|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 49 ° 55 ' N , 12 ° 0' E
|Administrative region :||Upper Palatinate|
|Management Community :||Neusorg|
|Height :||542 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||43.19 km 2|
|Residents:||1663 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||39 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||95704|
|Area code :||09234|
|License plate :||TIR, KEM|
|Community key :||09 3 77 148|
|LOCODE :||DE PUM|
|Community structure:||35 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Hubert Kraus ( CSU )|
|Location of the municipality of Pullenreuth in the Tirschenreuth district|
Pullenreuth (Bavarian: Bullnrad) is a municipality in the Upper Palatinate district of Tirschenreuth and a member of the Neusorg administrative association .
The community lies at the foot of the stone forest and borders the Fichtel Mountains . It is also located on the formerly important trade route from Nuremberg to Prague .
The municipality of Pullenreuth is divided into 35 districts:
The district of Pilgramsreuth is also the namesake of the natural sub-unit Pilgramsreuther Sattel (394-B), which divides the section from the Kosseine to the Steinwald from the main natural unit Hohes Fichtelgebirge (394).
Neighboring communities are Neusorg , Waldershof , Kulmain , Kemnath and Erbendorf .
The place Pullenreuth was first mentioned in a document in 1244, it is assumed that the place has existed since at least the beginning of the 11th century. In 1285 the Duke Pullenreuth had it entered in a so-called Salbuch , which described the affiliation to Waldeck Castle:
- "Redditus bonorum castri in Waldecke" (directory of the goods of the castle of Waldeck)
- "A ltenpulnreut proprium" (own)
- "P ulnret unus mansus" (an estate)
In 1286 Pullenreuth was taken over by the Waldsassen monastery .
In 1945 or 1946 part of the community Dechantsees was incorporated. On January 1, 1972, Lochau, Mengersreuth, Pilgramsreuth and Trevesen were added. A small part of the dissolved Poppenreuth community with around ten residents was reclassified to Pullenreuth. The much larger area of the dissolved municipality of Langentheilen, which had included the municipality of Höll and Haid and the remainder of Dechantsees in 1945 or 1946, followed on May 1, 1978.
Origin of the place name
The names of Pullenreuth and the district Mengersreuth end with the syllable -reuth, which can be translated as cleared, cleared, clearing. The beginning of the district name is said to go back to a man named Meingotz. But this is probably a mistake; Mengersreuth is not as old as Pullenreuth (Middle High German: "Pulnruit"). According to this, the name Mengersreuth should go back to the noble family of Mengersreuth (Mengersreuth near Weidenberg in Upper Franconia ), who acquired land in Riglasreuth in 1407 and built a castle there. They expanded their area further to Pullenreuth. However, in Pullenreuth in 1910 they only owned the area to the right of the Hartbach; henceforth this part was called Mengersreuth, the other Dechantsee.
Between 1988 and 2018, the population fell from 1953 to 1692 by 261 or 13.4%.
The population of Pullenreuth is almost without exception committed to the Roman Catholic Church .
Result of the election of the municipal council on March 16, 2014:
coat of arms
Blazon: in red under a silver drawbar scale, a golden drinking vessel (so-called double scourer).
The municipality has had the coat of arms since 1973.
- Černošín , Czech Republic
Economy and Infrastructure
Pullenreuth is an agricultural community, i. that is, that many of the citizens are farmers.
Pullenreuth does not have its own connection to motorways or federal highways, but the place name is mentioned on the exit sign No. 15 of the A 93 . Pullenreuth is located on the state road between the regional centers of Kemnath and Marktredwitz .
Pullenreuth had a primary school until the 2006/07 school year , which was attended by around 100 students.
- The Pullenreuth Glass Loop is well worth seeing .
- Trevesenhammer Castle
There is a legend about the so-called Swedish Cross of Dechantsees: “During the Thirty Years War the Swedes tore the heavy iron cross from the roof of the Holy Cross Chapel in Dechantsees and wanted to sink it into a well. But the cross did not sink and kept coming up. ”Since then, the cross has been kept inside the Dechantsee chapel. There is a copy on the gable. The inscription on the cross reads "Crux Sancti Patris Benedicti Crux Sacra Sit Mihi Lux Non Draco Sit Mihi Dux Vade Retro Satanas Nunquam Suade Mihi Vana Sint Mala quae ...", in English: The cross of the holy father Benedict The cross be light to me; not the dragon / devil be my guide. Back off Satan; never advise me to act in vain. Even if it is bad what you drink ...
- ↑ "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ↑ http://www.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de/orte/ortssuche_action.html ? Anzeige=voll&modus=automat&tempus=+20111108/161128&attr=OBJ&val= 1095
- ↑ Natural subdivision
- ↑ http://www.bayern-fichtelgebirge.de/stiftland/0.htm
- ↑ a b Wilhelm Volkert (Ed.): Handbook of the Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 495 .
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 663 .
- Entry on the coat of arms of Pullenreuth in the database of the House of Bavarian History