College of the Ministry of State Security

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University of the MfS
- XX -
activity 1951-1990
Sponsorship Emblem Stasi.svg MfS
place Oak Golm
country GDR
last rector Willi Opitz
Employee 758

The university of the Ministry for State Security was a training facility for employees of the State Security Service of the GDR . Founded on June 16, 1951 as the "School of the MfS", on February 16, 1965 it was given the status of a "College for Legal Education". The training was a legal degree only in name, but not in content. It was not a training place for a legal profession or a legal research institute, but an academic intelligence agency of the Ministry of State Security with a very strong ideological orientation and is therefore used by the historian Kowalczuk classified as one of the ideology universities of the GDR. It ceased its activity in January 1990.


The MfS University was founded in 1951 in Eiche-Golm (Potsdam) and was subordinate to the main management and training department. In 1965 it was renamed the Potsdam Law School (JHS). Between 1966 and 1989 there around 3300 persons acquired the conclusion of a diploma lawyers and 347 persons were graduated , including alexander schalck-golodkowski .

Its existence was strictly confidential and was therefore not listed in the official university directory of the GDR. Only employees of the Ministry of State Security were admitted to the course. The university of the Ministry for State Security appeared on examination certificates, documents or in correspondence as the “Potsdam Legal University”.

The university of the MfS (or "Law School") should not be confused with the Academy for Political Science and Law , which was also based in Potsdam.

The buildings of the university are now part of the University of Potsdam, founded in 1991, as "Complex II Golm" .

The main intelligence administration (HVA) responsible for international espionage had its own training facility in Gosen near Erkner .


Status: October 1989

Heinz Meissner was released from his position as deputy for training and education and from October 1, 1989, he was released from full-time party work.

Lack of scientific quality

The university awarded the title of Dr. jur. or a Dr. sc. jur. without having fulfilled the scientific requirements applicable to doctorates. A large part of the diploma theses prepared at the MfS university was created in teamwork without any scientific foundation or only comprised a few pages.

The dissertations prepared at the MfS University were kept strictly confidential. An exchange with anyone or even other scientists about this work was therefore not possible and therefore no verifiability was given, which represents a fundamental violation of the values ​​of science .

The academic degrees awarded by the Stasi University were not revoked, but a legal diploma obtained there does not entitle the holder to take up or resume a “legally regulated legal profession”. In the explanations to the Unification Agreement of August 31, 1990, it is stated that training at this university was "only in name but not in terms of content a legal degree". Holders of the MfS diplomas can therefore only work as lawyers, for example, if they had already been admitted to the bar in the GDR on October 3, 1990. There was no withdrawal of already existing lawyer licenses.

In 2019, Roland Jahn , federal commissioner for the Stasi files, suggested that former Stasi officers should have a doctorate with the addition of "Stasi". Because a withdrawal is not possible on the basis of the Unification Treaty, they should at least be obliged to make the addition. The work was "instructions for violating human rights".

Connections to the institute of the customs administration of the GDR

The MfS university maintained close connections to the institute of the customs administration of the GDR " Heinrich Rau " in Plessow (from 1965 to December 1980 technical school). These contacts were brought into being especially in the 1970s and 1980s by the director of the institute Dieter Rutsch and his first deputy and later successor Horst Bischoff and deepened until the fall of the Wall .


  • Günter Förster: The Law School of the MfS (MfS manual) . Ed. BStU. Berlin 1996, ISBN 978-3-942130-22-6 . Online access
  • Günter Förster: The dissertation at the "Law School" of the MfS. An annotated bibliography (Documents - Series A). Ed. BStU. Berlin 1997. Online access
  • Günter Förster: Bibliography of the diploma theses and theses at the MfS University (Series A: Documents No. 1/1998). Ed. BStU. Berlin 1998. Online access
  • Günter Förster: The Law School of the Ministry for State Security . The social structure of their doctoral candidates, Münster 2001, ISBN 3-8258-4589-3 .
  • Stefan Gerber: For the training of qualified lawyers at the MfS University , Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-8305-0008-4 .
  • Jens Gieseke : The full-time employees of the State Security . Personnel structure and living environment 1950–1989 / 90, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-86153-227-1 .
  • Jens Gieseke : Doctors of Chek Studies. The doctoral candidates of the “Law School” of the MfS ( PDF ), 1994, ISBN 978-3-942130-54-7
  • Waldemar Hirch: The scientific representation of "decomposition" in theses at the Potsdam Law School. In: ders .: decomposition of a religious community. Niedersteinbach 2001, ISBN 3-00-006250-5 . ( Ausgabe/zersetzung-einer-religionsgemeinschaft/s-18 Auszüge online)
  • Jörn-Michael Goll: Controlled Controllers: The Importance of the Customs Administration for the Politically Operational Work of the Ministry for State Security of the GDR. Göttingen 2011

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Günter Förster: The Law School of the MfS (MfS manual) . Ed. BStU. Berlin 1996, ISBN 978-3-942130-22-6 .
  2. a b Ilko-Sascha Kowalczuk: "You are back" - From Stasi officer to lawyer ( Federal Agency for Political Education , 2005), accessed on December 29, 2008
  3. ^ Günter Förster: The Law School of the MfS (MfS-Handbuch) , ed. BStU. Berlin 1996, p. 36
  4. Uwe Müller: With the Stasi to the doctorate. In: . November 18, 2013, accessed October 7, 2018 .
  5. Subject "subversive groups" - on teaching and learning at universities in the GDR - under the control of SED and MfS on
  6. "Doctors of Chek Studies" Law School (overview of the BStU)
  8. Regulations JHS 2/87 on the award of the academic degrees "doctor juris" (Dr. jur.) - Doctorate A - and "doctor scientiae juris" (Dr. sc. Jur.) - Doctorate B.
  9. Dr. jur. stasi. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung. November 16, 2013, p. 6.
  10. Unification Agreement Annex I, Chapter III, A III Subject A (Administration of Justice) Section III, No. 8 Letter y, jj
  11. BT-Drs. 11/7817 : Explanations of the annexes to the treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic on the establishment of the unity of Germany of August 31, 1990 - Unification Treaty -, p. 23 (PDF; 4.0 MB)

Coordinates: 52 ° 24 ′ 35 ″  N , 12 ° 58 ′ 29 ″  E