City of Coswig (Anhalt)
|Height :||92 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||7.78 km²|
|Residents :||263 (Dec 31, 2007)|
|Population density :||34 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 2009|
|Postal code :||06862|
|Area code :||034907|
Location of Hundeluft in Saxony-Anhalt
Hundeluft in the southwest of the Fläming lies in the valley of the Rossel . This small river rises about twelve kilometers east of the village and changes its direction to the southwest to the confluence with the Elbe . The area is very wooded, the terrain is characterized by rolling hills. The trade mountains southeast of Hundeluft reach 119 m above sea level. NN .
The districts of Mühle Hundeluft , Forsthaus Thießen and Gaststätte Erlengrund belong to Hundeluft .
The first documentary mention took place in 1280 when the Hundeluft Castle was conquered by Johann II. In 1307 it was first mentioned as a village with a manor.
In 1414 the Raubburg Hundeluft was conquered by Prince Albrecht von Zerbst. The robber barons Cuno and Godemar Walwitz fled to Dessau . The castle and village of Hundeluft remained in the possession of Prince Albrecht. In 1457, his sons sold the village of Hundeluft with the associated villages Groß- and Kleinwerchnud, Natho, Ragösen, Stegelitz, Konow and Bräsen for 1000 old Schock groschen as an inheritance to Albrecht von Zerbst .
In 1626 the plague raged in Hundeluft and neighboring villages. Robbery, looting and arson were also widespread as a result of the Thirty Years' War . In 1687 the property of the von Zerbst family was further divided, so that only dog air, bräsen and ragosene remained to dog air. In 1735, Hundeluft and its accessories were sold to Prince Johann August von Anhalt-Zerbst . The baroque village church was built between 1742 and 46.
In 1800 peat cutting started in the area of Hundeluft . By 1890 Hundeluft had 300 inhabitants and consisted of 70 houses. In 1905 there were 323 inhabitants. In 1911/12 the ducal district forester was built. In 1927 the first reinforced concrete bridge over the Rossel was inaugurated. In the same year Hundeluft was connected to the power grid. In 1943, due to the war, the Junkers Aircraft and Engine Works construction office was relocated to Hundeluft. American troops reached Hundeluft on April 18, 1945 and liberated the place. The Second World War claimed 22 victims among the inhabitants. On April 19, 1946, marauding Soviet soldiers caused a bloodbath in the village, killing 7 residents. In 1952 Hundeluft was assigned to the Roßlau district in the Halle district .
In 1994 the municipality joined the administrative community in Rosseltal. In 1994 the Roßlau district was dissolved and the transition to the Anhalt-Zerbst district took place . In 2005 the place was assigned to the newly created administrative community Coswig (Anhalt) .
On July 1, 2007, the Hundeluft community was reclassified from the former Anhalt-Zerbst district to the Wittenberg district due to a district reform . Hundeluft's independence ended on July 1, 2009 when it was incorporated into Coswig (Anhalt) . Until then, Hundeluft was an independent community.
The place name indicates the area where the lords of the castle allowed their dogs to run. Dog running became dog air in the course of time.
The last mayor of the community was Rolf Petrasch.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved by the Dessau Regional Council on March 18, 1993 and registered in the Magdeburg State Archives under the coat of arms roll number 3/1993.
Blazon : “Divided by red and silver; above silver roses (2: 1), below a red running dog over green ground. "
The colors are red - silver (white).
The place name Hundeluft is tried to explain differently in the individual available sources. None of the explanations can be clearly proven. In order to avoid a dispute among the advocates of different interpretations of names, the municipality has resorted to a talking coat of arms. The running dog stands for the place name Hundeluft. A uniqueness of the coat of arms is to be created by the three roses from the family coat of arms of the noble lords of Zerbst. Their rule in dog air for three centuries is historically documented. The colors of Anhalt are deliberately chosen to emphasize the territorial reference of the coat of arms.
- There is a watermill on the Rossel, which was probably built in the 13th century. It was shut down in 1976. A mill association has been trying to restore it for a short time.
- The Evangelical Church of St. Boniface was built between 1742 and 46, like an eight-sided rotunda .
- Remnants of the walls of the old castle ruins and an artesian well are reminiscent of the former seat of the von Walwitz family of robber barons .
- At the exit of the village in the direction of Jeber-Bergfrieden is the forge, built in 1908 and renovated by the local history association “Hundelufter Findlinge” eV.
- Old bakery.
- Catholic Church of the Assumption of Mary (built 1951–52).
Economy and Infrastructure
One of the 25 forest offices of the state of Saxony-Anhalt was in Hundeluft . In the 18th and 19th centuries the place was important and a. through a paper mill, a forge and other craft businesses.
The state road 121 (formerly federal road 187a ) from Zerbst / Anhalt to Coswig (Anhalt) leads through Hundeluft. There is a rail link in the neighboring towns of Thießen and Jeber-Bergfrieden ( Dessau-Roßlau - Potsdam - Berlin route ). The “Köselitz” motorway junction ( A 9 Berlin - Munich) is ten kilometers away .