7th district of Berlin
|Residents||350,984 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||6611 inhabitants / km²|
|Proportion of foreigners||19.1% (Dec. 31, 2016)|
|Unemployment rate||7.2% (Nov. 30, 2019)|
|Post Code||10777, 10779, 10781, 10783, 10787, 10789, 10823, 10825, 10827, 10829, 12099, 12101, 12103, 12105, 12107, 12109, 12157, 12159, 12161, 12169, 12249, 12277, 12279, 12305, 12307, 12309, 14197|
Schöneberg Town Hall
|Average age||43.9 years (Dec. 31, 2016)|
|Structure of the district|
|District Mayor||Angelika Schöttler ( SPD )|
|Deputy District Mayor||Jörn Oltmann ( Greens )|
|Allocation of seats ( district assembly )|
Tempelhof-Schöneberg is the seventh administrative district of Berlin and had 350,984 inhabitants on December 31, 2019.
The Mercedes-Benz plant in the south of the district is one of the largest private employers in the city of Berlin. A center for the energy industry has established itself at the Südkreuz train station with the EUREF -Quartier.
The Berlin district is known for the Tempelhofer Freiheit (former Tempelhof Airport ) as a local recreation area and for the Schöneberg district with its homosexual scene in the so-called Regenbogenkiez.
The district extends from the southern inner city of Berlin to the southern border of the country. The district is populated very differently. More than a third of the district's population lives in Schöneberg, the most populous district of Tempelhof-Schöneberg. Friedenau is the smallest part of the district (and one of the smallest in Berlin), but the most densely populated part of Berlin.
In 2014 it was decided to swap space with the adjacent Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district .
Land use in the district in 2008:
- Tempelhof-Schöneberg a total of 5310 ha
- Building and open space: 3076 hectares (1719 hectares of living space, 538 hectares of commercial and industrial space)
- Operating area: 27 ha
- Recreational area: 584 hectares (58 hectares of sports fields and outdoor swimming pools, 527 hectares of green spaces and camping)
- Traffic area: 1354 hectares (862 hectares of streets, squares and paths, 491 hectares of railway and airfield area)
- Agricultural area: 60 ha
- Forest area: 48 ha
- Water surface: 42 ha
- Land for other uses: 118 ha (117 ha cemeteries)
- Leisure areas: 172 children's playgrounds (406,145 m²), 7 indoor, outdoor and summer swimming pools (8,493 m²), 115 sports facilities (343,864 m²), 1 trotting track (261,673 m²)
|District and locations||Area (km²)||Residents
December 31, 2019
per square kilometer
City quarters and squares
- Bavarian quarter
- Ceciliengärten , listed settlement
- Red island
- Lindenhof settlement
- Bayerischer Platz
- Breslauer Platz
- Grazer Platz
- Innsbrucker Platz
- Imperial oak
- Leuthener Platz
- Airlift Square
With the formation of Greater Berlin on October 1st, 1920, Schöneberg lost its independence and from then on, together with Friedenau, formed the 11th Berlin administrative district Schöneberg . The Tempelhof district was formed in the same year as the 13th administrative district from the communities of Tempelhof, Mariendorf (excluding the southern end ), Marienfelde and Lichtenrade, which had previously belonged to the Teltow district .
The Schöneberg district belonged to the American Sector of Berlin (West Berlin) from 1945 to 1990 . In the Schöneberg Town Hall during had division of Berlin , the Berlin House of Representatives (until 1993) and the Senate of West Berlin based.
The town hall and the streets leading to it were the place of many rallies and the state visit of the US President John F. Kennedy . There he gave his speech in 1963 with the famous quote " I am a Berliner ".
On July 11, 2000, the district offices of Schöneberg and Tempelhof decided in a joint meeting that the district formed from the previous districts of Schöneberg and Tempelhof on January 1, 2001 should be named Tempelhof-Schöneberg : “The district offices consider it appropriate to give the district created by law on January 1, 2001, with the name of the larger area in terms of population and area, the double name 'Tempelhof-Schöneberg'. "
As of December 31, 2019, the Tempelhof-Schöneberg district had 350,984 inhabitants on an area of 53.1 square kilometers. As a result, the population density on the cut-off date was 6,611 inhabitants per square kilometer, which is above the Berlin-wide average.
In 2016, the proportion of foreigners was 19.1%, while the overall proportion of the population with a migration background was 35.0%. The unemployment rate in the district was 7.2% in November 2019. In 2016, the median age of the population was 43.9 years.
In 2018, the average monthly net household income of the residents in the district was 2025 euros. The income thus corresponded exactly to the Berlin-wide average and was around 5 percent lower than the average disposable household income in Germany.
The clinic with the highest birth rates in Germany is located in Tempelhof-Schöneberg. In 2019, 4,330 children were born in St. Joseph Hospital .
The Burmester Audio Systems GmbH was founded in Schöneberg and is known as a manufacturer of premium audio components.
The Kaufhaus des Westens (KaDeWe) on Schöneberger Wittenbergplatz is a department store with an upscale range and luxury goods . It is one of the most famous department stores in Europe and, with around 60,000 square meters of retail space, is the largest department store in Germany .
The adjacent Tauentzienstrasse , or Tauentzien for short in Berlin , forms the extension of Kurfürstendamm and is one of the most expensive locations in Germany. Tauentzienstrasse is one of the busiest shopping streets in the city.
In Tempelhof there is also a shopping and business center on Tempelhofer Damm between Alt-Tempelhof and Ordensmeisterstraße . The shopping center of the same name was opened at Tempelhofer Hafen in 2009 .
The European Energy Forum ( EUREF ) is located in the Schöneberg district. The campus around the Gasometer Schöneberg is a location for companies in the fields of energy, sustainability and mobility. This is where GASAG's headquarters are located .
Springer Nature , one of the world's top-selling book publishing groups, has set up its office near the Südkreuz train station.
In 2012, of the 30,862 craft businesses based in Berlin, a total of 2,859 were registered in Tempelhof-Schöneberg.
The motorways A 100 and A 103 as well as the federal highways B 1 , B 96 and B 101 run through the Tempelhof-Schöneberg district. The planned rapid cycle connection Teltow Canal Route should also run through Tempelhof-Schöneberg.
The district became known in 2015 for the establishment of Germany's first so-called meeting zone in the area of Maaßenstraße. However, the project is considered to have failed.
The Südkreuz train station in Schöneberg has a direct connection to the long-distance and regional trains of Deutsche Bahn . The station is served by the ICE line Hamburg - Berlin - Leipzig - Munich , among others .
|District Councilor||Political party||Department|
|Angelika Schöttler , District Mayor||SPD||Finance, human resources and business development|
Deputy District Mayor
|Green||Urban development and construction|
|Christiane Heiss||Green||Citizens' services, public order office, road and green space office|
|Matthias Steuckardt||CDU||Education, culture and social issues|
|Oliver Schworck||SPD||Youth, the environment, health, school and sport|
|Term of office||Surname||Political party|
|January 1, 2001 - December 19, 2001||Dieter Hapel||CDU|
|December 19, 2001 - November 23, 2011||Ekkehard band||SPD|
|since November 23, 2011||Angelika Schöttler||SPD|
In federal elections , the district forms constituency 81 Berlin-Tempelhof - Schöneberg .
The current constituency member is Jan-Marco Luczak (CDU), who won the direct mandate in the 2009 Bundestag election (32.5%), the 2013 Bundestag election (35.0%), and the 2017 Bundestag election (28.9%).
coat of arms
Today's coat of arms was awarded on March 25, 2003 by the Berlin Senate .
Description of the coat of arms: In the shield, split by a green silver-gold rod, above a green arched base with a central dome, a floating red cross with widened ends, behind a striding red deer. A red three-tower wall crown rests on the shield , the central tower of which is covered with the Berlin coat of arms .
Reasons for the coat of arms: The coat of arms of the Tempelhof-Schöneberg district combines the coats of arms of the former Tempelhof and Schöneberg districts in a split shield. The front field with the Templar cross refers to the founders of Tempelhof . The red stag in the back field is borrowed from Schöneberg's coat of arms, which formerly jumped in a double-facing form on a green Dreiberg - the crown of the wall is the connecting element of all Berlin districts .
The district maintains the following city partnerships :
International Amstelveen , Netherlands London Borough of Barnet , United Kingdom Charenton-le-Pont , Département Val-de-Marne , France Koszalin , Poland Levallois-Perret , France Mezitli , District of the city of Mersin , Turkey Nahariya , Israel
Directorate 4 of the Berlin State Police is responsible for the Tempelhof-Schöneberg and Steglitz-Zehlendorf districts. At the Südkreuz train station, the federal police take over border protection tasks.
- Church of the Good Shepherd in Friedenau
- Schöneberg village church
- St. Matthias Church on Winterfeldtplatz in Schöneberg
- St. Elisabeth Church in Schöneberg
- Apostle Paul Church in Schöneberg
- Twelve Apostles Church on Kurfürstenstrasse
- Queen Luise Memorial Church on the " Red Island "
- New Apostolic Church in Schöneberg
- Tempelhof village church
- Church on the Tempelhofer Feld
- Herz-Jesu-Kirche in Tempelhof
- St. Judas-Thaddäus in Tempelhof
- Maria Frieden Church in Mariendorf
- Martin Luther Memorial Church in Mariendorf
- Mariendorf village church
- Monastery church of the Good Shepherd in Marienfelde
- Dorfkirche Marienfelde (oldest village church in Berlin)
- Lichtenrade village church (Protestant)
- Dietrich Bonhoeffer Church (Protestant)
- Salvator Church (Catholic)
The Metropol on Nollendorfplatz, formerly also known as the Neues Schauspielhaus , is a versatile event space. Concerts and various events such as privately organized galas or high school graduation celebrations take place here.
Markets and festivals
The weekly market on Winterfeldplatz takes place every Saturday. The pumpkin festival is celebrated once a year in Schöneberger Akazienstrasse.
In December, at Christmas time, numerous gospel concerts take place in the Apostle Paulus Church every year. Since the 1990s the church has developed into a center for church and gospel music.
In the Nollendorfkiez around Fuggerstraße , Motzstraße and Nollendorfplatz there are numerous pubs, bars and shops that are mainly aimed at a homosexual audience. Every year on a weekend in June or July the Lesbian-Gay City Festival takes place in this part of Berlin, which attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors from all over the world with a mixture of information stands for same-sex groups, show stages, as well as snack bars and sales stands.
Already in the Roaring Twenties , the Kiez was considered an area with a dense infrastructure and cultural offerings for homosexual and transsexual people. The quarter is characterized by partially completely preserved streets from the Wilhelminian era and imperial jewelery squares such as Winterfeldplatz or Viktoria-Luise-Platz .
- (sorted chronologically)
- Wilhelm Furtwängler (1886–1954), conductor of the Berliner Philharmoniker , was born at Maaßenstraße 1 (memorial plaque)
- Nelly Sachs (1891–1970), writer, was born at Maaßenstraße 12 (memorial plaque)
- Marlene Dietrich (1901–1992), actress, was born at Leberstrasse 65 and lived as a child at Potsdamer Strasse 116 (memorial plaques on each of the houses mentioned). Her grave is in the Schöneberg III cemetery
- Heinrich Wilhelmi (1906–2005), engineer and university professor, pioneer of computing, measurement, control and regulation technology
- Willi Stoph (1914-1999), politician ( SED ), among others President of the Council of Ministers of the GDR , was in the Leberstraße born
- Helmut Newton (1920–2004), photographer, born in Schöneberg, buried next to Marlene Dietrich . Memorial plaque on the house where he was born, Innsbrucker Straße 24
- Edgar Froese (1944–2015), composer, musician, head of the music group Tangerine Dream , started his musical career in Schwäbische Strasse
- David Bowie (1947-2016), British musician, lived at 155 Hauptstrasse between 1976 and 1978
- Hugo Egon Balder (* 1950), entertainers, grew up in the Semperstraße on
- Klaus Wowereit (* 1953 in the old Tempelhof district), SPD politician, Tempelhof District Councilor from 1984 to 1995, Governing Mayor of Berlin from 2001 to 2014
The district in art
The autobiographical novel Lebwohl, Berlin by the British author Christopher Isherwood , who lived for two and a half years at Nollendorfstrasse 17, where a large part of the plot of the book takes place. The novel was, among other things, the template for the musical Cabaret . Parts of the film Himmel über Berlin by Wim Wenders were shot in Schöneberg.
The Berlin ePrix , a Formula E motorsport race , was held on the Tempelhofer Feld in 2015 and 2017 . One of the traditional horse racing tracks in Germany is the Mariendorf harness racing track . The German Trotter Derby has been held there every year since 1895 .
The Olympic Sports Club Berlin is one of the largest sports clubs in Tempelhof-Schöneberg with around 2500 members. The club has brought seven Olympic medals, 37 medals at world and European championships as well as world games and over 280 German championships to Berlin.
There were at least 15 yoga studios in the Tempelhof-Schöneberg district in 2017 .
The Schöneberg Sports Center is one of the largest indoor swimming pools in Berlin. Competitions in different disciplines of swimming are held here. The Stadtbad Schöneberg is one of the well-known indoor pools in the leisure sector.
Since the opening of the Tempelhofer Feld, many Berliners have been using the large areas of the park as an individual training and practice area. Kiteboarders and wind skaters have free space there to practice their sport.
- District Office Tempelhof-Schöneberg, Urban Development Office, Department of Surveying and Geoinformation (Ed.): Tempelhof-Schöneberg, streets - squares - bridges, their origin, meaning and renaming. 1st edition, 2012.
- Statistical report - residents in the state of Berlin on December 31, 2016 (PDF; 3.1 MB). Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg . Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- November: Unemployment in Berlin at an all time low . In: Berliner Zeitung , accessed on January 12, 2020.
- Numbering according to the district key
- area with Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg . ( Memento from March 11, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) In: Berliner Abendblatt . February 28, 2014, accessed April 13, 2014.
- Facts & Figures . ( Memento from April 9, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Tempelhof-Schöneberg district office on Berlin.de. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
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- St. Joseph Hospital once again the single clinic with the highest birth rates in Germany in 2019 , Berliner Woche, accessed on January 28, 2020.
AP / DPA / chm: 100 years of KaDeWe: Pure luxury on 60,000 square meters . In: Stern , March 1, 2007: “You name it in the same breath as Harrods in London or the Galeries Lafayette in Paris: the Berlin Kaufhaus des Westens (KaDeWe). Germany's most famous department store will be 100 years old this year . ”
Birgitt Eltzel: The KaDeWe is being lifted. Karstadt Group wants to convert Germany's most famous department store - and win over younger customers . In: Berliner Zeitung , January 23, 2004.
Pssst! KaDeWe, Germany's most famous department store, is 95 years old . In: Die Welt , April 20, 2002.
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- Overview of the college members , accessed on June 7, 2017.
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