|Bundesstrasse 101 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||280 km|
|Bundesstraße 101 in Meißen
(Elbe-side exit of the Schottenberg tunnel)
The Bundesstraße 101 (abbreviation: B 101 ) begins in Berlin on the B 96 and ends in Aue on the B 169 . In the southern part of the B 101, both the Silberstraße and the Deutsche Alleenstraße run as holiday routes and underline the scenic value and the tourist importance of this federal highway .
Sections of today's route of the B 101 played an important role as a traffic route as early as the 12th century. For example in Saxony as the main connection of the Margraviate of Meißen from the city of Meißen to the Altzella monastery , to the mountain town of Freiberg and to the younger mining towns in the Upper Ore Mountains that emerged later at the beginning of modern times .
In today's federal state of Brandenburg , parts of the route were already used by the Slavs as a traffic route, at the latest with the influence of the Wettins in the south of the Mark Brandenburg in the 13th century, the importance of the road increased further. Jüterbog played a not unimportant role with the traffic routes running west-east over the Fläming from Magdeburg to Lausitz (see also B 102 and B 115 ) and Herzberg, where the road between Leipzig and Niederlausitz (with Lübben as logistically and strategically important Crossing over the Spree ) to Frankfurt (Oder) (see also B 87 ). In 1718 Adam Friedrich Zürner presented his Neue Chursächsische Post-Charte . As a result of this first survey, the stone, so-called Kursächsische Postmeile columns in the Saxon cities were erected along this route over the next few years . For example, Herzberg and Elsterwerda still have such restored columns today .
In the 19th century, the historical traffic routes were converted into roads. The southernmost and highest stretch of the route between Annaberg and Schwarzenberg was expanded in 1824 to what it was called an art road. The northernmost section of the route at Großbeeren , however, was not completed until 1865.
Previous routes and names
The Prussian State Office No. 62, opened in 1827, led from Jüterbog to Dresden . Until the opening of the Jüterbog – Röderau railway in 1848, it served as a postal route for express cars between Berlin and Dresden.
The main road 101 (FVS 101) established in 1932, renamed Reichsstraße 101 (R 101) from 1934 , originally only ran from Berlin to Elsterwerda , where it led to Reichsstraße 96 leading to Dresden . The remaining section of the route was a well-developed main road, which was also rededicated as Reichsstraße by 1938.
The starting point of the B 101 is the Berlin district of Mariendorf in the Tempelhof-Schöneberg district . It begins as a one-way street on Mariendorfer Damm ( B 96 ) through Alt-Mariendorf street , in the opposite direction it runs parallel as a one-way street through Friedensstrasse back to Mariendorfer Damm. In between is the Mariendorfer village green. Here you are already in the landscape on the ridge of the Teltow approx. , even if this is not immediately recognizable due to the urban location.
In the course of Großbeerenstraße, which is flanked on both sides by trade and industry, including the Daimler AG engine plant, the B 101 reaches the district boundary to Marienfelde and the underpass through the Berlin – Dresden railway line . Behind it it is continued as Marienfelder Allee, is mostly loosely built up and leads past the Marienfelde emergency reception center with the memorial site there. A few hundred meters to the west are larger multi-storey housing developments. In the area of the Nahmitzer Damm intersection, a piece of the road was swiveled to the west around 1987. Since then, Malteserstraße has been connected in a straight line with the southern B 101, while the traffic on the B 101 has to turn. Within the suburban settlement of Marienfelde and past allotment gardens and past the Schlehenberg , the state of Brandenburg , Teltow-Fläming district , is reached on the southern border of Berlin .
There were plans to extend the B 101 from Mariendorf to the north in the direction of Schöneberg . For this purpose, a route over Munsterdamm and Malteserstraße was kept free, which ends in the Grazer Damm junction of the Schöneberg junction ( A 100 / A 103 ) that has already been built . These plans were abandoned in 2003. New plans are currently being carried out to relieve the congested section of the B 101 in Berlin's urban area - in particular the center of Mariendorf.
The road, however, is developed as a four - lane so - called yellow motorway when it crosses the state border with Brandenburg . It runs from here up to the level of Kerzendorf on a route parallel to the original course and is partly called B 101n. The old route of the B 101, which is no longer signposted, led directly through the town centers of Großbeeren , Genshagen , Löwenbruch and Kerzendorf. Due to the increasing traffic from the so-called Südring - a section of the Berliner Ring - to Berlin and the new industrial areas around Großbeeren and Ludwigsfelde , which are home to a goods distribution center and various other logistics companies , a generous expansion became necessary, which was essentially completed in 2004. If the B 101 in Brandenburg follows its main route, it gives the impression of the old avenues so typical of this state on the sections where it runs in open terrain . Efforts are being made on the new sections and bypasses to plant avenue trees at a distance that is appropriate for today's conditions. Thus in a few decades these sections will also have the traditional character.
The important route Potsdam - Schönefeld (state roads L 40 and L 76) is crossed, including the junction of the Potsdam-Schönefeld expressway (L 40). The B 101 runs west of Großbeeren, near the battlefield of Großbeeren , west of Genshagen and east of Ludwigsfelde. This route runs roughly parallel to the Anhalter Bahn . The B 101 passes under the Berlin outer ring not far from the connecting lines between the Anhalter Bahn and the Berlin outer ring. The Berliner Ring is crossed at the Ludwigsfelde-Ost junction . The Anhalter Bahn is crossed to the south of it.
Before the Trebbin district of Thyrow , the road followed the original route through the village until December 13, 2018. The construction of a bypass was originally supposed to start in 2012, which was delayed due to complaints from some residents. The planning approval decision became legally binding in mid-2014.
Before Trebbin , which also has a four-lane bypass road that bypasses the city to the east, the landscape of the Teltow , which is relatively clearly noticeable here with its edge, is left. Here, Kliestow and Wiesenhagen, which are on the original route, are tangent to the east as Trebbin districts and the Anhalter Bahn is crossed. Trebbin, an old Brandenburg agricultural town , is the intersection with the B 246 .
Behind Trebbin, the extension route runs along the old road, which was partially torn away and built over for the extension, through a dense forest area. To avoid accidents with wildlife, protective fences, a green bridge and a wildlife tunnel were built here. From the Woltersdorf exit, the capital of the Nuthe-Urstromtal community , which is located in the Zwischenurstromtal valley of the same name , the new route is only three lanes wide. The Luckenwalde bypass now follows. The extension that connects the Luckenwalder bypass with the Zinna monastery belonging to Jüterbog was released on December 13, 2013. It is now only two lanes, after crossing the Anhalter Bahn one more time, it runs parallel to the same and then crosses a former military training area . The infrastructure (barracks) is clearly visible from the street. There are no exits and crossings between Luckenwalde and Kloster Zinna.
The old road between Luckenwalde and Zinna Monastery will remain as a country road, which means that Kolzenburg (district of Luckenwalde), which is part of Flaeming-Skate , will still be accessible from the north (Luckenwalde) and from the south (Jüterbog). The aforementioned military training area is now largely part of the Nuthe-Nieplitz nature park mentioned above . A bypass road used by the B 101 leads to the east around the town of Jüterbog . The city, which is the junction between the B 102 , B 115 and B 101, was of great importance in the settlement of the Fläming in the Middle Ages and traditionally embodied an important traffic junction, runs the 52nd parallel north.
From now on, the road runs a few kilometers east of the Jüterbog – Falkenberg / Elster railway line . Be passed Hohenahlsdorf and Welsickendorf , both districts of the municipality Niederer Fläming . This is the area where the Hohe and the Niedere Fläming meet. At Welsickendorf the initially highest point is reached at approx. 104 meters above sea level between Berlin and the Saxon state border. In the extensive forest areas, which were border landscape for centuries, the road briefly cuts Saxony-Anhalt with the district of Wittenberg . This is where the language border between Low German and Central German dialects, the so-called Benrath line , is crossed. The area to the south with the current Elbe-Elster district was part of the Electorate of Saxony . To the east of the road is Schönewalde , whose associated districts Hartmannsdorf and Horst are passed through. The Holzdorf Air Base is located near Brandis . Further south, the B 101 meets the Bernsdorf district of Schönewald. From Borken, the Black Elster is accompanied to the east for about 40 kilometers . Borken itself is incorporated into Herzberg (Elster) , which is located at an altitude of about 80 meters above sea level. Herzberg is the district town of the Elbe-Elster district, has a historic town center , which is, however, a little west of the B 101. Herzberg, which is characterized by agriculture and handicrafts, was the intersection of old trade routes and is now the junction between the B 87 and B 101.
Street names in Herzberg:
- Berlin street
- Dresdener Strasse
To the south, the B 101 touches Bahnsdorf , a district of the twin town of Uebigau-Wahrenbrück . These country towns as well as Falkenberg / Elster (formerly important railway junction), with their town centers, are all not far from the main road and the Black Elster in the Breslau-Magdeburg glacial valley . Subsequently, the road layout touches the districts of the twin towns of Wiederau , Langennaundorf , Beutersitz with a transition over the Halle – Cottbus and Winkel railway line . The route reaches the town of Bad Liebenwerda , which is known for its mineral water , bathing and spa operations . To the northeast of the city, where the B 183 branches off, there is a bypass road, so that through traffic can bypass the tranquil city center.
The road B 101 runs in Southeast and then in an easterly direction past contained or partly in operation abandoned gravel mines . The important Elsterwerda railway junction , which lies on the edge of the B 101 nature park Niederlausitzer Heidelandschaft to the west , is also an important traffic junction. This is where the Berlin-Dresden Railway and in Elsterwerda-Biehla station the Węgliniec – Roßlau railway (Lower Silesian Freight Main Line) intersect with the federal road and with each other. The B 169 is also crossed , with which the same route is used from Elsterwerda to Prösen in some cases. To the south of the center, first the Schwarze Elster and then the Pulsnitz are crossed. Not far from this transition it flows into the Black Elster. Elsterwerda is on the edge of the Schraden .
Street names in Elsterwerda:
- Schiller Street
- Memorial place
- West Street
- Grossenhainer Strasse
Overall, the Elbe-Elster-Land is not economically well developed. The construction project Bundesautobahn 16 , which would bring a better connection via Leipzig to the central and western parts of Germany, will not be carried out for the time being. From Elsterwerda the road turns south again. Röderland with the districts of Prösen and Wainsdorf are the last places on Brandenburg territory. The state border with Saxony is reached immediately south of Wainsdorf (approx. 90 meters above sea level) . To the east of here lies the Heidehöhe (Heideberg near Val Gardena) and the Kutschenberg , a little further away - almost on the outskirts of the town - the highest area in Brandenburg, which - contrary to the widespread opinion that the Fläming is higher - just exceeds it.
With the Stroga district , the large district town of Großenhain in the district of Meißen is reached, which is in the middle of the so-called Grossenhainer care . The road crosses a loess landscape , which is well suited for growing fruit and vegetables because of its high soil fertility. There are also isolated hop plantations with their characteristic masts braced with wire. Grossenhain has a historic center well worth seeing, which is 125 meters above sea level. The Grossenhain – Cottbus railway line and the Grosse Röder river are crossed within the urban area.
Street names in Großenhain:
- Elsterwerdaer Strasse
- Meissner Strasse
- Priestewitzer Strasse
The Leipzig-Dresden railway is crossed at Priestewitz . The landscape becomes more hilly, the road shows greater gradients, curves with tighter radii and turns slightly to the southwest. Wantewitz with the Sankt-Urban-Kirche, which can be seen from afar, as a landmark, Piskowitz and Gävernitz are districts of Priestewitz.
The narrow Saxon Elbland , which runs along the Elbe , has been reached. In Meissen is more than 850 years of wine grown. The Saxon Wine Route testifies to this . In 1997, Meißen received a second road bridge over the Elbe, which here is about 98 meters above sea level with an average water level. From the east bank of the river the famous silhouette of the city and the castle hill with the Meissen Cathedral can be seen. In spring 2007, the Meißen bypass with the 719 meter long Schottenberg tunnel was opened to traffic, which in Meißen connects to the Elbe bridge and the new intersection with the B 6 on the western bank of the Elbe. Thus, the route of the B 101 runs on this side of the river on a developed route instead of winding along the castle hill through the city. The soil in the area around Meissen is also very fertile and, due to the intensive Slavic settlement activity, there has hardly been any forest since the 7th century.
The Lommatzscher Pflege begins southwest of Meißen and has an average altitude of 200 to 250 meters. Before Nossen the road leads over the A 14 (junction Nossen-Ost). The city itself is located on the slopes and in the side valleys of the Freiberg Mulde . The river (approx. 210 meters above sea level) is deeply cut into the plateau. This is also the approximate limit of the maximum extent of the ice covering all of Northern Germany during the Ice Age . Not far from here you will find the Altzella monastery , the starting point for the settlement of the lower eastern Ore Mountains , which began in the second half of the 12th century .
South of Nossen the A 4 (junction Siebenlehn) is crossed. Since May 2003, Siebenlehn has been bypassed to the west via a two-kilometer bypass road. Here the road leads along the east side of the Zellwald forest and from the plateau you can see the Halsbrücker Esse and the chimneys of Muldenhütten . On September 10, 2009, the new 88 meter long Fischbachtal bridge was opened between Großschirma and Freiberg. In the old mountain town of Freiberg , the district town of the Central Saxony district and the center of which is just over 400 meters above sea level, the B 101 takes the Silberstraße as a holiday route, which connects Dresden and Zwickau for tourism. Between Freiberg and Brand-Erbisdorf you can already get an impression of the more than 800 year old mining landscape , the basis of which was the extraction of silver ore early on . After Brand-Erbisdorf, the 500-meter-high level is exceeded, from here the Ore Mountains and thus also the Ore Mountains / Vogtland Nature Park , which is interesting for tourists, is reached.
Near Pockau , the B 101, which turns more and more from south to south-west, crosses the deeply cut and wooded valley of the Flöha . The river is considered to be the border between the Eastern Ore Mountains and the Western Ore Mountains .
At Heinzebank it crosses the B 174 and overcomes the watershed between Flöha and Zschopau , a few kilometers southeast of it lies the town center of the mountain town of Marienberg . The B 101 turns in a large left curve to the north and then to the south to drop to the level of the valley floor of the Zschopau and there forms part of the historic racing track of the Marienberger Dreieck . Past Wolkenstein , it runs parallel to Zschopau to Wiesenbad . From Wolkenstein the B 101 takes on another holiday route - the Deutsche Alleenstrasse - which leads in this new planting section between Dresden and Plauen to Aue . From Wiesenbad there is a steep, long ascent to Annaberg-Buchholz , the center of which is about 600 meters above sea level. From Annaberg the road runs in a westerly direction and reaches an altitude of over 650 meters around the mountain town of Schlettau . SCHEIBENBERG is also a small mountain city whose best known symbol of the same, made of basalt SCHEIBENBERG is. To the west of it is Markersbach , which is known for its pumped storage plant . A 44 m high and 317 m long concrete bridge over the valley of the Große Mittweida was built here between October 2006 and May 2011 to bypass a suburb . Schwarzenberg , whose castle can be seen from afar, is mainly known in connection with the uranium mining of SDAG Wismut and the "Free Republic of Schwarzenberg" . The city lies on the Schwarzwasser . The large district town of Aue on the Zwickauer Mulde is reached via Lauter and one last mountain .
As part of the planning for the Falkenbach bypass of the state road 222, the course of the B 101 between Annaberg-Buchholz and Wolkenstein was given special consideration. The B 101 has so far led directly through the Wiesenbad spa and thermal baths and directly past the spa facilities. This circumstance significantly hinders through traffic and adversely affects the development of the health resort. Since a relocation of the B 101 in the area of the health resort and in the entire area between Annaberg-Buchholz and Wolkenstein is not economically feasible due to the local and topographical conditions, an upgrade of the S 222 between the B 101 at Wolkenstein and the intersection with the B. 95 examined near Ehrenfriedersdorf (Mönchsbad). As a result, large-scale traffic can be bundled between both points and further along by joint routing of the B 101 with the B 95 in the direction of Annaberg-Buchholz. A gradation of the B 101 in the area of Wiesenbad can positively influence the development of the health resort.
A Freiberg bypass is planned as part of the B 101. The idea dates back to the 1990s. The start of construction has already been postponed for several years due to lawsuits against the planning approval decision. A time horizon for completion is currently (as of December 2014) not foreseeable.
- Luckenwalde bypass with three lanes; four lanes in Berlin; Großbeeren - Thyrow and Trebbin bypass with four lanes similar to a motorway
- Outskirts settlement, Marienfelde district, Tempelhof-Schöneberg district office, urban development office, accessed on June 22, 2019
- Nico Kapp: Finally: B 101 removed from the zoning plan! (No longer available online.) In: steglitz.de. Citizens' Initiative B 101, March 15, 2004, archived from the original on September 14, 2009 ; Retrieved December 27, 2011 .
- Building rights for Thyrow bypass: B 101 gap between Luckenwalde and Berlin can be closed. In: mil.brandenburg.de. Ministry of Infrastructure and Agriculture Brandenburg, June 27, 2011, accessed on December 27, 2011 (press release).
- bypass should be completed on time. In: Märkische Allgemeine Zeitung , October 8, 2013.
- Construction of the S 222 Falkenbach bypass approved by the State Office of Saxony , accessed on March 18, 2013.