means of state law .
After the Second World War there was a hospital in the village until around 1995. It was later converted into a retirement home and care center. In the northern part of the village there was a Catholic church until 2008.
In June 2012 Fürstenhagen celebrated its 700th anniversary.
The Lenoir Foundation of the Lenoir Brothers (see George André Lenoir ) comprises three main houses and numerous outbuildings (Pestalozzi monument, Lenoir family mausoleum). Built around 1900, the Lenoir monastery was an orphanage. In 1987, a temporary residence for repatriates was set up here.
Local coat of arms, flag
Description : In silver (white) a torn green oak with golden (yellow) acorns, covered with a red shield, inside a silver prince's hat.
The coat of arms of the municipality of Fürstenhagen was designed by the academic painter and graphic artist Richard Assmann (1887–1965). It was approved by the Hessian Minister of the Interior with an award document dated July 10, 1958 . The flying of a flag was also approved by the Hessian Minister of the Interior by award document of May 11, 1960.
Culture and sights
- The church dates from 1489. A valuable post-Reformation winged altar was sold in 1866 and is in the Hessian State Museum in Kassel , the font was sold to the religious history collection of the University of Marburg .
- In addition to the church and numerous half-timbered houses, the former courtroom below the church and a bakery are also among the sights of the town.
- There are several half-timbered houses in the street settlement . These houses were built together with the explosives factory Hessisch Lichtenau (in the Hirschhagen district ) at the beginning of the Second World War. Some of the factory management families lived here.
- A memorial to those who died in war is in the community cemetery.
- A memorial of the expellees commemorates the refugees who were admitted to Fürstenhagen after the Second World War.
- The local group of friends of nature has created an open-air stage with a clubhouse in an old quarry .
- There has been a multi-purpose hall in Fürstenhagen since 1962 . In addition to the fire station , the building complex also houses the former mayor's offices. The community library also has some rooms in the multi-purpose hall.
- Primary school Am Fischbach
- The multi-purpose hall serves as a sports hall for the primary school. It is also used by many clubs. Numerous events take place there during the carnival season.
- The mountain lion scout tribe in the Association of Scouts and Scouts e. V. maintains its own scout home with the parents and sponsors group, the Europa-Jugendheim , on the outskirts of Fürstenhagen.
The federal road 7 ( Kassel - Eisenach ) leads through Fürstenhagen with the German fairy tale road , from which the state road 3226 branches off in a south-west direction to Quentel and then on to Söhrewald . The Kassel – Waldkappel railway (Lossetalbahn) also runs through it . In the future, the sections of the near Hessisch Lichtenau already passable federal highway 44 (as part of its extension from Kassel to Herleshausen ) will run north and northeast past the village; It will run through the approximately 4.2 km long Hirschhagen tunnel between the nearby Helsa-Ost and Hessisch Lichtenau-West junctions .
Hiking and biking trails
The Riedforstweg hiking trail and the Lossetal cycle path lead through the village .
- Johannes Kregelius, known as the rioter, lived in Fürstenhagen until 1913. His grave is in the Fürstenhagen cemetery.
- Richard Assmann, painter and graphic artist (born November 27, 1887 in Troppau / Sud .; † June 1, 1965 in Fürstenhagen)
- Festival Committee (Ed.): 1312–1962. Festschrift for the 650th anniversary of Fürstenhagen and inauguration of the multi-purpose hall . Self-published, Fürstenhagen 1962, p. 126 .
- Waldemar Küther : Fürstenhagen . In: Hessischer Heimatbund (Hrsg.): Witzenhausen district. Handbook of the Hessian Homeland Federation . tape IV . JA Koch Buchdruckerei, Marburg a. d. Lahn 1971, p. 111-112 .
- Working group in the citizens' association: Festschrift for the 700 year celebration (1312–2012), magazine
- ↑ a b Fürstenhagen, Werra-Meißner district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of December 8, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- ↑ Facts & Figures. In: Internet presence. City of Hessisch Lichtenau, archived from the original on April 12, 2013 ; accessed in October 2018 .
- ↑ Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
- ^ Georg Landau: History of the Hessian alum mines and lignite mining in Northern Hesse. In: Journal of the Association for Hessian History. 6th year 1854. pp. 184-215
^ Gerhard Kühne: The Lenoir Foundation (in Fürstenhagen). Information from Kassel. 9th year issue 8/9. Kassel 1978. p. 12;
see also: Erika Wagner: The Kassel Lenoir Foundation and Bad Sliac - on the 75th anniversary of G. A. Lenoir's death , paperback, Probably Selbstverlag, Kassel, 1984
- ↑ Law on the reorganization of the districts of Eschwege and Witzenhausen (GVBl. II 330-21) of September 28, 1973 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1973 No. 25 , p. 353 , §§ 8 and 13 ( online at the information system of the Hessian Landtag [PDF; 2,3 MB ]).
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 410 .
- Fürstenhagen , on hessisch-lichtenau.de
- Fürstenhagen, Werra-Meißner district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of December 8, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Literature about Fürstenhagen in the Hessian Bibliography