|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 49 ° 52 ' N , 11 ° 53' E
|Administrative region :||Upper Palatinate|
|Management Community :||Kemnath|
|Height :||462 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||56.82 km 2|
|Residents:||5494 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||97 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||95478|
|Area code :||09642|
|License plate :||TIR, KEM|
|Community key :||09 3 77 129|
|City structure:||39 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Roman Schäffler ( CSU )|
|Location of the city of Kemnath in the Tirschenreuth district|
Kemnath (Bavarian: Kemmat) is a town in the Upper Palatinate district of Tirschenreuth and the seat of the Kemnath administrative community . The city is considered to be the economic and cultural center of the western Tirschenreuth district.
Kemnath is surrounded by the Fichtelgebirge and Steinwald nature parks . The Kemnather Land is characterized by volcanic cones, such as the Armesberg or the Rauhe Kulm and chains of ponds.
- Community structure
Kemnath has 39 districts:
The name Kemnath is derived from the word Keminatha , which is an old name for a heated room in a medieval castle or inn. In fact, from the ninth to the thirteenth century, a manor house founded by the Franks was located northwest of today's city. There was an inn for merchants and carters in the vicinity of this castle .
Until the 19th century
The precursor settlement was first mentioned in a document on July 6, 1009. On that day in Frankfurt, King Heinrich II gave Keminatha to the diocese of Bamberg, which he founded in 1007 .
Today's Kemnath was created as a market place in the 13th century, probably by the Landgraves von Leuchtenberg . In 1283 the place was sold to Duke Ludwig II of Bavaria and in 1329 fell to the Palatinate Wittelsbach family through the Pavia house contract . The only place of the former country judicial office Waldeck-Kemnath Kemnath received the 1354-1375 municipal law .
The late Gothic parish church Maria Himmelfahrt was built in 1448. At that time and later in the Baroque period , the municipality was a regionally important handicraft center with painters , cabinet makers, sculptors and goldsmiths . Between 1623 and 1628 the area came back under the rule of the Bavarian Wittelsbacher. From 1689 to 1801, the nearby Fortschau armatures was the only major manufacturing facility for handguns for the Bavarian army.
The fence consisted of a double wall ring with towers and two porches with drawbridges . From 1803 the moat around the city was drained and the fortifications were largely demolished. Remnants of the old city wall have been preserved. The town center is paved and has a typical medieval appearance: narrow streets, narrow but high houses.
In 1803, in the course of the administrative restructuring of Bavaria, the Kemnath district court was established. This was added to the Mainkreis , whose capital was Bamberg . The Bavarian original cadastre shows Kemnath in the 1810s as a town with 258 hearths and three churches. On the road to “Baireuth”, at St. Magdalena outside the city, there was also the church . The city pond at that time still had almost twice the water area and north of the city there were the shepherd ponds, which are built over today . The Markgrafweiher did not exist yet, this is of modern origin.
The district office of Kemnath (from 1939 district) was formed in 1862 through the merger of the district courts of the older order of Erbendorf and Kemnath .
In 1945 or 1946, the previously independent community of Fortschau (with Kuchenreuth ) and parts of the communities of Berndorf and Eisersdorf were incorporated. On January 1, 1972, Atzmannsberg, Guttenberg, Schönreuth (with the remaining part of Eisersdorf incorporated on April 1, 1949) and Zwergau were added.
Until the territorial reform , which came into force on July 1, 1972, Kemnath was the district town of the district of the same name . Kötzersdorf was added on January 1, 1975. Höflas (with the remaining part of Berndorf incorporated in 1945/46) and areas of the dissolved communities of Hessenreuth and Löschwitz (with the Kaibitz incorporated in 1945/46) were added on January 1, 1978. The Waldeck market followed on May 1, 1978.
Between 1988 and 2018, the city grew from 4988 to 5508 by 520 or 10.4%.
City Councilor and Mayor
After the local elections on March 15, 2020 , the city council will be composed as follows:
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats|
|Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU)||30.1%||6th|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens (Greens)||15.7%||3|
|SPD Bavaria (SPD)||9.0%||2|
|Free voting community Kemnath-Land||16.1%||3|
|Christian Land Union (CLU)||12.4%||3|
The first mayor is Roman Schäffler (CSU). He is also a member of the city council.
coat of arms
Blazon: Divided and split above; in front in black a red crowned and red armored golden lion, behind the Bavarian diamonds; below in silver a red house with a closed silver gate.
The coat of arms has been known since the 14th century.
- Nepomuk , Czech Republic (since 2008)
- Zagorje ob Savi , Slovenia (since 2008)
- 709th Military Police Battalion (since 2010)
Culture and sights
- The parish church of the Assumption of Mary was built in 1448 as a three-aisled, late Gothic hall church. The interior is baroque . In the altar table of the high altar is the frame of the catacomb saint Primianus . The church tower (from the 19th century) with a gate-like passage forms the eastern end of the town square.
- The building of the district court from 1858 (former town hall) with an Italian-style facade.
- The Sebastian column from 1714.
- Hopfau Castle
In the Waldeck district , the baroque Catholic parish church of St. Johannes Nepomuk and the ruins of Waldeck Castle are worth seeing.
The local history and handgun museum is located in the Alte Fronveste . In addition to prehistoric finds from the Kemnath area, a military collection is shown. This is reminiscent of the first Bavarian rifle manufacture, which existed in Fortschau near Kemnath from 1689 to 1801.
Passion plays were staged in Kemnath as early as the 18th century . However, like the Oberammergau Passion Play, these were banned by decree of the Bavarian electoral government in 1770 . In 1983 the passion play tradition was resumed on the occasion of the city's 975th anniversary. The basis for the modernized game is a version from 1731 from the Bishop's Central Archives in Regensburg . Since 1983 the Kemnath Passion has been performed every five years during Holy Week.
Since 1990 there has been a national classic car meeting in Kemnath and a market for classic car spare parts and accessories on the school premises. The participants of the meeting and the market traders come from all over Germany and the Czech Republic. The fixed date for both events, often with well over 200 vintage vehicles , is the last Saturday in August.
Economy and Infrastructure
The main employer is a Siemens Healthcare plant with around 1000 employees. Kemnath also has the Ponnath butcher's shop , a logistics center for the Simon Hegele company and a production facility for Bayernland dairies.
Kliniken Nordoberpfalz AG , Kemnath Hospital; Office of the Office for Food, Agriculture and Forests Tirschenreuth , a place of employment of the Bavarian Family and Social Center Upper Franconia
Kemnath has a primary, a middle and a secondary school. The secondary school in Kemnath is attended by around 800 pupils. The Kemnath Elementary School and Kemnath Middle School are currently attended by around 400 pupils.
Kemnath has several connection points to the federal highway 22 Bayreuth - Weiden and thus a good connection to the federal highways 9 and 93 .
Kemnath offers 1200 free parking spaces in the city area. In the largely intact old town, all road users can park for a maximum of one hour.
The Kemnath-Neustadt train station on the Weiden – Bayreuth line is located about five kilometers from the city center in the Reisach district on the state road to Eschenbach. From there on weekdays there are hourly connections to Bayreuth and Weiden, with connections in Weiden in the direction of Munich, Regensburg and in Kirchenlaibach in the direction of Nuremberg and Hof, and in Bayreuth in the direction of Würzburg, Lichtenfels, Saalfeld and Dresden. There are two-hour connections at the weekend; However, since the beginning of 2011 there has been no regular bus service to the train station.
sons and daughters of the town
- Paul Wann (1419–1489), professor of theology in Vienna
- Johannes Tolhopf (1429–1503), Rector at the University of Ingolstadt and Canon of Regensburg
- Matthias Widmann, known as " Matthias von Kemnat " (around 1430–1476), historian and electoral court chaplain in Heidelberg
- Wolfgang Schmeltzl (1500 / 1505–1564), school dramatist, musician, chronicler and pastor, author of the songbook Guter Strange and Artful German Singing , one of the most important sources for the history of Quodlibet in music
- Georgius Hornius (1620–1670), professor and historian at the University of Leiden
- Johann Paul Weiss (1665–1736), conductor, composer, clergyman
- Anton von Rieppel (1852–1926), structural engineer, aircraft manufacturer, mechanical engineer and industrialist
- Hans von Koessler (1853–1926), composer and professor at the Budapest Music Academy
- Georg von Wolfram (1851–1923), Mayor of Augsburg from 1900 to 1919
- Kaspar Ludwig Merkl (1885–1967), pharmacist, author and painter in Haag in Upper Bavaria
- Axel Heinz (* 1987), chess player
Personalities who have worked in the city
- Paul Zeidler (1548–1627), humanist and schoolmaster in Kemnath from 1585
- Christof Nickl (1886–1967), politician of the CSU , served as district administrator of the Kemnath district in 1948/49, member of the German Bundestag (1949–1953)
- City history at kemnath.de
- Aerial views of the city
- Entry on the coat of arms of Kemnath in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- ↑ "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ↑ http://www.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de/orte/ortssuche_action.html ? Anzeige=voll&modus=automat&tempus=+20111108/092212&attr=OBJ&val= 1084
- ↑ MGH DH II., 237f., No. 203 .
- ^ City parish church Maria Himmelfahrt in Kemnath ( memento from February 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) at kemnath.de, accessed on February 20, 2015
- ↑ a b Kemnath on BayernAtlas Klassik
- ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 494 .
- ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 495 .
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 663 .
- ↑ Result of the Kemnath City Council election 2020 ( Memento of the original from November 29, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.