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新宿 区
Geographical location in Japan
Shinjuku (Japan)
Red pog.svg
Region : Kanto
Prefecture : Tokyo
Coordinates : 35 ° 42 '  N , 139 ° 43'  E Coordinates: 35 ° 42 '2 "  N , 139 ° 42' 54"  E
Basic data
Surface: 18.23 km²
Residents : 349,511
(October 1, 2019)
Population density : 19,172 inhabitants per km²
Community key : 13104-1
Flag / coat of arms:
Shinjuku flag / coat of arms
Tree : Japanese zelkove
Flower : azalea
town hall
Address : Shinjuku City Hall
1 - 4 - 1 , Kabuki-chō
Tōkyō  160-8484
Website URL:
Location of Shinjuku in Tokyo Prefecture
Location of Shinjuku in the prefecture

Shinjuku ( Japanese 新宿 区 - ku , "district ~", English "~ City") is a ("special -") district and the administrative seat of the Japanese prefecture of Tokyo . It is located in western Tokyo .


During the 17th century

Shinjuku was named after a post office set up around 1698 on the main road Kōshū-kaidō , which led from Edo to Kai Province . Because of the residence of the Naitō clan from Shinano Province, the station was named "New Station Naitō" (Naitō-Shinjuku). It was along the road parallel to today's Shinjuku Gyoen (Naitōmachi) area.

1920 to 1945

In 1920 the city Naitō-Shinjuku (essentially the current districts of Shinjuku and Naitōmachi ) , which was established in 1889 as a municipality in the district of South Toshima (from 1896: Toyotama ), was incorporated into the then city ​​of Tokyo . In 1932, with the incorporation of the previous district town of Yodobashi and other communities (in the area of ​​today's Shinjuku district, the cities of Ōkubo , Totsuka and Ochiai ), areas west of today's Yamanote Line became part of the city of Tokyo.

Shinjuku was largely spared from the great Kantō earthquake in 1923 , as it is located in a seismically harmless area. The Nishi-Shinjuku district in particular is known today for its many skyscrapers that were built after the Yodobashi sewage treatment plant moved.

1945 to 2000

The 1945 air raids on Tokyo destroyed about 90% of the area around Shinjuku Station . After the war, the city was rebuilt according to an almost identical plan. Only in Kabukichō were there fundamental renewals.

The Shinjuku district was created in its current form in 1947 through the merger of the old districts of Yotsuya , Ushigome and Yodobashi .

In 1991, with the move of the prefectural government from Marunouchi , Chiyoda , the Shinjuku District became the administrative center of Tokyo Prefecture.

Origin of name

During the Edo period there were five major streets, all of which started from Nihombashi Bridge . Hotels were built along these streets, where post officials could rest their stagecoach horses. These were also built on Koshu Street, which was one of the five streets leading to Kofu , but there was a place where two hotels were at a greater distance from each other. Therefore, the Daimyo Naito gave the call to build another hotel, which was then named "Naito-Shinjuku" (Eng. New Naito Hotel) . When the area became a town in 1947, the name "Shinjuku" was adopted.


Takashimaya Times Square with the NTT Docomo Yoyogi Building in the background
Nightly sea of ​​lights

Around the Shinjuku train station of the same name , which has one of the highest passenger volumes in the world, the following are concentrated in just two square kilometers:

Shinjuku City Hall in Kabukicho
The 243 m high Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building in the Nishi-Shinjuku district

There are also several important universities in Shinjuku such as B. Waseda University . Not far from Shinjuku station is the Ōkubo district , which is the center of the Korean residents of Tokyo.

The well-known artist Yayoi Kusama opened her own Yayoi Kusama Museum here in September 2017 .


As of October 1, 2019, the district had a reported population of 349,511 and an area of ​​18.23 km² a population density of 19,172 people per km². However, because of the district's central role, it is estimated that the actual population is over a million at any time of the day or night. With almost 10%, Shinjuku has one of the highest proportions of foreigners of all Japanese communities.

City district (selection)

For a complete listing of all Shinjuku neighborhoods today, see the Shinjuku District District List of Tokyo .

sons and daughters of the town


Political groups in Parliament
(as of May 27, 2019)
A total of 38 seats

Shinjuku-ku's mayor has been Ken'ichi Yoshizumi, a former LDP prefectural member of parliament since 2014 . In 2018 he was re-elected for a second term by a clear majority with the support of the LDP and Kōmeitō against the LP politician Tetsuo Nozawa ( KDP , KPJ , LP, SDP ). The turnout increased slightly to 28.2%. The 38-member Shinjuku District Parliament was re-elected in the 2019 unified regional elections.

The district forms a four-mandate constituency for the prefecture parliament . In the last election in 2017 , Shinjuku elected one MP each from Tomin First no Kai , KPJ, Kōmeitō and LDP.

For the national House of Representatives, most of the Shinjuku district, together with Chiyoda and Minato, make up the constituency of Tokyo 1 , which the constitutional democrat Banri Kaieda narrowly won against the liberal democrat Miki Yamada in the 2017 House of Representatives election . A small part of the district in the northwest (parts of the former city of Ochiai ) has belonged to constituency 10 since 2017, which elected Liberal Democrat Hayato Suzuki in 2017.


Sister city Berlin-Tiergarten

Shinjuku has partnerships with the following administrative units:

Neighboring cities and communities

Web links

Commons : Shinjuku  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Shinjuku City , Pages for English Speaking Foreigners
  2. History of the Shinjuku District ( Memento of the original from October 26, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. Ichikawa, 2003
  4. a b History of the origin of the name on the Shinjuku website. In: Shinjuku Official Website. Retrieved July 24, 2016 (Japanese).
  5. ^ History of the origin of the name of Shinjuku . May 4, 2009. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  6. Shinjuku District Parliament : Factions , accessed June 8, 2019.
  7. 「新宿 を よ り 発 展 さ せ る」 区長 に 吉 住 さ ん 再 選 . In: Tōkyō Shimbun . November 13, 2018. Retrieved June 8, 2019 (Japanese).
  8. 東京 ・ 新宿 区長 選 は 自 民 、 公 明 推薦 の 吉 住 氏 が 再 選 . In: Sankei Shimbun . November 11, 2018. Retrieved June 8, 2019 (Japanese).
  9. 統一 地方 選 2019> 東京> 新宿 区 議 選 . In: Tōkyō Shimbun . April 2019, accessed on June 7, 2019 (Japanese).
  10. Tōkyō Shimbun : Prefectural parliamentary election in Tokyo 2017 , result Shinjuku-ku