|Bundesstrasse 285 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||bad Salzungen|
|End of street:||Mellrichstadt|
|Overall length:||60 km|
The federal highway 285 (abbreviation: B 285 ) is a German federal highway in Thuringia and Bavaria . It begins in Bad Salzungen in the Wartburg district in West Thuringia and leads over the Salzunger Berg into the Felda valley , which it follows to the source. Then it crosses the state border with Bavaria and runs through the valley of the Streu to the vicinity of the Lower Franconian town of Mellrichstadt , where it ends after bypassing it at the federal highway 71 . The B 285 is mainly used for local traffic in the eastern Rhön and has only a low traffic density due to its location away from larger cities.
The B 285 branches off from Bundesstraße 62 at the Langenfelder Straße intersection on the southern edge of the city of Bad Salzungen . After crossing the Langenfeld district and a forest area, the road reaches Urnshausen . The Feldatal valley is reached north of Dermbach , where it runs through Kaltennordheim . After crossing the Thuringian-Bavarian border south of Melpers , after about 25 km it reaches Mellrichstadt, the third largest city in the Rhön-Grabfeld district .
In Thuringia, the B 285 is part of the Deutsche Alleenstrasse . The route of the former Feldabahn runs parallel to the main road between Dorndorf and Kaltennordheim , some of which is now used as a tourist cycle path.
Until 2005 the B 285 began at the Werra bridge from Dorndorf and led through the lower Feldatal via Dietlas , Stadtlengsfeld and Weilar to Dermbach. With the release of the southern bypass road for Bad Salzungen in the course of the federal highway 62, the transport network was changed in 2005 to the current course. Before Dermbach, the B 285 meets the original route at Hartschrecken , which was stepped down to form a state road between Dorndorf and Hartschimmern.
Also until 2005, the B 285 ended almost directly at the Mellrichstadt city center. In the course of the opening of the BAB 71 to traffic, the Mellrichstadt bypass was raised to the B 285 and the federal road ends today at the Mellrichstadt junction.
In some areas in the Wartburg district, the federal highway 285 is the focus of accidents. Between 1991 and 2012 there were 60 fatal accidents on the B 285 in the Wartburg district alone, making it the front runner in the Bad Salzungen police station area.
- Stephan Sachs: Allee 285: When the street looks like a tunnel. Südthüringer Zeitung, April 30, 2013, accessed on May 3, 2013 : “The federal highway 285 - in the Thuringian Rhön it is in large parts a delightful avenue and death runway at the same time. Many crosses line the edge of the road, behind each there is a fate. "