Together with the village of Preussnitz, Kuhlowitz has around 270 inhabitants on an area of 13 square kilometers (September 2005). Preussnitz has been a part of the municipality of Kuhlowitz since July 1, 1950 and joins it about 500 meters south. On December 31, 2002, Kuhlowitz was incorporated into (Bad) Belzig.
Location and natural space
Kuhlowitz is located in Belziger Vorfläming around two kilometers east of Bad Belzig on the western edge of the Lüsse glider airfield , where the 2008 glider world championship will take place. Around one kilometer north of the neighboring village of Lüsse , Kuhlowitz has a low-traffic country road connection to the federal highway 246 and in the south of Preussnitz to the B 102 . The Bundesstraße 102 is part of the Deutsche Alleenstraße between Bad Belzig and Brandenburg an der Havel . At a distance of a good three kilometers, the next southern neighbor is the village of Kranepuhl , which belongs to the municipality of Planetal . The village of Mörz joins from the same municipality in the west after four kilometers on the Plane river .
The village of Kuhlowitz, which is characterized by agriculture and forestry, is part of the Hoher Fläming Nature Park and is located on the edge of a gently rolling hilly landscape with fields and small forest sections. The valley of the Baitzer Bach limits the plateau to the east. The near-natural and in sections natural creek rises on the Kuhlowitz district , flows over Lüsse and Baitz near the Belziger landscape meadows into the Baruther glacial valley and after around 16 kilometers flows into the Belziger / Fredersdorfer Bach, which in turn flows over the Plane and Havel of the Elbe feeds. In the Middle Ages, the Baitzer Bach represented a swampy lowland.
As the entire Belziger room was also probably Kuhlowitz even before the establishment of the Mark Brandenburg by Albert the Bear settled in 1157th The place lies in the middle distance almost exactly on a line between the old castle places Mörz (not preserved) and Belzig ( castle Eisenhardt ), for which traces of settlement have already been proven for the Bronze and Iron Ages . The original name Culebaz indicates a Slavic settlement. Although the etymological interpretation is not entirely certain, the relevant literature today is based on the interpretation of Reinhard E. Fischer (1970), who derives Culebaz from the Polabian Kulbacici = people of Kulbaka or Kulbatici = people of Kulbat . The name Culebaz was first mentioned in writing in 1382 (according to Dieter Mehlhardt, 1327). Also according to Mehlhardt there were 12 or 13 farms around 1385 and the area around the village comprised 26 Hufen , which were later added by Hufen from the field mark of the deserted villages of Seedochte and Mehlsdorf. At that time, the farmers paid taxes to Gut Sandberg (Belzig) and those of Schwanebeck , a village north of Lüsse.
In the Middle Ages , before 1426, Kuhlowitz was part of the Belzig Vogtei . In later times the higher and lower jurisdiction lay in the office of Rabenstein-Belzig. The place developed well until the Thirty Years War . After the village was devastated by the war and completely empty in 1640, it took decades before the farms were reoccupied. There is evidence of a (lost) windmill for 1764 . In 1869 the village burned down except for three farms. In 1939, 21 farms are registered and even today determines Agriculture economic life in Kuhlowitz.
On July 1, 1950, the previously independent community of Preussnitz was incorporated.
The Protestant stone church impresses with its decorative eastern brick facing. This form of jewelry is unique for Fläming , while various churches in Prignitz have similar gables. Surrounded by a stone wall and the graves of the cemetery , the church is located at the east exit of the village.
The tower-less, hall-like building has an unusually steep roof structure, crowned by a three - sided half - timbered bell gable on the west side . The west wall of the roof ridge is made of solid field stone. The building is rectangular in an almost exact east-west orientation and is 18.50 meters high. The masonry consists largely of field stones, with some broken bricks and bricks mixed in. Most of the windows are arched , the saddle roof is covered with interlocking tiles and the tent roof of the tower is made of plain tiles .
The information on the origins of the core structure vary between the 14th and the first quarter of the 16th century. The experts for medieval churches in the Fläming-Teltower area, Theo Engeser and Konstanze Stehr, evaluated the relevant literature and carried out an intensive assessment of the church. They come to the conclusion that the basic layout of the building is most likely in the 15th century. The bell dates from 1521 and the gable tower from 1737. The wind vane bears the engraved numbers 1748 and 1907 and probably had a predecessor. In 1975, lightning struck the tower. In the course of the repair work, which lasted until 1980, the church roof was given a new covering (1979).
Inside, the church has galleries from the 17th century on the west and north sides . Inside arches are not available. The crossbeams in the flat roof are exposed. The furnishings include a wooden pulpit , a wood-latticed parish chair and an altarpiece from the early 18th century. The column-flanked central panel shows a Golgotha scene . The wooden baptism and the rows of chairs probably date from the baroque era . Noteworthy are six carved figures from 1510/1520 from an altar shrine, which, among other things , depict a Christophorus , a virgin with a crown, an Anna herself, and a bearded saint with a book. The organ from 1886 comes from the master organ builder Friedrich Wilhelm Lobbes from Niemegk and was repaired in 1961. In 1907/1908 the church interior was redesigned.
- Municipalities 1994 and their changes since January 1, 1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2002
- Reinhard E. Fischer : Brandenburg name book. Part 2: The place names of the Belzig district. Böhlau, Weimar 1970, quoted from Engerser / Stehr p. 1
- Dieter Mehlhardt: Märkische Dorfkirchen, No. 1-162. Series in: Potsdam Church. Potsdam 1975–1986, quotation and information from Engerser / Stehr p. 5f
- Theo Engeser and Konstanze Stehr, Kuhlowitz (Ev. Village church) The section “Feldsteinkirche Kuhlowitz” is based entirely on information from Engeser / Stehr; The information from the “relevant literature” is also cited and taken from here.