from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Oppach
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Oppach highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 3 ′  N , 14 ° 30 ′  E

Basic data
State : Saxony
County : Goerlitz
Management Community : Oppach-Beiersdorf
Height : 321 m above sea level NHN
Area : 8 km 2
Residents: 2328 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 291 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 02736
Area code : 035872
License plate : GR, LÖB, NOL, NY, WSW, ZI
Community key : 14 6 26 410
Community structure: 5 districts
Association administration address: August-Bebel-Strasse 32
02736 Oppach
Website : www.oppach.de
Mayoress : Sylvia Hölzel
Location of the municipality of Oppach in the district of Görlitz
Bärwalder See Berzdorfer See Talsperre Quitzdorf Talsperre Quitzdorf Polen Tschechien Landkreis Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge Bad Muskau Beiersdorf Bernstadt a. d. Eigen Herrnhut Bertsdorf-Hörnitz Boxberg/O.L. Boxberg/O.L. Dürrhennersdorf Ebersbach-Neugersdorf Kottmar (Gemeinde) Gablenz (Oberlausitz) Görlitz Görlitz Groß Düben Groß Düben Großschönau (Sachsen) Großschweidnitz Hähnichen Hainewalde Herrnhut Hohendubrau Horka Jonsdorf Kodersdorf Königshain Krauschwitz (Sachsen) Kreba-Neudorf Lawalde Leutersdorf (Oberlausitz) Löbau Markersdorf (Sachsen) Markersdorf (Sachsen) Mittelherwigsdorf Mücka Mücka Neißeaue Neusalza-Spremberg Kottmar (Gemeinde) Niesky Kottmar (Gemeinde) Oderwitz Olbersdorf Oppach Ostritz Oybin Quitzdorf am See Reichenbach/O.L. Rietschen Rosenbach Rothenburg/Oberlausitz Schleife (Ort) Schönau-Berzdorf auf dem Eigen Schönbach (Sachsen) Schöpstal Seifhennersdorf Reichenbach/O.L. Trebendorf Trebendorf Vierkirchen (Oberlausitz) Waldhufen Weißkeißel Weißwasser/Oberlausitz Zittau Zittau Landkreis Bautzen Brandenburgmap
About this picture
View from the B 96 in a south-easterly direction towards Oppach

Oppach ( Upper Lusatian : Uppach , Upper Sorbian Wopaka ) is a Saxon municipality in the district of Görlitz and is located on the federal highways 96 and 98 directly on the border with Northern Bohemia ( Czech Republic ). Oppach forms an administrative community with the neighboring town of Beiersdorf .


Oppach is located in the valley of the Beiersdorf water , which leaves the place in the old ditch. In the east on the municipality border to Neusalza-Spremberg , bounded in the north by the Flößel (Flössel), there is a piece of forest called the " Great Forest ".

Local division

Districts are Oppach (formerly Niederoppach ), Fuchs (formerly Neuoppach ), Eichen (formerly Oberoppach ), Picka and Lindenberg . Unofficially there are other districts, z. B. Hatsche, Hinterecke, Katermautze, Oberdorf and Spreedorf.


Map of Oberreit with Oppach from 1821 to 1822

Oppach, laid out as a forest hoof village, was first verifiably mentioned in 1336 when a witness named Johann de Opach was mentioned in a document from the Löbauer Ratsarchiv. The origin of the place name probably goes back to the name of the Beiersdorfer water after a variant: "Above the brook" - "Oberbach" - "Obbach" - "Oppach". Oppach and the neighboring village of Taubenheim were the first rural communities in Upper Lusatia to join the Reformation as early as 1524. At the end of the 17th century, evicted by the Counter Reformation in Bohemia , Protestant religious refugees from Fugau and the Bohemian enclave Schirgiswalde found a new home in Oppach. They created the districts of Fuchs and Eichen. With the exiles, the commercial home weaving mill found its way into Oppach, from which the first textile factories later emerged.

During the GDR era, VEB Gaskombinat "Schwarze Pump" built and maintained a children's holiday camp for the children of its employees on Pickaer Berg , which was abandoned after 1990.

On April 1, 2006, the old Fugauer Strasse was reopened through a tourist border crossing between Oppach and Schluckenau .

Place name forms

  • 1336: Johannes de Opach, 1381: Opach, 1791: Oppach, old and new, 1875: Oppach (new, lower and upper)

Administrative affiliation

Population development

In the census of May 9, 2011, 2548 people lived in the 788 residential buildings of the community. The core town of Oppach consisted of 424 residential buildings and had 1615 inhabitants; the others lived in Lindenberg (360), Fuchs (311), Eichen (201) and Picka (61). The average age was 48.5 years.

year Residents
(Nieder-) Oppach Oppach municipality
1777 6 possessed men ,
36 gardeners , 37 cottagers
see districts
1834 827 1914
1871 1207 2633
1890 1216 2766
1910 - 2952
1925 - 2977
1939 - 3250
1946 - 3987
1950 - 4276
1964 - 3938
1990 - 3256
2000 - 3203
2007 - 2986
2009 - 2914
2011 1615 2548
2012 - 2529
2013 - 2505


City council election 2019
Turnout: 64.0% (2014: 55.9%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
+ 27.2  % p
-18.5  % p
-7.7  % p
-1.3  % p
+ 0.3  % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
d Oppacher citizens list

Since 2000 there has been a loose alliance of places on both sides of the border, called " Fünfgemeinde ", whose members are Neusalza-Spremberg , Sohland an der Spree and Oppach on the German side and Jiříkov (Georgswalde) and Šluknov (Schluckenau) on the Czech side. In 2011 the city of Ebersbach-Neugersdorf was added.

Municipal council

After the municipal council election on May 25, 2019 , only 12 of the 14 seats will be occupied. The reason for this is that the AfD can only fill 2 of the 4 seats won due to a lack of applicants. The council is composed as follows:

  • Free voters (FW): 4 seats
  • CDU : 3 seats
  • Oppacher Bürgerliste e. V. (OBL): 3 seats
  • AfD : 2 seats (4 achieved)


In the elections in June 2015, incumbent Stefan Hornig could not prevail against Sylvia Hölzel, Ms. Hölzel was elected as the new mayor with 57.4% of the votes.

coat of arms

The municipality of Oppach has had the current coat of arms since April 1, 1995. The shield-shaped coat of arms is framed by a green border, which points to the surrounding landscape protection area "Oberlausitzer Bergland". The green of the three leaves and the white background of the upper half of the shield take up the colors of the Free State of Saxony. The blue of the wavy ribbon and the yellow of the background of the lower half of the shield also reflect the colors of Upper Lusatia. The wavy ribbon symbolizes the Beiersdorf water, which is called "Alter Graben" from the bus station. It divides the place - just like the ribbon the town's coat of arms. The three leaves symbolize three of the districts around Oppach: the district of Lindenberg through the Lindenblatt, the district of Eichen (in the "Eichengrund") founded by Protestant exiles from Schirgiswalde through the oak leaf and the district of Fuchs founded by Bohemian exiles from Fugau (the "Fug '") schen ”) through a birch leaf, which is supposed to refer to the noble family Berka von der Duba. The uniform color of the leaves is intended to express the togetherness of the districts in Oppach and their graphic arrangement refers to the geographical location of the districts in relation to the village center: Lindenberg in the northwest, oaks in the northeast and Fuchs in the south.

Town twinning

  • City of Uhingen in the district of Göppingen (Baden-Württemberg)

Culture and sights


Engraving of Oppach Castle, mid-19th century
The vacant Oppach Castle in 2011
  • The Oppach castle was in 1790 for Gottlob Adolf Ernst von Nostitz and Jänkendorf built and in 1844 for the Saxon Interior Minister Eduard Gottlob von Nostitz and Jänckendorf rebuilt. A century later it was expropriated during the land reform in the Soviet occupation zone and used as accommodation for refugees and displaced persons. In the 1950s, a kindergarten was set up there, and elementary school classes were later held in a small, second building that has since been demolished. The castle is currently empty and needs renovation.
  • The Protestant church in Oppach was almost completely rebuilt between 1785 and 1787, because many Protestant exiles were settled here as a result of the Counter-Reformation. In 1923, a new and larger tower was built that rises above an entrance hall.

Hiking trails

(Sawmill) Buschmühle
  • Oppacher Ringweg: Dammmühlteich (gondola pond), heritage-protected half-timbered houses, Buschmühle (birthplace of H.-G. Zumpe), highest point Galgenberg (approx. 400 m) with a view of the Zittau Mountains and the Jizera Mountains
  • Oppacher Brunnenpfad: 4.4 km long, "In the footsteps of Pegasus" (company logo of the Oppach mineral springs), eight display boards along the path about the landscape and nature of the Upper Lusatian highlands as well as the origin and production of the Oppach mineral water
  • Grenzmühlteich circular route
  • Gondola pond circular route


The stadium area on Lindenberg includes two tennis courts (Rotstein) and two large soccer fields (a grass field and a Grünsteinplatz), which are managed by the Oppach Tennis Club (TC Oppach e.V.) and the Oppach Soccer Club (FSV Oppach e.V.). Right next to the sports facility is the Oppach outdoor pool with a beach volleyball court. There is also a ski slope in the Upper Lusatian community, which is operated in winter by the Oppach Ski Club (SC Oppach e.V.). In the Oppacher Kretscham and in the Haus des Gastes (Schützenhaus) there is a bowling alley.

Economy and Infrastructure

Established businesses

Founded in 1991, Oppacher Mineralquellen GmbH & Co. KG can look back on a history that dates back to 1886 as a distillation and fruit press. The natural mineral water obtained from our own deep well has only been used for non-alcoholic drinks since 1953. One of the typical products from the times of the GDR , the orange pearl , is still produced today. In 2000 the company was taken over by Actris AG and separated again in early 2007.


The station Oppach was from 1892 to 1945 at the narrow-gauge railway Taubenheim-Dürrhennersdorf . This is shut down.


Sons and daughters of the church

Honorary citizen

  • 2006, first honorary citizen: Anne-Rose Säuberlich (July 3, 1924– May 28, 2009), circle leader for textile design and teacher, compiled a collection of local history documents and textile work


  • Cornelius Gurlitt : Oppach. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 34. Issue: Official Authority Löbau . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1910, p. 491.
  • Hermann Adolph Thomas: Some of the history of the parish Oppach in the Royal Saxon Margraviate of Upper Lusatia . Neusalza 1877 ( digitized version )

Web links

Commons : Oppach  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019  ( help on this ).
  2. oberlausitzer-woerterbuch.de
  3. 2011 census - Oppach municipality (PDF)
  4. ^ Niederoppach in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  5. ^ Oppach in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  6. wahlen.sachsen.de
  7. ↑ Winner of the election in Saxony: AfD cannot fill its own mandates! Retrieved June 14, 2019 .
  8. statistik.sachsen.de