Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning
Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning
|position||Higher federal authority|
|Supervisory authority||Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Home Affairs|
|Authority management||Petra Wesseler, President|
|Budget volume||108.42 million EUR (2019)|
The Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning ( BBR ) is a German higher federal authority and as such subordinates to the Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Home Affairs (BMI). The BBR is headquartered in Deichmannsaue Castle in the federal city of Bonn ( Rüngsdorf part of the Bad Godesberg district ). The authority has its neighboring seat in the Ernst-Reuter-Haus in Berlin (district Charlottenburg of the district Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf ). The BBR employs around 1250 people, 180 of them at the Federal Institute for Building, Urban and Spatial Research (BBSR). Around 400 employees have their permanent office in Bonn, the rest in Berlin properties.
The Federal Office was created in 1998 by merging the Federal Building Directorate (BBD) and the Federal Research Institute for Regional Studies and Spatial Planning (BfLR) and was expanded to include Federal Building Authorities I and II of the Oberfinanzdirektion Berlin on January 1, 2004. The BBR looks after the most important federal buildings in Germany and abroad and supports the federal government with technical and scientific advice in the fields of building and housing, spatial planning and urban development . The BBR is a member of the working group of departmental research institutions .
Since 1998 the office has been publishing a yearbook entitled “Construction and Space”, in which the most important federal construction and research projects are published. The yearbook appears in German / English and is available in bookshops.
|Department Z:||Central Services|
|Department A:||Construction services|
|DepartmentI:||Spatial planning and urban development|
|DepartmentII:||Construction and housing|
|DepartmentIII:||Federal buildings abroad and Bonn|
|DepartmentIV:||Federal buildings BerlinI|
|DepartmentV:||Federal buildings BerlinII|
|DepartmentVI:||Federal buildings BerlinIII|
|DepartmentVII:||Federal buildings BerlinIV|
- 1995–2009: Florian Mausbach , urban planner
- 2010–2015: Rita Ruoff-Breuer , architect
- since 2015: Petra Wesseler , architect
Construction area of the Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning
Around 800 of the total of 1250 employees work in the construction division of the BBR. The range of tasks in the construction sector ranges from large-scale construction sites to issues relating to building culture and the preservation of monuments to architecture competitions . The federal buildings in Berlin, Bonn and abroad as well as the building work of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation are accompanied from the first idea to the handover of the finished building. The range of services extends from general user advice to project development, real estate appraisal, infrastructure and energy concepts to the implementation of construction work of all sizes. Federal construction measures as well as funding measures or projects in PPP models are supervised.
In Bonn and the surrounding area, the main task is to look after the buildings of the first and second offices of the Federal Government, including the headquarters of the Federal Ministry of Defense on the Hardthöhe , subordinate offices and cultural buildings such as the House of History and international organizations. A particular focus here is the development and expansion of the UN campus for United Nations institutions . Outstanding building projects coordinated by the BBR in Bonn are, for example, the new building of the plenary area for the German Bundestag by Günter Behnisch, the art and exhibition hall of the Federal Republic of Germany by Gustav Peichl and the radio house of Deutsche Welle by Joachim Schürmann. In addition, the BBR outside Bonn is responsible for the Petersberg guest house (former federal guest house) in Königswinter and the Federal Chancellor Adenauer House Foundation in Bad Honnef - Rhöndorf .
In Berlin, the BBR oversees the political capital buildings, cultural building measures and buildings of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation as well as buildings of the Bundeswehr, subordinate federal authorities and research institutions.
Political capital buildings
In Berlin, after the decision to relocate the seat of parliament and government (1991) , the BBR oversaw the construction of new offices for all federal ministries and constitutional bodies , with 90 percent of all accommodation being in old buildings. The oldest building in Berlin, the Invalidenhaus of Frederick the Great , today serves the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology , the Foreign Office is located in the former Reichsbank , the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs in the former Reich Propaganda Ministry and the plenary session of the Bundestag meets in the Reichstag building. The Federal Council moved into the old Prussian mansion and the Federal President moved into Bellevue Palace .
The major construction measures for the highest federal authorities are focused on the expansion of existing offices that has become necessary and the relocation of federal ministries to central locations. These new buildings and extensions for the Federal Ministries, the Federal Chancellery and the Bundestag are role models for energetic, sustainable building and, as designs that have mostly emerged victorious from international competitions, meet high architectural standards.
The Bundestag administration, however, clearly criticizes the work of the Federal Office. Accordingly, the construction times for projects carried out by BBR are extended by five to eight years and cost an average of 55% more than estimated. The Federal Office must therefore be “relieved considerably”. A Bundestag building that has not been completed for five years is threatened with demolition. The BBR was therefore withdrawn from other Bundestag building projects.
Cultural capital buildings and buildings of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation
In addition to the culturally outstanding capital buildings, such as the Humboldt Forum in the Berlin Palace , which is to be rebuilt in the historic center of Berlin, the German Historical Museum and the Topography of Terror Foundation , the BBR also oversees the construction work of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation. As part of a long-term construction program, the buildings of the Berlin State Museums such as the World Heritage Museum Island and the Ernst von Ihnes State Library on Unter den Linden are being repaired and supplemented with the help of internationally renowned architects. The museums in Dahlem and the Kulturforum with the New National Gallery by Mies van der Rohe and Scharoun's State Library are also looked after by the BBR.
Subordinate federal authorities
The structural tasks of subordinate federal authorities include large and small building projects as well as building maintenance for the Federal Archives in Berlin-Lichterfelde , the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment , the Julius Kühn Institute , the Federal Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety , the Federal Environment Agency , the Technical Relief Organization and the customs administration , the Federal Police , the Federal Criminal Police Office , the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution , the Federal Network Agency and the Federal Agency for Digital Radio of the authorities and organizations with security tasks . The federal government's largest building construction project to date was the headquarters of the Federal Intelligence Service , built from 2006 to 2019 in Berlin-Mitte and designed for 4,000 employees .
Another focus of the BBR construction division is the support of large research institutions. These include the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt and the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing in Berlin-Steglitz and at the science location Berlin-Adlershof as well as the Federal Office for Radiation Protection in Berlin-Karlshorst . For these research facilities, new construction, expansion and reconstruction of entire institute buildings as well as individual special laboratories from the physical, medical or chemical field are carried out. The Robert Koch Institute is currently getting a new building in Berlin-Wedding with high security laboratories up to the highest security level of category S 4.
The Bundeswehr's construction work in Berlin is concentrated on the Bendlerblock , where the BBR also oversaw the competition and the erection of the Bundeswehr memorial , as well as the Bundeswehr hospital , the Julius-Leber , the General-Steinhoff , the Blücher and the Dahme -Spree barracks . The military area also includes construction work for the Federal Academy for Security Policy and for Bundeswehr facilities at Tegel Airport , the former Tempelhof Airport and the new Berlin Brandenburg Airport in Schönefeld .
In addition to its core tasks of building and research, the BBR also provides the central nationwide program center on behalf of the BMUB for special economic and energy policy programs. The implementation of urban development, architecture, landscape architecture, art in architecture and design competitions by the BBR contributes to technical and cultural development. With the support of domestic funding measures from the social and educational sector and from the field of cultural and political foundations, the Federal Office is devoting itself to another important task. In addition to specific planning tasks in the building construction sector, the range of tasks also includes project developments, long-term target planning for federal properties, including feasibility studies , profitability studies and implementation strategies .
Efficiency and quality assurance
A cross-sectional department for construction-specific services takes care of all construction-related and construction-related fundamental issues in the BBR. She advises the construction departments and supports them in handling projects. Project developments, long-term target planning for federal properties including feasibility studies, profitability studies and implementation strategies support active construction operations. Instruments for quality assurance and risk management are being developed, higher-level tasks for cost management are being performed and building software is also being made available to other federal authorities. Overall, the maintenance and development of quality is in the foreground in all construction work. The obligation to use public funds responsibly is also followed up. The fulfillment of this responsibility is supported by a higher-level construction controlling.
Federal Institute for Building, Urban and Spatial Research
The Federal Institute for Building, Urban and Spatial Research in the Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning , BBSR for short , is effective from January 1, 2009 by merging the scientific area of the Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning (BBR) with the integration of the Institute for Conservation and Modernization of buildings e. V. (IEMB), Berlin. As a departmental research institution, it supports the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and other federal departments in the policy areas of urban development , spatial development, urban planning, the housing and real estate market, and building and building culture on a national and European level. The head of the institute in Bonn's Deichmannsaue Castle was until May 31, 2017, the lawyer Harald Herrmann. From 2009 to 2011 the BBSR was headed by the urban planner Elke Pahl-Weber.
The BBSR is part of the spatial information architecture of the Federal Government and provides information, research results and analyzes, expertises and reports for politics and the public. It oversees the departmental research programs of the BMUB, the results of the scientific monitoring of model projects support the discussion of new concepts, and studies prepare legislative proposals at national and European level. The programs of urban development funding and other funding measures of the BMUB are further developed through monitoring and evaluation .
Comprehensive reporting, information and documentation tasks are also included. For example, the BBSR regularly prepares the spatial planning reports required under Section 22 ROG , the specialist journal publishes information on spatial development and various series of publications, operates internet portals and organizes specialist events. The BBSR also maintains a public specialist library.
The spatial planning and urban planning departments as well as building and housing form the two pillars of the institute.
Duties of DepartmentI - Spatial Planning and Urban Development
- Analysis and promotion of European spatial and urban development and international cooperation
- Operation of a spatial information system
- Elaboration of scientific principles for spatial and urban development policy, analyzes, forecasts, reports on spatial and urban development
- Promotion of architecture and building culture in Germany as well as positioning in an international context
- Sustainable spatial and urban development: transport, energy, climate protection, land budget policy
- Planning and supervision of departmental research programs in the political area of spatial and urban development
- Further development of regional structural policy and urban development funding
Duties of DepartmentII - Construction and Housing
- Processing of fundamental questions of energy-saving and sustainable building , energy-saving programs for federal buildings, energetic renovation of residential buildings
- Observation and evaluation of fundamental developments in the construction industry, analysis of developments in the building materials sector, construction industry issues, construction management methods
- Development of scientific principles for housing and real estate market policy, preparation of analyzes, forecasts and reports
- Management of offices and initiatives to prepare and implement measures in the housing and construction sector
- Planning and supervision of departmental research programs on the subjects of housing and real estate as well as construction
- Further development of standards and certification systems in the construction industry
- Andreas Kübler: Chronicle of building and space. History and prehistory of the Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning. Wasmuth-Verlag, Tübingen, Berlin 2007.
- Federal Institute for Building, Urban and Spatial Research: Research in focus 2012/13. Annual report , Bonn 2013.
- Website of the Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning (BBR)
- Website of the Federal Institute for Building, Urban and Spatial Research (BBSR)
- BBSR: Annual Report 2015/16 - Research in focus
- BBSR: Publications
- BBSR: Overview of the supervised research programs
- BBSR: Information on location and living conditions in Germany and Europe
- Bundeshaushalt.de: www.Bundeshaushalt.de. Retrieved August 30, 2019 .
- 13th electoral term of the German Bundestag 1997. , published as printed matter 13/8447 of the
- Organization chart of the BBR. In: bbr.bund.de. Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning (BBR), accessed on June 18, 2016 .
- Petra Wesseler - President of the BBR. In: www.bbr.bund.de. BBR (BMUB), accessed on November 11, 2018 .
- The construction work of the BBR is documented in the annual "Yearbook Construction and Space" (ISSN No. 1612-1406).
- On the buildings of the young Federal Republic in Bonn s. bes: stone on stone, ed. from the Federal Ministry of Treasury , Berlin, Vienna 1964 for the buildings from 1949 to 1964 as well as: Federal buildings 1965–1980, ed. by the Federal Minister for Regional Planning, Building and Urban Development, Karlsruhe 1980.
- Department III Federal Buildings Abroad and Bonn , Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning
- Section III B 1 Project Management UNO, BMELV, BMG, BMAS , Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning
- s. on this and in the following: Democracy as a client. The Federal Buildings in Berlin 1991–2000, ed. from the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing , Hamburg 2000.
- Oka: Bundestag: Serious construction defects - Marie-Elisabeth-Lüders-Haus is threatened with demolition. In: Spiegel Online . November 11, 2018, accessed April 12, 2020 .