|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||172 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||53.81 km 2|
|Residents:||9343 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||174 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||02906|
|Primaries :||03588, 035894 (Kosel)|
|License plate :||GR, LÖB, NOL, NY, WSW, ZI|
|Community key :||14 6 26 370|
|LOCODE :||DE NKY|
|City structure:||5 districts|
City administration address :
|Muskauer Strasse 20–22
|Lord Mayor :||Beate Hoffmann (independent)|
|Location of the town of Niesky in the Görlitz district|
Niesky ([ ˈniːski ] , Upper Sorbian Niska ) is a small town in the district of Görlitz in Upper Lusatia . With almost 10,000 inhabitants, Niesky is one of the smallest towns in the Free State of Saxony that has the status of a major district town .
The city is divided into five districts , in addition to the Niesky city center, these are Kosel ( Upper Sorbian Kózło ) and Stannewisch (Stanojšćo) in the north, Ödernitz (Wódrjeńca) in the southeast and See (Jězor) in the west.
The former municipalities of Neuhof (Nowy Dwór) and Neu-Särichen and the settlements Heinrichsruh and Neu-Ödernitz are also located in the core town of Niesky . In the district of Kosel are the settlements Neu-Kosel , Sandschenke and Zedlig (Sedlik) ; in the district of See the former municipality Moholz (Wuhelc) with the settlement Zeche included.
Not established as a colony of the Moravian Brethren in 1742 , Niesky is one of the youngest local foundations in the Görlitz district, but soon developed into a regionally important place.
On August 8, 1742, Bohemian exiles , who had left their Catholic homeland due to religious distress, laid the foundation stone for the first three houses in the village. They had joined the congregation in Herrnhut and were given the opportunity to settle at the Trebus manor , whose owner Siegmund August von Gersdorf himself was a member of the brotherhood. In December 1750 a young member of the Brethren, Günther Urban Anton von Lüdecke (1723–1788), acquired the manor. Zinzendorfplatz Nieskys was designed based on the Pillnitz palace complex .
The name of the new settlement comes from Czech , nízký means "low" in German. Their new home was low compared to the mountains of Bohemia. At the same time, the place name emphasized in the religious understanding how simple, small and low man is before God.
In March 1929, Interior Minister Carl Severing ordered the merger of Nieskys with its suburbs Neuhof , Neu-Särichen and Neu-Ödernitz . In 1935 Niesky was granted town charter with just under 7,000 inhabitants.
Towards the end of the Second World War , a subcamp of the Groß-Rosen concentration camp was built in the Wiesengrund of Niesky , in which 1200 concentration camp prisoners from numerous countries had to do forced labor for the Christoph & Unmack company (today wagon construction) . More than 100 of them died during an evacuation march to Spohla / Brandhofen. A memorial stone at the site of the former satellite camp today commemorates these victims. Jews from Breslau were among the forced laborers in Niesky .
The district seat was moved to Weißwasser in 1945 , which turned out to be impractical after the connection of the western hull of the former Görlitz district , so that Niesky became district town in 1947. From this district of Niesky , the districts of Weißwasser , Niesky and Görlitz-Land were formed as part of the administrative reform on July 25, 1952 . Until the district reform in 1994 , Niesky was the district town of this Niesky district. The district seat of the Lower Silesian Upper Lusatia District , which was then founded , came to the independent city of Görlitz , but was moved to Niesky by the 3rd Amendment Act on June 16, 1996. Due to the renewed district reform on August 1, 2008 , Niesky lost the district seat to Görlitz with the formation of the district of Görlitz and received the status of the large district town.
The listed Zinzendorfplatz forms the center of the city. The square with its buildings - some from the 18th century - reflects the 250-year history of Niesky. Niesky's first house has been preserved to this day. In 1986 the town's local history museum was set up there.
Niesky is home to the Emmaus Diakonissenanstalt, which was founded in Gnadenfeld / Upper Silesia in 1866 and is connected to the Brethren . It includes a nursing home for the elderly, a medical vocational school (nursing), a nursing school for the elderly, a day-care center and an outpatient hospice service. The hospital was transferred to the Diakonissenanstalt Dresden.
There are a total of four Protestant churches, a New Apostolic church, a Jehovah's Witness community center and a wooden Catholic church from 1935.
|Sources: Saxony State Statistical Office (from 1999)|
Since the municipal council election on May 26, 2019, the 16 seats of the city council have been distributed among the individual groups as follows (in brackets: profit / loss for the 2014 election):
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats||+/-|
|Citizens' Movement Niesky (BBN)||21.1%||4th||± 0|
|Voting Association for Children, Youth and Family (KJiK)||4.5%||0||± 0|
The NPD , which previously held a seat, is no longer represented in the city council .
Beate Hoffmann was elected the new mayor in December 2014 with 57.8 percent of the vote.
coat of arms
Niesky has had a coat of arms since March 30, 1932 . It shows a three-pinned golden wall on a blue background. Above it, one above the other, there is a golden cross and a golden hammer. The colors blue and yellow as well as the wall are typical symbols of Upper Lusatia, especially the Upper Lusatian cities like Bautzen . The cross symbolizes the Moravian Brethren, to which the town was founded; the hammer stands for the Niesky manufacturers.
- Albert in Picardy (France)
- Holzgerlingen in Baden-Württemberg
- Jawor , Poland
- Oelde in North Rhine-Westphalia
- Turnov , Czech Republic
Culture and sights
- Konrad-Wachsmann-House . The wooden director's house in Nieskyer Goethestrasse, built in 1929, is the only remaining building designed by the architect Konrad Wachsmann in Germany , along with the Einsteinhaus in Caputh near Potsdam . It was the seat of the FDJ district leadership during the GDR times and has been vacant since 1990. The city acquired the building in 2005 and began in spring 2010 with the support of the federal government and the Wüstenrot Foundation with its listed renovation, which was completed in 2014. Since then, the house has been used as a museum, registry office, conference center and information forum for modern timber construction. In the exhibition rooms in the basement there is a permanent exhibition dedicated to the precast timber construction company Christoph & Unmack, which was founded in Niesky in 1882. The guided tours offered cover four Niesky districts with a total of almost 100 original wooden houses that are still in very good condition, which originally served as residential and model houses. Like the Konrad-Wachsmann-Haus, the wooden houses in the Goethestrasse, Neu-Ödernitz, Neusärichen and Raschkestrasse settlements are under monument protection.
- Johann-Raschke-Haus (built in 1742), local history museum and Niesky's oldest house, houses an exhibition on the city's history as well as changing special exhibitions. The city's tourist information center is also located here.
- Old pedagogy (built from 1746), today the city library
- Town hall (built around 1905) with registry office
- Wartturm, an 18 m high observation tower built in 1835 and one of the city's landmarks
- Manor in the district of Ödernitz
- Rittergut, castle with castle park (built 1783) in the See district
A memorial stone from 1946 in the left part of the forest cemetery commemorates the local victims of fascism : Fritz Proske, Erich Pflug, Fritz Schubert, Gustav Walter, Fritz Hüttig, Erich Weber and Ludwig Ey. In front of it is a memorial stone erected after 1990 for “all victims of tyranny”, which is intended to replace the VVN memorial built in 1949 on Zinzendorfplatz for all victims of fascism, which was removed after 1990.
Another memorial on Fritz-Thiele-Platz commemorates the communist Nazi opponent Fritz Thiele, who was murdered in Auschwitz in 1942 after a long prison sentence . A similar memorial stone in Herbert-Balzer-Straße is dedicated to the communist resistance fighter Herbert Balzer , who was murdered in 1945 in the Gleina / Zeitz satellite camp of the Buchenwald concentration camp.
There is a memorial for the fallen of the First World War on the listed churchyard of the Brethren .
A memorial stone and a burial ground in the forest cemetery commemorate the German soldiers who died in the area at the end of the Second World War.
A listed obelisk in the Neusärichen cemetery commemorates four fallen soldiers in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71. These belonged, among other things, to Lower Silesian and West Prussian regiments.
The music scene in Niesky is rather weak. In addition to bands like Pax Dei, who celebrated their twentieth anniversary in 2006 and can offer a spectrum from children's concerts, choir and gospel to rock and even medieval music, there are some bands in the youth scene that are increasingly focusing on metal, hardcore, punk and Employ alternative rock and the folk band Rinser of Winds . Otherwise, music is practiced in the music school, in the HOLZ youth center and in the Niesky community center.
- TTV Niesky
- 1. Cycling club Niesky e. V.
- 1. Niesky Karate Club "Nippon Niesky" e. V.
- ELV Tornado Niesky
- FV Eintracht Niesky
- SV See 90 e. V.
- LSV Niesky
- TUS unit Niesky
- TSV Niesky
- Hockey club Niesky 1920 e. V.
- Acrobatics team Niesky
- SC 90 Niesky
- MSG Niesky e. V. in the ADMV
- Table tennis club Niesky e. V.
- Chess Club 90 Niesky
- Niesky water rescue service
- Ironsports e. V.
After 20 months of construction, the new ice rink was opened in October 2017. Thanks to the roofing, it can now be used regardless of the weather. The total costs amounted to 6.8 million euros, of which 1.9 million euros came from the city budget. It is located in the amusement park on Plittstrasse.
Economy and Infrastructure
Niesky is located on the Węgliniec – Roßlau railway line , which was expanded and electrified to two tracks as part of the Lower Silesian Magistrale until 2018 between Knappenrode and the German-Polish border crossing at Zentendorf . In passenger traffic, the Görlitz – Niesky – Hoyerswerda line is served by the ODEG RB 64 line.
The traditional Höpner Lacke company goes back to the time of the Brethren . For a long time Niesky was characterized by the production of wooden houses, the most traditional company was Christoph & Unmack . During the GDR era, there were two large heavy industry plants here, the wagon construction plant and the MLK Lightweight Metal Combine (steel construction). More than 1,000 people were employed in each of the two plants. After the fall of the Wall, the workforce in both companies was reduced to such an extent that the “Emmaus” hospital in Niesky is the largest employer today.
In 1835 Johann Ehregott Christoph founded a craft business, which later became the wagon building business. The construction of rail vehicles began in 1917. From 1950, the focus was on special freight wagons (especially tipping, bulk goods, car transport and sliding wall wagons) as well as freight and passenger car components . In 1990 the company was privatized, from 1998 to 2005 Bombardier was the owner. In 2005 the company was spun off from the Bombardier Group as WBN Waggonbau Niesky GmbH . In 2006 the turnover was 36 million euros. Orders come from Austria, Switzerland, France and Sweden. After filing for bankruptcy in October 2007, DB Mobility Logistics AG became a partner in January 2008. With effect from July 2, 2008, the company was incorporated into the DB Group under the name DB Waggonbau Niesky GmbH as a wholly-owned subsidiary of DB Fahrzeuginstandhaltung GmbH. As a result, the bankruptcy proceedings could be lifted on August 11, 2008. Due to the poor order situation, DB sold the company to the Munich investor Quantum in mid-2014 . The company traded again as WBN Waggonbau Niesky GmbH and had around 300 employees who generated sales of around 34 million euros in 2014. At the beginning of 2015, the company received its largest order to date with the construction of three truck shuttle trains for the Eurotunnel worth EUR 40 million. In December 2017, the company filed for bankruptcy again. At the beginning of September 2018, the Slovak freight wagon manufacturer Tatravagónka took over wagon construction Niesky.
In addition, the Niesky GmbH dairy is located in Niesky, specializing primarily in the production of cheese.
Niesky has two primary schools (one of them in the See district ), a secondary school and a grammar school with two buildings (grades 5 to 10 are taught in the building on Bahnhofstrasse and secondary level II with grades 11 and 12 is taught at Zinzendorfplatz). In addition, there is a special school, the district adult education center and a folk music school.
- Niesky. A journey through the past . Geiger-Verlag, Horb am Neckar 1992, ISBN 3-89264-664-3 (illustrated book).
- Niesky 1742. The documents of the Brethren for the foundation of Niesky. Edited by the Niesky Brethren, edited and commented on by Peter Sebald. Niesky 1992.
- Peter Sebald : History of Niesky 1742-1992. Volume 1: The administration by the Brethren 1742-1892. Niesky-Herrnhut 1998.
- From the Muskauer Heide to the Rotstein. Home book of the Lower Silesian Upper Lusatia District . Lusatia Verlag, Bautzen 2006, ISBN 978-3-929091-96-0 , p. 299 ff .
- Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019 ( help on this ).
- Memorials for the Victims of NS II , Ed. Federal Agency for Political Education Bonn, p. 721
- Bernhard Brilling: Evacuation of the Wroclaw Jews to Tormersdorf near Görlitz, Rothenburg District, Oberlausitz, in: Communications of the Association of Former Wroclaw and Silesian Jews in Israel, 46/47, 1980.
- City council election on May 26, 2019
- City council election 2019
- City council election on May 26, 2019
- Niesky renovates Wachsmann-Bau - only two of the architect's houses have been preserved in Germany in: Märkische Oderzeitung , December 29, 2009, p. 18
- Welcome to Museum Niesky on the website of the city of Niesky
- Carla Mattern: Enchanted watch tower in the Sächsische Zeitung of April 26, 2017, accessed on January 26, 2018
- Karate Niesky. Retrieved August 14, 2019 .
- Uwe Menschner: Niesky is giving himself presents in the anniversary year. In: Lausitzer Rundschau . October 27, 2017, accessed November 1, 2017 .
- See www.waggonbau-niesky.com, DB vehicle maintenance new shareholders . Archived from the original on August 13, 2006. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Personnel adjustments necessary at DB Waggonbau Niesky GmbH. Deutsche Bahn AG, October 8, 2013, archived from the original on March 29, 2015 ; accessed on March 29, 2015 .
- Carla Mattern, Tilo Berger: Deutsche Bahn sells wagon construction to a Munich holding company. In: Saxon newspaper . May 14, 2014, accessed March 29, 2015 .
- Quantum, holdings. (No longer available online.) Quantum Capital Partners AG, 2014, archived from the original on April 2, 2015 ; accessed on March 29, 2015 .
- Eurotunnel: Waggonbau Niesky builds shuttle trains. eurailpress.de, January 14, 2015, accessed on March 29, 2015 .
- Waggonbau Niesky surprisingly files for bankruptcy. In: Lausitzer Rundschau . January 2, 2018, accessed January 4, 2018 .
- Slovakian takes over Waggonbau Niesky. In: Lausitzer Rundschau. September 10, 2018, accessed September 10, 2018 .
- Schools and educational institutions in Niesky. In: niesky.de. Retrieved December 24, 2019 .