|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Bad Belzig|
|Area :||2,591.61 km 2|
|Residents:||216,566 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||84 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||PM|
|Circle key :||12 0 69|
|Circle structure:||38 parishes|
|Address of the
14806 Bad Belzig
|District Administrator :||Wolfgang Blasig ( SPD )|
|Location of the district of Potsdam-Mittelmark in Brandenburg|
The Potsdam-Mittelmark is a local authority in the west of the country Brandenburg . The demarcation was based on the principle of forming sectoral circles . Until the district reform in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in 2011, it was the third largest district in Germany after the district of Emsland and the district of Uckermark .
Neighboring districts are in the north the Havelland district , in the east the independent city of Potsdam (which protrudes from the northeast into the eastern district area and despite the name does not belong to the district), the state of Berlin and the Teltow-Fläming district , in the south the Saxony-Anhalt districts Wittenberg and Anhalt-Bitterfeld and in the west the district of Jerichower Land, also in Saxony-Anhalt . The independent city of Brandenburg an der Havel is almost completely enclosed in the northwest by the district area.
The Baruther Urstromtal , the Zauche and the Karower Platte , the Nuthe-Nieplitz-Niederung , parts of the central Haveltal, the Hohe Fläming , the southern foothills of the Nauener Platte and the western edge of the Teltow occupy important and at the same time formative parts of the district . The highest point in the district is the 200 meter high Hagelberg west of Bad Belzig , the lowest points are on the banks of the Havel near Havelsee , Pritzerbe district at . Around 42% of the area is forested , almost 50% of the remaining area is used for agriculture , of which around 2,700 hectares are used for fruit growing and 2,000 hectares for asparagus . Around 7% of the area remains for settlements, industrial and commercial areas and traffic areas.
Important rivers and streams in the district are the Havel and its tributaries Nieplitz , Nuthe , Emster , Plane and Buckau . The most famous lakes include the Great Zernsee , the Great Seddiner See , the Schwielowsee and the Templiner See . Three natural parks are Mittelmark Potsdam wholly or partly in the district: High Fläming Nature Park , Nuthe-Nieplitz and Westhavelland Nature Park and several nature reserves such as the Belziger countryside meadows , the nature reserve Lower Havel south , the nature reserve Marzahner Fenn and dune heath and the nature reserve Pritzerber Laake . Landscape protection areas have been established on almost 45% of the total area of the district .
Five small exclaves that belong to the municipality of Buckautal or the town of Ziesar and thus to Potsdam-Mittelmark are located in the urban area of Möckern in Saxony-Anhalt, and vice versa there is an enclave that belongs to Möckern, in Ziesar's urban area.
After the Brandenburg municipal area reform was completed in 2003, the district still comprised 38 municipalities, including nine cities.
|Bad Belzig||city||free of charge||11,141|
|Beelitz||city||free of charge||12,652|
|Beetzsee||local community||Office Beetzsee||2652|
|Beetzseeheide||local community||Office Beetzsee||681|
|Bensdorf||local community||Wusterwitz Office||1239|
|Borkheide||local community||Office Brück||2088|
|Borkwalde||local community||Office Brück||1578|
|Buckau Valley||local community||Office Ziesar||487|
|Golzow||local community||Office Brück||1345|
|Görzke||local community||Office Ziesar||1241|
|Trenches||local community||Office Ziesar||511|
|Gross Kreutz||local community||free of charge||8618|
|Kleinmachnow||local community||free of charge||20,376|
|Lehnin Monastery||local community||free of charge||10,894|
|Linthe||local community||Office Brück||898|
|Michendorf||local community||free of charge||13.134|
|Mill flow||local community||Office of Niemegk||901|
|Niemegk||city||Office of Niemegk||2006|
|Nuthetal||local community||free of charge||9072|
|Päwesin||local community||Office Beetzsee||498|
|Breach of plan||local community||Office Brück||1025|
|Planetal||local community||Office of Niemegk||915|
|Rabenstein / Fläming||local community||Office of Niemegk||801|
|Rosenau||local community||Wusterwitz Office||878|
|Roskov||local community||Office Beetzsee||1191|
|Schwielowsee||local community||free of charge||10,705|
|Seddiner See||local community||free of charge||4551|
|Stahnsdorf||local community||free of charge||15,371|
|Teltow||city||free of charge||26,902|
|Treuenbrietzen||city||free of charge||7459|
|Wenzlow||local community||Office Ziesar||529|
|Werder (Havel)||city||free of charge||26,412|
|Wiesenburg / Mark||local community||free of charge||4247|
|Wollin||local community||Office Ziesar||838|
|Wusterwitz||local community||Wusterwitz Office||3033|
The district of Potsdam-Mittelmark was created on December 6, 1993 as part of the Brandenburg district reform by merging the districts of Belzig , Brandenburg (Land) , Potsdam (Land) and parts of the former Jüterbog district ( Treuenbrietzen Office ). As a result of the municipal reform in 2003, the district had to transfer the municipalities of Gollwitz and Wust to the independent city of Brandenburg an der Havel (incorporation), the municipalities of Fahrland , Neu Fahrland , Marquardt , Uetz-Paaren , Satzkorn , Groß Glienicke and Golm to the independent city of Potsdam (incorporation ) and cede the Seeburg community to the Havelland district.
- Territory and number of inhabitants on December 31 of the respective year, from 2011 based on the 2011 census
22.8% of the population belong to the Evangelical Church, 4.6% to the Catholic Church, 0.7% to an Evangelical Free Church, 0.5% to an Orthodox Church.
Since the election on May 26, 2019, the 56 seats in the district council have been distributed among parties and groups of voters as follows:
|Party / group||Voices 2014||Voices 2019||Seats 2014||Seats 2019|
|BVB / FREE VOTERS||2.9%||7.6%||2||4th|
|Free Citizens and Farmers (FBB)||5.7%||4.2%||3||2|
|THE PARTY PIRATES 1||-||1.4%||-||1|
2 List of citizens for a good quality of life in Kleinmachnow - Citizens' Initiative Teltow
Blasig was elected by the district council on December 4, 2008 in accordance with Section 127 of the municipal constitution of the state of Brandenburg for a term of eight years. In the district council election on October 9, 2016, he was confirmed in his office for a further eight years in accordance with Section 126 of the municipal constitution.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on October 25, 1996.
Blazon : “Quartered; Field 1: in silver a gold-armored red eagle, field 2: in black an oblique left golden oak branch with three leaves, field 3: nine-fold divided by black and gold, field 4: in silver two crossed red keys. "
The coats of arms of the offices, cities and municipalities of the district can be found in the list of coats of arms in the Potsdam-Mittelmark district .
Economy and Infrastructure
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the Potsdam-Mittelmark district was ranked 241 out of 402 districts, municipal associations and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix”.
The economy in the district is characterized by small and medium-sized companies, there are only a few industrial companies. In the north-east, the district has a share in the closer integration area of Berlin, where mainly companies in the service industry and innovative technologies have their headquarters. B. in Stahnsdorf , Teltow and Kleinmachnow . The German headquarters of eBay is located in Kleinmachnow , and the East Germany branch of O 2 in Teltow . Between Werder and Brandenburg are larger contiguous areas with fruit growing to Beelitz around the Beelitz is asparagus grown. The district town of Bad Belzig with its stone thermal baths is the health resort and center of the tourist region emerging in Hohen Fläming. Tourism is also an important source of income on the Havel and Havel lakes including the Seddiner See and in the Nuthe-Nieplitz lowland. The south and southwest is mainly used for agriculture and forestry .
- Railway lines:
- Berlin - Potsdam Central Station - Brandenburg an der Havel - Magdeburg (original Berlin-Potsdam Railway ),
- Berlin - Bad Belzig - Dessau ( Berlin-Wetzlar Railway or Kanonenbahn ),
- Berlin - Potsdam-Pirschheide - Oranienburg ( Berlin outer ring ),
- Potsdam - Beelitz - Treuenbrietzen - Jüterbog ,
- Berlin - Lutherstadt Wittenberg - Bitterfeld - Leipzig / Halle (Saale) ( Berlin-Anhalt Railway )
The majority of the regional bus routes are operated by the district-owned company Regiobus Potsdam-Mittelmark .
- Federal motorways: A 2 , A 9 , A 10 (Berliner Ring), A 115
- Federal highways: B 1 , B 2 , B 102 , B 107 , B 246
- Cycle paths: European cycle route Euroroute R1
- Long-distance hiking trails: European long-distance hiking trail E11
- German avenue street
On January 1, 1994, the district was assigned the distinctive sign PM and has been issued ever since.
Until about the year 2000 vehicles from the old districts received special identification numbers:
|Old district of Belzig||AH||1-999|
|YES – NZ|
|Old Potsdam district||P-Z|
Incorporation and amalgamation of municipalities
The table shows the incorporations and mergers of municipalities since the district was formed on December 5, 1993.
- Marie-Luise Buchinger, Marcus Cante: Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany . Monuments in Brandenburg. Potsdam-Mittelmark district 14.1 = Nördliche Zauche: communities Groß Kreutz, Kloster Lehnin, Michendorf, Schwielowsee and city Werder (Havel) as well as Gollwitz and Wust (city Brandenburg an der Havel) . Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft , Worms 2009. ISBN 978-3-88462-285-8
- Potsdam and its surroundings (= values of the German homeland . Volume 15). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1969.
- Havelland around Werder, Lehnin and Ketzin (= values of the German homeland . Volume 53). 1st edition. Self-published by the Institute for Regional Geography, Leipzig 1992, ISBN 3-86082-014-1 .
- Sebastian children, Haik Thomas Porada on behalf of the Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography and Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig (ed.): Brandenburg an der Havel and surroundings. A geographical inventory in the area of Brandenburg an der Havel, Pritzerbe, Reckahn and Wusterwitz (= Landscapes in Germany. Values of the German homeland . Volume 69 ). Böhlau Verlag, Cologne 2006, ISBN 978-3-412-09103-3 .
- District of Potsdam-Mittelmark (ed.): Natural treasures in Potsdam-Mittelmark , Brandenburg University Printing Office and Verlagsgesellschaft Potsdam mbH, 2012, p. 72.
- Official website of the district of Potsdam-Mittelmark
- Mittelmark-ABC - The internet portal for Potsdam-Mittelmark
- Historical landscape Potsdam-Mittelmark
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Landkreis Potsdam-Mittelmark (Hrsg.): Natural treasures in Potsdam-Mittelmark , Brandenburgische Universitätsdruckerei and Verlagsgesellschaft Potsdam mbH, 2012, p. 72.
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Landkreis Potsdam-Mittelmark . Pp. 8-9
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 1, A II 4. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg. (respective editions of the 4th quarter)
- census database
- Local elections in the state of Brandenburg on May 26, 2019 , p. 21
- office and next new elections of the district administrators ( Memento of July 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Result of the district council election on October 9, 2016 ( Memento from October 26, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
- Zukunftsatlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Prognos AG Berlin, archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 24, 2018 .
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Landkreis Potsdam-Mittelmark . Pp. 34-38