City of Oranienbaum-Wörlitz
|Height :||62 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||28.05 km²|
|Residents :||1430 (December 31, 2014)|
|Population density :||51 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2011|
|Postal code :||06785|
|Area code :||034905|
Wörlitz is a district of the city of Oranienbaum-Wörlitz in the district of Wittenberg in Saxony-Anhalt . He is by the world heritage belonging Wörlitzer Park known and a nationally recognized resort .
Wörlitz is located south of the Elbe in the Middle Elbe Biosphere Reserve between Dessau-Roßlau and Wittenberg . The area around Wörlitz is flat and is crossed by numerous oxbow lakes of the Elbe, as well as ditches and streams. Remnants of sand dunes ("wild mountains") from the last ice age are the only elevations that are only a few meters high. The largest backwater is the Wörlitzer See immediately north of the city.
- The center of Wörlitz extends south along the park and the Wörlitzer See.
- To the west of the park and the lake is the Seespitze settlement.
- Some individual farmsteads are sometimes far away from the actual local location and are no longer permanently inhabited. a. Alte Ziegelei, Oberforst, Alte Mühle, Berting, Mittelhölzer, Elbterrasse, Rosenwiesche and Kleine Mühlberge.
Wörlitz is on the Oranier Route , a German-Dutch holiday route.
Wörlitz was first mentioned in a document on November 13, 1004. The place was called a city as early as 1440.
With the Wörlitzer Park, Wörlitz is the highlight of the Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm , which was established in the second half of the 18th century under the reign of Prince Leopold III. Friedrich Franz von Anhalt-Dessau (1740-1817) was created. He brought important personalities such as Erdmannsdorff , Rust and Basedow to his court. Contacts and connections existed as far as England, France ( Rousseau ) and Italy. Historical guests in Wörlitz during this time were Alexander von Humboldt , Lavater , Georg Forster , Goethe , Jean Paul and Hölderlin . Wörlitz Castle was built at the same time as the park .
Higher-level administrative units:
- until 1932 Dessau district ( Duchy of Anhalt or Free State of Anhalt )
- 1932 Dessau-Köthen district ( State of Anhalt )
- 1947 District Dessau-Köthen ( State of Saxony-Anhalt )
- 1952 Graefenhainichen district ( Halle district )
- 1990 Gräfenhainichen district ( State of Saxony-Anhalt )
- 1994 County of Anhalt-Zerbst (State of Saxony-Anhalt)
- 2007 Wittenberg district (State of Saxony-Anhalt)
On July 1, 2007, the municipality of Wörlitz was incorporated into the Wittenberg district of the former Anhalt-Zerbst district due to a district reform. In a public survey on May 14, 2006, the residents of the city of Wörlitz voted with around 59% of the votes for incorporation into Dessau . However, the final decision was made by the Wörlitz city council , although the result of the citizens' survey was not binding. In addition, the city of Dessau, the district of Wittenberg and the state of Saxony-Anhalt should have agreed.
Since January 1, 2011, Wörlitz has been part of the newly formed city of Oranienbaum-Wörlitz .
coat of arms
Blazon : "In gold next to a green oak tree growing out of natural lawn on the left, a leaping black boar."
The coat of arms was approved on March 10, 1994 by the Dessau Regional Council and registered in the Magdeburg State Archives under the coat of arms roll number 9/1994. The colors of the town flag are green and white.
Culture and sights
- Schützenverein Grün-Weiß Wörlitz 1848 e. V.
- Sports club Grün-Weiß Wörlitz e. V.
- Fishing club "Elbaue" Wörlitz e. V.
- Hundesportverein Wörlitz e. V.
Wörlitz on postage stamps
- Wörlitz is on the K 2 376 district road to Coswig (formerly Bundesstraße 107 ) and on the K 2 042 district road to Riesigk . The federal highway 9 , junction Vockerode , is approx. 7 km away.
- A Gier cable ferry runs across the Elbe between Wörlitz and Coswig . During high tide, the ferry is not served and the road is often flooded.
- The next stops of Deutsche Bahn are located in Coswig (Anhalt) ( railway Dessau-Falkenberg ) and Dessau ( Magdeburg-Leipzig Railway ). The Wörlitz station on the Dessau – Gohrau-Rehsen railway line is only served in the summer season.
- Spring awakening - weekend after the start of spring
- Garden Day - 2nd Saturday in August
- Open Monument Day - 2nd Sunday of September
- Schützenfest - according to the announcement
- Sea concerts - as announced
- Christmas market - first weekend in Advent
sons and daughters of the town
- Friedrich Wilhelm Rust (1739–1796), violinist and composer
- Friedrich von Matthisson (1761–1831), poet
- Friedrich von Raumer (1781–1873), politician and historian
- Karl Georg von Raumer (1783–1865), geologist, geographer and educator
- Wilhelm Braun (1807 / 1808–1848), victim of the March Revolution of 1848, buried in the cemetery of those who fell in March in Berlin
- Moritz von Cohn (1812–1900), Anhalt court banker
- Karl Graul (1814–1864), Lutheran theologian, mission director and missiologist
- Heinrich Brunn (1822-1894), archaeologist
- Johann Gottlieb Schoch (1853–1905), garden architect and gardening director for the city of Magdeburg
- Elisabeth von Anhalt (1857–1933), last Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
- Gustav Ulrich (1880–1971), architect and preservationist
Personalities associated with Wörlitz
- Johann Friedrich Eyserbeck (1734–1818), court gardener
- Johann George Gottlieb Schoch (1758–1826), garden architect
- Friedrich Ahlfeld (1810–1884), Lutheran theologian, popular preacher and author, rector in Wörlitz
- Woerlitz . In: Meyers Konversations-Lexikon . 4th edition. Volume 16, Verlag des Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1885–1892, p. 746.
- Homepage of the city of Oranienbaum-Wörlitz
- Homepage of the Wörlitz Information
- Contribution to the inn "Zum Eichenkranz" , the entrance to the Wörlitz Garden Realm
- according to the residents'
- StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2011
- Website of the SV Grün-Weiß Wörlitz