|Bundesstrasse 22 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||258 km|
|Bundesstrasse 22 near Winklarn|
The federal road 22 (abbreviation: B 22 ) leads from Würzburg in Lower Franconia via the Upper Franconian cities of Bamberg and Bayreuth and the Upper Palatinate city of Weiden to Cham at the foot of the Bavarian Forest . At Schwarzach am Main it branches off from the A 3 and joins the federal roads 20 and 85 at Cham .
As a bypass road, it leads past the Upper Franconian communities of Seybothenreuth and Speichersdorf and the Upper Palatinate cities of Kemnath , Erbendorf , Oberviechtach and Rötz . In Bayreuth, it shares a section of the four-lane city center ring with Bundesstraße 2 and Bundesstraße 85.
Between Erbendorf and Cham, the B 22 is part of the Bavarian Ostmarkstrasse , which was completed in 1938.
The Würzburg prince-bishop Adam Friedrich von Seinsheim was appointed bishop of Würzburg in 1755 and also bishop of Bamberg in 1757 . He promoted road construction in his two dioceses and had the road between his residential cities of Würzburg and Bamberg expanded into a continuous road . The road from Bamberg to Bayreuth was also turned into a road on the section to Würgau.
Previous routes and names
The long-distance road 22 (FVS 22) established in 1932, renamed Reichsstraße 22 (R 22) in 1934, was a junction of Reichsstraße 15 from Mitterteich to Eger . This section of the route later became part of federal highway 299 .
It was not until 1937 that the well-developed country road between Würzburg, Bamberg and Bayreuth was included as Reichsstraße 22 in the network of Reichsstraße . In 1937 this Reichsstraße only ran as far as Weiden. The condition of the road east of Bayreuth was described as dangerously bad in 1938.
The Bavarian Ostmarkstrasse was completed in 1938. For strategic military reasons, it was built parallel to the then German-Czechoslovakian border and was the first north-south connecting road that was suitable for motor vehicles and ran through the Upper Palatinate Forest . It replaced the previous Reichsstrasse between Weiden and Erbendorf.
In 1959, a new Main Bridge was built for Bundesstraße 22 near Stadtschwarzach .
A section was replaced by the A 70 between the Scheßlitz junction and the Bamberg junction . From there it runs on the A 73 to the Bamberg Süd junction. The route of the old B 22 from Bamberg to Scheßlitz has been rededicated as State Road 2190.
The route from Bundesstraße 8 to Schwarzach was downgraded to State Road 2450 in 2016. Since then, the B 22 has started at the Kitzingen-Schwarzach junction of the federal motorway 3 and interrupts the state road 2271 there.
- Thomas Gunzelmann: A preserved section of a prince-bishop-Bamberg road near Unterleiterbach . In: Dietmar Absch and Günter Dippold: Village life. Politics, belief and culture in transition. 1200 years Unterleiterbach, pp. 176–178.
- Josef Forster: Up and down through the border region . Bundesstraße 22 one of the most beautiful panoramic routes in Germany. In: Heimatzeitung Der neue Tag from October 6, 2004 or in the oberpfalznetz.de, network code: 10622925.
- Josef Forster: Panoramic tour Ostmarkstraße . In: Vohenstrauss local history working group: Forays. 26/2004. Pp. 38-42.
- From Stegaurach to Bamberg, four lanes similar to a motorway; in the city of Bayreuth partially four-lane