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Peninsula in Croatia
The Arabian Peninsula is a peninsula despite their size.

A peninsula is a land mass lying in a body of water , which protrudes above the water level even at high tide , which is predominantly, but not completely, surrounded by water, but still has a natural connection to the mainland .

Peninsulas can have an area of ​​up to several million square kilometers , such as Italy or the Iberian Peninsula , but they can also be so small that their width and length (which usually exceeds the width) are only a few hundred meters.


One form of the peninsula is the headland and the particularly narrow spit that has been washed up . If a peninsula is located in inland water (lake, river), it is also referred to as an "inland peninsula".

Delimitation between islands and peninsulas

The German word peninsula originated as a loan translation of the Latin word peninsula, which literally means "fast island". The Latin expression is still widely used today , particularly through the English language (Peninsula), Spanish language (Península) and French language (Péninsule).

  • Peninsulas are often former islands that got a connection to the mainland through silting, for example Gibraltar and the Crimea. Conversely, a peninsula may also be declared an island in linguistic usage, as it has acquired a corresponding waterfront position over time; see. Neuenhagen Island .
  • The three-sided environment of water and the connection to the mainland are mostly of natural origin in peninsulas. Artificial structures such as canals that separate a natural peninsula from the mainland do not necessarily make them an island in everyday language. An example of this is the Peloponnese which, despite the Corinth Canal, is only considered a peninsula. The same applies to Jutland with the Kiel Canal running through to the south . A counterexample is Samosir , originally a peninsula, it only became an island through a canal. There are also artificial islands , such as the Danube Island , which were created by artificial watercourses.
  • Bridges or artificial dams that permanently connect an island to the mainland usually do not make it a peninsula. Despite the Hindenburg dam connecting it to the coast , Sylt is an island, and the same applies to the largest German island, Rügen , with the Rügen dam connecting to the mainland .
  • Human impacts that connected an island to the mainland and that were forgotten can lead to a former island being classified as a peninsula over time. The Fischland-Darß-Zingst located between Rostock and Stralsund is now regarded as a peninsula, although it used to be an island (chain). Also Holnis , an original island on the Baltic Sea, is now considered peninsula.
  • There can also be peninsulas on islands. Examples are peninsulas on Great Britain and Ireland . Even peninsulas can in turn have peninsulas, and these in turn can have further peninsulas. Example: Jutland - Djursland - Mols .

Some more famous peninsulas







See also

References and comments

  1. Duden - German Universal Dictionary. 5th edition. Dudenverlag, Mannheim 2003, (keyword “peninsula”).
  2. ^ Insel-Lexikon, definition
  3. The Brockhaus in six volumes. Mannheim 2008 (keyword "peninsula")
  4. Duden - German Universal Dictionary. 5th edition. Dudenverlag, Mannheim 2003, (keyword “peninsula”).
  5. The Brockhaus in six volumes. Mannheim 2008 (keyword "peninsula")
  6. The Brockhaus in six volumes. Mannheim 2008 (keyword "peninsula")

Web links

Commons : Peninsulas  - collection of images, videos, and audio files
Wiktionary: Peninsula  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations