|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 50 ° 0 ' N , 12 ° 18' E
|Administrative region :||Upper Palatinate|
|Height :||477 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||66.52 km 2|
|Residents:||6668 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||100 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||95652|
|Area code :||09632|
|License plate :||TIR, KEM|
|Community key :||09 3 77 158|
|City structure:||21 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Bernd Sommer ( CSU )|
|Location of the town of Waldsassen in the Tirschenreuth district|
Waldsassen is a town in the Upper Palatinate district of Tirschenreuth on the Bavarian Porcelain Route and the cultural center of the Upper Palatinate Stiftland . It is one of 13 so-called efficient municipalities in Bavaria.
The city is nestled between the Kohlwald and Upper Palatinate Forest in the Wondreb valley . The Czech city of Cheb ( Eger ) is ten kilometers from Waldsassen and can be reached via the border crossing Hundsbach-Svatý Kříž (Heiligenkreuz). Waldsassen is the northernmost town in the Upper Palatinate.
Waldsassen has 21 districts:
Until the 19th century
The beginnings of Waldsassen go back to 1133. On October 1st, Margrave Diepold III. of Vohburg -Cham monks from Volkenroda in Thuringia to the Waldsassen Monastery to found, probably from a pre-existing hermit community to an otherwise unoccupied Gerwig of Volmarstein. Waldsassen developed into one of the most important Cistercian monasteries in Bavaria in the following centuries . From 1214 imperial abbey , the monastery came under Palatinate rule in the late Middle Ages, after it had elected Count Palatine Otto II of Pfalz-Mosbach-Neumarkt as Vogt in 1465 . In 1571 the monastery was abolished by the Palatinate Elector during the Reformation . For a long time the monastery buildings were the only settlement. It was not until the 17th century that the first rows of houses emerged outside the monastery, built in the form of a “grid city” by immigrant Calvinist clothier families. As a result of the re-Catholicization from 1621 onwards, Cistercians came again from the Fürstenfeld monastery to Waldsassen in 1661 . In 1690 the monastery was raised again to an abbey, but in 1803 it was again secularized in the course of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss . In 1865 the Wiesau-Eger railway line was opened. For Waldsassen this meant an industrial boom. In 1896, Prince Regent Luitpold granted the Waldsassen market town rights . The population had meanwhile grown to almost 4,000. The first porcelain factory had been founded 30 years earlier, which was followed by a clinker factory, a brick factory and the first glassworks in the following years.
Waldsassen experienced a strong population increase after 1945 when many displaced people found a new home there. The population jumped from 5300 to 7800. In the decades that followed, new districts emerged, which changed the cityscape considerably.
Before the regional reform, the town of Waldsassen had no other places and the urban area covered about 614 hectares . In the course of the municipal area reform , the previously independent municipality of Querenbach with around 1277 hectares of municipal area and the six locations Mammersreuth , Egerteich , Hatzenreuth , Pfuderforst , Querenbach and Schloppach were incorporated on January 1, 1972 and parts of the dissolved municipality of Kondrau with the locations of Glasmühle , Glaswies , Groppenheim , Kondrau, Netzstahl , Sauerbrunn and Wolfsbühl . On July 1, 1972, the municipality of Münchenreuth was added with the eight villages Hundsbach , Kappel , Mitterhof , Münchenreuth , Naßgütl , Neusorg , Pechtnersreuth and Schottenhof .
Between 1988 and 2018, the population fell from 7798 to 6694 by 1104 or 14.2%.
The city council consists of 20 members, who after the local elections on March 15, 2020, will be distributed among the parties and groups of voters as follows:
- First Mayor: Bernd Sommer ( CSU )
- Second Mayor: Karlheinz Hoyer ( CSU )
- Third Mayor: Markus Scharnagl ( CSU )
coat of arms
Blazon: In silver on green ground and in front of green trees, a silver-clad abbot with a silver miter and a gold abbot's staff in his left hand, the right leaning on a gold shield in front of him, with a blue heraldic lily in it.
The coat of arms has been known since 1693.
- Marcoussis , France (1970)
- Pencoed , Wales / United Kingdom (1987)
- Chodov , Czech Republic (2015)
- Chodov (Chodau), Czech Republic (1956)
Culture and sights
Waldsassen has also made a name for itself nationwide as a venue for classical concerts. Major orchestras (for example the Bamberg Symphony Orchestra ) and conductors (for example Leonard Bernstein , Colin Davis ) gave concerts in the basilica . In addition, music seminars are held annually by the Waldsassen Abbey Culture and Meeting Center Foundation , of which the International Organ Academy and the International Singing Week in summer are the most important. In addition, the choir of the monastery basilica under the direction of church musician regional cantor Andreas Sagstetter with its annual concerts and various liturgical celebrations in the basilica is very popular.
- The monastery basilica with Germany's largest church and monastery crypt and the most extensive baroque reliquary north of the Alps is the landmark of Waldsassen
- The Waldsassen Monastery of the Cistercian Sisters
- Abbey library in the monastery of the Cistercians with its artistic carvings by Karl Stilp
- Trinity Church Kappl , an important baroque round building
- Brother Klaus chapel in the Hatzenreuth district
- Stiftland Museum with its special exhibitions
Brother Klaus Chapel in Hatzenreuth
Attached to the monastery is the garden of the Cistercian Abbey, which has been transformed into a nature adventure garden and is operated by the Waldsassen Abbey Foundation for Culture and Meeting Center. The garden was a branch of the cross-border garden show 2006 Marktredwitz / Eger.
- Egrensis Bath, municipal heated outdoor pool
- Indoor swimming pool
- Several soccer fields
- Tennis courts
- Asphalt curling rinks
- Several fully automatic bowling alleys
- Ski system with lift, floodlights and snow-making system
- Shooting range
- Horse show ground
Economy and Infrastructure
Waldsassen station on the former Wiesau – Eger railway line has been closed.
Waldsassen is connected to the Iron Curtain Trail , the longest official long-distance cycle path in Europe, which runs along the former Iron Curtain.
The Kondrauer mineral and medicinal Brunnen GmbH & Co KG, a Bavarian beverage manufacturers with the main brand "Kondrauer mineral water ", has its headquarters in Kondrau , in the municipality of Waldsassen.
The bike manufacturer GHOST has its administration and assembly in Waldsassen.
The construction company Franz Kassecker GmbH is based in Waldsassen.
The Waldsassener Glashütte Lamberts produces, among other things, real antique glass for art glazing.
The production of wooden beads by the Stilp company, which had been based in Waldsassen since 1912, was also unique. The company, which stopped production in the 1990s, manufactured up to 90 different types of pearls, which were painted using a special technique and color developed by the company .
In the 1960s there were still two porcelain factories in Waldsassen. Due to the general decline of the porcelain industry , both are now closed. As a contribution to industrial history, around 30 Upper Palatinate municipalities established the Bavarian Porcelain Route , to which Waldsassen also belongs.
- Kliniken Nordoberpfalz AG - orthopedic rehabilitation
- State Office for Digitization, Broadband and Surveying - GeoDatenbank Bayern
- Secondary school in Stiftland (boys' secondary school)
- Girls secondary school of the Cistercians Waldsassen
- Secondary and secondary school in Waldsassen
- Margrave Diepold School
sons and daughters of the town
- Karl Stilp (1668–1735), sculptor
- Philipp Muttone (1699–1775), master builder
- Joseph von Thoma (1767–1849), German forest manager and Ministerialrat
- Joseph Pözl (1814–1881), President of the Bavarian State Parliament, born in Pechtnersreuth
- Joseph Baierlein (1839-1919), writer
- Eugen Birzer (1847–1905), painter and drawing teacher
- Michael Doeberl (1861–1928), historian, professor of Bavarian regional history at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich
- Walter Stang (1895–1945), Head of Art Care in the Rosenberg Office (Nazi Reich Surveillance Office) and member of the Reichstag (NSDAP)
- Otto Freundl (1912–1982), District Administrator and Member of Parliament
- Anton Schreiegg (1913–2003), poet and book author
- Wolfgang Gaag (* 1943), horn player, member of German Brass , professor at the Munich University of Music and Theater
- Irmgard Maenner (* 1959), radio play author
- Werner Fritsch (* 1960), theater man and author
- Horst Krybus (* 1960), Mayor of Lohmar
- Matthias Hamann (* 1968), soccer player and coach
- Gerald Selch (* 1969), journalist
- Florian Gaag (* 1971), director
- Dietmar Hamann (* 1973), national soccer player
Other personalities associated with the city
- Georg Dientzenhofer (1643–1689), master builder
- Blasius Kurz (1894–1973), Franciscan and Catholic bishop
- Abraham Leuthner (~ 1639–1701), master builder
- Franz Busl (Ed.): Waldsassen. A place of grace for 850 years. Oberfränkische Verl.-Anstalt, Hof 1983, ISBN 3-921615-56-9 .
- Hugo Schnell, Anton Seitz: City of Waldsassen. Schnell and Steiner, Munich 1977, ISBN 3-7954-0597-1 .
- Homepage of the city of Waldsassen
- Entry on the coat of arms of Waldsassen in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- ↑ "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ^ Stadt Waldsassen in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on December 20, 2018.
- ^ City of Waldsassen: History of our city. Retrieved May 25, 2013 .
- ↑ Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB 453660959 , Section II, Sp. 624 ( digitized version ).
- ↑ Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Hrsg.): The municipalities of Bavaria according to the territorial status May 25, 1987. The population of the municipalities of Bavaria and the changes in the acquisitions and territory from 1840 to 1987 (= contributions to Statistics Bavaria . Issue 451). Munich 1991, p. 85–86 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00070717-7 ( digitized version - Notes 9 and 23).
- ↑ Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB 453660959 , Section II, Sp. 622 ( digitized version ).
- ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 580 .
- ↑ Results of the Waldsassen city council election. Retrieved March 17, 2020 .
- ^ City partnership with Chodov in the Czech Republic
- ↑ Iron Curtain Trail - across Europe at the former Iron Curtain. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on April 20, 2017 ; Retrieved April 19, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.