|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 49 ° 55 ' N , 12 ° 9' E
|Administrative region :||Upper Palatinate|
|Height :||624 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||14.84 km 2|
|Residents:||1527 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||103 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||95689|
|Area code :||09634|
|License plate :||TIR, KEM|
|Community key :||09 3 77 119|
|Market structure:||8 districts|
Market administration address :
|Mayor :||Wolfgang Braun ( CSU )|
|Location of the Fuchsmühl market in the Tirschenreuth district|
Fuchsmühl is a market in the Upper Palatinate district of Tirschenreuth and a state-approved resort .
The community is located between Marktredwitz and Weiden on the southeastern edge of the Steinwald Nature Park in the hilly landscape of the Stiftland .
There are eight districts:
There are also the unofficial districts of Ludwigshöhe, Niederreuth and Schloß.
The year it was founded is largely unknown, but it may have been in the 13th century. Fuchsmühl has been the destination of a steadily growing pilgrimage since 1688. The large pilgrimage church Mariahilf was built between 1712 and 1726. The community, which was established in 1818, was elevated to market status in 1950.
Between 1988 and 2018, the population fell from 1,763 to 1,560 by 203 inhabitants or 11.5%.
Fuchsmühler wood battle
After decades of dispute over timber rights between Fuchsmühler fiefdom owners , the barons of Zoller and the community's timber rights holders, the situation escalated in autumn 1894.
The residents of Fuchsmühl had the right to get wood from the woods of Baron von Zoller. The conflict began around 1860, and in 1873 this old right was upheld by a court. Nevertheless, in 1892 von Zoller banned the removal of wood and offered 90,000 marks as compensation for the revocation of the old rights.
This sum appeared to the Fuchsmühlers far too low. A court in Weiden agreed that Zoller was right. Now a new two-year process arose, during which the Fuchsmühler farmers received no wood, but Zoller sold wood worth 3,000 marks.
Lawsuits, counterclaims, litigation and legal fees had made many Fuchsmühlers impoverished, so that after the judgment of the last instance they saw no other option than to decide on the so-called “general march” and to chop down what they believed to be the right wood. On October 29, 1894, around 180 men and women from Fuchsmühl moved to the Schrammlohe forest department to cut wood. The gendarmerie and the responsible district official wanted to prevent this, but were not heard by the angry "lawyers".
The next day, around 11 a.m., a 50-man division from the 6th Infantry Regiment from Amberg, under the leadership of Prime Lieutenant Meier, arrived. The soldiers attacked the crowd with bayonets attached. Georg Stock and Leonhard Bauer, both 69 years old and hard of hearing, were killed by bayonet stabs, and several other men were seriously injured while trying to escape.
This event received journalistic attention as the Fuchsmühler Holzschlacht in the entire German Reich. The critical press said that this incident would expose the ugly grimace of the authority act . The center politician Georg Heim (known as the farmer's doctor ) campaigns for the concerns of the Fuchsmühler in the state parliament.
The trial of the 146 accused took place in the town hall of Weiden between April 23 and 27, 1895. All but two of the lawyers involved were sentenced to prison terms and fines for breach of the peace, forest crime and other offenses. Mayor Josef Stock received the highest prison sentence at four and a half months. Star attorney Max Bernstein took over the defense free of charge . On January 17, 1896, all penalties and court costs were waived by pardon by Prince Regent Luitpold .
coat of arms
Blazon : "In blue on a green Dreiberg a double-towered silver church with red tower roofs in the front view."
The coat of arms has been used since 1950.
Culture and sights
- The imposing Baroque pilgrimage church Maria Hilf with the Marien Altar was built between 1712 and 1725 on the site of a chapel donated in 1688 by the feudal owner von Fuchsmühl, Baron von Froschheim. The two towers used to be higher, but they were covered several times by storms and partly removed in the 19th century. Inside, the choir could not be expanded due to lack of funds. The high altar dates from around 1700 and shows the Lamentation of Christ. It was only bought in 1885 and previously stood in the St. Giles' Church of the Teutons in Regensburg . The miraculous image is in the pilgrimage chapel under a carved canopy from 1726.
- The Fuchsmühl Castle on the edge of a pond accompanied the history of the market Fuchsmühl since the 14th century.
- In the district of Güttern, a functional, historical pitch furnace was built in 2005/2006 on the edge of the forest above the radon source with funding from the European Union according to the planning and under the construction management of the district home nurse Maria Magdalena Stöckert from Herzogöd. In 2007 the project was awarded the culture prize of the Upper Palatinate district in the soil monuments category.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Michael Köllner (* 1969), football coach
- ↑ "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ↑ Mayor. Fuchsmühl community, accessed on July 6, 2020 .
- ↑ http://www.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de/orte/ortssuche_action.html ? Anzeige=voll&modus=automat&tempus=+20111108/085809&attr=OBJ&val= 1081
- ↑ BR-Online, Radio Wissen: Myth of the Prince Regent Period - The last beautiful years? from August 22, 2016
- ↑ Literature ao: Alfred Wolfsteiner: Die Fuchsmühler Holzschlacht 1894 - Chronology of a scandal. Fuchsmühl community, 1993
- ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Fuchsmühl in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- ^ Pechofen in the Güttern district , Fuchsmühl market.
- ↑ Culture Prize of the Upper Palatinate District: The Prize Winners 2000–… ( Memento of the original from June 3, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Upper Palatinate district.