Templiner See

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Templiner See
Lausitz Luftsport- & Techniktage 2013-one-way flight by-RaBoe 1007.jpg
View from the southwest. Potsdam in the background,
Caputh in the front right.
Geographical location State of Brandenburg ( Germany )
Tributaries Havel
Drain Havel
Places on the shore City of Potsdam , municipality of Schwielowsee with Caputh
Coordinates 52 ° 22 '3 "  N , 13 ° 1' 6"  E Coordinates: 52 ° 22 '3 "  N , 13 ° 1' 6"  E
Altitude above sea level 29.4  m
surface 5.11 km²dep1
length 5.8 kmdep1
width 1.2 kmdep1
Maximum depth 6 m



Potsdam area 1833.jpg
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The Templiner See is part of a chain of large lakes in the area of ​​the central Havel , which extends from Nieder Neuendorfer See in Berlin to the Großer Zernsee behind Werder (Havel) .


It was named after the village of Templin on the south-eastern shore of the lake and the peninsula named after it with the Templin forest pool .

As part of the Potsdam Havel, which belongs to the Lower Havel waterway , it has the status of a federal waterway of waterway class  IV; The Brandenburg Waterways and Shipping Office is responsible .

Nocturnal frozen Neustädter Havel Bay from the south, winter 2006
Neustädter Havelbucht to the south, to Untere Planitz and Küssel
Postage stamp from the German Post of the GDR , September 21, 1976

With its parts Neustädter Havelbucht, Vorderkappe and Hinterkappe , the Templiner See lies in an Ice Age basin and is basically a widening of the Havel . It stretches from northeast to southwest and most of it lies in the municipal area of ​​the city of Potsdam . Only in a small area in its southern part does it belong to the municipality of Schwielowsee and borders on its district of Caputh . The northeast end of the lake begins south of the Lustgarten Potsdam at the widening of the Havel, about 230 m downstream of the crossing of the Berlin-Potsdam-Magdeburg railway . The south-west end cannot be clearly delimited, therefore the narrowing of the Havel before Caputh is assumed to be about 52 ° 21 '09 "north latitude and 12 ° 59' 46" east longitude.

The length to be passed by ship is around 6.5 km, but measured as a straight line it is only 5.83 km. Different peninsulas and islands cause several bottlenecks in the Templiner See. The Hermannswerder peninsula juts out into the lake like an anvil from the southeast . The resulting bays hot toe in the Northeast and heel cap in the southwest. Since the front and back caps are connected by the Judengraben , Hermannswerder forms an artificial island.

The northern part of the lake is characterized by the current peninsula and former island of Untere Planitz and the island of Obere Planitz . The route of the Berlin-Magdeburg railway runs over the Lower Planitz . The part of Lake Templin north of the Lower Planitz is called Neustädter Havelbucht .

The bottleneck at Hermannswerder and the street Auf dem Kiewitt is only about 110 m, another south of the site of the Military History Institute is about 190 m. The maximum width of the Templiner See is given as 1.17 km.

A 90 m wide, 1,170 m long and 10 m high railway embankment was poured through the widest part of the lake to close the Berlin outer ring in the 1950s. It seals off the lower, south-western third almost completely. A passage only 150 m wide enables the connection between the parts of the lake. Most of the lakeshore in the northeastern area of ​​the Templiner See is shaped by the Potsdam city center and the districts of Brandenburger Vorstadt , Teltower Vorstadt and Templiner Vorstadt . What is striking here, especially in the bays, is the large number of jetties. The lakeshore areas outside the villages are lined with forest. On the north-west bank the mixed deciduous forest of the Pirschheide grows on a flat base moraine and on the opposite side of the lake, after the ascent of a set back high bank, predominantly mixed pine forest grows. The Templin lido , which is named after the deserted village of the same name , is located on this bank side south of the embankment mentioned above. In the immediate vicinity is the Forsthaus Templin brewery , which emerged from a small manufacture in the 18th century.

On the northwest shore are on the one hand - to the north of the railway line of the outer ring - the Potsdamer airship port with the sports facilities of the Olympic base in Potsdam and the Congress Hotel Potsdam on the other hand - south of the railway line - near the lodge Gaisberg in Pirschheide the international convention center Seminaris SeeHotel Potsdam and the campsite Sanssouci-Gaisberg .

A passenger ferry runs every quarter of an hour between the Potsdam urban areas of Brandenburger Vorstadt and Hermannswerder .

See also

Web links

Commons : Templiner See  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Directory E, Ser. No. 60 of the Chronicle. ( Memento of the original from July 22, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.wsv.de