Pretzsch – Eilenburg railway line
Overview map of the route
|Route number (DB) :||6831|
|Course book section (DB) :||218|
|Route length:||38.51 km|
|Gauge :||1435 mm ( standard gauge )|
|Route class :||CM3|
|Power system :||Sprotta – Eilenburg gravel works: 15 kV 16.7 Hz ~|
|Maximum slope :||12.8 ‰|
|Minimum radius :||300 m|
The Pretzsch – Eilenburg line is a branch line in Saxony-Anhalt and Saxony . It branches off the Pratau – Torgau railway line in Pretzsch and leads via Bad Schmiedeberg and Bad Düben to Eilenburg . Since 2005, the section between Pretzsch and Eilenburg Ost has been part of the network of the Deutsche Regionalisenbahn (DRE) on a lease basis .
The Bad Düben – Eilenburg Ost line was opened on February 20, 1895 by the Prussian State Railways . On October 1, 1895, the Pretzsch – Bad Düben section also went into operation.
In 1924 the line was taken over by the Deutsche Reichsbahn . In 1988 the section Eilenburg Ost - alternative connection point (Awanst) Kieswerk (industrial area northeast) was electrified for freight traffic.
On April 18, 1998, travel between Bad Düben and Eilenburg was canceled by the Saxony State Transport Company. The traffic was taken over by an intercity bus line from SaxBus Eilenburger Busverkehr . Finally, on September 28, 2002, the passenger trains on the Bad Schmiedeberg – Bad Düben section were canceled by the state of Saxony-Anhalt, so that only travel from Lutherstadt Wittenberg to Bad Schmiedeberg remained. Freight traffic between Bad Schmiedeberg and Laußig ended on December 31, 2001.
In 2004 the Dübener-Heide-Bahn project was created through the Dübener Heide regional development concept . The aim was to implement a seasonal, tourist train service from Lutherstadt Wittenberg via Eilenburg to Leipzig. In April 2005, DRE leased the Pratau – Torgau and Pretzsch – Eilenburg lines from DB Netz. The Pretzsch station has been the headquarters of the central train control center and the DRE district operations since December 10, 2006 .
In May 2007 the state of Saxony-Anhalt announced that the remaining regional trains of the DB from Lutherstadt Wittenberg to Bad Schmiedeberg would no longer be ordered after the timetable change in December 2007. Planned renovation work with the aim of increasing the line speed to 80 km / h was thus initially obsolete. One month later, DRE removed individual points from Bad Schmiedeberg station. This is intended to save costs.
From December 10, 2007, travel was initially carried out by the DBV- Fördererverein Niederlausitzer Eisenbahn e. V. continues to operate. Five pairs of trains ran between Lutherstadt Wittenberg and Bad Schmiedeberg every weekday. This traffic was limited until August 22, 2008. The trains were used in conjunction with the Vetter bus transport company after consultation with the state and the Wittenberg district . After the trial operation led to increasing numbers of passengers, the state of Saxony-Anhalt had promised to continue financing demand-oriented transport at least until the end of 2010. This was linked to the condition to improve the offer. This so far unique demand-oriented substitute transport for bus services on the rail is known as the Schmiedeberger model .
On January 7, 2009, weekend traffic was also set up. As a result, an increase in the number of passengers from 150 to 250 and an extension of the order by the state was hoped. After an accident at an unrestricted level crossing on February 18, 2009, replacement rail services had to be set up for a few weeks and then railcars from other railway companies had to be used until the beginning of September 2009 .
At the beginning of the 2009/2010 timetable, the DRE carried out the long-planned upgrading of the route, which allowed the travel time to be reduced by 15 minutes. However, the weekend traffic introduced in early 2009 has been abandoned. With the help of the district of Wittenberg, the majority of school traffic in the directions of Lutherstadt Wittenberg and Bad Schmiedeberg could be shifted to the railways in order to increase the number of passengers and thus secure local rail transport on the route in the medium term. In 2010, rail traffic was expanded further in the direction of Eilenburg: First, on July 19, 2010, the new Bad Schmiedeberg Kurkliniken stop (today: Bad Schmiedeberg Kurzentrum) was inaugurated by the Minister of Transport of Saxony-Anhalt Karl-Heinz Daehre , who was responsible for the guests of the Health resort is easy to reach. On August 5, 2010, weekend traffic was reintroduced. From December 12, 2010, the last train of the day went to Söllichau and on the following day it was the first train run back to Lutherstadt Wittenberg. At the same time, train traffic was also reintegrated into the Deutsche Bahn timetable. With the timetable change on August 25, 2011, the extension of the line to Söllichau was given up again. The poor timetable situation and the low supply to and from the Söllichau train station did not trigger the expected customer demand. Instead, the number of trip pairs was increased to three over the weekend. In June 2011, the (temporarily interrupted) electrical operation between the Awanst Kieswerk Sprotta and Eilenburg was resumed.
The local rail transport between Lutherstadt Wittenberg, Pretzsch and Bad Schmiedeberg was canceled by NASA due to scarce regionalization funds and, in particular, during the holidays and on the weekends too little demand despite 5,000 protest signatures. However, the rail traffic was discontinued by the operator Vetter GmbH on December 19, 2014 and instead rail replacement services were offered for the rest of the time.
Special trips between Lutherstadt Wittenberg and Eilenburg take place regularly to the Wittenberg city festival “Luther's Wedding” and to the Christmas market in Leipzig.
Since the route was leased to DRE, regular freight traffic has only taken place between Laussig and Eilenburg Ost. The most important freight customer is the Sprotta gravel works , where several block trains with gravel are dispatched every day. A concrete sleeper plant and another gravel plant are operated in Lauässig as required. In the case of the latter, loading takes place on the main track. The grain store in Eilenburg is also approached by freight trains at irregular intervals.
At the end of July 2015, the state of Saxony-Anhalt again tendered services for occasional tourist traffic between Easter and October in the Lutherstadt Wittenberg - Bad Schmiedeberg section for the years 2016 and 2017 via NASA. These should be handed over to the Berlin-Anhaltische Bahn e. V. , which in turn would have commissioned DB Regio as a subcontractor. Finally, the award was made directly to DB Regio.
In the 2017 summer timetable, regular non-stop connections from Wittenberg to Eilenburg were offered for the first time since 1998. The timetable provided for three pairs of trains that ran on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays and were designated as the RB 55. On the way they stopped in Eilenburg Ost, Laussig, Bad Düben, Söllichau, Bad Schmiedeberg Kurzentrum and Bad Schmiedeberg. The operation is financially supported by NASA and the ZVNL . In the first season, 10,000 passengers took advantage of the offer.
The city of Bad Düben is aiming for a connection to the existing network of the S-Bahn in Central Germany via Eilenburg . The resumption of scheduled passenger traffic on the southern section of the route was included in the current regional plan in October 2015.
The special trips planned for the 1st and 2nd weekend in Advent in 2019 were canceled due to an official ban as a result of construction work on the infrastructure. For the same reason and because of the restrictions in the wake of the corona pandemic, the trips planned for 2020 were also canceled. Only the driving days announced for Advent 2020 (as of August 2020) are still subject to implementation.
The Pretzsch – Eilenburg route begins in Pretzsch , now part of Bad Schmiedeberg, and initially heads west through the large wooded area of the Dübener Heide . There the railway line reaches a height of over 130 m above sea level. NN . At Bad Düben the route swings to the south and leads largely in a straight line to Eilenburg Ost. This station is parallel to the station of the same name on the Halle – Cottbus railway line . Both lines run parallel to each other on the same track as far as Eilenburg station , the Mulde bridge has its own bridge for the Heidebahn on the north side. The line between the transfer station of the gravel works in Sprotta and Eilenburg is electrified.
The DBV started using a rail bus of the DB series VT 98 from 2007 . From December 22nd, 2008 it was replaced by an air-conditioned Regio-Shuttle , which Vetter rented from Veolia Verkehr Regio Ost and marked it with the label "Elbe-Heidebahn". After the accident in 2009, a rented RegioSprinter of the Rurtalbahn was used. The vehicle was end of June 2011 and returned to the owner by a total of three DWA LVT / S replaced. Two of them were used in school traffic in double traction . One vehicle was kept as a reserve vehicle in order not to have to set up replacement rail services in the event of a vehicle failure.
DB Regio has been using class 642 railcars for scheduled line operations since 2017 , which were also used previously for special services.
- Thomas Nitsch: The railways in the Dübener Heide. Retrieved June 13, 2010 .
- Railway Association Wittenberg u. a. with current operating days
- Description of the route on www.sachsenschiene.de
- Timetable 1944 - at that time still as KBS 178a
- Tradition in the holdings of the Reichsbahndirektion Halle in the State Archives Saxony-Anhalt, Dessau department
- See DRE, information on DRE routes. (No longer available online.) November 20, 2008, archived from the original on January 29, 2009 ; Retrieved December 23, 2008 .
- Project registration form REK Dübener Heide project no.43 ( Memento from October 23, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- current route directory of the DRE ( Memento of December 14, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- See Bahn-Report , Issue 1/2008, p. 50, editor: Interest group rail transport e. V., Rohr,
- See DRE press release of July 23, 2008, reproduced in: www.eurailpress.de, "DRE: Dübener Heidebahn runs until 2010". July 23, 2008, archived from the original on June 1, 2009 ; Retrieved November 13, 2010 .
- See the Schmiedeberger model. A way to maintain the route in rural areas. (PDF; 1.0 MB) Deutscher Bahnkunden-Verband e. V., April 19, 2010, archived from the original on December 12, 2012 ; Retrieved July 29, 2010 .
- Otto, Ute: Passengers "float" now between the Elbe and Heide. A modern regional shuttle has now replaced the 40-year-old traction vehicle. Mitteldeutsche Zeitung, December 23, 2008, accessed December 23, 2008 .
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- See Bahn-Report , issue 6/2009, p. 46, editor: Interest group rail transport e. V., Rohr,
- See "Travel time reduced. From December 14th, passengers can save 15 minutes." Mitteldeutsche Zeitung, December 4, 2009, accessed December 17, 2009 .
- Cf. Dannenberg, Jürgen: Railway line makes the district of Wittenberg more attractive , in: Deutscher Bahnkunden-Verband e. V. (Ed.): The Schmiedeberger Model, p. 8, 2010
- See Transport Minister Daehre hands over the new stop in Bad Schmiedeberg to its intended purpose, press release no. 86/10. (PDF; 83 kB) (No longer available online.) Ministry for State Development and Transport, Saxony-Anhalt, July 19, 2010, formerly in the original ; Retrieved July 29, 2010 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- See current information on traffic on the Elbe-Heide-Bahn. (No longer available online.) Vetter GmbH, August 5, 2010, archived from the original on August 8, 2010 ; Retrieved August 6, 2010 .
- See current information on traffic on the Elbe-Heide-Bahn. (PDF; 66 kB) (No longer available online.) Vetter GmbH, August 25, 2011, formerly in the original ; Retrieved August 12, 2011 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- DRE press release of June 30, 2011: The gravel works near Eilenburg can again be approached electrically by train.
- Petition to maintain the Elbe-Heide-Bahn ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Local transport: buses instead of trains will on three routes ( Memento from August 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Dirk Skrzypczak: Local traffic in Saxony-Anhalt: Merseburg-Schafstädt railway line is shut down. In: MZ.de. August 22, 2014, accessed December 20, 2014 .
- Marcel Duclaud: Heidebahn on Friday on the last trip . In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung . December 17, 2014 ( online [accessed December 20, 2014]).
- Cf. Frank Licht, Ralph Mildner, Erik Rauner, Martin Schiffmann: Description of the connection of the Moll Fertigteilwerke GmbH. Retrieved June 13, 2010 .
- Loading station Laussig: first loading of a freight train. (No longer available online.) See www.eurailpress.de, November 5, 2008, formerly in the original ; Retrieved June 13, 2010 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Germany-Magdeburg: Public Rail Transport / Public Rail Transport, 2015 / S 148-273600, preliminary information, services. In: TED, Tenders Electronic Daily, Supplement to the Official Journal of the European Union. European Union, July 30, 2015, accessed August 4, 2015 .
- Lutherstadt Wittenberg - Bad Schmiedeberg - Eilenburg Heidebahn . (PDF) (No longer available online.) In: eisenbahnverein-wittenberg.de. December 1, 2016, archived from the original on February 11, 2017 ; accessed on February 8, 2017 .
- Nico Fliegner: Train traffic - From Eilenburg to Wittenberg: From April the Heide-Bahn runs every weekend. In: Leipziger Volkszeitung. February 16, 2017. Retrieved June 7, 2017 .
- Carla Hanus: Heide-Bahn: Trains are to run to Bad Düben and Eilenburg in 2017 . In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung . ( mz-web.de [accessed June 7, 2017]).
- Ilka Fischer: Balance in Bad Düben: 10,000 guests ride the Heide-Bahn. In: Leipziger Volkszeitung. November 6, 2017. Retrieved January 17, 2018 .
- Kathrin Kabelitz: Regional plan provides for S-Bahn for Bad Düben in: Leipziger Volkszeitung , October 9, 2015, page 30
- From Wittenberg to Leipzig - regional map: Will there be another S-Bahn through Bad Düben soon? In: Leipziger Volkszeitung. October 8, 2015, accessed June 7, 2017 .
- !! FAILURE !! Special trips on the Heidebahn Wittenberg - Bad Schmiedeberg (- Leipzig). Retrieved December 13, 2019 .
- CANCELED: Special trips on the Heidebahn Wittenberg - Bad Schmiedeberg Leipzig. (PDF; 0.34 MB) Retrieved on August 21, 2020 .
- See Bahn-Report , issue 5/2011, p. 48, editor: Interest group rail transport e. V., pipe