1st district of Berlin
|Residents||385,748 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||9773 inhabitants / km²|
|Proportion of foreigners||32.6% (Dec. 31, 2016)|
|Unemployment rate||9.2% (Oct. 2018)|
|Post Code||10115, 10117, 10119, 10178, 10179, 10551, 10553, 10555, 10557, 10559, 10785, 10787, 13347, 13349, 13351, 13353, 13355, 13357, 13359, 13407, 13409|
City Hall Tiergarten
|Average age||38.9 years (Dec. 31, 2016)|
|Structure of the district|
|District Mayor||Stephan von Dassel ( Greens )|
|Deputy District Mayor||Ephraim Gothe ( SPD )|
|Allocation of seats ( district assembly )|
Mitte is the first administrative district of Berlin and had 385,748 inhabitants as of December 31, 2019. It is the second youngest in terms of average age in the metropolis.
Location and description
The Mitte district borders the Reinickendorf district in the north, the Pankow district in the east and the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district in the southeast . In the south it shares the district border with the Tempelhof-Schöneberg district and in the west it borders on the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district .
The majority of the district is relatively densely populated with an average population density that is twice as high as in general in Berlin. The Tiergarten district is an exception, and its population density is only half that of Berlin. The Hansaviertel is the smallest of the 96 districts in Berlin in terms of area.
It is one of two districts (next to Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg ) that consist of parts of the former East and West Berlin . In common parlance, Mitte continues to refer to today's district of Berlin-Mitte and not the new merger district.
The Mitte district is divided into six districts :
|District and locations||Area (km²)||Resident
December 31, 2019
Streets and squares
In the Mitte district there is an extensive network of mixed water sewers, into which household wastewater, but also rainwater from open spaces such as squares, streets and backyards, is collected and transported away. Due to the mixture of rainwater and sewage, so-called heavy rain events lead to local overloads in the sewer network, which lead to untreated mixed sewage being discharged into the Spree. The bottom of the Spree, like other inner city waters in Berlin, is also affected by deposits of bulky waste and electronic waste.
The old Berlin came at a bifurcation of the Spree , so that a shallow ford emerged with many sandbars. The first fishermen settled on a raised sandbank in the middle of the Spree (called: Fischerinsel on the Spreeinsel von Berlin) and a market town developed - at the Molkenmarkt stood the Roland von Berlin, he is now at the Märkisches Museum .
The two arms of the Spree are currently heavily rebuilt, with Museum Island in the north of the island . In the middle there used to be the Berlin City Palace (blown up in 1950) and in the same place since 1976 the Palace of the Republic , the demolition of which was finished in 2009. On the east bank of the Spree, a large square with the television tower extends to Alexanderplatz . Not far from the Fischerinsel and the Molkenmarkt are the Red Town Hall and the Nikolaiviertel with the oldest church in Berlin.
The district since 2001
On December 31, 2019, the Mitte district had 385,748 inhabitants on an area of 39.5 square kilometers. Thus, on the reference date, the population density was 9,773 inhabitants per square kilometer. On December 31, 2016, the proportion of foreigners was 32.6 percent, while the proportion of the population with a migration background was 50.8 percent on the reference date. Both values were the highest in all Berlin districts . The unemployment rate amounted on 30 April 2013, 14.1 percent. As of December 31, 2016, the median age of the population was 38.9 years.
|German and foreign residents||318,082||333.152||373,944|
|German citizens (total)||232.079||241,590||251.263|
|German citizens without a migration background||180,775||182.734|
|German citizens with a migration background||60,815||68,529|
|Foreigners and residents with a migration background||152.377||191.210|
|Germans (nationals) in total||241,590||247.277|
|Proportion of Germans without a migration background||54.3%||48.9%|
|Proportion of Germans with a migration background||18.3%||18.3%|
|Share of residents with foreign citizenship||27.5%||32.8%|
|Total number of Germans with a migration background (in the district)||60,815||68,529|
|- * from the EU||10.187||11,711|
|- * from the former Yugoslavia||2,652||2,888|
|- * from the former Soviet Union||5,342||6.096|
|- * from Islamic countries||27,137||30,311|
|- * from Vietnam||856||1,068|
|- from the USA||588||933|
|Foreign residents (in the district)||91,562||122,681|
|- from the EU||29,282||48,688|
|- from the former Yugoslavia||8,900||8,821|
|- from the former Soviet Union||6,204||8,311|
|- from Islamic countries||34,960||41,287|
|- from Vietnam||1,296||1,458|
|-- from the USA||1,792||2,956|
Over 30% of the population in the Mitte district speak 2 or more languages. Due to the high proportion of immigrant families in Berlin-Mitte, an urban ect based on the German language has developed in some districts .
Of the twelve Berlin administrative districts, the Mitte district is one of the least economically developed. The GDP per inhabitant in 2018 was below the Berlin average and below the average achieved in Germany. The resident companies and businesses produce only below-average added value with their services and products and only achieve low profitability.
On the other hand, a start-up scene has developed in the district since 2000, which is attracting international talent and young entrepreneurs. Some of the most important venture capitalists in Germany are based in Berlin-Mitte.
Innovation and commercial locations
There are three larger industrial and commercial areas in the district:
Moabit-West: A large number of small and medium-sized businesses have settled on the 43 hectare area between Sickingenstrasse and Huttenstrasse. However, the location is primarily characterized by large-scale operations such as Siemens, which produces gas turbines there for the world market. To the north of the S-Bahn ring is the Berlin wholesale market with the Fruchthof Berlin and the Westhafen.
Fennstrasse: The site is around 14 hectares and is located on Fennstrasse and Sellerstrasse in the Wedding district. The defining company here is Bayer AG .
Humboldthain: Mainly smaller companies have settled at this 21 hectare research, development and production site. The former AEG factories, which are reminiscent of the time of the industrial metropolis of Berlin at the end of the 19th century, are distinctive for the location . They house the first German start-up center (BIG) with the technology and innovation park (TIB), founded in the 1980s.
A large number of hotels have settled in Berlin-Mitte. Due to the central location, the proximity to the government district, the many local cultural institutions and the numerous festivals, most of the overnight stays are in the Mitte district. Over 40% of all hotel overnight stays in Berlin take place here. The most famous hotels include the Hotel Adlon , The Ritz-Carlton Berlin and the Park Inn by Radisson Berlin Alexanderplatz .
With Alexanderplatz , Friedrichstrasse , Potsdamer Platz and the area around Hackescher Markt , the district has four major retail locations that are frequented by local, national and international customers. Other shopping streets in the district are u. a. the Müllerstraße , the Tower Street , the Bath Street and the Potsdamer Straße . The most famous department stores in Mitte include the Galeries Lafayette Berlin , the Kulturkaufhaus Dussmann , the Galeria Kaufhof Berlin-Alexanderplatz , and the Quartier 206 .
- Deutsche Bahn AG , transport and logistics, company headquarters
- AVM , telecommunications and network technology, company headquarters
- N26 , financial services, company headquarters
- Bayer Pharma , subsidiary of Bayer AG
- Total , mineral oil company, German headquarters
- SAP , software, Berlin branch
- Gazprom Germania , gas supplier, subsidiary of Gazprom Export
- Sanofi , pharmaceutical company, German headquarters
- Klarna , financial services, German headquarters
- Bombardier Transportation , rail vehicle construction, German headquarters
- Pfizer , pharmaceutical company, German headquarters
- 50Hertz Transmission , transmission system operator , subsidiary of Elia System Operator
- Deutsche Kreditbank , financial services, subsidiary of Bayerische Landesbank
- Berlin wholesale market with Fruchthof Berlin
Creative industry and media
In 2015, most of the companies in Berlin's creative industries were located in the Mitte district.
- BMG , music publisher, subsidiary of Bertelsmann
- Focus editorial team
- Exberliner , English-language city magazine
- Dummy , society magazine
- Capital , business magazine
- Business Punk , business magazine
- Start-up scene , internet magazine
- ARD capital studio
- DW-TV , international TV station
- ZDF representative office in Zollernhof
- BBC Germany headquarters
- Agence France-Presse , French news agency
- Scholz & Friends , advertising agency, subsidiary of WPP
- ResearchGate , social network for scientists
- Il Mitte , Italian-language city magazine
A new section of the U5 underground line is currently under construction (planned completion: 2020). The tunnel work for the S21 S-Bahn project is also in the construction phase .
Waterways for shipping
Structural and civil engineering
The origins of Berlin's urban development lie in the area of the Mitte district, which has existed since 2001. As early as 1747, around 100,000 people lived in the city . Since then, the area has gone through several phases of urban renewal. With the Hobrecht Plan , essential civil engineering works for the sewer system were realized from 1862, which still exist today.
The north-south S-Bahn tunnel was built in the 1930s and, with a length of 5884 meters, is the longest S-Bahn tunnel in the city. The Tiergarten Spreebogen tunnel , completed in 2006, is the longest road tunnel in Berlin with a length of 2392 meters . The 3453 meter long north-south long-distance railway tunnel, also completed in 2006, is the longest underground civil engineering work for long-distance trains.
Notable high-rise buildings have been erected in what is now the Mitte district since the end of the 19th century. The Berlin Cathedral , built in 1905, is currently 98 meters tall and is the tallest church building in Berlin. At the time of its opening , the Berlin television tower , completed in 1969, was the third tallest free-standing structure in the world at 368 meters. Since 1990 it has been the tallest structure in Germany and the second tallest in the European Union. With a height of 125 meters, the Park Inn by Radisson Berlin Alexanderplatz , completed in 1970, is currently the second highest hotel building in Germany (as of 2020). The hospital building of the Charité , opened in 1982, is the tallest hospital building in Germany with a height of over 72 meters.
The election to the District Assembly (BVV) of the District Mitte on September 18, 2016 resulted in the following distribution of seats:
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||14th|
|All in all||55|
- 2001-2006: Joachim Zeller (CDU)
- 2006–2016: Christian Hanke (SPD)
- since 2016: Stephan von Dassel (Alliance 90 / The Greens)
In the Berlin districts, a counting community (unlike in the state parliaments of the Federal Republic of Germany) is not linked to a coalition , so that the parliamentary groups seek majorities for each other. From 2011 to 2016 there was a counting community of the SPD and CDU.
Members of the district office are (as of 2020):
- Stephan von Dassel (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), district mayor
- Ephraim Gothe (SPD), District Councilor, Deputy District Mayor
- Sabine Weißler (Alliance 90 / The Greens), District Councilor
- Ramona Reiser (Die Linke), District Councilor
- Carsten Spallek (CDU), District Councilor
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the Mitte district was redesigned and redesigned by the heraldist Theodor Lorenz (born April 6, 1929, † March 25, 2005) after the merging of the three districts of Mitte (old district) , Tiergarten and Wedding . Today's coat of arms was awarded on October 9, 2001 by the Berlin Senate .
Blazon : The shield, sixfold in red and silver, is covered with a golden central shield, inside a growing black, red-armored and tongued bear, which holds a blue shield with an upright golden lily scepter in its paws. A red three-tower wall crown rests on the shield , the central tower of which is covered with the Berlin coat of arms .
Reasons for the coat of arms: The colors of red and silver correspond to the historical city colors of Berlin. The heart sign with the Berlin bear refers to the former Mitte district as the historical center of Berlin, just as the location in the fanned shield division indicates the central location of the district. The small shield with the scepter was already the heart shield in the coat of arms of Dorotheenstadt - it is a sign of the ruling power and refers to the historical role of Berlin as the royal seat and capital of several German states. The crown of the wall is the connecting element of all Berlin districts .
International Higashiōsaka , Japan (since 1959, then founded with the old Wedding district and the Japanese Fuse) Cholon , Israel (friendly relations since 1970, twin town since 1980, then established with the old Wedding district) Tourcoing , France (since 1995, then with founded in the old district of Wedding ) Shinjuku (since 1994), the heart of the Japanese capital Tokyo Tsuwano (since 1995) going back to the scholar Mori Ogai , who lived for some time in Berlin Terézváros (district of Budapest ), Hungary (since 2005) Beyoğlu ( District of Istanbul ), Turkey (since 2008)
- Kassel , Germany (since 1962)
- Bottrop , Germany (since 1983)
- Schwalm-Eder-Kreis , Germany (friendship between cities since 1979, twin town since 1992)
Institutions of the State of Berlin
- Red townhall
- Berlin House of Representatives in the former Prussian state parliament
- Senate administrations
- Service building in the middle of the Berlin fire brigade (authority management, staff, central service)
- Directorate 3 of the Berlin State Police
In the Mitte district there is the government quarter with the most important institutions of the federal government with its ministries and the German Bundestag , the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as numerous embassies and state representations;
- German Bundestag in the Reichstag building
- Federal Chancellery
- Federal Council in the Prussian manor house
- Federal Ministries
- Members ' offices in the Paul-Löbe-Haus and in the Marie-Elisabeth-Lüders-Haus
- Bellevue Palace as the seat of the Federal President
- German Parliamentary Society in the historic Reichstag Presidential Palace
- Representations of the countries
- Federal Intelligence Service
- Embassies in the Tiergarten district
- Julius-Leber-Kaserne with the Bundeswehr Territorial Tasks Command
There are a total of 32 primary schools and two primary levels at community schools in the district. A primary school is under construction. 15,549 pupils attended a primary school in the district in the 2017/2018 school year. In addition to the two community schools, there are nine integrated secondary schools (ISS), seven grammar schools and four special schools. At the beginning of the 2017/2018 school year, the number of pupils in the integrated secondary schools was 5539 and in the grammar schools 4833.
Among the most popular secondary schools in Berlin, the Herbert Hoover School (ISS) in Gesundbrunnen took seventh place and the Heinrich von Stephan Community School in Moabit took eighth place. The Lessing-Gymnasium in Wedding was listed in second place among the grammar schools .
There are also seven private primary schools, two private integrated secondary schools, four private grammar schools, two private community schools and one Waldorf school.
- Humboldt University
- European School of Management and Technology
- Charité University Medicine
- Hertie School of Governance
- Beuth University of Technology
- Ernst Busch Academy of Dramatic Arts
- University of Music "Hans Eisler"
- University for Media, Communication and Economics
- Medical library of the Charité
- Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Center
- State Library Unter den Linden
- Library of the German Bundestag
- Berlin-Mitte City Library
Like the city of Berlin, the Mitte district is not known for its outstanding architecture. Nevertheless, individual buildings were created in different epochs that have given the area a high quality of life or have become attractions.
- Brandenburg Gate
- Berlin TV tower
- House of World Cultures
- Old town house
- Soviet memorial
- Berlin Victory Column
Some of the nationally and internationally most famous cultural institutions in the metropolis of Berlin are located in the Mitte district.
Dance revue in the Friedrichstadt-Palast
- Museum Island :
- Hemp Museum
- Zeughaus Berlin contains the German Historical Museum
- Schinkel Museum in the Friedrichswerder Church
- New National Gallery
- Museum of Communication
- Märkisches Museum
- Museum of Natural Science
- Ephraim Palace
- Heinrich Zille Museum
- Gay museum
- Musical Instrument Museum Berlin
- Garlic house
- German Kinemathek
- Bauhaus Archive
- Picture gallery
- ATZE music theater
- Berlin Ensemble
- Culture factory Moabit
- Berlin Philharmonic
- German theater
- Friedrichstadt Palace
- Grips Theater
- Weird opera
- Maxim Gorky Theater
- Prime time theater
- Schauspielhaus Berlin
- State Opera Unter den Linden
- Winter garden
- Cineplex Alhambra
- City Kino Wedding
- Filmrauschpalast in the Kulturfabrik
- Hackesche Höfe movie theater
- Kino International
- Babylon cinema
freetime and sports
The district had 40 general sports facilities including four indoor swimming pools of the Berliner Bäder-Betriebe and 43 school sports facilities in 2016. The largest sports facilities include the Post Stadium with a seating capacity of 10,000, the Rehberge Stadium and the Erika-Hess Ice Stadium .
In addition to 259 public playgrounds, there were 222 public green spaces in 2016. The largest green spaces are: Großer Tiergarten , Fritz-Schloß-Park , Volkspark Rehberge and Volkspark Humboldthain .
With at least 32 fitness studios in 2019, the district is at the top of Berlin.
The Berlin Marathon , one of the world's largest running events, begins and ends in the Tiergarten near the Brandenburg Gate . More than 40,000 runners take part in the competition. According to the average times of the top ten results for men and women, the route is the fastest in the world.
Numerous internationally important events take place on Pariser Platz , Alexanderplatz , Gendarmenmarkt , Unter den Linden boulevard and Strasse des 17. Juni and other outstanding urban planning locations.
- Christopher Street Day Parade
- Celebration of the Day of German Unity
- New Year's Eve celebration at the Brandenburg Gate
- Fan mile for the European Football Championship and World Cup
- Berliner Volksfestsommer (formerly: Franco-German Volksfest ) on the central fairground in Wedding
- Berlin Fashion Week , Berlin fashion shows
- Christmas markets at Gendarmenmarkt, Potsdamer Platz, Opernpalais, Rotes Rathaus and Alexanderplatz
- Neighborhood festivals, such as the Torstraßenfest, and numerous demonstrations and rallies due to the central location of the district.
- Earth Hour
- Environmental Festival (ADFC Sternfahrt )
Clubs and restaurants
Over two thirds of the 23 restaurants in Berlin that were awarded Michelin stars in 2019 are located in the Mitte district. The most famous cafes include u. a. the Café am Neuen See, the St. Oberholz and the Café Einstein Unter den Linden . In addition, an extremely diverse bar scene has established itself in Mitte.
The Arminiusmarkthalle is an important address in the Moabiter Kiez.
- Official website of the Mitte district of Berlin
- Current construction projects in the Mitte district of Berlin
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