Federal Academy for Security Policy
Federal Academy for Security Policy
|position||Independent agency in the business area of the Federal Ministry of Defense|
|Supervisory authority||Federal Security Council|
The Federal Academy for Security Policy (BAKS) is the cross-departmental training center in the Federal Republic of Germany in the field of security policy . The commissioning board of trustees is the Federal Security Council . BAKS is based in a complex of buildings belonging to the Schönhausen Palace complex in Berlin-Niederschönhausen .
Mission and goal
The BAKS aims to train executives from the federal and state governments and from private areas relevant to security policy together beyond the boundaries of departments. Areas of security policy and government and human action are covered. It should also create a network within the above group of people. The BAKS sees itself as a discussion forum for security policy interests and is intended to promote Germany's role within the international community and international organizations of all kinds as well as a consensus on security policy issues.
In order to continue to fully fulfill its security policy tasks in the future, the BAKS has been based on the following academy concept since 2015:
- Public discourse and communication
- What is new is the opening of the security policy discourse to the wider public. For this task, the "Communication" area was initially created; Since autumn 2015 it has been further professionalized and is called “Communication and Public Discourse”. With traditional press work, public relations, internet editing, social media and citizen dialogues as well as the promotion of security policy youngsters, one of the main pillars of the academy's work has now established itself.
- The teaching
- The core seminar is aimed at employees from federal ministries who are to be prepared to take on key presentations on security policy. The course is open to comparable participants from business and society. The management seminar for management personnel from the state, business and society is intended to give the participants the opportunity to deepen their knowledge of complex security issues in an intensive exchange phase of three weeks.
- Specialist events and international collaborations
- Every year the BAKS organizes around 70 events with around 4,000 participants. For the national and international specialist level, the Federal Academy will be expanded as a platform for questions of future security policy and strategy. This is intended to strengthen the trusting exchange of views between experts.
Since the mid-1980s, a national training institution for the discussion and dissemination of security policy topics has been discussed, as it already existed in other countries (for example the National Defense University in Washington, DC , the Institut des Hautes Etudes de Défense Nationale in Paris or the Royal College of Defense Studies in London ).
In the summer of 1987 the Federal Security Council dealt with the question of an institution for the first time and decided on the following basic demands for such an institution:
- "The diverse international involvement of the Federal Republic of Germany requires the training of management personnel who are capable of effectively representing national interests in the international arena."
- "The prerequisite for this is a basic security policy and overall strategic orientation that goes beyond the boundaries of the department and is based on a common understanding of German national interests."
- "The acceptance of our security policy in the population is a vital element of security itself. The increased public debate on security policy requires professionally competent executives in government, business, science and the media who can assume the necessary opinion leadership."
- "The desire for greater security policy cooperation with our European allies requires German officials and officers to be trained on a national level that corresponds to international standards."
An inter-ministerial committee then dealt with the issue and recommended the establishment of an appropriate institution to implement the basic requirements. In 1988 the Federal Security Council agreed to the recommendation and instructed the committee to draw up a curriculum for the institution, which the committee then decided in the summer of 1989.
In February 1990 the Federal Security Council approved the curriculum and decided to set up an academy within the portfolio of the Federal Ministry of Defense . In the summer of the same year the Federal Cabinet agreed on the establishment of the BAKS, and the Federal Security Council was appointed as the Academy's Board of Trustees.
In 1992 the academy began its work under President Admiral a. D. Dieter Wellershoff in the Rosenburg in Bonn. At the same time, an advisory board was set up to accompany the work of the academy primarily with recommendations for the structuring of teaching.
In 2002 the board of trustees decided on the recommendation of the advisory board and the academy to finally move to Berlin. After extensive construction and renovation work, the new property in the Schönhausen palace complex in Berlin-Pankow was moved into in March 2004.
Since March 2004, the Federal Academy for Security Policy has had its own facility with lecture halls, conference rooms and offices integrated into the park of the Schönhausen palace complex. With the move to Berlin, the demands on the academy increased enormously and made a new structure necessary, which was introduced in 2007.
In April 2015 the working group “Young Security Politicians” was founded together with the Friends of BAKS eV, which promotes the targeted networking of young specialists and executives from politics, authorities and society and involves its members in the work of the Federal Academy.
Organization and staff
The President and Vice President of the Academy are alternately nominated by the Foreign Office and the Federal Ministry of Defense. In addition to the management, the academy consists of a study area and a support area. Since February 2016, the management has consisted of the President, the Vice-President and the Director of the three department heads (communication, specialist events, seminars). The employees of the study area are sent by the ministries that belong to the Federal Security Council (Foreign Office, Federal Ministry of the Interior , Justice , Finance , Economy and Energy , Defense and Economic Cooperation and Development ).
The Board of Trustees is composed of the members of the Federal Security Council chaired by the Federal Chancellor and decides on fundamental issues of the Academy. An advisory board has the task of advising the board of trustees on all questions of interdepartmental security policy training. The advisory board includes people from politically and socially relevant areas. Currently, with the constitution of the 6th Advisory Board in September 2012, these are, for example, Professors Herfried Münkler and Joachim Krause and people like Jörg Schönbohm and Walter Wakenhut .
|No.||Surname||Beginning of the term of office||Term expires|
|8th||Ekkehard Brose||October 2019|
|7th||Karl-Heinz Kamp||October 2015||September 2019|
|6th||Hans-Dieter Heumann||August 2011||September 2015|
|5||Kersten Lahl||April 2008||August 2011|
|4th||Rudolf Adam||April 2004||March 2008|
|3||Hans Frank||1999||March 2004|
With the realignment of the BAKS, the website has become the media hub of the academy work. At www.baks.bund.de, readers can find out about the latest findings from the seminars and specialist events. In addition, a wide range of information is provided with the working papers on security policy, the information letters and the statements of the academy management. If you wish, you can also subscribe to this free of charge by email.
Every two years, the BAKS awards the Karl Carstens Prize , which is named after the former Federal President, through the BAKS Circle of Friends . It honors personalities "who have made a particular contribution to promoting security policy issues in German-speaking countries and communicating a broad approach to modern security policy to the public". The award ceremony alternates with the “Manfred Wörner speech”. This is intended to recall the tradition of memorial speeches and the former Federal Minister of Defense and NATO Secretary General Manfred Wörner , as well as promoting the security policy dialogue.
From 2005 to 2013, a security policy analysis was developed, discussed and presented by the participants in the earlier security policy seminar. The following work was done:
- 2013: Underestimated security policy challenges for Germany and the EU
- 2012: Networked Security - A Selection of Security Policy Recommendations
- 2011: Europe and the Middle East - On the strategic importance of Turkey from a German perspective
- 2010: European Security and Russia - Options from a German Perspective
- 2009: Georgia in Focus - Security Policy Perspectives for the Caucasus - Recommendations for German Politics
- 2008: Energy security 2050 - a cross-departmental challenge
- 2007: Asymmetries as a challenge - framework concept for a cross-departmental security policy
- 2006: Security Policy 2010 - preventive, comprehensive, sustainable
- 2005: Impulses for the development of a national security strategy for the Federal Republic of Germany
- Christian Papsthart: Federal Academy for Security Policy and NATO Defense College - two security policy schools in comparison . In: Sicherheit und Frieden 31 (2013) 4, pp. 232–235.
- Christian Lipicki: Ekkehard Brose is the new President of the BAKS. October 1, 2019, accessed October 1, 2019 .
- Federal Ministry of Defense (2006) (Ed.): White Paper 2006 on Germany's Security Policy and the Future of the Bundeswehr, Berlin, 127
- Meier, Ernst-Christoph / Nelte, Klaus-Michael / Schäfer, Heinz-Uwe (2006): Dictionary on security policy. Germany in a changed international environment, Hamburg, Verlag ES Mittler, 6th edition, 56
- Federal Ministry of Defense (2006) (Ed.): White Book 2006 on Germany's Security Policy and the Future of the Bundeswehr, Berlin, 154
- GROWTH. EDUCATION. COHESION. Coalition agreement between CDU, CSU and FDP, 17th legislative period, 124
- Basic demands of the Federal Security Council, quoted from the BAKS basic demands website ( memento from July 23, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )
- BAKS information sheet “The BAKS; comprehensive - networked - strategic "
- The three gaps in German security policy. (No longer available online.) In: Authority mirror. August 30, 2011, archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; accessed on November 1, 2014 .
- BAKS President ( Memento from November 2, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Change of office at BAKS ( Memento from December 24, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- BAKS annual review 2009, p. 36.
- BAKS annual review 2010, p. 20.
- security policy challenges for Germany and the EU. (PDF) Federal Academy for Security Policy, June 2013, accessed on July 7, 2015 .
- Networked Security - A Selection of Security Policy Recommendations. (PDF) Federal Academy for Security Policy, June 2012, accessed on November 1, 2014 .
- Europe and the Middle East - On the strategic importance of Turkey from a German perspective. (PDF) Federal Academy for Security Policy, June 2011, accessed on November 1, 2014 .
- European Security and Russia - Options from a German Perspective. (PDF) Federal Academy for Security Policy, June 2010, accessed on November 1, 2014 .
- Georgia in Focus - Security Policy Perspectives for the Caucasus - Recommendations for German Politics. (PDF) (No longer available online.) Federal Academy for Security Policy, June 2009, formerly in the original ; accessed on November 1, 2014 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Energy security 2050 - a cross-departmental challenge. (PDF) (No longer available online.) Federal Academy for Security Policy, June 2008, formerly in the original ; accessed on November 1, 2014 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Asymmetries as a challenge - framework concept for a cross-departmental security policy. (PDF) (No longer available online.) Federal Academy for Security Policy, June 2007, archived from the original on November 1, 2014 ; accessed on November 1, 2014 .
- Security Policy 2010 - preventive, comprehensive, sustainable. (PDF) Federal Academy for Security Policy, June 2006, accessed on November 1, 2014 .
- Impulses for the development of a national security strategy for the Federal Republic of Germany. (PDF) Federal Academy for Security Policy, June 2005, accessed on November 1, 2014 .