Beiersdorfer water

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Beiersdorfer water
Gondola pond in Oppach, view of the dam mill

Gondola pond in Oppach, view of the dam mill

location Saxony
River system Spree
Drain over Spree  → Havel  → Elbe  → North Sea
source in the upper village of Beiersdorf
51 ° 4 ′ 38 ″  N , 14 ° 33 ′ 3 ″  E
Source height 392  m
muzzle in Taubenheim / Spree in the Spree Coordinates: 51 ° 2 '36 "  N , 14 ° 29' 23"  E 51 ° 2 '36 "  N , 14 ° 29' 23"  E
Mouth height 283  m
Height difference 109 m
Bottom slope 17 ‰
length 6.5 km
Left tributaries Badgraben, Flössel,
Right tributaries Zeilegraben, Zwenkegraben, Gebirgsbach, Oberoppacher Wasser, Lindenberger Wasser, Wassergrundgraben
Communities Beiersdorf , Oppach , Sohland on the Spree

The Beiersdorfer Wasser , on the lower course of the Alter Graben , is a right-hand tributary of the Upper Spree in the Taubenheim / Spree district of the municipality of Sohland an der Spree in the Saxon district of Bautzen with a length of 6.5 kilometers.


The brook rises northwest of the Lochberg ( 435  m ) in the Lausitzer Bergland ; its source is located west of Neulauba in the upper village of Beiersdorf . It flows between the Bieleboh mountain range and the Steinklunsen through a wide valley in a south-westerly direction.

On both sides of the Bachaue with the extinguishing water pond and the bridal pond, the houses of Beiersdorf are lined up along the upper course. At the western foot of the Steinklunsen, the Beiersdorf water flows on the edge of the Great Forest through the Amselgrund to Oppach , where its banks are heavily built up on both sides. In Oppach the brook feeds the school pond. From the Oppach bus station, the last two kilometers of the stream flows through the "Alte Graben" to the Spree.

Old ditch

The canalised and dammed lower course, already named on the Meilenblatt in 1804, leads on the right side next to the valley floor past Oppach Castle to Taubenheim. There the Alte Graben flows into the Spree below the bridge on Oberdorfstrasse . The Taubenheim – Dürrhennersdorf narrow-gauge railway used to bridge the Spree below the mouth of the Alter Graben.

Mill moat

In the east of the sheep Berg ( 307  m ), means Berg ( 310  m ) and Krahberg ( 338  m ) limited base through which the Beiersdorfer water originally flowed, there are two larger ponds: the Gondelteich, formerly Dammmühlteich and the Grenzmühlteich; On the slope above the ground are the groups of houses Katermautze and Spreedorf belonging to Oppach. The cascade of ponds extending into the ground used to include the castle pond located below the school pond and the Spree pond located in the estuary to the Spree; Both were already dry in 1804, the pond area of ​​the castle pond was built on with a farm building for the Oppach castle.

The Mühlgraben flows 100 m above the Alter Graben on the corridors of the municipality of Oppach on the German-Czech border opposite the Fugau ( Fukov ) desert into the Spree , into which the Fugauer Flössel flows from the Czech side.


Most of the tributaries of the Beiersdorf water come from the Bieleboh mountain range. The most important tributary, however, is the Flössel, which flows in from the opposite side.

  • The line ditch flows into Beiersdorf from the district line to
  • The out of the district Zwenke coming Zwenkegraben also leads into Beiersdorf
  • The Badgraben comes from the Beiersdorfer Bad and still absorbs the Schmiedetaler water
  • The mountain stream rises in the saddle between Bieleboh and Kuhberg ( 455  m ), it flows in from the mountains in Beiersdorf .
  • The Flössel , also Flösschen , drains the Great Forest and flows into Oppach
  • The Oberoppacher water comes from Bieleboh and flows through oaks to Oppach
  • The Lindenberger Wasser rises below Picka and flows over Lindenberg to Oppach. At its lower reaches the moat follows its course.
  • The water ground ditch rises south of the calf stones and flows through the water ground . From Lindenberg, it forms a common valley with the Lindenberger Wasser .

Centennial flood of August 7, 2010

The first days of August 2010 were rich in precipitation in the Lusatian mountains, so that the storage capacity of the soil was almost exhausted. In the afternoon of August 7th, a heavy rainfall area reached Czorneboh and Bieleboh. Precipitation of 120 mm was measured within six hours. The Beiersdorfer water, which drains the southern waste of the Bieleboh mountain range, could not carry away these huge amounts. Both in Beiersdorf and Oppach, the floods of the century flood left severe damage.

Narrow-gauge railway Taubenheim – Dürrhennersdorf

former Oppach viaduct

The Taubenheim – Dürrhennersdorf narrow-gauge railway has been running through the valley of the Beiersdorfer water since 1892 . It ran from the Spree to the Alter Graben group of houses at the level of the gondola pond on the right side of the Alter Graben on the embankment and then along the slope west of the Oppach built-up area. Above the mouth of the Flössel, the railway crossed the valley of the Beiersdorfer water on the Oppacher Viadukt and led over the Amselgrund on the slope of the Steinklunsen to Beiersdorf, where it left the valley and continued via Schmiedenthal to Schönbach . The narrow-gauge railway was shut down and dismantled in 1945.


  • Between Strohmberg, Czorneboh and Kottmar (= values ​​of our homeland . Volume 24). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1974, p. 111 ff.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Miles sheet 347
  2. ^ Miles sheet