Arson is the compulsory collection of taxes in money or in kind (= valuation ) in enemy countries under threat of burning down or looting of the affected city or landscape . The fire chief was responsible .
Arson as a weapon of war was common for a long time, especially in the wars of the Middle Ages and early modern times (e.g. the Thirty Years' War ). Only after the Seven Years' War and especially after the French Revolution did it gradually come to the point that the actual pillage ceased and that monetary and natural goods surveys could only be carried out through contributions and requisitions . Today it is outlawed under international law.
The arson is not with the arson to be confused, the term is now often used in this sense.
- Horst Carl : pillage . In: Friedrich Jaeger (Ed.): Encyclopedia of Modern Times . Volume 2. Stuttgart / Weimar 2005, Sp. 385–388.
- Pillage. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 2 : Beer murderer – D - (II). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1860, Sp. 300–301 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
Wiktionary: pillage - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
- ↑ pillage . In: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon . 6th edition. Volume 3, Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1905, p. 322 .
- ↑ Duden: German Universal Dictionary, 9th edition, Dudenverlag, Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-411-91287-2 , p. 352