Joan II (Navarre)

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Johanna II. (Born January 28, 1311 ; † October 6, 1349 in the Château de Conflans ) was Queen of Navarre from 1328. She was the only daughter of the French King Louis X , who as Louis I was also King of Navarre, and his first wife Margaret of Burgundy .

heraldic left: Navarre,
heraldic right: France


After the death of her father in June 1316, the underage Johanna found herself in a difficult succession situation. Her uncle Prince Philip “the Tall One” had himself appointed regent of France and Navarre. After Johanna's half-brother King John I died after only a few days of life (November 19, 1316), Johanna was the only surviving child of her father and a potential heir to the French royal crown. Philip "the Tall One" then questioned their legitimacy, allegedly their parents were too closely related, and was crowned as Philip V as the new King of France on January 9, 1317 . In order to take Johanna any further opportunities on the French throne, he immediately recognized the Lex Salica as the sole right of succession for the French crown, which excluded women from the line of succession.

The Lex Salica, however, only concerned the French crown, while in the Kingdom of Navarre and in the county of Champagne the female line of succession continued to exist. In fact, Joan's uncle, Duke Odo IV of Burgundy , with whom she had lived since the death of her father, had already in July 1316 obtained Johanna's recognition from Philip as the legitimate heir to Navarre and Champagne, but Philip continued to withhold this inheritance from her. Duke Odo stayed away from the coronation of Philip V in January 1317 and demanded a binding commitment from him in the case of Johannas. Instead, however, in March 1318 Philip declared Johanna to be his heiress in Navarra-Champagne in the event that he should die without a male heir.

So Johanna had to wait until the heirless death of King Charles IV (Charles I of Navarre), the younger brother and heir of Philip, in 1328 in order to be able to take over the inheritance. From the new King Philip VI. , who himself had no right of inheritance to Navarre and Champagne, had it contractually recognized in the same year. In addition, she received as compensation for the damage suffered, the counties of Angoulême and Mortain and a share of the Cotentin ( Longueville ); later she exchanged Angoulême for three dominions in the Vexin : Pontoise , Beaumont-sur-Oise and Asnières-sur-Oise . Philip VI only wanted to go to Champagne, one of the most important provinces in France. did not renounce and led years of negotiations with Johanna, which ended on March 15, 1335, after Johanna ceded the Champagne to the king after receiving high financial compensation.

Johanna died of the plague on October 6, 1349 and was buried in the tomb of the French kings, the abbey church of Saint-Denis . When the royal tombs of Saint-Denis were sacked during the French Revolution , their grave was opened and looted on October 18, 1793, and their remains were buried in a mass grave outside the church.

Johanna was married to Count Philipp von Évreux on June 18, 1318 . He was her second cousin and also of royal blood. His father, Count Ludwig von Évreux , was the youngest son of King Philip III. He was also proclaimed King of Navarre (as Philip III) in 1328 and was crowned with his wife on March 5, 1329 in Pamplona .



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Commons : Johanna II.  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor
Charles IV the Handsome
(Charles I of Navarre)
Queen of Navarre
Charles II the Evil