Governing Mayor of Berlin
The Governing Mayor of Berlin is the head of government of the country Berlin and also mayor of Berlin. He chairs the Berlin Senate , determines the guidelines for government policy , monitors compliance with them and represents Berlin. The governing mayor is elected by the Berlin House of Representatives.
The governing mayor of Berlin appoints the other members of the government (senators) and designates two of them as mayors, his deputies.
He is supported in his work by the Senate Chancellery .
The twelve districts into which Berlin is divided each have a district mayor . However, these are not traditional mayors, as the districts are not their own municipalities due to Berlin's position as a unified municipality.
Michael Müller has been the governing mayor of Berlin since December 11, 2014. Until the 2016 election he ruled with Senate Müller I , a coalition of the SPD and CDU . After this election, Müller formed a red-red-green state government ( Senate Müller II ).
In Berlin, government is exercised by the Senate . It consists of the Governing Mayor and up to ten other Senate members (Art. 55 of the Berlin Constitution , VvB). Of these senators in the function of ministers , two each are appointed as mayors by the governing mayor as his deputy (Art. 56 para. 2 sentence 2 VvB).
The governing mayor has a double function because Berlin is a city-state : on the one hand, with regard to the role of Berlin as the state of the Federal Republic of Germany, it is on an equal footing with a prime minister ; on the other hand, he has the function of a normal mayor , because Berlin is also a political municipality.
The governing mayor is elected by the Berlin House of Representatives with a majority of the votes cast in accordance with Art. 56 Para. 1 VvB . The senators are appointed and dismissed by the governing mayor in accordance with Art. 56, Paragraph 2, Clause 1 VvB. Until the last constitutional amendment came into force on July 6, 2006, the individual senators were also elected by the House of Representatives.
The House of Representatives can withdraw confidence in the Governing Mayor with the consent of the majority of the elected members of the House of Representatives (Art. 57 VvB). If a motion of no confidence is accepted , the Governing Mayor has to resign immediately according to Art. 57 Para. 3 Clause 2 VvB. So it is a negative or destructive vote of no confidence .
In contrast to the Federal Chancellor , for example, the governing mayor does not have full authority to issue guidelines : he determines the guidelines of government policy in accordance with Art. 58 Para.
Unless otherwise stipulated, a minimum age of the governing mayor of 18 years is stipulated within the framework of the passive right to vote . The governing mayor does not have to be a member of the House of Representatives.
The official seat of the Governing Mayor and the Senate is the Red City Hall (Berlin City Hall).
The division of Berlin made a residence for the head of the western part of the city necessary. For this purpose, from 1949 to 1991, the Schöneberg Town Hall was the official seat of the Governing Mayor of Berlin (until 1990 Berlin (West) ).
The governing mayor receives official salaries. These are made up of the basic salary and allowances and supplements. According to Section 11 of the Senators Act (SenG), the basic salary corresponds to 1.2 times the basic salary of salary group B 11. According to the 2014 salary table, that was 165,407.76 euros per year. After adjustments made in the meantime, the basic annual salary since April 1, 2019 has been 193,418.35 euros. The governing mayor has to pay tax on his income, but - like civil servants - he does not have to pay any unemployment insurance or pension contributions. Like his colleagues in the Senate, he receives a taxable pension after the term of office.
In addition to many honors by naming streets, squares, sculptures or facilities, former office holders are also namesake of the following awards:
- Elections in Berlin
- List of mayors of Berlin
- List of upper presidents in Prussian provinces
- List of Prime Ministers of the German States # Berlin
- List of Senators from Berlin
- The Governing Mayor of Berlin and Bürgermeistergalerie Berlin and his mayors on Berlin.de.
- Articles 55, 56 and 58 of the Berlin Constitution
- At the top of Berlin: Mayor of Berlin from 1247 until today . Website of the Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein .
- Website of the Senate Chancellery - accessed on March 16, 2019
- Constitution of Berlin - Section IV: The Government. In: www.berlin.de. November 1, 2016, accessed December 9, 2016 .
- Salary table for civil servants in Berlin 2014. Accessed on September 28, 2019 .
- Salary table for civil servants in Berlin 2019. Retrieved on September 28, 2019 .