Golm (Potsdam)

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State capital Potsdam
Golm coat of arms
Coordinates: 52 ° 24 ′ 29 ″  N , 12 ° 57 ′ 50 ″  E
Height : 36 m
Residents : 3031  (Dec. 31, 2017)
Incorporation : October 26, 2003
Postal code : 14476
Area code : 0331
Golm (Brandenburg)

Location of Golm in Brandenburg

Gut Schloss Golm
Gut Schloss Golm

Golm (from Kulm , also in West Slavic chelm "hill", compare Polish Chełm ) is a western part of Potsdam . Among other things, it houses a complex of the University of Potsdam , several institutes of the Max Planck and Fraunhofer societies, as well as the Brandenburg state command of the Bundeswehr in the Havelland barracks , which extends into the Eiche district . The place name refers either to the 68  m above sea level. NN high Reiherberg at the village center or on the 57 m above NN high Ehrenpfortenberg in the east of the district.


The district borders in the north on the Potsdam districts Grube and Bornim , in the east on the Potsdam district Eiche , in the south on Wildpark-West , which belongs to the district of Geltow of the Schwielowsee municipality , and in the west on the Großer Zernsee .

The Kuhfort residential area at the Potsdam Wildlife Park is located in the southeast of Golm . To the west of it is the valley of the Golm lynx .


Development since the 9th century

The place name, which means something like hill , goes back to Slavic settlers from the 9th to 11th centuries . In the 11th to 12th centuries, German settlers immigrated. The oldest written mention of Golm dates back to 1289. In 1685, Swiss farmers settled in Golm and the surrounding area and had a lasting influence on development.

On the eastern edge of the district several buildings were erected in the 1930s for the " Luftnachrichtenabteilung Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe ". The "Reichsmusikzug" Herms Niels was also stationed in the field master school .

During the GDR era, the National People's Army moved into the south-eastern part (towards Kuhforter Damm) - the Bundeswehr is located there today - and the university of the Ministry for State Security - today part of the University of Potsdam - in the north-western part (towards today's train station) .

In the eastern part of Golm there were also drilling for natural gas , which reached a few hundred meters into the earth.

From 1948 to 1993 the radio station Golm for medium wave was in the vicinity . The transmission power was 20 kW. For this purpose, a 100 meter high wooden tower was built in 1948 from the material of the towers of the radio station Rehmate , which carried the transmitting antennas on four arms (vertical trap). This tower was later replaced by two 51 meter high steel masts (self-radiating, Marconi antenna with capacitive roof load and extension coil , an operating antenna, a replacement antenna). On October 25, 1979, the wooden tower was blown up because it was in disrepair. Since October 27, 1953, the day the wooden tower in Wiederau was blown up , it must have been the tallest wooden structure in the GDR .

Administrative affiliation

Golm was a municipality in the Osthavelland district . On August 1, 1935, the place was reclassified to the Potsdam district. On July 25, 1952, he was spun off from Potsdam. Together with the neighboring village of Eiche, it formed the new community of Eiche-Golm in the Potsdam-Land district . On January 1, 1962, Golm separated from Eiche and became independent again. Finally, on October 26, 2003, after protests, Golm was incorporated into Potsdam. The majority of the residents and the local council supported the connection to Werder (Havel) .


coat of arms

The coat of arms was designed by the heraldist Frank Diemar and shows a heron on a green background, a talking element for the heron mountain.


Marcus Krause (SPD) was the mayor of Golm until 2017. After his resignation, Saskia Ludwig (CDU) was elected mayor in 2018 . Kathleen Krause (SPD) has been the mayor in Golm since June 2019.


Campus Golm of the University of Potsdam
Campus of the Max Planck Institutes in the Golm Science Park

The district of Golm is home to a large science location in the state of Brandenburg with numerous scientific institutes. The site, initially known as the Golm Science Park, has been called the Potsdam Science Park since 2019. A total of over 2,700 people, including 145 professors and 450 international researchers, are employed in the Science Park and an estimated 9,000 students are active. The science campus comprises the following scientific facilities on an area of ​​50 hectares:

The location management for the Potsdam Science Park lies with the location management Golm GmbH, whose shareholders are the state capital Potsdam and the University of Potsdam.

Before the fall of the Berlin Wall , a chair for operational psychology had been set up at the Law School of the Ministry for State Security (MfS) in Golm , which no longer existed after the MfS was dissolved.


Old village church Golm.jpg
Old village church
New Church Golm 09-2013 - 2.JPG
Kaiser Friedrich Church

Below the Reiherberg are the old village church and the new Golm church, consecrated on July 24th, 1886. The old village church is a simple hall construction made of field stones with a rounded choir. It was probably built in the 13th century, but has been reshaped several times. In 1718 it received the current simple baroque tower, the medieval window openings were bricked up and replaced by larger windows. It is considered to be the oldest building in Potsdam. The new Golm Church was named after its sponsor, the 99-day Emperor Friedrich III. named who, as Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm, supported the construction of the church together with his wife Victoria . Right next to this neo-Gothic church is the “Storchenbank”, from which you can watch storks on an eyrie across the street.

Gut Schloss Golm is located at Großer Zernsee, where UFA stars recovered from filming 70 years ago . Before the fall of the Wall, the Delitzsch Reichsbahn repair shop used the building as a holiday camp for ages 9 to 12. It was built between 1912 and 1914 on behalf of Niuta von dem Bottlenberg. The musicians Cora and Swetlana von dem Bottlenberg have been running a hotel there since the mid-1990s.

The small duck catching pond in the south of the local area, about two kilometers from the village, was one of the oldest duck catching facilities in Germany. Their remains are under monument protection.


Renovated former station building

The Jüterbog – Nauen railway line opened in 1902 as part of the bypass line ran through Golm and was initially a single-track branch line . When the Berlin outer ring was built in the 1950s, the line was expanded. The Golm station has a regional train connection on the lines from Potsdam to Wustermark and Hennigsdorf . In 2008 the station facilities were rebuilt and the platforms moved north. Since 2011, trains between Potsdam and Schönefeld Airport have also been routed via Golm. Some of the trains continue to Berlin Friedrichstrasse during rush hour .

Web links

Commons : Golm  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population residents by district. Statistics and Elections for the City of Potsdam, accessed on April 9, 2018 .
  2. ^ Siegfried Seidel: Portrait. A Märkische municipality with over 700 years of tradition and future. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on March 27, 2014 ; Retrieved April 3, 2013 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.golm-info.de
  3. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003
  4. Saskia Ludwig, the new local head of Golm, on wir-sind-werder.de, accessed on November 17, 2018.
  5. New local director elected, accessed on August 5, 2019
  6. a b Golm science location. Retrieved April 23, 2017 .
  7. ^ GO website: IN - Golm Innovation Center. Retrieved April 23, 2017 .
  8. ^ Stefan Trobisch-Lütge : Psychological consequences to this day: "decomposition" victims of the GDR secret police . In: Federal Center for Political Education . October 7, 2016 ( bpb.de [accessed November 19, 2019]).
  9. Golm district of Potsdam, sights worth seeing, old village church in Golm
  10. ^ Church in Golm: Potsdam's oldest building is for sale, Berliner Morgenpost, March 28, 2008
  11. Do like Niuta! The musicians Cora and Swetlana von dem Bottlenberg build on an old success story at Golm Castle. Potsdamer Zeitungsverlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG, July 5, 2005, accessed on April 3, 2013 .