Herms Niel

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Herms Niel , actually Ferdinand Friedrich Hermann Nielebock , (born April 17, 1888 in Nielebock near Genthin ; † July 16, 1954 in Lingen (Ems) ) was the most important marching song composer of the “ Third Reich ”.


After finishing school in 1902, he completed an apprenticeship with Adolf Büchner , the town of Genthin ; In October 1906 he joined the 1st Guards Regiment on foot in Potsdam as a trombonist , during World War I he was head of the music corps of Infantry Regiment No. 423 . After the end of the war in 1918 he retired from the army and worked as a tax officer until 1927. Niel was co-founder of the knighthood orchestra formed in Potsdam in 1927 , in which he worked as a composer and lyricist .

After the seizure of power of the Nazis , he was with effect from 1 May 1933 a member of the Nazi party and among the party's number registered 2,171,788. During the period of National Socialism , he brought it among other things to the main music platoon leader in the Reich Labor Service and led the in the field of master school in Golm stationed Empire Musikzug with the rank of Colonel Field Master . At the party rallies of the NSDAP in Nuremberg, Niel conducted all the Reich Labor Service music trains. Niels Marschlieder, which were largely used for Nazi propaganda, were accordingly widely disseminated by the Nazi regime and became popular with the public , especially during the Second World War . On April 20, 1941, Adolf Hitler appointed him professor despite the title ban .

In the post-war period Niel lived in Lingen (Ems) , where he died in 1954.

Compositions (selection)

  • Eagle song
  • Annemariechen - Annemarie
  • Antje, my blond child
  • The Engellandlied (1939, text: Hermann Löns )
  • The whole company
  • The steel wings flash
  • Erika (A little flower blooms on the heather) [in the 1930s]
  • It's about the fatherland
  • It's so nice to be a soldier, Rosemarie
  • Edelweiss March
  • Paratrooper song
  • Aviator's Kiss
  • The blackbird sings early in the morning
  • Gerda - Ursula - Marie
  • Hannelore Marschlied
  • Today we're among ourselves again
  • Today we plunge into the blue sea
  • Today I have to divorce
  • In the rose garden of Sanssouci (reminiscence)
  • The wind whistles in the east
  • At home they stand on posts
  • Yes, that's right, yes
  • Comrade, we're marching west
  • Goodbye sweethearts (Annemarie-Polka, 1934)
  • Darling when i'm sad ...
  • Marie-Mara-Maruschkaka!
  • My Bismarckland
  • Moving forward with Mercedes Benz
  • Rosalinde
  • Rosemarie (Rosemarie, I love you so much)
  • In no time at all
  • Stuka over Africa
  • Tschingta Tschingta Bummtara
  • Our flag
  • Veronika-Marie
  • Waltraut is a beautiful girl
  • When the sun is shining, Annemarie (Die Landpartie)
  • Songs . In: Singing Comrades , Book 1, Berlin 1939.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Herms Niel , Internationales Biographisches Archiv 35/1954 of August 23, 1954, in the Munzinger Archive ( beginning of article freely accessible)
  2. Fred K. Prieberg : Handbook of German Musicians 1933–1945 , CD-Rom-Lexikon, Kiel 2004, p. 4.882.
  3. Fred K. Prieberg: Handbook of German Musicians 1933–1945 , CD-Rom-Lexikon, Kiel 2004, p. 4.902.
  4. Thomas Dupke: Hermann Löns, Myth and Reality. Claassen, Hildesheim 1994, ISBN 3-546-00086-2 , p. 167 ( limited preview in the Google book search).
  5. Cf. Sabine Berszinski: Modernization under National Socialism? A Sociological Category and Developments in German Schlager 1933–45 . Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau 1999/2000 - University thesis; at the same time master's thesis; uni-freiburg.de (PDF) accessed on 24. May 2012.