|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Lutherstadt Wittenberg|
|Area :||1,930.31 km 2|
|Residents:||124,953 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||65 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||WB, GHC, JE|
|Circle key :||15 0 91|
|Circle structure:||9 municipalities|
|Address of the
06886 Lutherstadt Wittenberg
|District Administrator :||Jürgen Dannenberg ( left )|
|Location of the district of Wittenberg in Saxony-Anhalt|
The district of Wittenberg is a regional authority in the east of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt . It is located on the Elbe and Schwarze Elster rivers . Lutherstadt Wittenberg is the district town and at the same time the largest municipality with almost 50,000 inhabitants .
Neighboring districts in the north are the Brandenburg districts of Potsdam-Mittelmark and Teltow-Fläming , in the east the Brandenburg district of Elbe-Elster , in the south the Saxon district of North Saxony and in the west the district of Anhalt-Bitterfeld and the city of Dessau-Roßlau .
The Elbe flows through the district over a length of 52 km in a natural meadow landscape over large sections . In the north, the wooded ridges of the Fläming and its foothills extend from east to west . In the south lies the largest contiguous forest area in Central Germany, the Dübener Heide .
With 39.8 percent of the total area, the forest is the largest of all administrative districts in Saxony-Anhalt.
The district has existed in its current expansion since 2007.
- 1816–1947: Due to the resolutions of the Congress of Vienna on May 21, 1815, the former Kurkreis , which had emerged from the Duchy of Saxony-Wittenberg , came into the hands of Prussia . For a short time, the newly won parts of the landscape were given the name "Duchy of Saxony", but the name was changed to " Province of Saxony ". The district of Wittenberg belonged to the newly formed Prussian administrative district of Merseburg . On October 1st, 1816, the (old) Wittenberg district was formed , which was formed from the old Saxon offices of Wittenberg and Pretzsch.
- 1947–1952: By order of the SMAD , after the dissolution of the Prussian state in 1947, the Prussian province of Saxony and the state of Anhalt became the state of Saxony-Anhalt .
- 1952–1990: With the "Law on the further democratization of the structure and functioning of the state organs in the countries of the German Democratic Republic" of 1952, the previous states were dissolved and districts were formed instead . The Wittenberg district was assigned to the Halle district . At the same time, it was greatly reduced in size, as it had to give up numerous communities to the districts of Jüterbog ( Potsdam district ), Jessen ( Cottbus district ), Torgau ( Leipzig district ) and the newly formed Graefenhainichen district (Halle district).
- 1990–1994: Since the reestablishment of the states in the GDR, the Wittenberg district has belonged again to the state of Saxony-Anhalt.
- 1994–2007: On June 3, 1993, the state parliament of Saxony-Anhalt passed the first district reform. As a result, the Wittenberg district was created in 1994 from the previous Wittenberg and Jessen districts and part of the Graefenhainichen district .
- since 2007: In the course of the second district reform , the existence of the previous district of Wittenberg formally ended on July 1, 2007. Legal successor is the district of Wittenberg (of the same name) , to which the two administrative communities Coswig (Anhalt) and Wörlitzer Winkel with 27 communities of the previous district of Anhalt-Zerbst were assigned. All administrative communities in the district were dissolved between 2009 and 2011.
Chairwoman of the Wittenberg District Council 1952–1990
- 1952–1959: Albin Fleischmann
- 1959–1967: Heinz Block
- 1967–1971: Rolf Hoppe
- 1972–1988: Werner John
- 1988–1989: Siegfried Beiche
- 1989–1990: Werner Engelmann
District administrators from 1990
- 1990-2001: Wulf Littke ( CDU )
- 2001–2007: Hartmut Dammer (independent)
- since 2007: Jürgen Dannenberg ( left )
The results of the local elections between 1994 and 2019 are as follows:
|Parties and constituencies||Percent
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||25.7||12||33.2||16||36.1||18th||37.9||18th||42.9||21st||32.8||16|
|FREE VOTERS||FREE VOTERS||20.0||10||14.7||7th||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||16.4||8th||2.6||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||13.8||7th||16.9||8th||19.3||9||19.5||10||24.0||12||28.7||14th|
|THE LEFT.||THE LEFT.||12.8||6th||21.5||10||21.0||10||25.7||12||19.1||9||16.5||8th|
|GREEN||ALLIANCE 90 / THE GREENS||4.6||2||2.6||1||2.7||1||2.5||1||1.9||1||6.0||3|
|AdB||Alliance of Citizens||2.8||1||4.5||2||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||2.5||1||1.6||1||4.8||2||7.0||3||5.2||3||6.7||3|
|NPD||National Democratic Party of Germany||1.0||1||0.9||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|BBP||Citizens' movement in the Wittenberg district||-||-||1.4||1||1.2||1||3.9||2||3.5||2||8.7||4th|
|FWW||Free voters for Wittenberg||-||-||-||-||9.9||5||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Offensive D||Offensive D||-||-||-||-||2.7||1||2.9||2||-||-||-||-|
|Animal welfare party||The animal welfare party||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.7||-||-||-||-||-|
|WG LUN||Agriculture, the environment and nature||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1.0||-||-||-|
|DVU||German People's Union||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.8||-||-||-|
|INSTEAD of party||INSTEAD of party||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.4||-||-||-|
|WG BDM||Citizens' Association for Village Development "Mühlengrund"||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.4||-||-||-|
|WG SCM||Social Christian Center||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.4||-||-||-|
|WG VBI / LSA||Association of citizens' initiatives for local taxes in the state of Saxony-Anhalt||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.4||-||-||-|
|Turnout in percent||56.7||47.0||36.6||46.6||55.3||67.6|
- The Left took up the position of PDS until 2004 .
- Ezb .: Individual applicants 2007: Hans-Jürgen Günther (0.2%), Winfried Melzer (0.5%); 1994: k. A.
- The results of the 1994 to 2004 elections relate to the territorial status before 2007.
The following parliamentary groups have formed in the district assembly: CDU (including FDP, 13 members), FREIE VÄHLER / AdB (11 members), AfD (8 members), SPD (7 members), DIE LINKE. (6 members). There are three non-attached members of the district council (2 GREENS, 1 NPD).
coat of arms
Blazon : “Divided by black and silver; two diagonally crossed red swords. "
This was the official coat of arms of the Dukes of Saxony-Wittenberg as arch marshals of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation . The coat of arms goes directly back to the historical imperial racing flag.
The flag of the district shows the colors black and red with the coat of arms hoisted lengthways and crossways.
The sectors of the chemical industry, mechanical engineering, the packaging industry and the production of food and beverages are decisive for the structure. About 50% of the area of the district is used for agriculture.
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the district of Wittenberg was ranked 395 out of 402 districts and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with "very high future risks".
The federal highways 2 and 187 , which intersect in the district town, lead through the district area . South of the Elbe , the federal highways 100 and 182 end at the federal road 2 in the Eutzsch district of the city of Kemberg . The federal road 107 leads from the Brandenburg state border north of the Coswig district of Göritz to the confluence with the B187 in Coswig.
As of January 1, 2014, 89,810 motor vehicles were registered here, including 5,651 motorcycles, 74,290 cars , of which 5,164 commercial cars, 6,212 trucks and 1,991 tractors in agriculture and forestry .
Two supraregional railway lines run through the Wittenberg district and cross at the Wittenberg main station : The Berlin – Halle / Leipzig – Munich line has an ICE stop every two hours in the district town of Lutherstadt Wittenberg. Regional express trains run to Berlin as well as the S2 and S8 lines of the S-Bahn Central Germany . In the west-east direction, the district is opened up by the Dessau-Roßlau-Falkenberg line with regional trains that run every hour. Almost all services are provided by DB Regio . The tariff of the Mitteldeutscher Verkehrsverbund (MDV) applies on local trains .
The district is affected in the east by the Jüterbog – Riesa railway line : the Linda (Elster) and Holzdorf (Elster) stations are located in the area . On the single- track Pratau – Torgau line with its branch line to Eilenburg via Bad Schmiedeberg, there is only a small amount of seasonal traffic. The Wörlitz and Oranienbaum stations of the Dessau-Wörlitzer Railway are only served in the summer season.
Other railway lines are historically worth mentioning:
- A section of the single- track Lutherstadt Wittenberg – Straach railway line is used as required for freight transport, the rest is closed.
- From the Dübener-Heide-Bahn a track branched off to the Elbe between Pretzsch (Elbe) and Torgau near Dommitzsch : There the NVA practiced the pioneering construction of railway bridges over the Elbe until 1989 - the connection to the Prettin-Annaburger Kleinbahn (1902– 1996) practiced.
- The Bergwitz – Kemberg railway line was shut down and dismantled in the 1950s.
Local public transport has been carried out by the Neuer Wittenberger Busverkehr group of companies since January 1st, 2007 . This prevailed in a Europe-wide bidding competition. The corporate group is formed by several regional bus companies.
(cities arehighlighted in bold )
(* seat of the district)
|coat of arms||local community||Population
as of December 31, 2017
|Lutherstadt Wittenberg *||45,752||240.34|
There are 19 designated nature reserves in the district (as of February 2017).
Changes at the community level
- Dissolution of the communities of Reinsdorf , Pratau and Seegrehna - integration into Lutherstadt Wittenberg (October 15, 1993)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Klebitz - incorporation into Zahna (October 15, 1993)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Purzien - incorporation into Annaburg (February 16, 2003)
- Dissolution of the community of Rahnsdorf - incorporation into Zahna (July 1, 2003)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Premsendorf - incorporation into Annaburg (August 3, 2003)
- Dissolution of the community of Löben - incorporation into Annaburg (January 1, 2004)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Zieko - incorporation into Coswig (Anhalt) (January 1, 2004)
- Dissolution of the city of Seyda - incorporation after Jessen (Elster) (March 1, 2004)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Rade - incorporation into Jessen (Elster) (July 1, 2004)
- Dissolution of the communities of Nudersdorf and Schmilkendorf - incorporation into Lutherstadt Wittenberg (January 1, 2005)
- Dissolution of the Bergwitz community - incorporation into Kemberg (July 1, 2005)
- Dissolution of the community of Ateritz - incorporation into Kemberg (January 1, 2006)
- Dissolution of the Dorna community - incorporation into Kemberg (January 1, 2007)
- Dissolution of the community of Jüdenberg - incorporation into Graefenhainichen (January 1, 2007)
- Dissolution of the community of Griebo - incorporation into Lutherstadt Wittenberg (January 1, 2008)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Wörpen - incorporation into Coswig (Anhalt) (January 1, 2008)
- Dissolution of the community of Bülzig - incorporation into Zahna (July 1, 2008)
- Dissolution of the communities of Abtsdorf and Mochau - incorporation into Lutherstadt Wittenberg (January 1, 2009)
- Dissolution of the Globig-Bleddin community - incorporation into Kemberg (January 1, 2009)
- Dissolution of the municipalities of Buko , Cobbelsdorf , Köselitz , Senst and Serno - incorporation into Coswig (Anhalt) (January 1, 2009)
- Dissolution of the municipalities of Düben and Klieken - incorporation into Coswig (Anhalt) (March 1, 2009)
- Dissolution of the communities Hundeluft , Jeber-Bergfrieden , Möllensdorf and Ragösen - integration into Coswig (Anhalt) (July 1, 2009)
- Dissolution of the municipalities of Korgau , Meuro , Pretzsch (Elbe) , Priesitz , Schnellin , Söllichau and Trebitz - re-establishment of the city of Bad Schmiedeberg (July 1, 2009)
- Dissolution of the communities of Boßdorf , Kropstädt and Straach - incorporation into Lutherstadt Wittenberg (January 1, 2010)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Naundorf bei Seyda - incorporation into Jessen (Elster) (January 1, 2010)
The following listed incorporations and / or municipal dissolutions are the result of the GemNeuglG WB:
- Dissolution of the municipality of Thießen - incorporation into Coswig (Anhalt) (September 1, 2010)
- Merging of the cities of Oranienbaum and Wörlitz and the communities of Brandhorst , Gohrau , Griesen , Horstdorf , Kakau , Rehsen , Riesigk and Vockerode to form the city of Oranienbaum-Wörlitz (January 1, 2011)
- Dissolution of the communities of Klöden and Schützberg - incorporation into the city of Jessen (Elster) (January 1, 2011)
- Merging of the city of Zahna and the communities of Dietrichsdorf , Elster (Elbe) , Gadegast , Leetza , Listerfehrda , Mühlanger , Zemnick and Zörnigall to form the city of Zahna-Elster (January 1, 2011)
- Dissolution of the city of Prettin and the communities of Axien , Bethau , Groß Naundorf , Labrun , Lebien and Plossig - incorporation into the city of Annaburg (January 1, 2011)
- Dissolution of the communities Möhlau , Schköna , Tornau and Zschornewitz - incorporation into the city of Gräfenhainichen (January 1, 2011)
- Dissolution of the municipality of Mühlanger and incorporation into the town of Zahna-Elster after the original incorporation was declared invalid. (1st of January 2014)
The number of municipalities decreased from 108 to 9 (Wittenberg district since July 1, 1994 and including district reform).
Changes in administrative communities
- Dissolution of the administrative community Jessen - formation of the unified municipality Jessen (Elster) from the member municipalities (January 1, 1999)
- Formation of the administrative community Bad Schmiedeberg from the city of Bad Schmiedeberg and the communities Korgau and Söllichau of the administrative community Elbe-Heiderand communities (February 27, 2000)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Elbe-Heiderand communities - new formation of the administrative community Elbe-Heideland communities from the member communities (April 9, 2000)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Holzdorf - incorporation of the member communities into the city of Jessen (Elster) (March 1, 2004)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Zschornewitz-Möhlau - incorporation of the member communities into the administrative community Tor zur Dübener Heide (July 1, 2004)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Bad Schmiedeberg and Elbe-Heideland communities - new formation of the administrative community Kurregion Elbe-Heideland (January 1, 2005)
- Dissolution of the administrative communities Elster-Seyda-Klöden , Mühlengrund , Südfläming and Zahna - new formation of the administrative community Elbaue-Fläming from the member communities (January 1, 2005)
- Dissolution of the administrative communities Annaburg and Heideck-Prettin - new formation of the administrative community Annaburg-Prettin from the member communities (January 1, 2005)
- Dissolution of the Bergwitzsee and Kemberg administrative communities - new formation of the Kemberg administrative community from the member communities (January 1, 2005)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Kurregion Elbe-Heideland - new formation of the unified municipality of Bad Schmiedeberg from the member municipalities (July 1, 2009)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Kemberg - incorporation of the member municipalities (except Kemberg) into Kemberg (January 1, 2010)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Coswig (Anhalt) - incorporation of the member communities into Coswig (Anhalt) (September 1, 2010)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Wörlitzer Winkel - formation of the unified municipality of the city of Oranienbaum-Wörlitz from the member municipalities (January 1, 2011)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Elbaue-Fläming - formation of the unified municipality of the city of Zahna-Elster from the remaining member municipalities that were not incorporated into the city of Jessen (Elster) (January 1, 2011)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Annaburg-Prettin - incorporation of the member communities into the city of Annaburg (January 1, 2011)
- Dissolution of the administrative community Tor zur Dübener Heide - integration of the member communities into the city of Graefenhainichen (January 1, 2011)
Thus, the number of administrative communities decreased from 14 to 0 (including district reform).
- from Euper to Abtsdorf (December 1, 1995)
- The municipality of Euper with the district Abtsdorf became the municipality Abtsdorf with the district Euper.
- from Groß-Naundorf to Groß Naundorf (January 1, 1998)
In early 1991, the district received the distinctive sign WB , which is still issued today. As a result of the license plate liberalization , the distinguishing marks GHC (Graefenhainichen) and JE (Jessen) have also been available since November 29, 2012 .
- State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
- census database
- Statistics. Almost 40 percent of the area is forest. In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung , January 23, 2017
- Local elections in Saxony-Anhalt on May 26, 2019
- - ( Memento of March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Result of the district election 2014
- - ( Memento of September 8, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Result of the district election 2007
-  Result of the district council election 2004
- - ( Memento of September 8, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Results of the district elections in 1994 and 1999
- Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 .
- Federal Motor Transport Authority Statistics Fz3
- Population and employment. Population of the parishes. Statistical report 2017 of the State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, p. 30
- regionalstatistik.de Regional the Federal Statistical Office (as of December 31, 2016)
- Lutherstadt Wittenberg: data and figures , at www.wittenberg.de, accessed on December 22, 2009.
- Law on the reorganization of the municipalities in the state of Saxony-Anhalt concerning the district of Wittenberg (GemNeuglG WB) of July 8, 2010