City of Oranienbaum-Wörlitz
|Height :||63 m|
|Area :||4.92 km²|
|Residents :||374 (Dec. 31, 2014)|
|Population density :||76 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2011|
|Postal code :||06785|
|Area code :||034905|
Location in Saxony-Anhalt
The district is located south of the Elbe bank on the edge of the Middle Elbe Biosphere Reserve between Dessau-Roßlau and Wittenberg . Only a few kilometers away is the Wörlitzer Park in the middle of the Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm , which was founded in the second half of the 18th century under the reign of Prince Leopold III. Friedrich Franz von Anhalt-Dessau was created. Extensive pine forests spread out towards the south - the northern foothills of the Düben Heath . The area around Gohrau is flat and is crossed by numerous ditches and streams - the close Schönitzer Lake is an oxbow lake of the Elbe.
In the year 1200, the place originally settled by Slavs appears for the first time in a tithe register as Gore . The name Gore is derived from the word goreti (burning, glowing) and indicates that it was created by clearing . After a period of desertification , Gohrau was repopulated in the second third of the 16th century. At the beginning of the 18th century, the place belonged to the property of the old Dessauer , who in 1711 and 1726 bought the goods from the noble family von der Lochau , who lived in Rehsen , and rebuilt most of the place.
In the 1920s, the sheep farm was demolished and the village green with the monument to the fallen was built at this point.
In the middle of the 20th century, the number of inhabitants increased due to the workforce of the newly created repair shop for agricultural machines. Since 1990 the population development - as in the entire area - has been declining.
On January 1, 2011, Gohrau was incorporated into the new town of Oranienbaum-Wörlitz.
Gohrau is on the L131 state road from Dessau-Roßlau via Oranienbaum to Wittenberg . It is about eight kilometers to the federal highway 107 in Oranienbaum, which connects Graefenhainichen and Coswig .
The motorway connection ( A 9 ) Vockerode is approx. 13 kilometers away.
The next stop is in Kemberg-Bergwitz on the Berlin – Halle railway line ( RB57 / RB80 ). The Wörlitz station on the Dessau – Gohrau-Rehsen railway line is only served in the summer season. The former Gohrau-Rehsen station in Gohrau was created in 1934 when the railway line was expanded from Wörlitz to Gohrau. At the breakpoint, a base for the agricultural trade cooperative (BHG) was established to supply the agricultural sector . Passenger traffic ceased in 1968. The section was dismantled in the 1970s, the buildings of the BHG are still in use. The line from Dessau to Wörlitz was put back into operation in 1982.
- according to the residents'
- StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2011