|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Luckenwalde|
|Area :||2,104.19 km 2|
|Residents:||169,997 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||81 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||TF|
|Circle key :||12 0 72|
|Circle structure:||16 municipalities|
|Address of the
|Am Nuthefließ 2
|District Administrator :||Kornelia Wehlan ( The Left )|
|Location of the Teltow-Fläming district in Brandenburg|
The district of Teltow-Fläming extends over a total area of 2,092.1 km². The largest extension of the district in east-west direction is 61 km, in north-south direction 70 km. Neighboring districts are the Dahme-Spreewald district in the east, the Elbe-Elster district in the south and the Potsdam-Mittelmark district in the west . In the southwest the Saxony-Anhalt district of Wittenberg and in the north the state of Berlin borders on Teltow-Fläming. 46.6 percent of the land is used for agriculture. According to the name of the district, the Teltow and Fläming elevations are located in the district area. Large parts of the Teltow characterize the northern parts of the district from about Trebbin, while the south is largely characterized by the Fläming , here in particular the Lower Fläming. Both types of landscape are roughly separated from the Nuthe glacial valley , a comparatively flat area in the center of the district. Eleven rivers and trenches flow through the district, including Nuthe and Freiheitsgraben, as well as two canals. There are also 23 lakes. The largest of them is the Blankensee with an area of 283 hectares . However, most of these lakes are unsuitable for swimming. In addition, the Teltow-Fläming district is home to several nature and landscape protection areas. The smallest landscape protection area is the Pechpfuhl in Ludwigsfelde with an area of eleven hectares , the largest nature reserve is Heidehof-Golmberg with 9864 hectares.
The district comprises 16 municipalities, including seven cities. 12 of the cities and municipalities are free of office. The table below shows cities and municipalities in the district with their respective population figures as of December 31, 2019.
Office and associated communities
The district of Teltow-Fläming was formed on December 5, 1993 as part of the Brandenburg district reform from the previous districts of Jüterbog , Luckenwalde and Zossen . The naming was based on existing landscape names: the Ice Age Teltower Platte in the north and the Niedere Fläming in the south. Luckenwalde became the county seat .
The region has a long and eventful history that still shapes the image of many cities and villages today. In the course of the medieval German settlement in the east , settlers from areas west of the Elbe and Saale settled in the area that had been inhabited by Slavs since the migration period . Flemings (Fläming!) Are said to have been among them. Today's district area was caught between the interests of the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg , the Wettin margraves of Meißen and the archbishops of Magdeburg as well as some smaller territorial lords. The Askanier obtained and secured the domination on the Teltow, which was in 1232 mentioned as a territorial unit was first documented that until 1952, when county or last Teltow , insisted. The area around Jüterbog and Luckenwalde was initially in Magdeburg possession, and the Zossen rule was part of the Lusatia as a Bohemian fiefdom in the Middle Ages.
In 1813 the battles of Großbeeren (August 23) and Dennewitz (September 6) took place on the territory of today's district . Napoleon's Berlin army suffered severe defeats, which drove the French out of the march.
After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the offices of Jüterbog and Dahme and the rule of Baruth were added to the Prussian province of Brandenburg. The Jüterbog-Luckenwalde district was formed in 1816 with the inclusion of Luckenwald and other territories . Jüterbog became a district town. In 1841 Trebbin, Luckenwalde and Jüterbog were connected to the railway line. This created favorable conditions for industrial development. Today's district town of Luckenwalde in particular benefited from this progress and increasingly became the city with the most populations.
Due to the growth of today's federal capital, Berlin , a number of new military test and exercise sites were created in the surrounding area. From around 1910 a military training area was built in the Zossen-Wünsdorf-Zehrensdorf area. The Maybach I and II bunkers built there later served the warfare of the Army High Command (OKH) between 1939 and 1945 . From 1953 to 1994, the high command of the Soviet / Russian troops in Germany was based in Wünsdorf. With the creation of the new urban municipality Greater Berlin in 1920, the Teltow district had to give up a large part of urban and rural municipalities as well as manor districts to the capital. The loss of the densely populated and economically strong north led to a painful loss of tax revenue.
During the 1920s and 1930s there were interesting developments in the field of urban planning and architecture. These include the emergence of innovative housing estates and the Bauhaus- style city theater in Luckenwalde as well as the Daimler-Benz aircraft engine plant built in Ludwigsfelde in 1936/1937. From the 1950s onwards, the industrial community became synonymous with GDR vehicle production (including the W 50 truck ). Ludwigsfelde only became a town in 1965, but today it has the largest number of inhabitants in the district. In 1952 Jüterbog, Luckenwalde and Zossen became district towns of smaller administrative units. Parts of the old Teltow district were assigned to Königs Wusterhausen and Potsdam-Land; the town of Dahme and the surrounding towns were part of the Luckau district until 1993. Since the formation of the Teltow-Fläming district in 1993, the population has grown steadily. This was also achieved through targeted support for young families. A network in the area of early aid and, since 2007, the child protection network are available to them. Around 162,000 people live here in the 21st century; the population density in the north is considerably greater than in the south.
Territory and number of inhabitants on December 31 of the respective year, from 2011 based on the 2011 census
Since the election on May 26, 2019, the 56 seats in the district council have been distributed among parties and groups of voters as follows:
|Party / group||Voices 2014||Voices 2019||Seats 2014||Seats 2019|
|GREEN / B90||4.9%||10.3%||3||6th|
|BVB / FREE VOTERS||6.5%||7.0%||4th||4th|
|Farmers' Association Teltow-Fläming (BV)||5.3%||4.2%||3||2|
|Association of Independent Citizens (VUB)||-||1.2%||-||1|
|The Rangsdorfer - citizens for Rangsdorf||-||1.1%||-||1|
- 1993–2012: Peer Giesecke (SPD), voted out of office on December 10, 2012
- December 11, 2012–9. September 2013 (executive): Kirsten Gurske (independent)
- since 2013: Kornelia Wehlan (DIE LINKE)
In the district election on April 14, 2013, Kornelia Wehlan (Die Linke) received 66.2% of the votes cast. Your opponent Frank Gerhard (SPD) received 33.8%. However, they missed the voter quorum of 15% of all eligible voters by 541 votes, as the turnout was only 22.7%. As a result, the district council had to decide, which elected her on September 9, 2013 in the second ballot with 27 of 56 votes in accordance with Section 72 (3) of the Brandenburg Local Election Act for a term of eight years.
The Teltow-Fläming district was one of the first districts in Germany to voluntarily introduce a so-called “sustainability statute” for the area of district finances, through which the district aims to reduce debts and avoid budget deficits.
Coat of arms, flag, official seal
On November 21, 1996, the Brandenburg Ministry of the Interior approved the Teltow-Fläming district's coat of arms, which the members of the Teltow-Fläming district council decided on October 21, 1996.
- "Split and half shared by silver, red and silver on one in four rows of black and silver geschachten sign foot: forward half a gold-reinforced red eagle at the gap with golden clover stalks on the wing, back covered with a golden crosier with four red gems on the knob. "
The design of the coat of arms comes from the Mahlower graphic artist Horst Nehls. It represents the district externally, ensures that administrative acts are authenticated by a seal with a coat of arms and it serves to identify the citizens with the region. The coat of arms of the Teltow-Fläming district shows a half-split and split shield. This tripartite division symbolizes the ownership structure for the district from around the 12th to 15th centuries, at a time when the area of today's district was caught between the interests of the margraves of Brandenburg and Meißen, the archbishop of Magdeburg and smaller secular and religious lords. They took possession of this area, which had been inhabited by Slavs until then, and demanded the settlement of German and Flemish colonists. The important roots of many villages and towns often go back to this era. The tripartite division also expresses the fact that today's district was essentially made up of three smaller former local authorities - Jüterbog, Luckenwalde and Zossen.
In the upper left field on a silver background at the slit a half red eagle looking to the right appears - seen from the wearer of the shield. He wears golden clover stems on his wings and armor of the same color. The red eagle, which is known from the state coat of arms of Brandenburg and is said to have courage, strength, generosity and rejuvenation, stands for the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg. They, who verifiably had the eagle in their coat of arms since around 1170, ruled the northern and northwestern part of the district (communities around Ludwigsfelde, Blankenfelde, Mahlow and Rangsdorf) from around the beginning of the 13th century. The Wittelsbacher , Luxemburger and Hohenzollern as successors of the Ascanians kept the red eagle as heraldic animal.
The upper right field shows a shield that is horizontally divided by red and silver. There is a golden abbot's staff on it . This part stands for the medieval possessions of the Archdiocese of Magdeburg in the southern and central part of today's district, whereby the two colors traditionally stand for Magdeburg possessions. The staff, which also appears in the coat of arms of the city of Luckenwalde, refers to the history of the villages and cities that has been closely linked to the aforementioned spiritual territorial power for centuries.
On the third part of the coat of arms there is a shield base made of black and silver . This refers to the coat of arms of the von Torgow family - also Torgau or Torgowe, who exercised feudal sovereignty over the rule of Zossen until 1478. Their domain extended over the castle and 26 villages in the central part of today's district from a line south of Ludwigsfelde and north of Rangsdorf to a few kilometers from Luckenwalde in the southwest and the Motzener See in the east. In 1490 the Brandenburg Elector Johann Cicero acquired this area, which at that time remained a fiefdom of the Bohemian crown. With the inclusion of these three symbols in a common shield, the coat of arms becomes unmistakable, as this constellation only applies to the Teltow-Fläming district.
The coats of arms of the offices, cities and municipalities of the district can be found in the list of coats of arms in the Teltow-Fläming district .
- Flag description
- "The flag consists of three stripes in the colors red-white-red in a ratio of 1: 2: 1 with the circular coat of arms in the central strip."
- Official seal
The Teltow-Fläming district has the district coat of arms in its official seal.
The Teltow-Fläming district is generally not considered to be the focus of right-wing extremist activities in the state of Brandenburg. The statistics of the victim counseling center “Victims Perspective ” for 2006 list eleven violent attacks with a right-wing extremist background from the district. So far there has only been a low level of organization, but since the beginning of 2005 some of the right-wing extremists have tried to change this as so-called “Free Forces Teltow-Fläming” (“FKTF”). The FKTF were a group of around 15 young people and adolescents, consisting of right-wing radicals, who mainly come from the northern part of the district and have very good contacts to right-wing radical structures in Berlin and the neighboring district of Dahme-Spreewald. The Brandenburg Interior Minister Dietmar Woidke banned the association on April 11, 2011.
On June 21, 2008 the NPD district association Dahmeland was founded in Königs Wusterhausen, which declares itself responsible for the area of the two districts of Teltow-Fläming and Dahme-Spreewald. Current local focal points are the large community of Blankenfelde-Mahlow, the city of Zossen and the city of Ludwigsfelde, where the NPD ran for city council elections in September 2008 and won a seat. Right-wing extremists are also holding a demonstration in Luckenwalde on May 23, 2009 with around 200 participants.
In order to counter right-wing extremism, there has been a working group "TF against violence" in the Teltow-Fläming district since 1999. It was created on the basis of the action concept “ Tolerant Brandenburg ”, which is funded from state funds, and is intended to help implement this in the district. The plan for action against violence, right-wing extremism and xenophobia was adopted by the state government in the summer of 1998. The working group wants to sensitize the public to these topics and encourage them to oppose all forms of violence and intolerance. The working group is active in the entire district of Teltow-Fläming and is aimed primarily at those responsible in the municipalities, at associations, initiatives and schools. It includes representatives from various committees, including the White Ring e. V. , the Evangelical Church and the women's shelters Ludwigsfelde and Luckenwalde.
On June 16, 1996, the British construction worker Noël Martin was attacked by right-wing extremists in Mahlow and has been paraplegic ever since. This attack marked a turning point for the site, as it has since been viewed with particularly critical criticism by the media and the public with regard to right-wing extremism. Dieter Manzke was killed by young people on August 10, 2001 in Dahlewitz.
On November 20, 2008, during the laying of stumbling blocks to commemorate the deported Jews in Zossen, the Holocaust denier and internet café operator Rainer Link attacked an employee of the city. This incident brought the city of Zossen nationwide attention. One month later, on December 17, 2008, neo-Nazis disrupted a memorial event for the victims of National Socialism in Zossen and held a rally on the Zossen market square on the Holocaust Remembrance Day (January 27, 2009). On July 5, 2009, neo-Nazis smeared the house of an activist from the citizens' initiative “Zossen shows face” with the words “traitor” and “left pig”.
The Teltow-Fläming district is one of the most successful regions in Eastern Germany. A study by the magazine Focus Money came to this conclusion several times in a row . There Teltow-Fläming was number one in the east twice and is still in the top five. Other studies refer to the region south of Berlin as the “German growth champion” or even as an “economic wonderland”. Teltow-Fläming has gained a lot in profile in recent years through extensive investments in infrastructure and the economy. In the past ten years, Teltow-Fläming in the state of Brandenburg has made most of the private sector investments with the highest investment volume. Biotechnology companies and well-known corporations such as MTU Aero Engines and Rolls-Royce have a very strong impact on the district. In addition, many new logistics companies emerged. In the district of Teltow-Fläming there is a diverse mix of large companies as well as small and medium-sized companies. Today the district is one of the most important locations for the German aerospace industry, occupying top positions in the fields of biotechnology and aircraft construction . The business locations Luckenwalde and Ludwigsfelde are 2 of 15 regional growth centers in the state of Brandenburg. This promotes selected future-oriented industries.
About 46% of the district area is used for agriculture. 394 agricultural companies are registered. They work a total of 92,826 hectares, including 77,026 hectares of arable land and 15,267 hectares of grassland.
The energy industry and rural tourism are gaining in importance alongside food production. A coordination office has existed in the district since 2010, which is supposed to bundle climate protection measures . Among other things, she conducts training courses on energy saving and is a member of the German government's Climate Protection Action Alliance 2020 . A modern transport infrastructure, the connection to national and international transport systems via the motorways A 9 , A 10 and A 13 , five federal highways , passenger and freight traffic and the Berlin airports Schönefeld and Tegel as well as an investment-promoting administration ensure that new jobs are created and well-trained skilled workers are available for the labor market. In Berlin's so-called “ bacon belt ”, the population is growing and the unemployment rate is comparatively low. In addition, the tourist development of the southern district, which was once dominated by agriculture, provides economic impetus. In order to develop the attractiveness of the rural area, the district of Teltow-Fläming planned and built a bike and skate track around 185 kilometers in length. The Flaeming Skate is proof of how start-up financing and business development work in practice. Service providers in the near and far surroundings of the railway have recorded increases in turnover since its inception, and the entire south of the district is being upgraded by Flaeming-Skate. In 2005 the European speed skating championships were held here with great success. To encourage companies to invest in the training of their future skilled workers, the district awards the TF training award every two years, alternating with the innovation award. On the one hand, school leavers in their home region should be given a chance to find an apprenticeship position, on the other hand it is cheaper in the long term to train than to look for and train skilled workers on the job market. The campaign is supported by sponsors: Mittelbrandenburgische Sparkasse in Potsdam and VR-Bank Fläming eG. The Teltow-Fläming Innovation Prize honors product innovations and developments or new types of services that have been brought to market maturity. The initiators and organizers of the competition are the IHK Potsdam, Regional Center Teltow-Fläming, and the district craftsmen of the district of Teltow-Fläming.
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the Teltow-Fläming district was ranked 285 out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix”.
Honourings and prices
The Teltow-Fläming district and many of the companies and institutions located there have received numerous awards and prizes. The area is one of the most successful regions in Eastern Germany. This is the result of studies by Prognos AG and the magazine Focus Money. In the ranking of all German districts and independent cities according to economic strength and attractiveness, the Teltow-Fläming district was in first place in the new federal states in 2002, 2003, 2006 and 2007. In the ranking of the federal government, all German districts, all urban districts and all federal states published in the newspaper Die Zeit in January 2004, according to the increase in gross domestic product in the years 1997 to 2002, the Teltow-Fläming district was ahead of the Munich district and the city of Wolfsburg also the 1st place. Teltow-Fläming received the gold medal as “Most Business-Friendly Commune 2006” from the Ministry of Economics and the Ministry of the Interior of Brandenburg. In addition, since October 25, 2008, the Teltow-Fläming district has been able to name itself “Commune of the Year”. With this award, his achievements on the regional political level for the development of the medium-sized economy were recognized. In a nationwide comparison of equal opportunities for women and men, the district of Teltow-Fläming is in 5th place. This can be seen from the website www.gender-index.de. This is a joint project of the Düsseldorf Hans Böckler Foundation and the Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning . In addition, numerous companies that are based in the district are holders of the Brandenburg Training Prize, which is awarded to companies for exemplary work in vocational training. The agricultural cooperative Der Märker from the municipality of Nuthe-Urstromtal received the Brandenburg Education Award 2008 .
On January 1, 1994, the district was assigned the distinctive symbol TF and has been issued since then.
Incorporation and amalgamation of municipalities
The table shows the incorporations and mergers of municipalities since the district was formed on December 5, 1993.
- Marie-Luise Buchinger, Marcus Cante: Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany . Monuments in Brandenburg. District of Teltow-Fläming 17.1 = town of Jüterbog with monastery Zinna and municipality Niedergörsdorf . Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft , Worms, 2000. ISBN 978-3-88462-154-7
- District Teltow-Fläming (Hrsg.): District Teltow-Fläming: Current data and information from the region , 6th edition, 2017, p. 90.
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. District Teltow-Fläming (PDF) pp. 8–9.
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7.
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 1, A II 4. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg. (respective editions of the 4th quarter)
- Local elections in the state of Brandenburg on May 26, 2019 , p. 23
- Result of the district election on April 14, 2013 ( Memento from July 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Sustainability statutes of the Teltow-Fläming district , accessed on August 30, 2014
- Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
- § 2 of the main statute of the Teltow-Fläming district (PDF)
- Chronology of the victim counseling center "victim perspective" with known right-wing abuses in the district ( memento from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Antifa Blickpunkt ( Memento from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 3.4 MB) of the ART-TF
- Brandenburg prohibits right-wing extremist free forces. Focus online, April 11, 2011, accessed November 24, 2015 .
- Every year . In: Luckenwalder Rundschau , May 28, 2009
- Unemployed, homeless, defenseless. Dieter Manzke was slain in Dahlewitz . In: Berliner Zeitung , August 24, 2001
- The city of Zossen has a Holocaust denier. ( Memento from December 6, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) In: Zossener Rundschau , November 28, 2008
- Stones of stumbling block. In: the daily newspaper , June 8, 2009
- NDR broadcast extra3 from December 4, 2008
- Zossener Rundschau, December 19, 2008
- Zossener Rundschau, January 28, 2009
- maerkischeallgemeine.de ( Memento from July 11, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Zossener Rundschau , July 8, 2009
- Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 .
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. District Teltow-Fläming . Pp. 34-36