|Height :||41 m above sea level NHN|
|Incorporation :||December 31, 2001|
|Postal code :||14532|
History and etymology
13th to 15th centuries
The first documentary mention took place in 1263 as Jutergotz . The name is derived from a Polish basic form Jutrogošč = place of a Jutrogost. The first part of the first name Jutro- is also contained in other Slavic prefixes such as Jutrowoj, Jutropecz, too Ur-Slavic utro, j-utro = morning, dawn. The second part -gost (too ancient Slavic gost = guest is widespread in intentions. It is mostly Germanized as -gast, in special cases also as -gotz (for example Dabergotz , district of Ostprignitz-Ruppin )). Folk etymology , the name was also misinterpreted as a morning idol. In 1263 the Lehnin monastery acquired the upper and lower court, lease, interest and jug interest. The Margrave reserved the peasants' tension services and the Bede as well as some other taxes (meadow interest and willow grain). There was also a third property. From the land book of Charles IV it is known that the place Jutergotz , Gutergotz or Jutergoz was 43 hooves in size, two of which were tax-exempt parish hooves. The Schulze had four hooves. There was also a jug and six Kötterhöfe . In 1411 Gütergotz was plundered by robber knights from Magdeburg. It does not seem to have recovered from this raid for a long time. In the meantime, the district had grown to 52 hooves in 1450, but two hooves had fallen desperately . A year later there were even six hooves in Jutergaitz .
The lords of Schlabrendorf had acquired the taxes of some people in Gütergotz at Castle Beuthen in 1509 , which they sold to the rule of Spiel in Dahlem before 1543 . The margravial rights first came to the Saarmund office , later to the Potsdam and Mühlenhof offices, and around 1700 all to the Potsdam office. They were replaced at the beginning of the 19th century. After the secularization of the monastery in 1542, the ownership share of the Lehnin monastery was awarded to the von Klitzing family , and in 1565 to a citizen Döring with higher and lower courts, street rights, church patronage and the award of the Schulzen property. In 1589, he had the right to buy out a farm and a farmyard in order to convert the farms into a knight's seat.
In 1615 there was another attack in the place. Two "subjects" of the citizen Döring, who operated the linen weaving trade, were attacked and robbed by Teltow linen weavers. Further disaster came to Gütergotz with the Thirty Years War . In 1624 there were ten Hufnerhöfe , five Kötterhofe, a shepherd, two pairs of householders, but no blacksmiths of their own. If necessary, a blacksmith came to the 50 Hufen place. After the war in 1652 only the Viceschulze, three farmers and three Kötter lived in Güterfelde. The vacant knight's seat must have been damaged in the war, because there was an “electoral consensus” from 1695 that allowed it to be rebuilt. This was done by Benjamin Ursinus von Bär, who owned the estate from 1694 to 1715.
Around 1700 the knight's seat had six free hooves . There was also a Lehnschulzengut with four free hooves, eight farmers with 38 bad hooves, three Kötterhof and an unoccupied Kötterhof. From 1701 to 1721 the Ursin von Baer took over the Döringsche Gut. Then the property came to the Potsdam office. In 1745 there were nine farmers, three kötter and a jug. This situation changed little over the next few decades: in 1770 there were eight farmers, three kötter and ten Büdner. In 1771 they paid eight groschen each for 44 hooves.
In 1801 Gütergotz had grown to seven farms, two half-farmers, two Ganzkötter and 14 Büdner. There were also eleven residents. There was now a permanent forge, a brewing jug and a windmill. The statistics counted 38 fireplaces. The castle , built by David Gilly in 1804 , had Albrecht von Roon , who owned the estate from 1868 to 1873, rebuilt in a Baroque style. In 1840 there were a total of 45 houses in the village and estate. In 1858 there were twelve farm owners with 31 servants and maidservants. There were 23 part-time farmers with three servants and maids as well as 26 workers and two servants. Gütergotz still had 35 properties. Two totaled 636 acres , ten more together 1778 acres, 20 together 136 acres, and three more that only took up six acres. In the meantime, numerous trades had settled in Gütergotz. There was a master shoemaker, a tailor, two journeyman carpenter, a master wheelwright, a master cooper, a master blacksmith with a journeyman and an apprentice, a jug, an official and a poor man in the village. The landowner lived in the manor with eleven servants and maids as well as 22 day laborers. There was a servant and eight servants. The property was 2,200 acres and provided work for its own master tailor. In 1860 there were two public buildings in the village as well as 42 residential and 62 farm buildings, including a flour mill. The manor consisted of six residential and seven farm buildings, including a distillery. In 1893 the city of Berlin acquired the former manor and used it as a children's tuberculosis sanctuary. The areas were used for irrigation .
20th and 21st centuries
In 1900 there were 63 houses in the village and six in the manor. Gütergotz continued to grow and through further construction work there were already 89 houses in 1931. The district of Kienwerder emerged in the 1920s and 1930s as a residential area west of the old village. On October 20, 1937 Gütergotz was renamed as "Güterfelde" as part of the National Socialist Germanization of Slavic place names. In contrast to other places, it has not been given its original name back to this day, although the mayor used the name Gütergotz and the old municipal seal again in a letter in June 1945 .
After the Second World War , 380 hectares were expropriated from the former manor. 272 hectares were divided. 31 hectares were divided between 152 farmers, two further farmers received a total of three hectares, and one farm received six hectares. Seven farms received 89 hectares, one farm 15. A further 13 old farmers received a total of 127 hectares of additional land. This was accompanied by a considerable fragmentation of the agricultural land. In 1953 it led to the establishment of a type I, later type III LPG with initially 12 members and 64 hectares of agricultural land. In 1960 there were already 50 members who jointly cultivated 330 hectares. In the same year, another LPG Type I was founded with 12 members and 103 hectares, which joined the LPG Type III in 1968.
From 1952 to the summer of 2010 the castle was a nursing home for the elderly and was converted for residential purposes in the 2010s. In 1973 there was a mortar factory owned by VEB Bau Potsdam-Land. The VEG Meat and Fresh Egg Production Falkensee had a department in Güterfelde with a pullet rearing facility. The two LPGs continued to exist; there was also a cooperative plant production.
The following overview shows the population development:
Buildings and green spaces
- The most striking building in Güterfelde is the castle , which was completed in 1804.
- The village church is a stone church from the 13th century. The choir , which had previously been drawn in , was bricked up by the parish to the width of the nave in 1867 . The building was renovated at the beginning of the 21st century. Immediately next to the village church is the village cemetery with a memorial for the fallen soldiers of the First World War from Gütergotz.
- To the south of the castle park there is a small cemetery with a small chapel, which is mainly used for former castle residents.
- The cemetery for prisoners of war , forced laborers and concentration camp inmates is located in the Soviet cemetery of honor next to the Güterfelde forest cemetery in Wilmersdorfer on Potsdamer Straße . An obelisk commemorates 1,389 Soviet citizens, 101 Poles , four Yugoslavs , two Italians and one Czech . On the forest cemetery itself, a memorial commemorates 383 Poles and 720 Germans who died as prisoners in the Sachsenhausen and Wewelsburg concentration camps in 1942.
The Lider Doner production has in the industrial area on Priesterweg in Güterfelde its main production facility.
In the old mill building in Güterfelde, designers Thomas Adam and Stephan Ziege have been running the porcelain manufactory "Adam & Ziege", founded in 1990 in Berlin, since 1998 . The factory was closed in 2015.
From the well-known theologian dynasty Rendtorff are connected with Gütergotz: Heinrich Rendtorff (1814–1868), 1855–1861 pastor in G., as well as Franz Martin Leopold Rendtorff (1860–1937), born on August 1st, 1860 in Gütergotz.
- Peter Hahn: Berlin cemeteries in Stahnsdorf. History, stories, people. Oase Verlag, Badenweiler 2010, ISBN 978-3-88922-065-3 .
- Peter Reichelt: Forgotten Landscape Rieselfelder. Self-published 2006, ISBN 3-00-015522-8 .
- Pastor von Gütergotz, HEA Brodersen, booklet XII of the writings of the Association for the History of the City of Berlin from 1874 Chronicle of Gütergotz .
- Lieselott Enders and Margot Beck: Historical local dictionary for Brandenburg. Part IV. Teltow. Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1976.
- Peter Reichelt: +++ Seen in town +++ Stories and history from Stahnsdorf-Kleinmachnow-Ruhlsdorf-Sputendorf-Schenkenhorst-Güterfelde 12/2018 ISBN 978-3-00-061381-4
- Integration of the communities Güterfelde, Schenkenhorst and Sputendorf into the community Stahnsdorf. Announcement of the Ministry of the Interior of September 25, 2001. Official Journal for Brandenburg, Joint Ministerial Gazette for the State of Brandenburg, Volume 12, 2001, Number 44, Potsdam, October 30, 2001, p. 695 PDF
- Gerhard Schlimpert: Brandenburg name book part 3 The place names of the Teltow. Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1972.
- Georg Piltz, Peter Garbe: Palaces and gardens in the Mark Brandenburg . Seemann, Leipzig 1987, ISBN 3-363-00063-4 , pp. 179, 197.
- Gero Lietz: On dealing with the National Socialist place-name legacy in the Soviet Zone / GDR. Leipzig 2005, p. 157
- Konstanze Wild: Renovation of the Güterfelder Schloss begins, but new building projects in the garden are controversial in: Märkische Allgemeine from January 26, 2012
- Güterfelde forest cemetery
- Weblink Porzellanmanufaktur A&Z
- Jens Steglich: Adam and Ziege give up their production. Märkische Allgemeine, June 20, 2015, accessed on November 2, 2018 .