|Seat||Berlin , Germany|
|management||Danny Di Perna|
|Number of employees||33,800|
|sales||$ 10.0 billion|
|Branch||Rail vehicle manufacturer|
On February 12, 2020, the Handelsblatt published citing insider sources that Alstom would like to buy Bombardier Transportation for seven billion euros. On February 17, 2020, Alstom confirmed in a press release that both companies are in negotiations. In July 2020, the EU Commission approved the takeover under the EU Merger Regulation on the condition that all commitments made by Alstom to the Commission in order to dispel competition concerns are fully met.
Takeovers by 2001
Bombardier's entry into rail vehicle construction took place in 1970 with the takeover of the Austrian Lohner-Werke , which at that time produced trams for the Austrian market. Bombardier Transportation was founded in 1974 after Bombardier received a major order for 423 subway cars for the city of Montreal. In 1975, Bombardier bought the American Locomotive Company / Montreal Locomotive Works , which manufactured locomotives until 1985 .
In 1995, Bombardier Transportation returned to the transport business with further acquisitions of companies in France, Austria and Germany. In Germany, Bombardier took over the Talbot wagon factory in Aachen in 1995 and Deutsche Waggonbau (formerly LOWA ) in 1998 with operations in Berlin , Halle , Görlitz , Bautzen , Vetschau and Niesky . Vevey Technologies in Villeneuve , Switzerland, which was only taken over by Deutsche Waggonbau in 1997 , also switched to Bombardier.
In 2001, DaimlerChrysler Rail Systems ( Adtranz ) was taken over with its headquarters in the north of Berlin near Tegel Airport and near the largest plant in Hennigsdorf . The other German Adtranz locations in Mannheim , Kassel , Nuremberg , Dreis-Tiefenbach and Braunschweig also joined Bombardier. In Switzerland, the takeover locations affected Zurich and Turgi as well as Pratteln , which, contrary to the Adtranz plans at the time, was retained by Bombardier for the time being.
The Adtranz locations in Great Britain , Denmark (formerly Scandia A / S in Randers ), Sweden , Norway , Portugal , Italy and Poland as well as the joint venture in the People's Republic of China were also taken over. Adtranz had among other things the British Rail Class 170 " Turbostar " - Diesel - Multiple Unit and the German TRAXX -Lokomotiven built, which has since produced under the trademark of Bombardier.
Restructuring from 2001
On November 13, 2001, the company announced a fundamental restructuring of its European production activities. Capital-intensive activities should be bundled in specialized plants. Above all in Germany, objections under antitrust law had to be taken into account. The Stadler Pankow GmbH joint venture, which was only founded in 2000 between Stadler and Adtranz, changed completely to the Stadler Rail Group in 2001 and with it the licenses for some vehicles such as the “ Regio-Shuttle ” and “ Variobahn ”.
At the beginning of 2003 the company founded a joint venture with Bombardier - CPC Propulsion Systems in China for the production and marketing of propulsion components. With effect from May 1, 2003, the company sold its Vetschau plant to a Hungarian group of investors. In autumn 2003, the company announced that it would close at least six of its then 37 plants in Europe due to losses.
Restructuring from 2004
In the wake of the recession in rail vehicle construction, the corporate management decided to downsize the Transportation division and announced the decision at the annual results media conference in March 2004. The downsizing affects Europe above all and includes the closure of seven production sites in five countries and a reduction of 6,600 jobs worldwide (86 percent of them in Europe) or 18.5 percent of the entire workforce at Bombardier Transportation.
By the end of 2004, the traditional Nuremberg location, Amadora , the only production facility in Portugal and two production facilities in Great Britain were closed. By December 31, 2005, another plant in the UK and one in Kalmar, Sweden were closed. On the same date, the Ammendorf plant in Halle (Saale) with over 700 employees and the Pratteln plant in the canton of Basel-Landschaft with 520 employees were closed, with the latter largely closed since April 28, 2005. The plant closures only made up part of the downsizing; in Germany a further 1,200 jobs (out of a total of 10,100) and in Switzerland a further 70 positions (out of a total of 1,350) were cut.
Even after the restructuring is complete, Germany will remain the largest Bombardier Transportation site with eight production sites and around 8,600 employees, followed by Great Britain with six plants and almost 4,300 employees. In Switzerland, just under 760 employees remain distributed across the production site in Villeneuve (small series, almost 160 employees) and the development sites in Zurich Oerlikon and Turgi. In Austria, the competence center for trams and light rail vehicles at the Bombardier site in Vienna, the former wage factories , has around 700 employees.
The headquarters of Bombardier Transportation were relocated to the former building of the Royal Railway Directorate in 2006 , then to the Reichsbahndirektion , Berlin at Schöneberger Ufer 1 and on July 3, 2017 to Potsdamer Platz, Eichhornstraße 3.
Orders since 2010
On May 12, 2010, Bombardier received the most expensive order in the history of the railway company from the Swiss Federal Railways SBB . The company is to deliver 59 double-decker trains ( Twindexx ) for long-distance traffic. The total volume of the order is around 1.9 billion Swiss francs . According to its own information, Bombardier will manufacture the new trains at the locations in Villeneuve, Switzerland and Görlitz , Germany.
Of the regional multiple units of the Talent 2 series, which were initially delivered more than two years late, 210 trains were handed over to Deutsche Bahn in the summer of 2013. At the beginning of 2013, Bombardier Transportation received an order from a private operator for these vehicles for the first time.
In October 2012 it was announced that Bombardier would close the Aachen plant with 600 jobs in the summer of 2013 after completing major orders. There are no follow-up orders, the reason was given. Despite the intervention of various groups, Bombardier held on to the closure.
In February 2013, Deutsche Bahn filed a lawsuit against Bombardier with the Berlin Regional Court. The DB demanded compensation because of the problems with the tilting technology of the Regio-Swingers .
In November 2015, the entire assets of Bombardier Transportation were separated from Bombardier Inc. and transferred to the newly founded holding company Bombardier Transportation (Investment) UK Ltd , in which the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec holds a 30% stake.
In Germany, Bombardier has made losses in the past five years (as of 2017), and job cuts are planned. Various development and manufacturing locations are to be merged at certain locations, for example locomotive construction in Kassel and the associated development at the Mannheim location .
In December 2019, a new test center was put into operation at the Bautzen location, in which three vehicles up to 120 m long can be tested in parallel.
Takeover by Alstom in 2020
On February 12, 2020, media reports became known that the French rail vehicle manufacturer Alstom wants to take over the rail division of Bombardier. Both Alstom and Bombardier initially did not comment on the reports.
On February 17, 2020, Alstom announced that it intends to take over the train business of Canadian competitor Bombardier. The transaction would create a rail technology group with around 15 billion euros in annual sales.
In July, the EU Commission approved the takeover subject to certain conditions.
Bombardier Transportation was founded in 2008/2009 (Category: Energy + Environment) for the ECO 4 system, in 2010/11 for the two-power locomotive ALP-45 (Category: Locomotive) and in 2012/2013 for the induction charging technology PRIMOVE ( Category: multiple units) was awarded the innovation prize of the Privatbahn Magazin .
There are 68 locations worldwide, eight of which are in Germany.
- Berlin - headquarters
- Hennigsdorf (Brandenburg) - Production site and administrative headquarters for the Central and Eastern Europe region ( Hennigsdorf plant )
- Bautzen (Saxony) - production site for rail vehicles ( Bautzen plant )
- Görlitz (Saxony) - production site for rail vehicles ( Görlitz plant )
- Braunschweig (Lower Saxony) - Development of rail control systems
- Kassel (Hessen) - production site for locomotives ( Kassel plant )
- Mannheim (Baden-Württemberg) - Production and development site for drive and control technology ( Mannheim plant )
- Siegen (North Rhine-Westphalia) - Production site for bogies ( Siegen plant )
Vehicles offered (selection)
Vehicles for trams
Vehicles for light rail vehicles
Vehicles for subways
- BVG series H
- BVG series HK
- HHA series DT5
- London Underground 2009 Tube Stock
- London Underground S floor
Locomotives for railways
Railcars for railways
- TALENT 2
- TALENT 3
- DB class 422
- DB class 423
- DB class 425
- DB class 430
- DB class 474
- DB class 481
- DB class 490
- DB class 612 "RegioSwinger"
- BLS RABe 525 "Nina"
- BLS RABe 535 "Lötschberger"
- NS Sprinter Lighttrain
- Twindexx Swiss Express
- TWINDEXX Vario (double-decker railcar)
- TWINDEXX Vario ( double-decker trolley )
- Married pair car
- BiLevel (double deck car)
- MultiLevel (double deck car)
- Bombardier Transportation website: About Us
- European Commission: Merger control: Commission clears acquisition of Bombardier Transportation by Alstom under certain conditions. July 31, 2020, accessed July 31, 2020 .
- Sylvain Larocque: Le géant Alstom prêt à débourser $ 10 billion. In: Le Journal de Montréal. February 12, 2020, accessed on February 13, 2020 (French).
- Bombardier Transportation with a new division of responsibilities. In: Eisenbahn-Revue International . Issue 12/2001, , p. 554 f.
- Joint venture in China. In: Eisenbahn-Revue International. Issue 4/2003, p. 180.
- Bombardier sells Vetschau. In: Eisenbahn-Revue International. Issue 10/2003, p. 428.
- Bombardier closes factories. In: Eisenbahn-Revue International. Issue 11/2003, p. 508.
- Fact Sheet Bombardier Vienna site
- Bombardier Transportation relocates global headquarters within Berlin - Bombardier. Retrieved August 8, 2017 .
- Bombardier builds the SBB double-decker trains . In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung . May 12, 2010.
- Bombardier is sticking to the plant closure in Aachen. on WDR.de, accessed on November 13, 2012. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Daniela Kuhr, Klaus Ott : Deutsche Bahn sued train manufacturers. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung . February 14, 2013, accessed February 14, 2013 .
- Bombardier et la Caisse concluent une entente définitive: la Caisse acquires 30% de la nouvelle société BT Holdco pour 1.5 billion de dollars. (No longer available online.) In: Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec | Institution financière. Archived from the original on November 22, 2015 ; accessed on November 21, 2015 .
- Kerstin Schwenn: Trains are still being built in Germany . In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . No. 33 , February 8, 2017, ISSN 0174-4909 , p. 22 .
- New test center inaugurated in Bautzen . In: railway magazine . No. 3 , 2020, p. 28 .
- Bombardier shares give wings: Alstom is apparently buying railway division from Bombardier. Finanz.net, accessed February 13, 2020 .
- Alstom wants to take over train business from Bombardier orf.at, February 18, 2020, accessed February 18, 2020.
- Locations - Bombardier Transportation GmbH connecticum.de, accessed on June 17, 2020
- Bombardier Transportation in Germany rail.bombardier.com, accessed on June 17, 2020
- ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Internet presence of Stadtwerke Augsburg
- Christian Tietze: Two-power locomotives for America . In: railway magazine . No. 6/2011 . Alba, June 2011, ISSN 0342-1902 , p. 31-34 .