|Bundesstrasse 279 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||Oak cell|
|End of street:||Breitengüßbach|
|Overall length:||approx. 125 km|
The federal road 279 (abbreviation: B 279 ) leads from the Fulda- Süd junction on the A 66 via Gersfeld , Bischofsheim an der Rhön , first to Bad Neustadt , where it crosses the A 71 shortly afterwards . It then continues via Bad Königshofen im Grabfeld , Ebern and Baunach to Breitengüßbach near Bamberg , where it meets and ends on the A 73 and shortly thereafter on the B 4 . The main road crosses the Rhön and the Haßberge .
Until the secularization in 1803, northern Lower Franconia belonged to the Würzburg Monastery , whose road network was oriented towards the residential city of Würzburg. When the Kingdom of Bavaria took over the Würzburg territory, today's federal highways 8 , 19 , 22 and 27 were already built as highways , but the remaining routes were impassable. That is why the Bavarian state government announced the construction of new roads in the Schweinfurt area in 1823, including today's B 279. Due to the tight budget situation in the kingdom, the road from Baunach via Trappstadt to Meiningen on the Bavarian side could not be completed until 1839. A year later (1840) the Thuringian connection line via Römhild to Meiningen was also completed. The western section from Neustadt via Bischofsheim to Tann was built as early as 1834.
Previous routes and names
Reichsstraße 279 , introduced in 1937 , also ran from Breitengüßbach to Döllbach. After 1945 this line was completely in the territory of the American occupation zone and was designated as Bundesstrasse 279 after the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany .
The B 279 originally ended at the B 27 in Döllbach , which has since been downgraded to a state road. In the course of this, the B 279 was extended by a few kilometers to the federal motorway 66 near Fulda.
The western section between the highways 66 and 71 is part of a short connection from the eastern Rhine-Main area to Thuringia , which is partly used by long-distance trucking. On the Bavarian side, after the expansion, there are still through-roads (in Saal an der Saale and Ermershausen in the eastern section of the route), for which the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 provides for bypasses. The start of construction for a new junction to the A 7 near Döllbach between Fulda and Gersfeld is scheduled to start by 2023, which is to be realized together with the construction of the ailing Thalaubachtal bridge . After that, the federal road will begin here and the western section running parallel to the A 7 to Fulda-Süd will be graded into a state road.
Another connection on the Fulda – Meiningen route was the planned 87n federal highway , the construction of which, however, is no longer being pursued by the states of Hesse and Thuringia.
At the southern end of the B 279, the road still crosses several town centers without bypassing. These include from south to north Breitengüßbach , Baunach , Reckenneusig, Reckendorf , Laimbach, Sendelbach, Rentweinsdorf , Fischbach, Pfarrweisach and Maroldsweisach .
- Print for the new Gersfeld / Döllbach junction on the MdB Michael Brand website , article dated May 20, 2016
- Hans-Peter Schäfer: The development of the road network in the Schweinfurt area up to the middle of the 19th century . Institute for Geography at the University of Würzburg [u. a.], Würzburg et al. 1976, ( Würzburger geographical works 44), ( Mainfränkische Studien 13), (At the same time: Würzburg, Univ., Diss., 1974).