Marzahn-Hellersdorf district

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coat of arms of Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Coat of arms of Berlin
10th district of Berlin
Bezirk Mitte Bezirk Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Bezirk Pankow Bezirk Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf Bezirk Spandau Bezirk Steglitz-Zehlendorf Bezirk Tempelhof-Schöneberg Bezirk Neukölln Bezirk Treptow-Köpenick Bezirk Marzahn-Hellersdorf Bezirk Lichtenberg Bezirk Reinickendorf BrandenburgDistricts of the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district
About this picture
Coordinates 52 ° 32 '23 "  N , 13 ° 35' 3"  E Coordinates: 52 ° 32 '23 "  N , 13 ° 35' 3"  E
surface 61.8 km²
Residents 269,967 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 4368 inhabitants / km²
Proportion of foreigners 8.3% (Dec. 31, 2016)
Unemployment rate 6.8% (Oct. 30, 2017)
Post Code 12619, 12621, 12623, 12627, 12629, 12679, 12681, 12683, 12685, 12687, 12689

Administration address
Alice-Salomon-Platz 3
12627 Berlin
Average age 43.6 years (Dec. 31, 2016)
District key 10
Structure of the district

5 districts

District Mayor Dagmar Pohle ( left )
Deputy District Mayor Thomas Braun ( AfD )
Allocation of seats ( district assembly )
left AfD SPD CDU Green
16 15th 11 11 2
Allocation of seats in the BVV

Marzahn-Hellersdorf is the tenth administrative district of Berlin . As of December 31, 2019, it had 269,967 inhabitants. It was created in 2001 through the merger of the Marzahn and Hellersdorf districts .

The landscape of the Berlin district is shaped by the course of the Wuhle and the Wuhletal. The highest natural elevations in the area are the Ahrensfeld Mountains and the Kienberg . The latter is located in the Gardens of the World , a themed recreation park that is one of the most popular attractions in Berlin.



The district is located in the northeast of Berlin and borders the Lichtenberg district in the west, the Treptow-Köpenick district in the south, the Barnim district in the north and the Märkisch-Oderland district of Brandenburg in the east .


The heights of the district were created in the Ice Age and were raised and compacted by the deposition of rubble and by the excavation during the construction of houses. The Ahrensfelder mountains are 112 and 101 meters the highest elevations in the district. The Kienberg (102 meters) and the Biesdorfer Höhe (82 meters) are further hills in Marzahn-Hellersdorf.


The Wuhletal


The district consists of five districts . The districts of Hellersdorf , Kaulsdorf and Mahlsdorf formed the independent Berlin district of Hellersdorf from 1986 to 2001 . The districts of Biesdorf and Marzahn formed the Marzahn district . The district of Marzahn is made up of the corridor of the village of Marzahn and the northern part of the Friedrichsfelde corridor .

Marzahn village church
Ahrensfeld Terraces Marzahn-North
District and locations Area (km²) Residents
December 30, 2019
per square kilometer
1001 Marzahn 19.54 111.021 5,682
Berlin Marzahn Hellersdorf Kaulsdorf Mahlsdorf Biesdorf BrandenburgDistricts of the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district
About this picture
1002 Biesdorf
  • Biesdorf-North
  • Biesdorf-South
12.44 28,069 2,256
Berlin Marzahn Hellersdorf Kaulsdorf Mahlsdorf Biesdorf BrandenburgDistricts of the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district
About this picture
1003 Kaulsdorf
  • Kaulsdorf-North
  • Kaulsdorf-South
8.81 19,408 2,203
Berlin Marzahn Hellersdorf Kaulsdorf Mahlsdorf Biesdorf BrandenburgDistricts of the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district
About this picture
1004 Mahlsdorf
  • Mahlsdorf-North
  • Mahlsdorf-South
12.94 29,360 2,269
Berlin Marzahn Hellersdorf Kaulsdorf Mahlsdorf Biesdorf BrandenburgDistricts of the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district
About this picture
1005 Hellersdorf
  • Hellersdorf-North
  • Hellersdorf-center
  • Hellersdorf-South
8.10 82,109 10.137
Berlin Marzahn Hellersdorf Kaulsdorf Mahlsdorf Biesdorf BrandenburgDistricts of the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district
About this picture


Old village of Marzahn with new large housing estate, 1989


All five districts that make up the district originally come from the Niederbarnim district and were incorporated into Berlin in 1920 by the Greater Berlin Act . Together with the districts of Lichtenberg and Friedrichsfelde , they formed the Lichtenberg district until 1979 . By building the new housing estate Marzahn grew in the late 1970s, especially the district of Marzahn , so in 1979 from the five currently on the district forming districts and the northern part of Friedrichsfelde (the area west of the railway ring, commonly known by the S-Bahn station Friedrichsfelde-Ost called) the Marzahn district was formed.

After the population - due to the emergence of new development areas in Hellersdorf and Kaulsdorf - had continued to rise, which was on 1 June 1986, the districts of Hellersdorf, Kaulsdorf and Mahlsdorf Hellersdorf district established that until the district reform was in 2001 independently.

Since 1990

In 1997 the newly built city center of Helle Mitte was completed, which has since formed the urban center of Hellersdorf. In the 2000s, there was a strong influx of people into the single-family house areas of Biesdorf, Kaulsdorf and Mahlsdorf, while in the northern part of the district there was less migration.

On January 1, 2001, the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district was founded as part of the Berlin district reform . On May 25, 2009, the district received the title Place of Diversity awarded by the federal government . After Steglitz-Zehlendorf , the district had the second lowest crime rate in 2018.


On June 30, 2016, the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district had 269,967 inhabitants on an area of ​​61.8 square kilometers. Thus, on the reporting date, the population density was 4,368 inhabitants per square kilometer.

On December 31, 2016, the proportion of foreigners was 8.3%, while the proportion of the population with a migration background was 16.2%. It is estimated that around 30,000 Germans from Russia live in the district. The unemployment rate amounted on April 30, 2013, 11.5%.

There have been a number of changes in terms of demography in Marzahn-Hellersdorf . In 1991 the average age of the two districts was 30.5 years. Until 2009 it increased by almost twelve years to 42.4 years. The average age on December 31, 2016 was 43.6 years.

The figures (as of December 31) are based on data from the population register of the Berlin State Office for Citizenship and Regulatory Affairs , in contrast to the population update of the Berlin-Brandenburg Statistics Office .


In 2016, 32.7% of all school leavers in the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district achieved the general university entrance qualification (Berlin average: 45.8%). Only the student body in the Neukölln district came off with a lower rate.

With only 16,677 residents organized in sports clubs and company sports associations in 2017, Marzahn-Hellersdorf is the Berlin district with the lowest number of registered sports club members.

Religious affiliation

In 2009, around 10% of the population in Marzahn-Hellersdorf was subject to church tax. Few of the city's Muslims live in the eastern part of Berlin. The proportion of the population that professes a religious belief is one of the lowest in Berlin and Germany.



Hasse & Wrede building
Eastgate Berlin

In 2012, of the 30,862 craft businesses based in Berlin, a total of 2,547 were registered in Marzahn-Hellersdorf. That was 47 more companies than in the previous year.

The pyramid in the district is one of the tallest skyscrapers in Berlin and is used as an office space.

With the Berlin eastside, Marzahn-Hellersdorf has the largest contiguous commercial area in the city. The most important larger companies are:

retail trade

Trade association

The Marzahn-Hellersdorfer Wirtschaftskreis e. V. (MHWK) was founded in 1991 by a Marzahn company under the motto "Together for success". This association has set itself the task of representing the interests of Marzahn-Hellersdorf companies and members of the liberal professions vis-à-vis decision-makers in politics and business. Through information and advice, the MHWK also offers its members support in their tasks as an employer, entrepreneur or freelancer.



The S-Bahn lines S5, S7, S75 and the underground line U5 run through Marzahn-Hellersdorf . There are also several tram and bus routes running through the district.

Private transport

UKB rescue helicopter

Via the federal highways B 1 / B 5 and B 158 as well as via Landsberger Allee / Landsberger Chaussee , the district has a connection to the federal motorway 10 (Berliner Ring) with the junctions Berlin-Hohenschönhausen , Berlin-Marzahn and Berlin-Hellersdorf .

air traffic

An air rescue center is set up at the Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin in Marzahn and is operated by the DRF Luftrettung . The intensive care transport helicopter Christoph Berlin is stationed on the clinic premises and is used in the rescue service of the Berlin fire brigade for primary missions (emergency rescue) as well as for secondary missions (intensive and relocation flights). A helicopter landing pad is part of the clinic area.

power supply

In 2014 one of the largest German solar systems on residential buildings went into operation in the district. The solar panels installed on the roofs of 50 houses in the Hellersdorf district were financed by the housing company Stadt und Land .


District Assembly

Election to the district assembly in 2016
Turnout: 59.0%
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
-5.2  % p
+ 23.2  % p
-8.1  % p
-0.1  % p
-1.2  % p
+1.4  % p
-10.0  % p

The election to the District Assembly (BVV) of Marzahn-Hellersdorf on September 18, 2016 resulted in the following distribution of seats:

Political party Seats
The left 16
AfD 15th
SPD 11
CDU 11
Alliance 90 / The Greens 02
All in all 55

The BVV usually meets once a month. The conference is freely accessible and citizens can contribute their contributions to the BVV. The meetings have been broadcast on the Internet as a live stream since 2010 .

In the 2001 election for the District Assembly (BVV), the PDS (today: Left Party ) received 51.1% of the valid votes. In the 2016 election it only reached 26.0%, but remained the strongest party.

District Mayor

Marzahn-Hellersdorf is represented at the state level in the Council of Mayors and in the Resource Management Working Group .

District Office

Members of the district office are (as of 2020):

  • Dagmar Pohle (Die Linke), district mayor
  • Thomas Braun (AfD), District Councilor, Deputy District Mayor
  • Gordon Lemm (SPD), district councilor
  • Juliane Witt (Die Linke), District Councilor
  • Nadja Zivkovic (CDU), District Councilor

Bundestag elections

The Berlin-Marzahn - Hellersdorf constituency is known for its polarized electorate. Parties that are assigned to the very left and very right spectrum together achieved almost half of all votes in the 2017 federal election.

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district draws on the design elements of the coat of arms of the old Marzahn district. The district of Hellersdorf with its districts was part of the Marzahn district before it was founded. Nevertheless, the district assembly did not want to adopt the old Marzahn coat of arms for the new district. The district office formed a coat of arms commission , which commissioned the heraldist Lutz Döring to design the new coat of arms. Today's coat of arms was awarded on October 7, 2003 by the Berlin Senate .

Coat of arms of borough Marzahn-Hellersdorf.svg

Description of the coat of arms: In a green shield a slanting left silver wave bar , above a golden sheaf of corn with five ears of wheat, below a silver gear . A red three-tower wall crown rests on the shield , the central tower of which is covered with the Berlin coat of arms .

Justification of the coat of arms: The corn sheaf with ears of corn symbolizes the centuries-long agricultural character of all parts of the district, and the five ears of corn refer to the five districts of Biesdorf, Hellersdorf, Kaulsdorf, Mahlsdorf and Marzahn, which make up the district. The wave bar stands for the Wuhle , which flows through the district from north to south, and the many waters of the district. The green tinging of the sign stands for the spacious green areas and parks. As in the old coat of arms of Marzahn, the gear symbolizes the strong industrialization of the district in the 20th century. The crown of the wall is the connecting element of all Berlin districts .

Town hall and district office of Marzahn-Hellersdorf

Town twinning

The district maintains the following city ​​partnerships :

HungaryHungary  Budapest , IV. District (Újpest) and XV. District (Rákospalota), Hungary , since November 9, 1991  Halton , United Kingdom , since May 25, 1994  Hanoi , Hoàng Mai district, Vietnam , since December 2, 2013  Lauingen (Danube) , Germany , since June 10, 1999  Minsk , city districts Partizan and Oktjabr, Belarus , since May 26, 1993  Tychy (Tichau), Poland , since May 10, 1992
United KingdomUnited Kingdom


Directorate 6 of the Berlin State Police is responsible for the Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Treptow-Köpenick and Lichtenberg districts. The director of directorate 5 is Michael Lengwenings (as of 2017).


Friedrich Schiller Elementary School Mahlsdorf

In the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district there are 30 primary schools , twelve integrated secondary schools , five grammar schools and two upper school centers (as of 2020). The private Freie Schule am Elsengrund in Mahlsdorf has existed in the district since 2008. At Victor Klemperer College to adults in full-time her high school drop.

Elementary schools


High schools



The Alice Salomon University Berlin (ASH) is a university of applied sciences in Berlin-Hellersdorf with a focus on social work as well as health and care management.



The Gardens of the World are among the most famous parks in Berlin. They were the location of the 2017 International Horticultural Exhibition in 2017 . The gardens are divided into different subject areas such as: B. The Garden of the Reclaimed Moon (Chinese Garden), the Garden of Confluent Waters (Japanese Garden), the Balinese Garden, the Garden of the Four Rivers (Oriental Garden), the Korean Garden, and the Italian-inspired Renaissance Garden . A hedge maze, a ground labyrinth and a Karl Foerster perennial garden are also part of the park.

The Biesdorf Castle is a former mansion and was long owned by the family of industrialists Siemens. It was reopened in 2016, renovated in accordance with listed buildings. The building ensemble serves as a public center for art and culture.

In 1985 the German-Soviet friendship mosaic column was erected in Marzahn.


There are several museums in the district, like that of Charlotte von Mahlsdorf built Gründerzeitmuseum with Europe's largest contiguous collection of objects of the early days in Mahlsdorf.

The district museum in the old village of Alt-Marzahn shows regional history spanning 11,000 years in two buildings, houses an archive and offers extensive educational museum offers.

The Pyramide exhibition center in the Hellersdorf district was designed by the architect couple Ralf Schüler and Ursulina Schüler-Witte and opened in 1996. The Pyramid Exhibition Center presents eight to ten changing exhibitions a year on culturally and socially relevant topics of the present and future - mainly with a regional reference.

The Marzahn Sports Museum at Eisenacher Str. 121 was opened in 2008. The collection, which focuses on the history of sports in the GDR, includes over 5000 exhibits, including certificates, medals and trophies. The associated library consists of around 2000 books on the subject of sports.

Cinemas and music

The ORWOhaus on Frank-Zappa-Straße is a contact point for musicians and artists in Berlin. It offers around 4000 m² of rehearsal rooms (playable around the clock), meeting points, recording studios, music-related services and joint activities such as concerts and events. From 2011, the halls on the ground floor were expanded into event rooms for concerts and tour preparations. The ORWOHAUS festival takes place there every July.

At the beginning of 2005, the Marzahn-Hellersdorf Youth Symphony Orchestra was founded in the district , in which students from the Marzahn-Hellersdorf Music School and students from other music schools play.

The park stage with around 5000 seats is located in the park of Biesdorf Castle . It is often used for concert events, park parties and school meetings.

The "Kiste", which opened in 1989 with a program by the legendary songwriter Gerhard Gundermann , now offers cultural offers for very different age groups and sees itself as a youth and cultural center. Cinema events, concerts, readings and exhibitions take place in the "Kiste", which is conveniently located directly at the Hellersdorf underground station . The well-known director Andreas Dresen ( summer in front of the balcony , half stairs ) has already shown his student films in the cinema with the chairs from the Palace of the Republic. For the cinema program, the "box" has already received several awards in the past decades, including a. as one of the best children's film theaters in Germany or with the Berlin-Brandenburg cinema program award.

The Kulturforum is the largest communal cultural institution in Hellersdorf. The building was planned as a youth club in the GDR and was built from 1990 to 1992. It will be extensively renovated by the district by the end of 2020. After the renovation is complete, the Kulturforum, as a communal culture house with multiple uses, is to offer space for the expanded offer of the Marzahn-Hellersdorf youth art school and in the evenings and weekends again provide space for users of all age groups as well as for the children's opera house of the State Opera Unter den Linden in the district.

sport and freetime

With 82 sports clubs in 2017, Marzahn-Hellersdorf is the district with the fewest sports clubs and company sports groups. The Athletics Club Berlin has supraregional importance, various German and Berlin champions in the field of athletics were produced by the club.

The East Side Beach has a total of five courts that are available for beach volleyball and other beach sports. The German championship of the U20 teams in beach volleyball took place here in 2011.

Another facility is the “Hellersdorfer Walkout” on Cecilienplatz . Here amateur athletes can choose between two routes and perform sporting tasks, which are distributed on small blue and white signs everywhere in the vicinity. The “casual route” is around 300 meters long and has eight stops, while the “brisk route” is around 1100 meters long and has fourteen stops.

Hiking routes such as the Wuhletal-Wanderweg , the Wuhle-Hönow-Weg , the Route Am Barnimhang, and Neue Urbanität are set up for a variety of sporting leisure activities.

The Bergwerk.Berlin the mall Helle Mitte is one of the largest indoor climbing centers in Europe. The facility consists of four climbing courses.

The Freizeitforum Marzahn is the largest culture and leisure center in northeast Berlin in the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district. The GSE - Gesellschaft für Stadtentwicklung g GmbH operates this facility on behalf of the district. With its rich offer - from the swimming pool with sauna to its own sports hall, the theater and smaller stages and club rooms to the "Mark Twain" library and the FAIR leisure facility for young people - it offers fun and entertainment, culture, education, sport and relaxation for young and old small. Located directly on the newly designed Victor-Klemperer-Platz, the Freizeitforum is one of the outstanding architectures of the late GDR. It was founded 1983 to 1988 by Prof. Dr. Wolf R. Eisentraut planned for Baukombinat Ingenieurhochbau Berlin and built from 1988 to 1992.

The KulturGut Marzahn - the cultural experience area with the special flair, located on the edge of the Angerdorf Alt-Marzahn, is u. a. Location of well-known festivals and events. The current building ensemble consists of a former three-sided courtyard and was supplemented in 1990 by a workshop area. The conversion and expansion of this courtyard into a cultural site took place in the course of the redesign of the historic Angerdorf Alt-Marzahn. In the meantime, more than 100,000 people enjoy the wide range of art and culture on offer every year.

Art in the district, the district in art

In the rooms of the former municipal "Galerie M" (today: Schloss Biesdorf), the "Projektraum Galerie M" has been located since the beginning of 2018. The project space is an open place of work that especially gives Berliners the opportunity to meet regional artists, to look over their shoulders during the work process and to acquire their works of art.

Particularly noteworthy is the integrative approach of the new KUNSTinitiative Marzahn-Hellersdorf active here : The joint work on equal terms unites the full-time and part-time artists.

The youth art school Marzahn-Hellersdorf offers aesthetic and artistic education for children and young people during school, in the afternoon and during the holidays. In the youth art school, artistic access to relevant topics is made possible for children and young adults and the artistic and research-based learning path and expression are promoted.

Ilka Bessin , a former comedian from Luckenwalde in Brandenburg , has become known throughout Germany with her stage name Cindy from Marzahn .

Web links

Commons : Marzahn-Hellersdorf  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Marzahn-Hellersdorf  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Statistical report - residents in the state of Berlin on December 31, 2016 (PDF; 3.1 MB). Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg . Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  2. a b Unemployment is falling - the paradox of the Berlin labor market . In: Berliner Zeitung , accessed on November 2, 2017.
  3. Numbering according to the district key.
  4. Residents in the State of Berlin on December 31, 2019, data from the Berlin-Brandenburg Statistics Office , accessed on August 27, 2020 ( PDF file ) ( help on this ).
  5. , accessed on September 26 ,201p
  6. Hannah Wagner: Alleged rape. The Russian Germans in Marzahn are "very angry". In: . January 28, 2016, accessed December 17, 2016.
  7. Demographic situation in Marzahn-Hellersdorf 2009 ( Memento from January 16, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 498 kB).
  8. Residents in the state of Berlin on December 31, 2012. In: Statistical report AI 5 - hj 2/12 of the Berlin-Brandenburg Statistics Office. P. 7.
  9. Inhabitants in the state of Berlin on December 31, 2017. In: Statistical report AI 5 - hj 2/17 of the Berlin-Brandenburg Statistics Office. P. 5.
  10. Steglitz-Zehlendorf has most of the high school graduates , Berliner Morgenpost, accessed on January 16, 2020.
  11. Sports clubs in the state of Berlin (PDF, page 5), Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg, accessed on January 16, 2020.
  12. The Divided Faith , Der Tagesspiegel, accessed January 18, 2020.
  13. Berlin Economy in Figures - 2013 edition . Ed. by IHK Berlin , accessed on June 29, 2017.
  14. Website of the Marzahn-Hellersdorfer Wirtschaftskreis e. V.
  15. New helipad for accident hospital. In: Der Tagesspiegel , July 28, 2008, accessed June 25, 2017.
  16. The largest solar system on residential buildings is in Hellersdorf , Berliner Morgenpost, accessed on January 17, 2020.
  17. a b The regional returning officer for Berlin
  18. Elections for the District Assembly 2016
  19. District Assembly - Dates and information on BVV at, accessed on February 22, 2018
  20. ^ Council of Mayors - accessed on May 18, 2019
  21. Small request from the FDP - accessed on May 18, 2019
  22. District Office College
  23. ^ National emblem of Berlin - district coat of arms , accessed on January 19, 2020.
  24. ^ Town twinning of the Marzahn-Hellersdorf district. District Office Marzahn-Hellersdorf of Berlin, accessed on December 17, 2016.
  25. Directorate 6 - Head of Directorate. In:, accessed on July 2, 2017.
  26. ^ School directory of the district
  27. Free school on Elsengrund
  28. Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
  29. The Gardens of the World - Center for International Garden and Landscape Art , Grün-Berlin, accessed on July 5, 2017.
  30. [1]
  31. a b c d e f g h i WELCOME: culture-marzahn-hellersdorf. Retrieved June 16, 2020 .
  32. 10 years of the Marzahn-Hellersdorf Sports Museum on
  33. Youth dance music. Caretaker of rock 'n' roll . In: taz , July 29, 2007
  34. ORWOhaus Festival , accessed on June 30, 2017.
  35. ^ German U20 championship in beach volleyball . In: Website of the Marzahner TSC, accessed on June 20, 2017.
  36. The Hellersdorf Walkout . ( Memento of January 21, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Description of the two routes with some additional information.
  37. ^ The Wuhletal hiking trail ( Memento from April 15, 2015 in the Internet Archive ). In:, accessed on December 17, 2016.
  38. ^ Wuhle-Hönow-Weg ( Memento from July 29, 2014 in the Internet Archive ). In:, accessed on December 17, 2016.
  39. Am Barnimhang ( Memento from May 28, 2015 in the Internet Archive ). In:, accessed on December 17, 2016.
  40. ^ New Urbanity ( Memento from March 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive ). In:, accessed on December 17, 2016.
  41. High ropes courses and climbing parks - Higher, Krasser, Next , fire department magazine, accessed on January 22, 2020.
  42. Pink make-up and sharp jokes , accessed June 7, 2017.