Lauingen (Danube)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Lauingen (Danube)
Lauingen (Danube)
Map of Germany, position of the city of Lauingen (Danube) highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 34 '  N , 10 ° 26'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Swabia
County : Dillingen on the Danube
Height : 439 m above sea level NHN
Area : 44.38 km 2
Residents: 11,060 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 249 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 89415
Area code : 09072
License plate : DLG, WHO
Community key : 09 7 73 144
City structure: 9 parts of the community

City administration address :
Herzog-Georg-Strasse 17
89415 Lauingen (Danube)
Website :
Mayor : Katja Müller ( CSU )
Location of the city of Lauingen (Danube) in the district of Dillingen an der Donau
Baden-Württemberg Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Donau-Ries Landkreis Günzburg Aislingen Bachhagel Bächingen an der Brenz Binswangen Bissingen (Bayern) Blindheim Buttenwiesen Dillingen an der Donau Finningen Glött Gundelfingen an der Donau Haunsheim Höchstädt an der Donau Holzheim (bei Dillingen an der Donau) Laugna Lauingen (Donau) Lutzingen Medlingen Mödingen Schwenningen (Donau) Syrgenstein Villenbach Wertingen Wittislingen Ziertheim Zöschingen Zusamaltheimmap
About this picture
Lauingen (Danube) from the north
Lauingen and the surrounding area from the air

Lauingen (Donau) is a town in the district of Dillingen an der Donau (Bavaria).


Geographical location

Lauingen is located in the Swabian Danube Valley in the Bavarian Swabia on the edge of the Swabian Alb . The Danube is, more precisely in the district shortly before Lauingen Faimingen to a lake (Faiminger Reservoir ) dammed. Shortly after the barrage , the Brenz flows into the Danube.

The municipality has 9 officially named municipal parts (the type of settlement is given in brackets ):

There are the districts Faimingen, Frauenriedhausen, Lauingen, Veitriedhausen.

Neighboring communities

Haunsheim Wittislingen
Gundelfingen on the Danube Neighboring communities Dillingen on the Danube
Gundremmingen ( district of Günzburg ), Aislingen , Glött Holzheim


Until the church is planted

The place Lauingen emerged from an Alemannic settlement of the 6th century. Lauingen was donated to the Fulda monastery in the 8th century and became a Staufer around 1150. After the death of the last Staufer Konradin , Lauingen fell to the Wittelsbach family . Later the city belonged to the Höchstädt court of the Duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg , whose second residence was Lauingen. Under Count Palatine Ottheinrich , Lauingen became Protestant in 1542 with the Palatinate-Neuburg area.

The Counter Reformation was carried out in 1616/17. During the Thirty Years' War in Lauingen from April 9, 1632 to September 19, 1634, Swedish troops under the generals Gustaf Horn and Bernhard von Sachsen-Weimar were quartered, who tried to rule the towns downstream of the Danube in order to be able to live in Fight for Regensburg to conquer the imperial city of Regensburg .

In 1777 the area became part of the Electorate of Bavaria. Lauingen had a city court with its own magistrate rights.

20th century

From 1944 to 1945 the city was the location of a satellite camp of the Dachau concentration camp . The approximately 3,000 prisoners were mainly used for forced labor in the aircraft production of the Messerschmitt company . The premises of the Ludwigsau J. Feller & Co. cloth factory were also confiscated from Messerschmitt for storage and possibly also for production . Some of the confiscated rooms also housed prisoners. There, as well as in the confiscated, lightless basement rooms (Römer G, 105) of the agricultural machinery factory Ködel & Böhm (today SDF ), as well as in the Birkacherhof barrack camp , harsh and sometimes inhuman living conditions prevailed, from which at least 62 of the prisoners died.


On April 1, 1971, the previously independent community of Faimingen was incorporated. Frauenriedhausen and Veitriedhausen were added on May 1, 1978.

Population development

  • 1910: 04,423 inhabitants (result of the census on December 1, 1910)
  • 1961: 09,208 inhabitants (result of the census on June 6, 1961)
  • 1970: 09,330 inhabitants (result of the census on May 27, 1970)
  • 1987: 09,308 inhabitants (result of the census on May 25, 1987)
  • 1991: 09,957 inhabitants
  • 1995: 10,753 inhabitants
  • 2000: 10,942 inhabitants
  • 2005: 11,036 inhabitants
  • 2010: 10,645 inhabitants
  • 2015: 10,773 inhabitants

Between 1988 and 2018, the city grew from 9,411 to 11,000 by 1,589 inhabitants or 16.9%.


Local election 2014
Turnout: 50.0%

City council

The city council has 24 members. Since the local elections on March 16, 2014 , the seats have been divided into the following lists:

Mayor was Wolfgang Schenk (SPD) from 2004 to 2018, he was the successor of Georg Barfuß (1986-2004) / (Lauinger List / FDP). On March 14, 2010, Wolfgang Schenk was re-elected as mayor with 56.7% of the votes and on March 16, 2014, he prevailed with 63.4% of the votes against his opponent Claudia Stocker (FDP / Liberal Citizens) with 36.6% , with a turnout of around 50%. On June 12, 2018, Wolfgang Schenk collapsed at a public city council meeting and died the following Wednesday night at the age of only 59.

In a runoff election , Katja Müller from the CSU was able to prevail over her opponent, the SPD, with 54.6% of the vote and a turnout of 53.9%, and will in future direct the fortunes of the city.

Community finances

In 2012, the municipal tax revenue amounted to € 9,768,000, of which € 3,527,000 was trade tax revenue (net).

coat of arms

The coat of arms shows a crowned Moor on a vertically divided shield in silver and blue. The " Mohrenkopf " was originally the head of Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa . The oldest seal in this form can be found on a document from the city archive from 1270.

Town twinning


  • Roman Catholic parish
  • Evangelical Lutheran Church Congregation
  • Evangelical Free Church: Danube Community Lauingen
  • Muslim community
  • New Apostolic Church
  • Jehovah's Witnesses
  • The center of the Islamic community is the Hicret Mosque (see section Buildings)

Culture and sights

Herzog-Georg-Strasse in Lauingen
town hall


  • Market square in the center of the city, dominated by the facades of the town hall as well as houses from all styles and the Schimmelturm; in the center is a monument to the city's most important son, Albertus Magnus .
  • Residence like City Hall 1782-1790, by Lorenzo Quaglio in classical style built
  • Schimmelturm , a 54 m high watchtower (laying of the foundation stone in 1457) with partly modern frescoes depicting Lauing legends ( accessible as a lookout tower )
  • City parish church St. Martin ("Martinsmünster"), built in the 16th century, offers a juxtaposition of Gothic and Renaissance elements
  • Former Augustinian monastery and Augustinian church of St. Thomas with works by Johann Baptist Enderle
  • Former Cistercian monastery of St. Agnes : Part of the complex (including the monastery church) has recently been demolished, while another part is now the home of the Lauingen home
  • Former synagogue in Hirschstrasse 19, the former Judengasse
  • Former castle , built 1474–1482 by Duke Georg von Bayern-Landshut , later the second residence of the Dukes of Pfalz-Neuburg ; today nursing home
  • Brunnental , medieval suburbs crossed by streams and springs towards the Danube with ancient houses on the city wall and a small archway, the so-called Tränktörlein .
  • Newly built Hicret Mosque (1996), which is primarily used as a place of worship and cultural center for the numerous Turks who live in the city and the surrounding area.

In the Faimingen district there are the remains of a Roman temple dedicated to Apollo-Grannus (Grannus was the Celtic god who corresponded to the Roman Apollo). With an area of ​​1000 m², it was the largest Roman temple north of the Alps and finds suggest that it served as a supraregional sanctuary . In 1981 two milestones were found in Gundelfingen and one in Sontheim in 2002 . These finds and the epithet "Phoebus" of Apollon indicate that the name of the Roman settlement was "Phoebiana".

Since 1987 the temple has been partially reconstructed and expanded as a small open-air museum with display boards. Admission is free.

Architectural monuments


sports clubs

  • FC Lauingen
  • TV Lauingen
  • TG Lauingen
  • Lauingen riding club
  • TC Lauingen

The witch dance

On Gumpigen Thursday (Thursday before Shrove Tuesday ) a carnival game is performed in front of the Schimmelturm. The witch "Schwertgoschin", the leader of the winter witches, fights against the spring fools in the tug of war, which she is subject to. The "Lord of the Seasons" sentences her to death, whereupon she is burned at the stake. The remaining witches (spectators) then dance the whole night through the bars of the city into the morning until they are finally driven away by spring.

The witch's dance is an event well-known beyond the district boundaries and is attended by several thousand fools every year, most of whom dress up as witches with pointed hats, hooked noses and brooms.

Economy and Infrastructure


The B 16 , which used to go through the city , is now bypassed by the city. Lauingen is located on the Ulm – Donauwörth Danube Valley Railway and has a train station that is served by agilis trains. The Danube Cycle Path and the Via Danubia run through the city.


In 2012 there were 20 employees in agriculture and forestry, 1,444 in manufacturing and 821 in trade, transport and hospitality at the place of work. In other economic sectors 1017 people were employed at the place of work subject to social security contributions. There were a total of 4121 employees at the place of residence subject to social insurance contributions. There were 13 companies in manufacturing and nine in construction. In 2010 there were 59 farms with a total of 2855 ha of agricultural land. Of this, 2563 ha were arable land and 276 ha were meadows and pastures.


The largest production site of the Italian agricultural machinery manufacturer SDF-Group (Same Deutz-Fahr) is located in Lauingen. The tractors of the company's own Deutz-Fahr brand are built there in a performance segment from 120 to 440 hp. As of 2017, around 700 employees work there.


In the hamlet of Helmeringen, south of the city of Lauingen, there is - as of November 2010 - the Lauingen Energy Park , the largest solar power plant in Bavarian Swabia with a nominal output of 25.7 MWp . The open space photovoltaic system, which was officially inaugurated on October 10, 2010, was built in three construction phases. The first construction phase went online at the end of 2008, the second followed at the end of 2009 and the third at the end of June 2010. The facility, which was built on an area of ​​63 hectares - another 18 hectares serve as compensation area, covers the annual electricity consumption of 22,500 citizens and saves 14,353 tons of CO 2 per year. In addition to several regional investors, Stadtwerke München and HEAG Südhessische Energie AG are involved in the solar power plant, which is the largest ever built by Gehrlicher Solar AG .

Public facilities

  • Retirement and nursing home
  • Elisabethenstiftung (social therapeutic dormitory)


In Lauingen there is a primary school, a secondary school, a secondary school, a grammar school, a vocational school and the Lauingen adult education center.


  • four kindergartens
    • Train station kindergarten
    • Kindergarten St. Martin
    • Kindergarten Kurlandstrasse
    • Kindergarten St. Georg
  • Montessori children's home


Other educational institutions

  • Environmental Competence Center Augsburg-Swabia
  • Professional training centers of the Bavarian economy (bfz) gGmbH
  • Bavarian Administration School (BVS) with the BVS Education Center Lauingen
  • String Academy Swabia
  • Adult Education Center Lauingen


Honorary citizen

sons and daughters of the town


  • Bernhard Mayer: History of the city of Lauingen. Dillingen, printed by C. Kränzle for the author in 1866.
  • Franz Dionys Reithofer : Chronological history of the Bavarian cities of Dillingen , Lauingen and Rain ; collects materials on the history of the former University of Dillingen , and notes from strange Lauingen residents from unused handwritten sources . DILLINGEN 1821 ( E-copy ), in particular page 72 et seq. .

Web links

Commons : Lauingen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Lauingen (Donau)  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Community Lauingen in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on August 31, 2019.
  3. Gernot Römer (Ed.): For the forgotten. Subcamp in Swabia - Swabia in concentration camps . Wissner-Verlag, Augsburg 1996, ISBN 978-3-89639-047-9 , pp. 105 ff .
  4. Memorial sites for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education, Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , p. 160
  5. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 446 .
  6. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 770 .
  8. Election of the first mayor in 773144 Lauingen (Donau) on March 16, 2014
  9. Augsburger Allgemeine: Wolfgang Schenk, Mayor of Lauingen collapses in session and dies , Augsburger Allgemeine, June 13, 2018
  10. Katja Müller is Lauingen's new mayor . Augsburg General . Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  11. Attractive view of the old town of Lauingen on the website of the city of Lauingen (Danube)
  12. Most modern tractor construction in Lauingen - What the new plant means for the region ( Memento from December 27, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), from May 10, 2019
  13. Article "Gehrlicher Solar AG officially inaugurates the largest solar power plant in Swabia (25.7 MWp)" ( Memento of the original from October 14, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. ,, accessed on November 8, 2010 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /