|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||88 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||236.07 km 2|
|Residents:||11,141 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||47 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||14806|
|Primaries :||033841, 033846 (Dippmannsdorf, Fredersdorf, Groß Briesen, Klein Briesen, Lütte, Ragösen, Verlorenwasser) , 033847 (Egelinde, Hohenspringe, Werbig)|
|License plate :||PM|
|Community key :||12 0 69 020|
|LOCODE :||DE BZG|
|City structure:||4 districts and 14 districts|
City administration address :
|Wiesenburger Strasse 6
14806 Bad Belzig
|Mayor :||Roland Leisegang (independent)|
|Location of the district town Bad Belzig in the district of Potsdam-Mittelmark|
Bad Belzig [ baːt ˈbɛlt͜sɪç ], until 2010 Belzig , is the district town of the Potsdam-Mittelmark district in the state of Brandenburg . Bad Belzig is a member of the “Cities with Historic Town Centers” working group of the state of Brandenburg. Since December 5th, 2009 Bad Belzig has been able to call itself an officially state-recognized thermal saltwater spa . On March 1, 2010 the change of the name from Belzig to Bad Belzig became legally effective. The urban area is identical to the Belzig office, which existed from 1992 to 2003 .
The city is located within the Hoher Fläming Nature Park and has one of the highest elevations in the North German lowlands with the Hagelberg (200 m) within the city area . Around three kilometers down the valley along the Belziger / Fredersdorfer Bach, the Belziger landscape meadows begin in the Fredersdorf district , forming a flat, low-vegetation landscape in the Baruther glacial valley . The settlement-free area of around 7,600 hectares is part of the Hoher Fläming Nature Park and has been designated as a nature reserve since July 1, 2005 with a portion of around 4,500 hectares . It is also one of the last refuges for the great bustard in Germany. The rivers in the city are the Temnitz and the Verlorenwasser . The tributary of the Temnitz is the Bullenberger Bach , the lost water is the Briesener Bach .
In today's urban area, north of the core city between Weitzgrund and Verlorenwasser, the geographical center of the GDR was .
The average annual precipitation is 607 mm. Precipitation varies only minimally and is evenly distributed over the year. Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at only four percent of the measuring stations in Brandenburg .
The city of Bad Belzig comprises the area of the (core) city with the district of Weitzgrund and the areas of the 14 districts:
- Mountain wood
- Groß Briesen with the municipality of Klein Briesen
- Hagelberg with the municipality of Klein Glien
- Kuhlowitz with the Preussnitz part of the municipality
- Werbig with the municipality parts Egelinde , High Jump and Verlorenwasser
The core town of Bad Belzig is divided into four districts:
- Old town
- Handle base
- Seedoche industrial park
There are also the residential areas Bullenberg, Forsthaus Rothebach, Grützdorf, Kleesenmühle / Obermühle, Neue Mühle, Ölschlägers Mühle, Röderhof, Springbachmühle, Waldsiedlung, Wenddoche and Wühlmühle.
From the Middle Ages to 1900
Belzig was first mentioned in a document in 997. After the death of Count Baderich , lord of Belzig (around 1251), the county passed to the Duchy of Saxony. In 1406 the Magdeburg bishops plundered the Belzig area, and the town and castle were also partially destroyed. Then the city was partially expanded and the castle rebuilt. From 1423 to 1815 Belzig belonged to the Belzig-Rabenstein office in the Saxon spa district. Martin Luther preached in St. Mary's Church in 1530 . The Lutherlinde, which was located in Belzig on the cemetery wall of the Gertraudenfriedhof, is said to be named after him. The city was partially destroyed again by Spanish troops during the Schmalkaldic War in 1547. About a hundred years later (1636), the town under the castle was again ravaged by the turmoil of war during the Thirty Years' War and almost completely destroyed by Swedish mercenaries. On June 6, 1665, Hedwig Rösemann was sentenced to death at the stake as a witch and executed. In 1702 Belzig received full city rights.
During the Wars of Liberation in 1813, the Battle of Hagelberg took place near Belzig . The decisions of the Congress of Vienna , the date to was Saxony belonging Belzig in 1815. Prussia awarded and 1,818 district seat of the Zauch-Belzig in the administrative district of Potsdam the province of Brandenburg .
From 1900 to 1949
The lung sanatorium (today a rehabilitation clinic ) was completed in 1900. Belzig was electrified in July 1909. The village of Sandberg below the castle to Jaegers Hintermühle (Kirchhofstraße) was incorporated in 1914. In 1934 the Roederhof ammunition factory was built. When the war began, there was also a forced labor camp south of Lübnitzer Strasse for 1,500 men and women, mainly from Eastern Europe. In 1943, a satellite camp of the Ravensbrück concentration camp was set up with 750 female prisoners who had to work in the local ammunition factory. The sick were brought back to Ravensbrück to be murdered. From 1939 to 1945 the city was the seat of the largest German radio station for wireless communication.
On the night of May 1, 1945, Mayor Otto Witte (NSDAP) fled west with his followers. Afterwards, under the direction of the teacher Arthur Krause, a decision was made to raise white flags and to disarm the HJ ler at a citizens' meeting of several hundred residents on May 2nd . On the night of May 3, the last soldiers of the Wehrmacht withdrew from the castle. The first Soviet soldiers reached the city during the day and moved on; Arthur Krause only managed to officially hand over the city to the Soviet commanders on May 4th.
From 1950 until today
From 1952 Belzig was the district town of the Belzig district in the newly formed GDR district of Potsdam . In April 1953 the city administration, which had previously been housed elsewhere, was able to move into the town hall again. In 1959 Weitzgrund became part of Belzig's municipality. In 1972 the town hall burned down due to negligence.
During the GDR era, the "Central School of the Society for Sport and Technology Etkar André" was located in Bad Belzig. There, full-time employees of the Central Enlightenment Administration (HVA) of the Ministry for State Security (MfS) were trained for activities in western countries. This also included the recruiting of female spies (“Romeo School”).
In the course of the formation of offices in the state of Brandenburg, 14 communities (Borne, Bergholz, Dippmannsdorf, Fredersdorf, Groß Briesen, Hagelberg, Kuhlowitz, Lübnitz, Lüsse, Lütte, Neschholz, Ragösen, Schwanebeck and the city of Belzig) from the then Belzig district joined an administrative community, the Amt Belzig . On June 24, 1992, the Minister of the Interior of the State of Brandenburg approved the establishment of the Belzig Office. June 30, 1992 was set as the date on which the office was established. The office had its seat in the city of Belzig (today Bad Belzig). On October 20, 1992, the municipality of Werbig was also assigned to the Belzig office. In 1993 three districts merged to form the Potsdam-Mittelmark district and Belzig district town. On December 31, 2002, the municipalities of Bergholz, Borne, Dippmannsdorf, Fredersdorf, Groß Briesen, Kuhlowitz, Lübnitz, Lüsse, Lütte, Neschholz, Ragösen and Werbig were incorporated into the town of Belzig. On October 23, 2003, the municipalities Hagelberg and Schwanebeck were finally incorporated into the city of Belzig by law and the Belzig office was dissolved. The municipality of Hagelberg lodged a municipal constitutional complaint with the constitutional court of the state of Brandenburg, which was partly rejected, the rest rejected. The city of Belzig became vacant. The former official municipalities are now districts of the city of Bad Belzig.
Belzig has been a state-approved climatic health resort since 1995 and the SteinTherme, which was opened in 2002 (reconstructed in 2009), is a thermal brine bath. The Hofgarten cinema was opened on May 18, 2005, and a bypass road east of the city on September 12, 2005. Belzig has been a state-approved spa since December 5th, 2009 . With effect from March 1, 2010, the city will be named Bad Belzig.
Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
The strong population growth in 2002 is due to the incorporation of 12 formerly independent municipalities, the growth in 2003 to the incorporation of a further two municipalities (see above in the "History" section). The year 2003 also marked the highest level of the population of Bad Belzig with almost 12,000 inhabitants.
The town council of Bad Belzig has 22 members and the full-time mayor. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result:
|Party / group of voters||Share of votes||Seats|
|Voting group "We from the village" (WvD)||14.2%||3|
|Free voter community Bad Belzig (FWBB)||7.2%||2|
|Business association for Belzig (GFB)||4.3%||1|
|Voting group "Citizens' Alliance Bad Belzig"||4.1%||1|
- 1990–2008: Peter Kiep (SPD), a trained radio mechanic, was elected by a large majority as a non-party on the SPD list in the first free local election. Due to illness, he was only able to exercise his office until 2006 and died of a serious illness on October 3, 2013.
- 2008–2016: Hannelore Klabunde-Quast (independent) had already taken over the representation of Kieps in 2006. She was elected to the city's mayor's office on September 28, 2008 as the first woman.
- Since December 1, 2016: Roland Leisegang (independent) was elected mayor of the city for a term of eight years in a run-off election on October 9, 2016 with 65.4% of the valid votes. From 1980 to 2012 he was the drummer of the rock band Keimzeit .
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on November 4, 1992.
Blazon : “In blue a silver, round tower with two crenellated wreaths, between which a black cross is visible, with a gold knobbed green dome and with an open gate at the bottom right. Leaning to the right is a sign that is divided into nine black and gold parts and covered with a green diamond wreath diagonally to the right. "
Sights and culture
- Eisenhardt Castle with an imposing keep ("Butter Tower", which was built shortly after Eisenhardt Castle, accessible, view) and museum
- Sankt-Briccius-Kirche , a hall church from the 12th century in the area of the outer bailey of Eisenhardt Castle. It is dedicated to St. Brictius of Tours . Inside there is an altarpiece and a pulpit from the 17th century. The tower is not, as usual, in the west of the building, but above the chancel in the east.
Historic city center with
- Marienkirche : Romanesque as a cross-shaped hall church built in the second half of the 13th century, in the south two late Gothic additions and a two-story sacristy . The keystone above the west entrance says that Luther preached in the church on January 14, 1530. The Brandenburg Organ Museum is also located in the Marienkirche .
- Town hall: Erected in the 16th century as an administrative building, burned down in 1636, simply built in 1671, a representative renaissance-style gable added in 1912, burned down in 1972 and the ruins removed, rebuilt from 1988 to 1991 based on the historical shape
- Reissigerhaus: built in 1728 on the church square as a schoolhouse with a teacher's and cantor's apartment, birthplace of court conductor Carl Gottlieb Reissiger
- Superintendent: built in 1678 on the church square above a medieval cellar
- Saxon post mile pillar in the former district of Sandberg (location Bahnhofsstraße 16, original parts in the castle museum)
- Roger Loewig House - museum and memorial
- Fläming-Gymnasium , listed building
- Historic Gertraudenfriedhof with Gertraudenkapelle , a late Gothic field stone building from the second half of the 15th century, which initially served as a hostel for the sick and needy. It is used as a cemetery chapel in the 21st century. Inside there are some remains of the wall paintings from the time the church was built.
- Belziger Teufelsstein with “the devil's handprint” on Kirchhofstrasse in front of the Gertraudenfriedhof
- Hofgarten-Belzig (cinema and event location)
- Stein Therme
- Glien manor in Hagelberg
- Post mill in Borne
- Monuments on the Hagelberg in memory of the Battle of Hagelberg in 1813
- Hoher Fläming art hiking trail , opened in 2007
- Hype “Steile Kieten” not far from the train station
The Belziger Mühlen reflect a long tradition. The Belziger Lumpenbach led its water past the Obermühle (Kleesen) before flowing into the Belziger / Fredersdorfer Bach. There were five mills on the Belziger Bach: the Schlossmühle (Dorno), the Mittelmühle (Engemann), the Hintermühle (Jaeger) near the Mühlenhölzchen, the Fulling Mill and the Neue Ratsmühle (today Finsterwalder). The Belzig compound feed works are located in the Hintermühle today. Two mills were driven by the Springbach, the Springbachmühle (Hannemanns Mühle) and Oelschläger's Mühle. The Springbachmühle was restored in 1998 based on the old model. The grounds and the mill pond were also restored.
- Spa gardens
Memorials and memorials
- Memorial for the concentration camp satellite camp , with a memorial stone since 1965, with a detailed information board about the two camps since 1980 (see history)
- Memorial at the Gertraudenfriedhof (1965) commemorating 98 perished forced laborers and their 38 children (the actual numbers are probably higher)
- Memorial stone for the Italian victims of forced labor (1994) at the Gertraudenfriedhof
- Monument to anti-fascist resistance fighters in front of the post office
- Memorial stone for the Scholl siblings in front of the “Geschwister Scholl” primary school on Weitzgrunder Weg
- Foundling in memory of the murdered resistance fighter Bruno Kühn in a green area below the comprehensive school
- Every Sunday at 11 a.m. city and castle tour from the Tourist Information Bad Belzig, Marktplatz 1 (all year round)
- Concert by the group Keimzeit in the courtyard of Eisenhardt Castle in July
- Castle festival week with old town festival in the last week of August
- Youth culture week of the cities and communities Bad Belzig, Wiesenburg / Mark , Brück , Niemegk and Ziesar
- Castle run on the second Sunday in October (since 1977)
- Monthly events from April to November in the Bad Belzig cabaret.
Economy and Infrastructure
The Potsdam-Mittelmark district administration in Niemöllerstrasse (old district administration building) and on Papendorfer Weg (extension buildings) is the major employer in the former agricultural town. Even as the seat of the Zauch-Belzig (1818–1952) and Belzig (1952–1993) districts, the administration was important for the otherwise rather rural area.
Otherwise, craft and medium-sized companies shape the economic structure. With a few exceptions, retail is concentrated in the city of Bad Belzig. Super, discount and hardware stores are more likely to be found on the exit roads. Small-scale retail continues to shape the historic old town. In a few districts there are still small grocery stores, bakeries and butchers. Another important employer in the city is the Bad Belzig district hospital .
The Seedoche business park on the B 246 at the end of the town in the direction of Brück is the only one in town with around 17 hectares. The occupancy rate is still unsatisfactory (with approx. 7 ha). The technology and start-up center (TGZ) "Fläming", which has existed since 1993, is intended to bring new impulses to the region or keep them there in terms of business start-ups, employment and economic development.
The ZEGG (Center for Experimental Society), which settled in the north of the city in 1991, sees itself as an economic and social model project .
“Bad Belzig” was the goal of the urban development policy that has been promoted since 1990. Tourism and the development of gastronomy and the hotel industry are therefore playing an increasing role in the economy of the city and its surroundings. The "Eisenhardt" castle, the castle's local history museum, the SteinTherme and the spa gardens, the leisure center with outdoor pool in summer, the spa gardens and the rehabilitation clinic are the cornerstones of this infrastructure. A subsidiary of the city, Kur- und Freizeit GmbH, operates the SteinTherme. The tourist information on the market square has been operated by the city administration again since 2013 (previously Kur- und Freizeit GmbH). In 2012, the Fläming with Bad Belzig as the central location was the venue for the German Hiking Day .
Bad Belzig is on the B 102 federal highway between Brandenburg an der Havel and Jüterbog and on the B 246 between Wiesenburg and Beelitz . The B 102 runs past the city as a bypass road. The nearest motorway junction (AS 5) is Niemegk on the A 9 (Berlin – Munich). It is located about nine kilometers to the southeast.
The Bad Belzig station is located on the railway line Berlin-Dessau . Regional Express trains on the RE 7 ( Airport Express ) line run every hour from Dessau via the Berlin Stadtbahn and Berlin-Schönefeld Airport station to Wünsdorf-Waldstadt .
Until 2003, the trains of the Brandenburg urban railway from Neustadt (Dosse) via Rathenow and Brandenburg an der Havel ended at a platform with its own reception building on the south side of the station. Until 1962 the passenger trains (after changing direction) continued to run to Treuenbrietzen .
Furthermore, Bad Belzig is a central hub for bus traffic in the southwest of the Potsdam-Mittelmark district. The Regiobus Potsdam-Mittelmark connects Bad Belzig with three PlusBus and other regional bus routes. The city has a bus station from which lines connect the small towns of the Hohen Fläming. There are hourly bus connections to Brandenburg an der Havel and Potsdam .
The Märkische Allgemeine , which is published in Potsdam, maintains the local editorial office “Fläming-Echo” responsible for the south-western district of Potsdam-Mittelmark in Bad Belzig.
- Primary school "Geschwister Scholl"
- Small primary school Dippmannsdorf
- Krause-Tschetschog-Oberschule Belzig
- Fläming high school
- School on the green ground: special school for mentally and physically handicapped people
- music school
- District adult education center
- Free School Fläming
City public institutions
- Culture, youth and media center "POGO Belzig"
- Eisenhardt Castle Museum
- Bad Belzig City Library
- "Karl Liebknecht" gymnasium
- Pushkin Gym
- Albert Baur multipurpose hall
- Heinrich Rau Stadium
- Bad Belzig outdoor pool
- Steintherme Bad Belzig
- Arthur Krause, teacher (since May 4, 1965)
- Erich Tschetschog (1899–1973), Catholic pastor (since May 4, 1965)
- Věra Koldová , Czech resistance fighter in the Belzig satellite camp (since January 23, 1985)
- Helga Kroening (1915–2004), director and chief physician of surgery at the Belziger district hospital (since October 3, 1990)
- Gerhard Dorbritz (1926–2015), Mayor 1960–1970, local writer (since 2006)
- Thea Labes (1937–2011), Cantor of Belziger Marienkirche (since 2007)
sons and daughters of the town
- Moritz Goltz (1495–1548), bookseller and publisher
- Johann Friedrich August Clar (1768–1844), etcher and engraver
- August Gottlob Eberhard (1769–1845), poet and writer
- Carl Gottlieb Reissiger (1798–1859), composer and court conductor in Dresden
- Friedrich August Reissiger (1809–1883), composer and organist in Norway
- Maximilian Meichßner (1875–1954), theologian, superintendent in Wittenberg
- Georg Hellmuth Neuendorff (1882–1949), reform pedagogue
- Hans Lobbes (1896–?), Police officer and SS leader
- Joachim Herrmann (1932–2010), prehistoric , born in Lübnitz
- Jürgen Busche (* 1944), journalist
- Volker Reiche (* 1944), comic artist
- Günter Baaske (* 1957), politician ( SPD ), long-time minister of the Brandenburg state government
- Marina Erdmann (* 1958), actress and acting teacher
- Norbert Leisegang (* 1960), musician
- Bernd Metzke (* 1966), handball player
- Frank Tempel (* 1969), politician ( Die Linke ), member of the Bundestag since 2009
- Wiebke Drenckhan (* 1977), physicist
- Matthias Rudolph (* 1982), soccer coach and player
- Felix Holzner (* 1985), soccer player
- Marvin Sommer (* 1991), handball player
- Willy Weyhrauch (* 1994), handball player
- Fabian Wiede (* 1994), handball player
Other personalities associated with the city
- Samuel Selfisch (1529–1615), publisher and bookseller from Wittenberg, owner of a paper mill in Belzig
- Jacob Wächtler (1638–1702), superintendent 1687–1702
- Christian Ernst Mussigk (1671–1724), superintendent 1702–1724
- Traugott August Seyffarth (1762–1831), superintendent 1812–1822
- Gottlob Ludwig Rabenhorst (1806–1881), botanist , apprenticeship as a pharmacist in Belzig
- Antonie Stemmler (1892–1976), resistance fighter against National Socialism , district administrator in the district of Zauch-Belzig
- Elly Schürmann (* 1924), nurse in Belzig operates from the International Red Cross awarded
- Karl-Heinz Pahling (1927–1999), strike leader in Niemegk and Belzig during the popular uprising of June 17, 1953
- Roger Loewig (1930–1997), draftsman and painter, lived in Bad Belzig
- Frank-Michael Pietzsch (* 1942), politician (CDU), worked as a doctor in Belzig
- Wam Kat (* 1956), cook, lives in Bad Belzig
- Dirk-Alexander Grams (* 1957), painter, lives in the Werbig district
- Nell Zink (* 1964), US author, lives in Bad Belzig
- Peter Feist: Eisenhardt Castle in Belzig . Kai Homilius Verlag , Berlin 1995, ISBN 3-931121-03-8 , ( reading sample )
- Felix Theodor Mühlmann: Walk through the history of the city of Belzig, the Eisenhardt castle and the surrounding area . Belzig 1870 ( digitized version )
- John Shreve: Wartime. Rural Germany 1914–1919, Belzig and the Zauch-Belzig district . Bebra-Verlag , Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-95410-045-3 .
- Lübnitz in the RBB broadcast Landschleicher on May 13, 2018
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Change of the name of the city of Belzig. Announcement of the Ministry of the Interior of February 12, 2010. Official Journal for Brandenburg - Joint Ministerial Gazette for the State of Brandenburg, Volume 21, Number 8, March 3, 2010, p. 375 PDF ( Memento of December 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Main Statute of the City of Bad Belzig from November 22, 2010 ( Memento from February 1, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Service portal of the state administration of the State of Brandenburg - City of Bad Belzig
- Page no longer available , search in web archives: "With electricity it got light" Märkische Allgemeine Zeitung , June 13, 2009
- war in 1945. From the brochure “Belzig - 150 Years of District Town”, published in 1965 by the Council of the District Town of Belzig, editors: Gerhard Dorbritz, Erwin Krüger, Walter Gellert and Fritz Lindner. Quoted from Helga and Günter Kästner, Chronik der Stadt Bad Belzig 1934-1945, Treibgut Verlag 2016, pp. 246-252
- Andreas Austilat: His code name was Wolfi . In: Der Tagesspiegel Online . March 30, 2017, ISSN 1865-2263 ( tagesspiegel.de [accessed September 29, 2018]).
- Formation of the offices of Brück, Belzig and Wiesenburg. Announcement of the Minister of the Interior of June 24, 1992. Official Gazette for Brandenburg - Joint Ministerial Gazette for the State of Brandenburg, Volume 3, Number 52, July 24, 1992, p. 950
- Assignment of the community of Werbig to the office of Belzig. Announcement of the Minister of the Interior of October 12, 1992. Official Gazette for Brandenburg - Joint Ministerial Gazette for the State of Brandenburg, Volume 3, Number 84, November 2, 1992, p. 1944
- Incorporation of the communities Bergholz, Borne, Dippmannsdorf, Fredersdorf, Groß Briesen, Kuhlowitz, Lübnitz, Lüsse, Lütte, Neschholz, Ragösen and Werbig into the city of Belzig. Announcement of the Ministry of the Interior of June 13, 2002. Official Journal for Brandenburg - Joint Ministerial Gazette for the State of Brandenburg, Volume 13, Number 28, July 10, 2002, p. 646 PDF
- Fourth law on the state-wide municipal area reform concerning the districts Havelland, Potsdam-Mittelmark, Teltow-Fläming (4th GemGebRefGBbg) of March 24, 2003. Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Brandenburg, I (Laws), 2003, No. 5, p 73
- Municipal constitutional complaint proceedings of the municipality of Hagelberg due to the incorporation of the municipality of Hagelberg (Belzig office) into the city of Belzig, VfGBbg: 162/03, decision of June 24, 2004, p no .: 1103
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Landkreis Potsdam-Mittelmark . Pp. 14-17
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2017 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
- Results of the local elections on May 26, 2019
- Bad Belzig mourns Peter Kiep In: Märkische Allgemeine , October 4, 2013
- Local elections in the state of Brandenburg on September 28, 2008. Mayoral elections , p. 11
- Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
- Result of the mayoral election on October 9, 2016
- Bad Belzig: Ex-Keimzeit drummer Leisegang new mayor . In: MAZ-online , October 10, 2016
- Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
- Unique treasures
- History of the Belziger mills
- Website of the Belziger Burgenlauf
- Website of the Kleinkunstwerk Bad Belzig
- Belzig - A station on our path of suffering.