|Canton||Charenton-le-Pont ( Chef-lieu )|
Métropole du Grand Paris and
Paris Est Marne et Bois
|surface||1.85 km 2|
|Residents||30,374 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||16,418 inhabitants / km 2|
Charenton-le-Pont is a French commune in the department of Val-de-Marne , in the region Ile-de-France . It is located southeast of Paris at the confluence of the Marne into the Seine and borders the metropolis. The inhabitants are called Charentonnais .
The municipality has 30,374 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) and an area of 1.85 km².
Outside the city of Paris, in Charenton, the Huguenots built a Protestant temple with 4,000 seats according to plans by the architect Salomon de Brosse in 1624 . Because at that time they were forbidden to conduct Reformed services in the city of Paris. In 1685, the same year when the Edict of Fontainebleau forbade the exercise of the evangelical faith, this church was also destroyed.
When the Brothers of Mercy settled in Charenton-Saint-Maurice (May 10, 1645), they wanted to build a hospital to receive the sick poor, including the mentally ill . The hospice in Charenton (also Asile de Charenton ) was otherwise no different from other hospitals of the Charité (Mercy), as they had spread constantly in Europe since the foundation of the Order of the Brothers of Mercy in 1640.
In the 19th century the buildings were rebuilt in the neoclassical style. In 1973 the hospital was named after the psychiatrist Jean-Étienne Esquirol , who worked there in the 19th century. On January 1, 2011, the house merged with another clinic to form the Hôpitaux de Saint-Maurice ( Saint-Maurice hospitals). You are in the municipality of Saint-Maurice (Val-de-Marne) .
- Charenton is connected to the Paris public transport network with the Liberté and Charenton - Écoles stations on Métrolinie 8 .
- The A4 Autoroute (Autoroute de L'Est Paris - Strasbourg ) runs south of the municipality on the banks of the Seine and Marne. At junction 2 there is an exit option in the direction of Paris and an entrance and exit in the direction of Strasbourg.
The place is, among other things, the seat of one of the world's largest eyewear manufacturers EssilorLuxottica .
Château de Conflans
One of the main structures within the city was the Château de Conflans , of which only the entrance gate remains today. It was in this castle that Joan II, Queen of Navarre and Philip of Évreux , married on October 9, 1329 ; Johanna died here on October 6, 1349.
Charenton's twin cities are
- Berlin-Tempelhof and Büren (Westphalia) in Germany
- Trowbridge in the UK
- Zichron Ya'akov in Israel
- Borgo Val di Taro in Italy
- Charles Drelincourt (1633–1697), medical doctor and anatomist
- Marcel Langiller (1908–1980), football player and club official
- Shlomo Pines (1908–1990), Israeli philosopher
- Philippe Léger (* 1938), lawyer and advocate general at the European Court of Justice
- Jean-Pierre Jarier (* 1946), racing car driver
- Alain Lipietz (* 1947), engineer, economist and politician for the French Greens
- Évelyne Bouix (* 1953), theater and film actress
- Grégoire Barrère (* 1994), tennis player
- Le Patrimoine des Communes du Val-de-Marne . 2nd Edition. Flohic Editions, Charenton-le-Pont 1994, ISBN 2-908958-94-5 .
- Eberhard Gresch: The Huguenots. History, Belief and Impact. 4th, revised edition. Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-374-02260-1 , pp. 64 to 71
- Michel Foucault : Madness and Society (= Histoire de la folie. Paris, 1961) A history of madness in the age of reason. Suhrkamp, stw 39, 1973, ISBN 978-3-518-27639-6 , p. 112.
- Charenton-le-Pont - La vie des jumelages ( French , PDF 532 kB), accessed on April 3, 2017.