The Felda in Stadtlengsfeld
|Water code||EN : 4138|
|location||District of Schmalkalden-Meiningen , Wartburgkreis , Thuringia ( Germany )|
|Drain over||Werra → Weser → North Sea|
|source||in the Auersberger Kuppenrhön near Erbenhausen
|muzzle||in Dorndorf in the Werra
|Height difference||284.9 m|
|Bottom slope||6.8 ‰|
|Catchment area||216.7 km²|
| Discharge at the Dorndorf gauge 2
A Eo : 214 km²
Location: 2 km above the mouth
|50 l / s
537 l / s
2.3 m³ / s
10.7 l / (s km²)
27.4 m³ / s
59.4 m³ / s
Lotte , Schmerbach
(these and others see opposite )
Ziegelbach , Wiesenthalbach
(these and others see opposite )
|Communities||Erbenhausen , Diedorf , Dermbach , Weilar|
The Felda is a 42.2 km long, southern and orographically left tributary of the Werra in southwest Thuringia . The river, which runs from south to north, is the most important inner river of the Rhön along with the western parallel Ulster and the even westerly Haune , the valley of which separates the Vorderrhön in the east from the Auersberger Kuppenrhön in the west (see section Natural areas ).
The main source of the Felda lies immediately south of Erbenhausen am Bergsattel between the Stellberg ( ) in the south and the Alten Mark ( ) in the north at altitude of about ; The Herpf rises in the eastern neighborhood . A left source stream, called Rodgraben , rises at altitude of about on the eastern slope of the Ellenbogen ( ) and passes the village of Reichenhausen immediately above the confluence .
After a route along the federal road 285 through Kaltensundheim , Kaltennordheim , Fischbach / Rhön , Diedorf , Neidhartshausen and Dermbach to Hartschimmern and further along the state road 1022 via Weilar , Stadtlengsfeld , Menzengraben and Dietlas , the Felda flows into the Dorndorf at above sea level Weser source river Werra coming from the east .
The route of the former Feldabahn follows its eponymous river between Kaltennordheim and Dorndorf and crosses it several times.
Catchment area and tributaries
The Feldatal is a valley basin that separates two partial landscapes of the Kuppenrhön, the Vordere Rhön in the east and the Auersberger Kuppenrhön in the west. The orography is accordingly more herringbone than fan-shaped. The Feldatal is also designated as a single natural area.
( m above sea level )
|Left source brook v. Reichenhausen||Left||3.2||487||Reichenhausen||4138-1? 1|
|Grimmelbach||right||4.4||448||under the Kaltensundheims||4138-1? 2|
|Lotte||Left||8.3||21.5||448||Kaltenwestheim , Mitteldorf||4138-2|
|Ziegelbach ( Goldbach )||right||7.1||12.7||436||Kaltenlengsfeld , Kaltennordheim||4138-4|
|Dirleser water||right||1.7||398||Oberh. Diedorfs||4138-5? 2|
|Klingbach||Left||3.7||393||Klings , Diedorf||4138-5? 3|
|Schmerbach||Left||6.8||16.5||375||Andenhausen , Zella / Rhön , Neidhartshausen||4138-6|
|Dermbach ( White Born )||Left||4.7||6.3||327||Dermbach||4138-7? 1|
|Albabach||Left||4.9||313||Oberalba , Unteralba , hard shrinkage||4138-7? 2|
|Wiesenthalbach||right||9.4||34.4||295||Wiesenthal , Urnshausen , Oberh. Weilars||4138-8|
Tributaries of higher order
The main second-order tributaries are:
- Lahrbach (right, 2.6 km; Kaltenwestheim -Mittelsdorf )
The Steinbach drains almost half of the catchment area of the Schmerbach, while all other secondary streams listed here are of minor hydrological importance.
The Middle Feldatal from Fischbach (sometimes also from Kaltennordheim on) to the crossing of the Baier - Pleß threshold at Urnshausen - Hartschrecken below Dermbach is a natural spatial unit of the Vorder and Kuppenrhön and separates the up to high Vorderrhön in the east from the to high Auersberger Kuppenrhön in the west.
Flora and fauna
The Felda is traditionally used to generate energy. Weir systems with currently used hydropower systems are among others. a. in Dermbach, Weilar, Dietlas and Dorndorf. In the course of a model project for the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive, unused weirs were dismantled by the Free State of Thuringia (e.g. in Stadtlengsfeld) or made ecologically consistent (e.g. in Weilar and Dorndorf) between 2004 and 2008.
- Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
- Measurement of the geopath (kmz, 38 kB) results in 42.2 km and falsifies the statement of the State Institute for Environment and Geology of 38.8 km. All tributary lengths also come from the geopath.
- Thuringian State Agency for the Environment (ed.): Area and water code index and map. Jena 1998; 26 pp.
- Deutsches Gewässerkundliches Jahrbuch Weser-Ems 2014. Lower Saxony State Agency for Water Management, Coastal and Nature Conservation, p. 115, accessed on October 4, 2017 (PDF, German, 8805 kB).
- TLUG Jena, longitudinal section of the Felda
- German Association for Water Management, Sewage and Waste e. V. (DWA), circular 33, October 2008
- Map / aerial photo of the Felda river system